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Koyama K.,House Foods Group Inc. | Miyazaki K.,House Foods Group Inc. | Abe K.,The Nisshin OilliO Group Ltd. | Ikuta K.,Japan Oilstuff Inspectors Corporation | And 11 more authors.
Journal of Oleo Science | Year: 2015

We developed a novel, indirect enzymatic method for the analysis of fatty acid esters of 3-monochloro-1,2-propanediol (3-MCPD), 2-monochloro-1,3-propanediol (2-MCPD), and glycidol (Gly) in edible oils and fats. Using this method, the ester analytes were rapidly cleavaged by Candida rugosa lipase at room temperature for 0.5 h. As a result of the simultaneous hydrolysis and bromination steps, 3-MCPD esters, 2-MCPD esters, and glycidyl esters were converted to free 3-MCPD, 2-MCPD, and 3-monobromo- 1,2-propanediol (3-MBPD), respectively. After the addition of internal standards, the mixtures were washed with hexane, derivatized with phenylboronic acid, and analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometer (GC-MS). The analytical method was evaluated in preliminary and feasibility studies performed by 13 laboratories. The preliminary study from 4 laboratories showed the reproducibility (RSDR) of < 10% and recoveries in the range of 102–111% for the spiked 3-MCPD and 2-MCPD in extra virgin olive (EVO) oil, semi-solid palm oil, and solid palm oil. However, the RSDR and recoveries of Gly in the palm oil samples were not satisfactory. The Gly content of refrigerated palm oil samples decreased whereas the samples at room temperature were stable for three months, and this may be due to the depletion of Gly during cold storage. The feasibility studies performed by all 13 laboratories were conducted based on modifications of the shaking conditions for ester cleavage, the conditions of Gly bromination, and the removal of gel formed by residual lipase. Satisfactory RSDR were obtained for EVO oil samples spiked with standard esters (4.4% for 3-MCPD, 11.2% for 2-MCPD, and 6.6% for Gly). © 2015 by Japan Oil Chemists’ Society. Source


Koyama K.,House Foods Group Inc. | Miyazaki K.,House Foods Group Inc. | Abe K.,The Nisshin OilliO Group Ltd. | Egawa Y.,Fuji Oil Co. | And 11 more authors.
Journal of Oleo Science | Year: 2016

A collaborative study was conducted to evaluate an indirect enzymatic method for the analysis of fatty acid esters of 3-monochloro-1,2-propanediol (3-MCPD), 2-monochloro-1,3-propanediol (2-MCPD), and glycidol (Gly) in edible oils and fats. The method is characterized by the use of Candida rugosa lipase, which hydrolyzes the esters at room temperature in 30 min. Hydrolysis and bromination steps convert esters of 3-MCPD, 2-MCPD, and glycidol to free 3-MCPD, 2-MCPD, and 3-monobromo-1,2-propanediol, respectively, which are then derivatized with phenylboronic acid, and analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. In a collaborative study involving 13 laboratories, liquid palm, solid palm, rapeseed, and rice bran oils spiked with 0.5–4.4 mg/kg of esters of 3-MCPD, 2-MCPD, and Gly were analyzed in duplicate. The repeatability (RSDr) were < 5% for five liquid oil samples and 8% for a solid oil sample. The reproducibility (RSDR) ranged from 5% to 18% for all oil samples. These RSDR values were considered satisfactory because the Horwitz ratios were ≤ 1.3% for all three analytes in all oil samples. This method is applicable to the quantification of 3-MCPD, 2-MCPD, and Gly esters in edible oils. © 2016 by Japan Oil Chemists’ Society. Source


Maeda O.,House Food Analytical Laboratory Inc | Maeda O.,Kanazawa University | Oikawa C.,House Food Analytical Laboratory Inc | Noguchi K.,House Food Analytical Laboratory Inc | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry | Year: 2010

Iprodione is an agricultural fungicide that is difficult to detect in foods by HPLC because it coelutes with natural compounds in the food. We previously showed that food matrix could be degraded with titanium dioxide powder (TP). Here we describe an improved method for detection of iprodione using silica gel supported titanium dioxide (SGT). To synthesize SGT, titania-sol was mixed with diethanolamine, 2-propanol, and titanium tetraisopropoxide. After titania-sol was infiltrated into the silica gel (particle diameter 4 mm), the mixture was dried and then heated. Crude basil extract containing iprodione was mixed with SGT in a quartz vial, and the vial was irradiated with a UV light to selectively decompose the matrix interfering with the iprodione determination. In HPLC chromatograms of the treated solution, the interference peak decreased 35 times faster with SGT than with TP. When SGT (11 g) was added to the extract (20 mL) of dry basil (2 g), black light irradiation for 30 min was enough to quantify iprodione. The recovery rate of iprodione was 99.1%. Thus, the photocatalytic cleanup method using SGT is effective for analyzing residual iprodione in dry basil. © 2009 American Chemical Society. Source

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