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Calbo E.,Hospital Universitari Mutua Of Terrassa | Calbo E.,International University of Catalonia | Alvarez-Rocha L.,Hospital Universitario Of runa | Gudiol F.,University of Barcelona | Pasquau J.,Servicio de Enfermedades Infecciosas
Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiologia Clinica

There are multiple benefits of appropriate antimicrobial prescribing: it has a direct impact on clinical outcomes, avoids adverse effects, is cost effective and, perhaps most importantly, it helps to prevent the emergence of resistance. However, any physician can prescribe antibiotics, which is not the case with other clinically relevant drugs. There is great variability in the prescribing physician's (PP) training, motivation, workload and setting, including accessibility to infectious diseases consultants and/or diagnostic techniques, and therefore there is a high risk of inappropriate prescription. Many antibiotic prescribing errors occur around the selection and duration of treatment. This includes a low threshold for the indication of antibiotics, delayed initiation of treatment when indicated, limited knowledge of local antimicrobial resistance patterns by the PPs, errors in the final choice of dose, route or drug and a lack of de-escalation. Similarly, the prescription of prophylactic antibiotics to prevent surgical site infections, despite being commonly accepted, is suboptimal. Factors that may explain suboptimal use are related to the absence of well-defined protocols, poor knowledge of prophylactic protocols, miscommunication or disagreement between physicians, logistical problems, and a lack of audits. A proper understanding of the prescribing process can guide interventions to improve the PP's practices. Some of the potential interventions included in a stewardship program are education in antimicrobial prescribing, information on the local resistance patterns and accessibility to a qualified infectious diseases consultant. © 2013 Elsevier España, S.L. Source

Polanco N.,Hospital 12 de Octubre | Gutierrez E.,Hospital 12 de Octubre | Rivera F.,Hospital General de Ciudad Real | Castellanos I.,Hospital San Pedro de Alcantara | And 3 more authors.
Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation

Background.Spontaneous remission (SR) of nephrotic syndrome, in the absence of immunosuppressive treatment, is relatively common among patients with idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN) and normal renal function. However, it has not been reported in patients with chronic renal impairment. Methods.All patients with IMN who had developed SR in the presence of chronic renal insufficiency were identified among the nephrology departments that belong to the Spanish Group for the Study of Glomerular Diseases (GLOSEN). Their characteristics and outcome after SR were studied. Results.Eleven patients were identified. All of them showed renal insufficiency and nephrotic syndrome at the time of renal biopsy. Serum creatinine (Scr) continued to increase in the following months, reaching a peak value of 2.6 ± 1.5 mg/dL (range 1.7-6.5). Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors or spironolactone were prescribed in 10/11 patients at renal biopsy or shortly after it. Nephrotic proteinuria persisted during the first months of follow-up, but it started to spontaneously decrease 12 ± 7 months (2-30 months) after renal biopsy. Finally, complete (nine patients) or partial (two patients) remission of nephrotic syndrome was observed. Coinciding with proteinuria remission, renal function tended to improve. Nephrotic syndrome relapsed in two patients, accompanied by a rapid deterioration of renal function. In the remaining nine patients, remission persisted throughout a follow-up of 146 ± 64 months. Mean Scr at the last visit was 1.9 ± 0.9 mg/dL and proteinuria 0.2 g/24 h. Conclusion.SR of nephrotic syndrome can also be observed in membranous nephropathy patients exhibiting chronic renal impairment. © 2011 The Author. Source

Sastre J.,HC San Carlos | Gomez A.,Hospital Reina Sofia | Rivera F.,Hospital Marques de Valdecilla | Massuti B.,Hospital Universitario Of Alicante | And 6 more authors.
Clinical Colorectal Cancer

Objective Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) and v-Ki-ras2 Kirsten rat sarcoma viral oncogene homolog (KRAS) status were identified as prognostic factors for progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer treated with chemotherapy and bevacizumab in analyses of the MACRO (Maintenance Treatment in Advanced Colorectal Cancer) trial. In this post hoc analysis of the MACRO trial, the potential additive effect of these 2 factors on patient outcomes was explored. Methods A total of 158 of the 480 patients involved in the MACRO trial were included in the biological marker substudy. CTC isolation and enumeration were centralized and performed using the CellSearch System (Veridex LLC, Raritan, NJ) in 7.5 mL of whole blood. Evaluation of KRAS status was performed retrospectively by the standard method used at each center. PFS and OS were analyzed by the Kaplan-Meier method according to CTC count and KRAS status. Results Patients with < 3 CTC per 7.5 mL blood at baseline and KRAS wild-type tumors had a median PFS of 14.2 months compared with 6.2 months in patients with ≥ 3 CTCs and KRAS mutated tumors (P <.0001; hazard ratio, 3.0; 95% confidence interval, 1.8-5.2). Similar findings were observed for OS (28.9 and 13.7 months, respectively, P =.0004; hazard ratio 2.8; 95% confidence interval, 1.6-4.9). Multivariate analyses showed that CTC count ≥ 3 and KRAS status were the only independent prognostic factors for both PFS and OS. Conclusions This post hoc analysis showed that CTC count and KRAS status were independent prognostic factors for outcomes in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer treated with bevacizumab ± chemotherapy. These factors should be taken into account in the design of future phase III trials. © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Source

