hta Institute Of Cardiology And Research Center Unmicrc

Ahmadābād, India

hta Institute Of Cardiology And Research Center Unmicrc

Ahmadābād, India
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Joshi H.,hta Institute Of Cardiology And Research Center Unmicrc | Shah K.,hta Institute Of Cardiology And Research Center Unmicrc | Patel P.,hta Institute Of Cardiology And Research Center Unmicrc | Prajapati J.,hta Institute Of Cardiology And Research Center Unmicrc | And 3 more authors.
QJM | Year: 2016

Background: We aimed to compare the diagnostic accuracy of four novel indexes-triglyceride/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (TG/HDL-C) ratio, weight height ratio (WHtR), lipid accumulation product (LAP) and visceral adiposity index (VAI) with conventional components of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in order to identify a single index for the diagnosis of MetS in Gujarati Indian population. Methods: This observational and cross sectional study involved a total of 3329 healthy adults of 18-79 years of age. Demographic and clinical data such as body mass index, waist circumference, blood pressure were measured along with the levels of lipids and fasting blood glucose. Results: The overall prevalence of MetS was 34.32%, which was almost double in older individuals (45.5% vs. 20.8%) and slightly higher in males (37% vs. 31.2%). In comparison to individual components of MetS, three novel indexes-VAI, LAP and TG/HDL-C ratio showed superior diagnostic efficacy yielding an area under curve of 0.856, 0.821 and 0.821 respectively. The optimal cut-offs for VAI, LAP and TG/HDL Ratios for male, females, young and old population are (79.71, 88.12, 75.42, 87.4), (35.62, 34.73, 35.88, 34.7) and (2.249, 3.16, 2.49, 2.79) respectively. The diagnostic effectiveness of novel markers was unaffected by the age and gender of an individual. However, the efficacy of WHtR was comparable with the other conventional markers. Conclusion: Three novel markers-LAP, VAI and TG/HDL-C ratio could be effectively used as a single 'Surrogate marker' for screening of asymptomatic Gujarati Asian Indians with MetS. © The Author 2016.


PubMed | hta Institute Of Cardiology And Research Center Unmicrc
Type: Journal Article | Journal: QJM : monthly journal of the Association of Physicians | Year: 2016

We aimed to compare the diagnostic accuracy of four novel indexes-triglyceride/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (TG/HDL-C) ratio, weight height ratio (WHtR), lipid accumulation product (LAP) and visceral adiposity index (VAI) with conventional components of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in order to identify a single index for the diagnosis of MetS in Gujarati Indian population.This observational and cross sectional study involved a total of 3329 healthy adults of 18-79 years of age. Demographic and clinical data such as body mass index, waist circumference, blood pressure were measured along with the levels of lipids and fasting blood glucose.The overall prevalence of MetS was 34.32%, which was almost double in older individuals (45.5% vs. 20.8%) and slightly higher in males (37% vs. 31.2%). In comparison to individual components of MetS, three novel indexes-VAI, LAP and TG/HDL-C ratio showed superior diagnostic efficacy yielding an area under curve of 0.856, 0.821 and 0.821 respectively. The optimal cut-offs for VAI, LAP and TG/HDL Ratios for male, females, young and old population are (79.71, 88.12, 75.42, 87.4), (35.62, 34.73, 35.88, 34.7) and (2.249, 3.16, 2.49, 2.79) respectively. The diagnostic effectiveness of novel markers was unaffected by the age and gender of an individual. However, the efficacy of WHtR was comparable with the other conventional markers.Three novel markers-LAP, VAI and TG/HDL-C ratio could be effectively used as a single Surrogate marker for screening of asymptomatic Gujarati Asian Indians with MetS.


Joshi H.S.,hta Institute Of Cardiology And Research Center Unmicrc | Deshmukh J.K.,hta Institute Of Cardiology And Research Center Unmicrc | Prajapati J.S.,hta Institute Of Cardiology And Research Center Unmicrc | Sahoo S.S.,hta Institute Of Cardiology And Research Center Unmicrc | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research | Year: 2015

Introduction: In pregnant women mitral stenosis is the commonest cardiac valvular lesion. When it is present in majorly severe condition it leads to maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. In mitral stenosis pregnancy can lead to development of heart failure. Aim: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of balloon mitral valvulotomy (BMV) in pregnant females with severe mitral stenosis. Materials and Methods: A total of 30 pregnant patients who underwent BMV were included in the study from July 2011 to November 2013. Clinical follow-up during pregnancy was done every 3 months until delivery and after delivery. The mean follow up time after BMV was 6.72±0.56 months. Results: From the 30 pregnant females 14 (46.67%) and 16 (53.3%) patients underwent BMV during the third and second trimester of pregnancy respectively. The mean mitral valve area was 0.85+0.16 cm2 before BMV that increased to 1.60+0.27 cm2 (p<0.0001) immediately after BMV. Peak and mean diastolic gradients had decreased significantly within 48 hours after the procedure (p<0.001) but remained very much unchanged at 6.72 month period of follow-up. Two patients had an increase in mitral regurgitation by 2 grades. Conclusion: During pregnancy BMV technique is safe and effective in patients with severe mitral stenosis. This results in marked symptomatic relief along with long term maternal and fetal outcomes. © 2015, Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. All rights reserved.


