Plasencia de Jalón, Spain
Plasencia de Jalón, Spain

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Castellanos-Pinedo F.,Hospital Virgen del Puerto | Ramirez-Moreno J.M.,Hospital Virgen del Puerto | Ramirez-Moreno J.M.,Fundacion Instituto Valenciano Of Neurorrehabilitacion | Zurdo-Hernandez J.M.,Hospital Infanta Cristina
Revista de Neurologia | Year: 2012

Summary. Acquired brain injury is a heterogeneous clinical concept that goes beyond the limits of the classical medical view, which tends to define processes and diseases on the grounds of a single causation. Although in the medical literature it appears fundamentally associated to traumatic brain injury, there are many other causes and management is similar in all of them, during the post-acute and chronic phases, as regards the measures to be taken concerning rehabilitation and attention to dependence. Yet, despite being an important health issue, today we do not have a set of diagnostic criteria or a classification for this condition. This is a serious handicap when it comes to carrying out epidemiological studies, designing specific care programmes and comparing results among different programmes and centres. Accordingly, the Extremadura Acquired Brain Injury Health Care Plan working group has drawn up these proposed diagnostic criteria, definition and classification. The proposal is intended to be essentially practical, its main purpose being to allow correct identification of the cases that must be attended to and to optimise the use of neurorehabilitation and attention to dependence resources, thereby ensuring attention is provided on a fair basis. © 2012 Revista de Neurología.


Pato E.,Hospital Clinico San Carlos | Munoz-Fernandez S.,Hospital Infanta Sofia | Francisco F.,Hospital Dr Negrin | Abad M.A.,Hospital Virgen del Puerto | And 3 more authors.
Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism | Year: 2011

Objectives: To analyze the effectiveness of immunosuppressants and biological therapies in autoimmune posterior uveitis, chronic anterior uveitis associated with juvenile idiopathic arthritis, and macular edema. Methods: Systematic review. We conducted a sensitive literature search in Medline (from 1961) and EMBASE (from 1980) until October 2007. Selection criteria were as follows: (1) population: autoimmune posterior uveitis, chronic anterior uveitis in juvenile idiopathic arthritis, and macular edema; (2) intervention: immunosuppressive and biologic therapies; (3) outcomes: visual acuity, Tyndall, vitreous haze, macular edema, pars planitis, and retinal vasculitis. There were no limitations regarding study design. The quality of each study was evaluated using the Jadad's scale and Oxford Levels of Evidence. Results: Two hundred sixty-five articles were selected for detailed review of the 4235 found in the initial search: 128 records were on immunosuppressants, 105 on biological therapies, and 32 on macular edema. Overall, both the immunosuppressive and the biologic therapies appeared effective in the treatment of autoimmune posterior uveitis, except for daclizumab in uveitis related to Behçet's disease, and for etanercept in any uveitis. In the treatment of macular edema, the drugs tested were also effective. Conclusions: Based on the evidence collated, immunosuppressants and biological therapies (except for daclizumab in Behçet and etanercept) may be effective in autoimmune uveitis and macular edema. No superiority may be inferred from this review. © 2011 Elsevier Inc.


Monsalve R.I.,R and D | Vega A.,Hospital Universitario Of Guadalajara | Marques L.,Universitari Arnau Of Vilanova | Miranda A.,Hospital Carlos Haya | And 8 more authors.
Allergy: European Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology | Year: 2012

Background Cross-reactivity between hymenoptera species varies according to the different allergenic components of the venom. The true source of sensitization must therefore be established to ensure the efficacy of venom immunotherapy. Objective In the Mediterranean region, Polistes dominulus and Vespula spp. are clinically relevant cohabitating wasps. A panel of major vespid venom allergens was used to investigate whether serum-specific IgE (sIgE) could be used to distinguish sensitization to either vespid. Methods Fifty-nine individuals with allergic reactions to vespid stings and positive ImmunoCAP and/or intradermal tests to vespid venoms were studied. sIgE against recombinant and natural venom components from each wasp species was determined using the ADVIA Centaur® system. Results sIgE against recombinant antigen 5s sensitization to be detected in 52% of the patients tested (13/25). The sensitivity increased to 80% (20/25), when using natural antigen 5s, and to 100% with the complete panel of purified natural components, because the sIgE was positive to either the antigen 5s (Pol d 5/Ves v 5) or to the phospholipases (Pol d 1/Ves v 1) of the two vespids, or to both components at the same time. In 69% of cases, it was possible to define the most probable sensitizing insect, and in the rest, possible double sensitization could not be excluded. Vespula hyaluronidase was shown to have no additional value as regards the specificity of the assay. Conclusions The major allergens of P. dominulus' and Vespula vulgaris' venom, namely phoshpholipases and antigen 5s, are required to discriminate the probable sensitizing species in vespid-allergic patients. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S.