Sapisochin G.,Autonomous University of Barcelona | De Lope C.R.,University of Barcelona | Gastaca M.,University of the Basque Country | De Urbina J.O.,University of the Basque Country | And 28 more authors.
Annals of Surgery

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcome of patients with hepatocellular- cholangiocarcinoma (HCC-CC) or intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (I-CC) on pathological examination after liver transplantation for HCC. BACKGROUND: Information on the outcome of cirrhotic patients undergoing a transplant for HCC and with a diagnosis of HCC-CC or I-CC by pathological study is limited. METHODS: Multicenter, retrospective, matched cohort 1:2 study. Study group: 42 patients undergoing a transplant for HCC and with a diagnosis of HCC-CC or I-CC by pathological study; and control group: 84 patients with a diagnosis of HCC. I-CC subgroup: 27 patients compared with 54 controls; HCC-CC subgroup: 15 patients compared with 30 controls. Patients were also divided according to the preoperative tumor size and number: uninodular tumors 2 cm or smaller and multinodular or uninodular tumors 2 cm or larger. Median follow-up: 51 (range, 3-142) months. RESULTS: The 1-, 3-, and 5-year actuarial survival rate differed between the study and control groups (83%, 70%, and 60% vs 99%, 94%, and 89%, respectively; P < 0.001). Differences were found in 1-, 3-, and 5-year actuarial survival rates between the I-CC subgroup and their controls (78%, 66%, and 51% vs 100%, 98%, and 93%; P < 0.001), but no differences were observed between the HCC-CC subgroup and their controls (93%, 78%, and 78% vs 97%, 86%, and 86%; P = 0.9). Patients with uninodular tumors 2 cm or smaller in the study and control groups had similar 1-, 3-, and 5-year survival rate (92%, 83%, 62% vs 100%, 80%, 80%; P = 0.4). In contrast, patients in the study group with multinodular or uninodular tumors larger than 2 cm had worse 1-, 3-, and 5-year survival rates than their controls (80%, 66%, and 61% vs 99%, 96%, and 90%; P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with HCC-CC have similar survival to patients undergoing a transplant for HCC. Preoperative diagnosis of HCC-CC should not prompt the exclusion of these patients from transplant option. Copyright © 2014 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Source

Fernandez-Fernandez M.M.,Hospital Universitario del Henares | Montes-Jovellar L.,MD Anderson International | Parente Arias P.L.,Hospital Universitario Of runa | Ortega del Alamo P.,Hospital Universitario Of Mostoles
European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology

The objective of this study is to describe and evaluate the feasibility of TransOral UltraSonic Surgery (TOUSS), a new endoscopic alternative to transoral robotic surgery for approaching pharyngeal and laryngeal tumours based on ultrasonic scalpel as a resection tool. This is a prospective study on 11 consecutive patients with pharyngeal and supraglottic carcinomas between December 2013 and August 2014. All tumours were resected transorally with 35 cm ThunderbeatTM. Exposure was achieved using GyrusTM FK-retractor and Olympus ENDOEYE Flex 5 mm 2D/10 mm 3D deflecting tip video laparoscopes. We evaluated tumour staging, surgical margins, surgical time, blood transfusions, tracheostomy, enteral feeding, postoperative pain and hospital stay. The operating room setup and procedure are described. This series comprised seven early and four locally advanced carcinomas. The mean setup for TOUSS and resection time were 16 and 70.9 minutes. No major intraoperative complications were identified. The average time of nasogastric feeding tube dependence (n = 9) was 13 days. Gastrostomy was performed in one patient. The average hospital stay was 14.3 days. Postoperative pain was satisfactory treated with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. We have described TOUSS as a new feasible and intuitive procedure to approach endoscopically pharyngeal and supraglottic tumours, with good intraoperative conditions and functional outcomes. © 2014, The Author(s). Source

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