Howard University is a federally chartered, private, coeducational, nonsectarian, historically black university located in Washington, D.C., United States. It has a Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education status of RU/H: Research Universities .From its outset it has been nonsectarian and open to people of both sexes and all races. In addition to the undergraduate program, Howard has graduate schools of business, pharmacy, law, social work, medicine, dentistry and divinity. Wikipedia.
Howard University | Date: 2017-10-04
A redundant and diverse secondary control system mirrors a primary control system but has some fundamental structural difference as compared to the primary control system to prevent a spread of a security breach from the primary control system to the secondary control system. The secondary control system may operate on different hardware built on different software written with different programming language as compared to the primary control system while performing the same function as that of the primary system. By hardware coding the algorithm to produce actuation signals, software based viruses and worms cannot interfere with the secondary control systems operation. A monitor device receives actuation signals from both the primary and secondary controls signals to determine whether an error occurred and to provide correct actuation signals to the controlled system.
Young J.K.,Howard University
Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews | Year: 2010
Anorexia nervosa occurs predominantly in young women. Also, recent data suggest that a heritable, genetic defect may contribute to this feeding disorder. These observations support the hypothesis that an inherited, abnormal response of the brain to rising levels of estrogens at puberty may contribute to the symptoms of weight loss in anorexia. To evaluate the merits of this hypothesis, the current literature on feeding depression by estrogens in anorexic patients and possible genetic or developmental mechanisms that could alter brain responsiveness to estrogens are reviewed. It is concluded that a number of specific biochemical or developmental pathways-abnormalities in the classical or membrane-bound forms of estrogen receptors, in co-activators for estrogen, in thyroxine receptors, in steroid metabolizing enzymes, in quantitative trait loci, in perinatal androgenization, and in processes of puberty-could converge to produce an abnormal response to estrogen and the onset of anorexia nervosa. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.
Agency: NSF | Branch: Standard Grant | Program: | Phase: RES IN DISABILITIES ED | Award Amount: 1.34M | Year: 2015
The Historically Black Colleges and Universities - Undergraduate Program supports research projects that seek to study the underlying issues affecting the differential participation and graduation rates in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) undergraduate education of African American students. This award to Howard University is co-funded by the EHR Core Research (ECR) program, specifically the ECR Research in Disabilities Education area of special interest. ECR emphasizes fundamental STEM education research that generates foundational knowledge in the field. Howard University has teamed with three other Historically Black Universities - Morgan State University, Hampton University, and Prairie View A & M University - to conduct a large empirical study of Black women undergraduate students in STEM. The overall goal of the project is to investigate the intersectionality of their existing identities (gender, race and disability) and the identity that they acquire as STEM students on their way to earning a degree and the impact of the intersectionality on their participation, retention and success. The project is guided by an evaluator, as well as an external advisory committee.
For decades, researchers have examined the issues related to broadening the participation, retention, and success of individuals underrepresented in STEM. However, there is limited data on Black women, who over time have become an increasingly larger portion of the available talent pool. Past research on women and Blacks in STEM has not focused on the identities of race, gender and disability. The identity of being Black and female uniquely influences the pathways that students take to reach degree goals and be successful in STEM careers. The study will investigate the impacts of the intersectionality of existing identities (gender, race and disability) and the academic identity that they acquire as STEM students. The researchers will use a triangulation mixed methods approach to longitudinally collect qualitative and quantitative data to learn participants perspectives and experiences from freshman to senior year. Additionally, those participants who self-identify as a person with disabilities will be invited to participate in a semi-structured interview. Purposive sampling will be employed to ensure an adequate number of students with disabilities participate in the projects qualitative data collection. Once data are collected and disaggregated, the variance in the educational experiences of students along the variables of ethnicity, racial identity, gender identity, disability, and academic major will be examined. It is anticipated that a better understanding of the complexity of the identities of these women will inform inclusion practices, particularly at the collegiate level, and perhaps serve as a predictive element in success.
Agency: NSF | Branch: Standard Grant | Program: | Phase: CYBER-PHYSICAL SYSTEMS (CPS) | Award Amount: 234.55K | Year: 2016
The security of every vehicle on the road is necessary to ensure the safety of every person on or near roadways, whether a motorist, bicyclist, or pedestrian. Features such as infotainment, telematics, and driver assistance greatly increase the complexity of vehicles: top-of-the-line cars contain over 200 computers and 100 million lines of software code. With rising complexity comes rising costs to ensure safety and security. This project investigates novel methods to improve vehicular security by detecting malicious cyber attacks against a moving automobile and responding to those attacks in a manner that ensures the safety of humans in close proximity to the vehicle.
The objective of this project is to protect in-vehicle networks from remote cyber attacks. The method of protection is a distributed in-vehicle network intrusion detection system (IDS) using information flow tracking and sensor data provenance in the cyber domain with novel approaches to address the physical uncertainty and time constraints of an automotive control system. When an intrusion is detected, the IDS triggers a fail-operational mode change to provide graceful degradation of service and initiate recovery without compromising human safety. Specific research aims of this project are to explore the design space of fail-operational IDS for automotive in-vehicle networks, to evaluate security and resiliency of an automobile using a fail-operational IDS, and to generalize fundamentals of a fail-operational IDS to other cyber-physical systems.