PubMed | CIBER ISCIII, University of Extremadura, Hospital Virgen del Puerto, Hospital La Mancha Centro and 4 more.
Type: | Journal: Journal of neural transmission (Vienna, Austria : 1996) | Year: 2016

A recent meta-analysis suggests an association between the rs11558538 single nucleotide polymorphism in the histamine-N-methyl-transferase (HNMT) gene and the risk for Parkinsons disease. Based on the possible relationship between PD and restless legs syndrome (RLS), we tried to establish whether rs11558538 SNP is associated with the risk for RLS. We studied the genotype and allelic variant frequencies of HNMT rs11558538 SNP 205 RLS patients and 410 healthy controls using a TaqMan assay. The frequencies of the HNMT rs11558538 genotypes allelic variants were similar between RLS patients and controls, and were not influenced by gender, family history of RLS, or RLS severity. RLS patients carrying the genotype rs11558538TT had an earlier age at onset, but this finding was based on three subjects only. These results suggest a lack of major association between HNMT rs11558538 SNP and the risk for RLS.


PubMed | Hospital General Of Soria, Research Center del Cancer CSIC, Hospital Juan Ramon Jimenez, Hospital Clinico Universitario Of Valladolid and 9 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: PloS one | Year: 2016

To explore novel genetic abnormalities occurring in myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) through an integrative study combining array-based comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) and next-generation sequencing (NGS) in a series of MDS and MDS/myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN) patients. 301 patients diagnosed with MDS (n = 240) or MDS/MPN (n = 61) were studied at the time of diagnosis. A genome-wide analysis of DNA copy number abnormalities was performed. In addition, a mutational analysis of DNMT3A, TET2, RUNX1, TP53 and BCOR genes was performed by NGS in selected cases. 285 abnormalities were identified in 71 patients (23.6%). Three high-risk MDS cases (1.2%) displayed chromothripsis involving exclusively chromosome 13 and affecting some cancer genes: FLT3, BRCA2 and RB1. All three cases carried TP53 mutations as revealed by NGS. Moreover, in the whole series, the integrative analysis of aCGH and NGS enabled the identification of cryptic recurrent deletions in 2p23.3 (DNMT3A; n = 2.8%), 4q24 (TET2; n = 10%) 17p13 (TP53; n = 8.5%), 21q22 (RUNX1; n = 7%), and Xp11.4 (BCOR; n = 2.8%), while mutations in the non-deleted allele where found only in DNMT3A (n = 1), TET2 (n = 3), and TP53 (n = 4). These cryptic abnormalities were detected mainly in patients with normal (45%) or non-informative (15%) karyotype by conventional cytogenetics, except for those with TP53 deletion and mutation (15%), which had a complex karyotype. In addition to well-known copy number defects, the presence of chromothripsis involving chromosome 13 was a novel recurrent change in high-risk MDS patients. Array CGH analysis revealed the presence of cryptic abnormalities in genomic regions where MDS-related genes, such as TET2, DNMT3A, RUNX1 and BCOR, are located.


PubMed | Complejo Asistencial Universitario Of Leon, Complejo Asistencial Universitario Of Palencia, Hospital Nuestra Senora Of Sonsoles, Hospital Clinico Universitario Of Valladolid and 6 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Leukemia | Year: 2016

The diagnosis of smoldering multiple myeloma (SMM) includes patients with a heterogeneous risk of progression to active multiple myeloma (MM): some patients will never progress, whereas others will have a high risk of progression within the first 2 years. Therefore, it is important to improve risk assessment at diagnosis. We conducted a retrospective study in a large cohort of SMM patients, in order to investigate the role of Bence Jones (BJ) proteinuria at diagnosis in the progression to active MM. We found that SMM patients presenting with BJ proteinuria had a significantly shorter median time to progression (TTP) to MM compared with patients without BJ proteinuria (22 vs 88 months, respectively; hazard ratio=2.3, 95% confidence interval=1.4-3.9, P=0.002). We also identified risk subgroups based on the amount of BJ proteinuria: 500mg/24h, <500mg/24h and without it, with a significantly different median TTP (13, 37 and 88 months, P<0.001). Thus, BJ proteinuria at diagnosis is an independent variable of progression to MM that identifies a subgroup of high-risk SMM patients (51% risk of progression at 2 years) and 500mg of BJ proteinuria may allow, if validated in another series, to reclassify these patients to MM requiring therapy before the end-organ damage development.


