Time filter

Source Type

Renfrew, United Kingdom

Herraiz L.,University of Edinburgh | Hogg D.,Howden Global | Cooper J.,Howden Global | Gibbins J.,University of Edinburgh | Lucquiaud M.,University of Edinburgh
Energy | Year: 2015

It is possible to greatly mitigate the increase of water usage associated with the addition of carbon capture to fossil fuel power generation. This article presents a first-of-a-kind feasibility study of a series of technology options with rotary regenerative gas/gas heat exchangers for the management of the water balance around post-combustion carbon capture process integrated with CCGT (Combined Cycle Gas Turbine) plants with and without EGR (exhaust gas recirculation). Hybrid cooling configurations with a gas/gas heat exchanger upstream of the direct contact cooler reduce cooling and process water demand by 67% and 35% respectively compared to a wet system where the flue gas is primarily cooled prior to the absorber in larger direct contact coolers. The CO2-depleted gas stream is then reheated above 70 °C with enough buoyancy to rise through the stack. Dry air-cooled configurations, relying on ambient air as the cooling medium, eliminate the use of process and cooling water prior to the absorber and the temperature of the flue gas entering the absorber is unchanged. Rotary regenerative heat exchangers do not introduce significant additional pressure drop and gas leakage from a high CO2 concentration stream to a stream with lower concentration can be minimized to acceptable levels with available strategies using a purge and a scavenging slipstream from the higher pressure flow. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.

Herraiz L.,University of Edinburgh | Hogg D.,Howden Global | Cooper J.,Howden Global | Gibbins J.,University of Edinburgh | Lucquiaud M.,University of Edinburgh
Energy Procedia | Year: 2014

This work is a first-of-a-kind feasibility study investigating technology options with gas/gas rotary heat exchangers for the water management in the integration of Natural Gas Combined Cycle (NGCC) plants with post-combustion carbon capture, with and without exhaust gas recirculation (EGR). A range of configurations are examined for wet and dry cooling of the flue gas entering a postcombustion capture (PCC) absorption system, and regenerative heating of the CO2-depleted flue gas prior to the power plant stack. First, this work examines the addition of a gas/gas rotary heat exchanger to transfer heat from the exhaust gas entering the absorber into the CO2-depleted gas stream leaving the absorber. It then investigates the performance of a configuration with an additional air/gas rotary heater to further reduce exhaust flue gas temperature and water consumption, and, eventually, a more compact arrangement which combined the two heaters into a single gas/gas/air heater with a trisector configuration. A thermal performance analysis was conducted for each of the previous configurations, in order to evaluate the dimensions and the operational parameters of the heaters. By replacing the direct contact cooler traditionally used in PCC technology by a dry-cooling system, a significant reduction in the overall process water usage and cooling water consumption associated to the capture plant can be achieved. The second part of this work examines the use of a similar system for NGCC plant with EGR. This strategy increases CO2 concentration in gas turbine exhaust gases and reduce O2 induced solvent degradation. In addition to the heat and water balance around the absorber column of the PCC process, an important aspect of EGR is that recirculated gas stream temperature should be as low as possible so that the gas turbine performance is not compromised. The performance of the rotary heat exchanger configurations is analysed at different recirculation ratios. © 2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

Discover hidden collaborations