Agency: NSF | Branch: Standard Grant | Program: | Phase: HIST BLACK COLLEGES AND UNIV | Award Amount: 270.90K | Year: 2016
The Historically Black Colleges and Universities-Undergraduate Program (HBCU-UP) Research Initiation Awards (RIAs) provide support to STEM junior faculty at HBCUs who are starting to build a research program, as well as for mid-career faculty who may have returned to the faculty ranks after holding an administrative post or who need to redirect and rebuild a research program. Faculty members may pursue research at their home institution, at an NSF-funded Center, at a research intensive institution or at a national laboratory. The RIA projects are expected to help further the faculty members research capability and effectiveness, to improve research and teaching at his or her home institution, and to involve undergraduate students in research experiences. With support from the National Science Foundation, Howard University will conduct research to investigate the evolution and origin of reproductive systems in plants. The project will enhance the research capabilities of the PI as well as teaching and learning at Howard University. Undergraduate students will benefit from the collaborations with university and National Museum of Natural History (NMNH) partners and the research experiences and training in plant sciences. The project has the potential to be a model for increasing the number of African Americans in plant sciences and support the nations efforts in building a robust STEM workforce by engaging students early in their career.
The aim of the proposed study is to investigate the evolution and origin of reproductive systems in plants, using Rumex as a model. Specific objectives are to: 1) determine the occurrence of different reproductive systems within the genus, 2) form a phylogenetic hypothesis of the evolution of these reproductive systems, and 3) revise infrageneric classification based on phylogenetic data. The project will undertake a global, comprehensive study of one large genus, Rumex. Findings from this study will include a well-sampled, robust phylogeny for the genus Rumex. A phylogenetic basis will allow for testing of evolutionary hypotheses and character reconstruction. In addition, a phylogenetic framework will provide a reference to test the monophyly of numerous subgeneric classification systems, and test the support for recognition of segregate genera. The global approach will produce a taxonomic and nomenclatural reference for Rumex. This project will be conducted in collaboration with Smithsonian Institution National Museum of Natural History (NMNH).
Agency: NSF | Branch: Standard Grant | Program: | Phase: SPECIAL PROJECTS - CISE | Award Amount: 249.72K | Year: 2016
The underrepresentation of women of color in computing is an acute challenge in the spectrum of underrepresentation in computing in the United States. The study, Integrating Computing Education into a National Girls Empowerment Program, offers pedagogical innovation in computing while leveraging emphasis on the cultural grounding of young women of color. Educational innovation alone - in modes of instruction and curricular innovation - has proven insufficient in increasing the number of women in computing fields and earning undergraduate degrees in computer science. The study is an effort to further develop understanding of the interplay between gender empowerment and computing education to increase the participation and success of girls of color in computing.
Infusing music as the cornerstone of computing education is an effective learning tool. Doing so in a manner that is embedded in a girls empowerment program is a novel experiential exercise. Establishing the intellectual framework for integrating computing education and gender empowerment is a significant contribution to the computing education community. The pre-existence of a national empowerment program in which to conduct the learning experiment presents significant potential for broader impact and increased participation of young women of color in computing.
Agency: NSF | Branch: Continuing grant | Program: | Phase: ALLIANCES-MINORITY PARTICIPAT. | Award Amount: 1.65M | Year: 2015
The Louis Stokes Alliances for Minority Participation (LSAMP) program assists universities and colleges in diversifying the STEM workforce through their efforts at significantly increasing the numbers of students from historically underrepresented minority populations to successfully complete high quality degree programs in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) disciplines.
Howard University, lead institution for the Washington-Baltimore-Hampton Roads Louis Stokes Alliance for Minority Participation (WBHR-LSAMP) consists of a consortium of seven Historically Black Colleges and Universities in the Washington, DC, Maryland and Virginia region and six regional community colleges. The alliance aims to continue strengthening retention of commuity college student transfer to four-year STEM degree programs and increasing the competitiveness of STEM students for graduate studies. International research experiences for both undergraduate and graduate students in STEM programs will be emphasized. Project results will be disseminated and will incorporate social media strategies through the alliance website. Successful practices for student transfers and faculty mentoring will be also be included in the website. Scholarly publications in refereed scientific journals and presentations at STEM conferences will be another venue for dissemination of results.
Over the next five years, the WBHR alliance will increase the number of historically underrepresented students who will complete STEM baccalaureate degrees by 25%, and the number of students entering STEM graduate programs by 30%. The alliance will also continue to sustain and institutionalize successful retention practices. Evaluation and assessment metrics will address graduation rates, efficiency and effectiveness of program implementation, and measurable or sustainable goals. Implementation will include summer and academic research activities, facilitating transfer to four-year STEM degree programs and successful completion and fulfillment of STEM baccalaureate degree requirements. In preparation for graduate school entry, students will receive Graduate Research Examination (GRE) preparations and STEM professional development activities that include international research experiences.
Howard University | Date: 2016-07-26
A method for treating against HIV, such as by inhibiting HIV integrase, in target cells or in a patient involves administering to target cells or to a patient in need of treatment an effective amount of at least one compound having an N-indol heteroarylcarboxamide scaffold which compound is represented by the formula: wherein, independent of each other,
Howard University | Date: 2016-01-28
A method and composition for the treatment of ischemic neuronal reperfusion injury are provided. The composition can include a compound which is a combination of dantrolene and a residue of FMOC-valine. This composition can be used to provide a faster and higher CNS penetration than heretofore experienced with dantrolene. In another form, dantrolene may be formulated as a pro-drug, a pro-pro-drug and the like.
Howard University | Date: 2016-03-01
The present disclosure provides methods of applying a filtering coating to a substrate, comprising: depositing a solution on a surface of a substrate, wherein the solution comprises an organic solvent with nanorods dispersed within the solvent. Evaporation of the solution is allowed and/or controlled to increase a volume fraction of the nanorods in the solution as a function of the evaporation. Thus, an aligned deposit of the nanorods is provided as a function of the evaporation, wherein the aligned deposit of nanorods includes at least thousands of the nanorods with at least a majority of the nanorods aligned relative to a length of the nanorods.