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Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom

Spampinato M.G.,HPB and Advanced Laparoscopic Surgical Unit | Mandala L.,HPB Unit | Quarta G.,Unit of Medical Oncology | Del Medico P.,Unit of Medical Oncology | Baldazzi G.,HPB and Advanced Laparoscopic Surgical Unit
Surgery (United States) | Year: 2013

Background: Simultaneous surgery for primary colorectal tumor with synchronous liver metastasis has been showed to be safe and effective. One-stage, totally laparoscopic colorectal and minor liver resections have been reported, but there are no data regarding patients requiring simultaneous major hepatectomies and colorectal surgery. We aimed to evaluate the safety, feasibility and short-term outcomes of a small cohort of highly selected patients treated by 1-stage, totally laparoscopic major hepatectomy and colorectal resection. Methods: From January 2009 to July 2011, 5 patients (3 women and 2 men) with primary colorectal neoplasm and synchronous monolobar liver metastasis requiring a major hepatectomy underwent attempt of 1-stage, totally laparoscopic approach after neoadjuvant chemotherapy. A retrospective analysis of prospective collected data was performed. Results: There were no conversions to open procedures. All the patients but 1 underwent a 1-stage laparoscopic resection. Among these, liver procedures were 3 right and 1 left hepatectomy; colonic procedures were 3 sigmoidectomies and 1 anterior resection of the rectum. Median operative time was 495 minutes, and duration of hospital stay, 6 days. Median estimated blood loss was 475 mL (range, 300-630) with no mortality observed. An R0 resection was always achieved. Median follow-up was 14 months (range, 7-20) with 1 recurrence observed in the liver. Conclusion: In highly selected patients, a totally laparoscopic approach is a feasible and safe option to treat primary colorectal neoplasm with synchronous liver metastasis requiring major hepatectomies. These results need to be validated by larger, prospective, randomized studies. © 2013 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

Kalaitzakis E.,University of Liverpool | Kalaitzakis E.,University College London | Webster G.J.,University College London | Oppong K.W.,HPB Unit | And 8 more authors.
European Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology | Year: 2012

Background and aim: We aimed to evaluate the diagnostic utility of single-operator peroral cholangioscopy (SOC) for indeterminate biliary lesions and its usefulness in electrohydraulic lithotripsy (EHL) of biliary stones not amenable to conventional endoscopic therapy. PATIENTS AND Methods: All patients undergoing SpyGlass SOC in four UK tertiary centres between 2008 and 2010 were retrospectively enrolled. Patients were followed up until death or the last clinic visit until May 2011. The operating characteristics of SOC for detecting malignant lesions and the stone clearance rate after SOC-guided EHL were calculated. Results: A total of 165 patients underwent 179 SOC procedures. Sixty-six percent were referred for indeterminate biliary strictures, 13% for filling defects and 21% for SOC-guided EHL. Cannulation with the SOC system was successful in 95% but visualization was inadequate in 13%. Primary sclerosing cholangitis was a risk factor for failed cannulation and conscious sedation (vs. general anaesthesia) for inadequate visualization (P<0.05). The accuracy of SOC for diagnosing malignant lesions was 87%. SOC-guided biopsies were adequate in 72%. Obtaining at least four versus less than four biopsy specimens resulted more often in adequate samples (90 vs. 64%, P=0.037). Complete stone clearance could be achieved in 73% of patients. The adverse event rate was 9.6%. Cholangitis was the most common event (56%, one fatal). Conclusion: SOC is useful for the differential diagnosis of indeterminate biliary lesions and the treatment of 'difficult' biliary stones. The adequacy of SOC-guided biopsies is related to the number of specimens obtained. Primary sclerosing cholangitis is related to failed cannulation with the SOC system, whereas general anaesthesia is related to adequate visualization. © 2012 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Chatterjee S.,HPB Unit | Anderson K.,Freeman Hospital | Oppong K.W.,HPB Unit
Journal of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases | Year: 2012

Pancreatic tuberculosis is a rare disease. It can be easily confused with malignancy or pancreatitis on imaging. This could result in unnecessary surgery. As this is a treatable disease it is imperative to diagnose this condition pre-operatively. We report three cases of pancreatic tuberculosis that were diagnosed by endoscopic ultrasound. In conclusion, endoscopic ultrasound is the diagnostic modality of choice for pancreatic tuberculosis facilitating high resolution imaging, as well as sampling of tissue for staining, cytology, culture and polymerase chain reaction assay.

Sanjay P.,Upper GI and HPB Unit | Mittapalli D.,Upper GI and HPB Unit | Marioud A.,HPB Unit | White R.D.,Ninewells Hospital and Medical School | And 2 more authors.
HPB | Year: 2013

Background: The aim of this study was to review a series of consecutive percutaneous cholecystostomies (PC) to analyse the clinical outcomes. Methods: All patients who underwent a PC between 2000 and 2010 were reviewed retrospectively for indications, complications, and short- and long-term outcomes. Results: Fifty-three patients underwent a PC with a median age was 74 years (range 14-93). 92.4% (n = 49) of patients were American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) III and IV. 82% (43/53) had ultrasound-guided drainage whereas 18% (10/53) had computed tomography (CT)-guided drainage. 71.6% (n = 38) of PC's employed a transhepatic route and 28.4% (n = 15) transabdominal route. 13% (7/53) of patients developed complications including bile leaks (n = 5), haemorrhage (n = 1) and abs duodenal fistula (n = 1). All bile leaks were noted with transabdominal access (5 versus 0, P = 0.001). 18/53 of patients underwent a cholecystectomy of 4/18 was done on the index admission. 6/18 cholecystectomies (33%) underwent a laparoscopic cholecystectomy and the remaining required conversion to an open cholecystectomy (67%). 13/53 (22%) patients were readmitted with recurrent cholecystitis during follow-up of which 7 (54%) had a repeated PC. 12/53 patients died on the index admission. The overall 1-year mortality was 37.7% (20/53). Conclusions: Only a small fraction of patients undergoing a PC proceed to a cholecystectomy with abs high risk of conversion to an open procedure. A quarter of patients presented with recurrent cholecystitis during follow-up. The mortality rate is high during the index admission from sepsis and within the 1 year of follow-up from other causes. © 2012 International Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary Association.

Lordan J.T.,HPB Unit | Wilkins M.,A+ Network | Karanjia N.D.,HPB Unit
Hepato-Gastroenterology | Year: 2011

Chemotherapy for metastatic colorectal cancer is constantly advancing. Its use in the adjuvant and neoadjuvant setting is also increasing. However, while long-term survival is improving, clinicians must be aware of the possible adverse events that can occur when treating with adjuvant chemotherapy and liver resection. We present a case of a life-threatening delayed bile leak following a liver resection for metastatic colorectal cancer in association with adjuvant treatment with bevacizumab. A 53-year-old man was treated with neoadjuvant bevacizumab followed by liver resection for metastatic colorectal cancer. He made an uneventful recovery. Forty-three days post-surgery he received bevacizumab and developed acute life-threatening bile leaks from the cut surface of the liver. He spent a total of 65 days in hospital, and required ERCP repeatedly and eventually had a repeat liver resection to resolve the bile leak. This case reports a possible association between bevacizumab and a life threatening delayed bile leak following liver resection. © H.G.E. Update Medical Publishing S.A.

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