PubMed | Hospital Of Fuenlabrada, University of Barcelona, Hospital Regional Universitario Of Malaga, Navarra Institute for Health Research and 11 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of investigational allergology & clinical immunology | Year: 2016

Multiple sensitization is frequent among pollen-allergic patients. The goal of this study was to determine the diagnostic accuracy of the ImmunoCAP ISAC 112 (ISAC112) microarray in allergy to pollen from several taxa and its clinical utility in a Spanish population.Specific IgE was determined in 390 pollen-allergic patients using the ISAC112 microarray. Diagnostic accuracy (sensitivity, specificity, predictive values, and area under the ROC curve) was calculated for the diagnosis of allergy to pollen from grass (n=49), cypress (n=75), olive tree (n=33), plane tree (n=63), and pellitory of the wall (n=17) and compared with that of the singleplex ImmunoCAP immunoassay.The sensitivity of the ISAC112 microarray ranged from 68.2% for allergy to plane tree pollen to 93.9% for allergy to grass pollen. The specificity was >90%. The AUC for the diagnosis of allergy to plane tree pollen was 0.798, whereas the AUC for the remaining cases was 0.876. The accuracy of ISAC112 was higher than that of ImmunoCAP for plane tree pollen and similar for the remaining pollens. The frequency of sensitization to most species-specific allergenic components and profilins varied between the different geographical regions studied. A total of 73% of pollen-allergic patients were sensitized to species-specific components of more than 1 pollen type.The ISAC112 microarray is an accurate tool for the diagnosis of allergy to pollen from grass, cypress, olive tree, plane tree, and pellitory of the wall. The features of the ISAC112 microarray are similar or superior (in the case of plane tree pollen) to those of ImmunoCAP. This microarray is particularly useful for the etiologic diagnosis of pollinosis in patients sensitized to multiple pollen species whose pollination periods overlap.


Molina-Infante J.,Hospital San Pedro Of Alcantara | Romano M.,The Second University of Naples | Fernandez-Bermejo M.,Hospital San Pedro Of Alcantara | Federico A.,The Second University of Naples | And 10 more authors.
Gastroenterology | Year: 2013

Background & Aims: Strategies to eradicate Helicobacter pylori infection could be improved by suppressing acid and extending the duration of therapy (optimization). We compared the efficacy of 2 different optimized nonbismuth quadruple regimens in areas of high resistance to antimicrobial agents. Methods: We performed a prospective noninferiority multicenter trial in which 343 consecutive individuals with H pylori infection were assigned randomly to groups given hybrid therapy (40 mg omeprazole and 1 g amoxicillin, twice daily for 14 days; 500 mg clarithromycin and 500 mg nitroimidazole were added, twice daily for the final 7 days) or concomitant therapy (same 4 drugs taken concurrently, twice daily for 14 days). We assessed bacterial resistance to these drugs in a subset of patients using the E-test. Efficacy, side effects, and compliance were determined. Results: In per-protocol analysis, rates of eradication for hybrid and concomitant therapies were 92% (95% confidence interval [CI], 87%-95%) and 96.1% (95% CI, 93%-99%), respectively (P =.07). In intention-to-treat analysis, rates were 90% (95% CI, 86%-93%) and 91.7% (95% CI, 87%-95%), respectively (P =.35). Almost all patients (95.5%) were fully compliant; 23.5% of patients had H pylori strains that were resistant to clarithromycin (Italy, 26%; Spain, 19.5%), 33% were resistant to metronidazole (Italy, 33%; Spain, 34%), and 8.8% were resistant to both drugs (Italy, 7.1%; Spain, 11.5%). Side effects (only mild) were reported in 51.5% of patients (47% hybrid vs 56% concomitant; P =.06). Compliance greater than 80% was the only significant predictor of eradication (odds ratio, 12.5; 95% CI, 3.1-52; P =.001). Significantly more patients were compliant with hybrid therapy (98.8%) than concomitant therapy (95.2%; P =.05). Conclusions: Optimized nonbismuth quadruple hybrid and concomitant therapies cured more than 90% of patients with H pylori infections in areas of high clarithromycin and metronidazole resistance. ClinicalTrials.gov number NCT01464060. © 2013 by the AGA Institute.


Case report A 62-year-old woman with a history of bilateral retinal pigment epithelium detachment (PED), secondary of age-related macular degeneration (AMD), who presented with a retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) tear on her left eye after an aflibercept injection in the contralateral eye one month earlier. Discussion A RPE tear is the main complication when the anti-VEGF therapy is used for the management of the PED. Furthermore, it should be noted that systemic absorption of the drug can induce an effect on the untreated eye. © 2016 Sociedad Española de Oftalmología.


Aim: To determine the scientific evidence on the preventive effects of different positions the pregnant woman can adopt during second stage of labor to reduce the incidence of tears in the perineum and their associated morbidity. Methodology: A literature review of randomized controlled trials and subsequent meta-analysis of these was performed. Results: A significant reduction in the rates of episiotomies was observed by adopting vertical postures; this was at the expense of an increase in labial tears and tears requiring suturing, both in nulliparous and multiparous women. Conclusions: More frequent use of vertical rather than horizontal postures, in addition to undertaking investigations on the topic, is recommended. © 2015 Ediciones Mayo, S.A. All rights reserved.

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