Sharma K.H.,Civil Hospital Campus | Shah K.H.,hta Institute Of Cardiology And Research Center Unmicrc | Patel I.,hta Institute Of Cardiology And Research Center Unmicrc | Patel A.K.,Civil Hospital Campus | Chaudhari S.,hta Institute Of Cardiology And Research Center Unmicrc
Indian Heart Journal | Year: 2015

Aims Atherosclerosis is an inflammatory process with different cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs) contributing to its pathogenesis. We aimed to evaluate the specific relationship between circulating blood leukocytes, troponin I and CVRFs. Methods We prospectively enrolled 959 patients with evidence of acute coronary syndrome either in form of unstable angina or STEMI or NSTEMI. Details demographic characteristics, CVRF and biochemical parameters such as total white blood cells (WBC), neutrophil, lymphocytes, platelet, neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet/lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and troponin I were collected. Results The results indicated that patients having either hypertension, diabetes or smoking habit had significantly higher levels of total WBC (p = 0.013), neutrophil (p = 0.029), NLR (p = 0.029) and PLR (p = 0.009). The level of troponin I was unaffected by these risk factors. Significant association of hypertension was found with total WBC (p = 0.0392), lymphocytes (p = 0.0384) and PLR (p = 0.0027), whereas in diabetes and females all other leukocyte subtypes were significantly altered except for platelet and troponin I. Smokers had higher level of total WBC count (p = 0.0033) and PLR (p = 0.0464). No relationship between CVRFs and leukocytes was observed in males. The age independent effect was observed with PLR, whereas association with total WBC, lymphocytes, NLR, platelet was specific in older population. In younger patients NLR (p = 0.0453) is more likely to be elevated. Mortality was significantly associated with changes in the leukocytes but not with the CVRF presence. Conclusion We demonstrate that the neutrophils, lymphocytes and total WBC along with its ratios predict mortality and are more likely to be elevated in presence of CVRFs. © 2015 Cardiological Society of India. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


PubMed | hta Institute Of Cardiology And Research Center Unmicrc
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Indian heart journal | Year: 2015

Atherosclerosis is an inflammatory process with different cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs) contributing to its pathogenesis. We aimed to evaluate the specific relationship between circulating blood leukocytes, troponin I and CVRFs.We prospectively enrolled 959 patients with evidence of acute coronary syndrome either in form of unstable angina or STEMI or NSTEMI. Details demographic characteristics, CVRF and biochemical parameters such as total white blood cells (WBC), neutrophil, lymphocytes, platelet, neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet/lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and troponin I were collected.The results indicated that patients having either hypertension, diabetes or smoking habit had significantly higher levels of total WBC (p=0.013), neutrophil (p=0.029), NLR (p=0.029) and PLR (p=0.009). The level of troponin I was unaffected by these risk factors. Significant association of hypertension was found with total WBC (p=0.0392), lymphocytes (p=0.0384) and PLR (p=0.0027), whereas in diabetes and females all other leukocyte subtypes were significantly altered except for platelet and troponin I. Smokers had higher level of total WBC count (p=0.0033) and PLR (p=0.0464). No relationship between CVRFs and leukocytes was observed in males. The age independent effect was observed with PLR, whereas association with total WBC, lymphocytes, NLR, platelet was specific in older population. In younger patients NLR (p=0.0453) is more likely to be elevated. Mortality was significantly associated with changes in the leukocytes but not with the CVRF presence.We demonstrate that the neutrophils, lymphocytes and total WBC along with its ratios predict mortality and are more likely to be elevated in presence of CVRFs.


PubMed | hta Institute Of Cardiology And Research Center Unmicrc
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of clinical and diagnostic research : JCDR | Year: 2016

In pregnant women mitral stenosis is the commonest cardiac valvular lesion. When it is present in majorly severe condition it leads to maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. In mitral stenosis pregnancy can lead to development of heart failure.To evaluate the safety and efficacy of balloon mitral valvulotomy (BMV) in pregnant females with severe mitral stenosis.A total of 30 pregnant patients who underwent BMV were included in the study from July 2011 to November 2013. Clinical follow-up during pregnancy was done every 3 months until delivery and after delivery. The mean follow up time after BMV was 6.720.56 months.From the 30 pregnant females 14 (46.67%) and 16 (53.3%) patients underwent BMV during the third and second trimester of pregnancy respectively. The mean mitral valve area was 0.85+0.16 cm(2) before BMV that increased to 1.60+0.27 cm(2) (p<0.0001) immediately after BMV. Peak and mean diastolic gradients had decreased significantly within 48 hours after the procedure (p<0.001) but remained very much unchanged at 6.72 month period of follow-up. Two patients had an increase in mitral regurgitation by 2 grades.During pregnancy BMV technique is safe and effective in patients with severe mitral stenosis. This results in marked symptomatic relief along with long term maternal and fetal outcomes.


PubMed | hta Institute Of Cardiology And Research Center Unmicrc
Type: | Journal: International journal of chronic diseases | Year: 2016

Objective. We aimed to establish age and sex specific percentile reference data for cardiovascular risk factors such as lipids, sugar, blood pressure, and BMI in apparently healthy and disease-free Gujarati population. Methods. In this cross-sectional study, we enrolled 3265 apparently healthy and disease-free individuals of both genders residing in Gujarat state. Fasting samples of blood were used for biochemical estimations of lipids and sugar. The measurement of BMI and blood pressure was also done according to the standard guidelines. Age and gender specific 5th, 25th, 50th, 75th, 90th, and 95th percentiles were obtained. Results. The mean values of lipids, sugar, blood pressure, and BMI were significantly (p < 0.001) higher in males as compared to female population. Age-wise distribution trends showed increase in the risk factors from the 2nd decade until the 5th to 6th decade in most of the cases, where loss of premenopausal protection in females was also observed. Specific trends according to gender and age were observed in percentile values of various parameters. Conclusion. The outcome of current study will contribute significantly to proposing clinically important reference values of various lipids, sugar, blood pressure, and BMI that could be used to screen the asymptomatic Gujarati Indian population with a propensity of developing dyslipidemia, diabetes, blood pressure, and obesity.

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