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Otero Lopez M.J.,Complejo Asistencial Universitario Of Salamanca Ibsal | Bermejo Vicedo T.,Hospital Universitario Ramon jal Of Madrid | Moreno Gomez A.M.,Complejo Asistencial Universitario Of Salamanca Ibsal | Aparicio Fernandez M.A.,Complejo Asistencial Universitario Of Salamanca Ibsal
Farmacia Hospitalaria | Year: 2013

Objective: To determine the degree of implementation of recommended safety practices in the design and use of automated medication dispensing cabinets (ADCs) in Spanish hospitals. Methods: A descriptive study based on completion of the "Self- Evaluation Survey on the Safety of Automated Medication Dispensing Systems" from 10/10/2012 to 4/10/2013, at voluntarily participating hospitals. The survey contained 93 items grouped into 14 core processes. Results: In the 36 participating hospitals the average score for the completed survey was 307.8 points (66.2% of the highest possible score [LC 95% CI: 63.2-69.2]). The lowest scores were obtained for core processes 9, 12, 13, 8, 3, 4 and 11 referring to the establishment of guidelines for medication removed using the override function (28.4%), training for healthcare professionals (52%), risk management (53%), defining removal procedures (55.3%), use of ADCs in connection with electronic prescribing (60.9%), information that appears on ADC screens (61.8%) and eliminating medications being returned to ADCs (63.9%), respectively. The hospitals that used ADCs in connection with electronic prescribing as their principal system for distribution presented a higher level of implantation of safety practices than those that used ADCs as a complementary distribution system. Conclusions: ADC installation has been accompanied by the implementation of various safety practices, but there are still numerous areas of risk for which technical, organizational, and system monitoring safety practices must be added in order to minimize errors with this technology. Source

Grande E.,Hospital Universitario Ramon jal Of Madrid
Cancer metastasis reviews | Year: 2012

Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) comprise a broad range of neoplasms that share biological and embryological origin. A deeper knowledge in the underlying molecular biology that results in the development and spread of NETs has allowed the use of novel-targeted therapies against angiogenesis and intracellular pathways, key checkpoints that govern growth, and proliferation of these tumors. Unfortunately, the possibility of cure is still far for patients with advanced stages. Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are present in most solid tumors. Nevertheless, there is limited evidence for the presence of CSCs in NETs. In this review, we will discuss the embryonic origin and possible existence of a gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine cancer stem cell. Here, we summarize the body of evidence supporting the presence of active embryological pathways like Notch, Wnt-β-catenin, Hedgehog, or transforming growth factor-β in NETs. New therapeutic approaches in the field of CSCs seem to have a clear role in the treatment of medulloblastomas and basal cell carcinomas, but their future value in other solid tumor types including NETs remains unclear. Source

Camps-Herrero C.,University of Valencia | Paz-Ares L.,Patrono Fundacion ECO | Codes M.,Patrono Fundacion ECO | Lopez-Lopez R.,Servicio Of Oncologia Medica Of Complejo Universitario Of Santiago Of Compostela | And 9 more authors.
Clinical and Translational Oncology | Year: 2014

Purpose: The economic situation showed that the resources devoted to health spending are limited, making rationalisation of their consumption necessary. The relevance of pharmacoeconomic analyses is becoming crucial. The ECO Foundation, promoting the quality of oncology care, set out to analyse the consensus on the new therapeutic targets inclusion and the integration of pharmacoeconomics when evaluating their effectiveness.Methods: Study about pharmacoeconomic estimations was performed during the first ECO-Seminar (2010). It was developed using a modified Delphi method, in four stages: (1) committee coordinator establishment, (2) expert-panel selection, (3) preparation and submission of survey (1 question) by email, and (4) analysis of the degree of consensus reached.Results: Results were obtained from surveys completed by 35 experts. Regarding the tolerable annual cost for the approval of new drugs, 68.8 % of the respondents considered a cost per quality-adjusted life year (QALY) gained between €30,000 and 100,000 acceptable (34.4 % €30,000–60,000; 34.4 % €60,000–100,000), 21.9 % of the respondents found costs between €100,000–150,000/QALY and 9.3 % of the respondents found costs above €150,000/QALY acceptable.Conclusions: The costs of new drugs are higher than traditional treatments, making it a priority to identify subgroups of patients with specific molecular profiles as candidates for higher-efficiency-targeted therapies. The allocation of the available resources to the most effective interventions, to achieve the best clinical outcomes with lower costs and best subjective profile possible, allows expenditure to be rationalised. Pharmacoeconomic studies are a basic tool for obtaining better health outcomes according to the available resources, while also considering the other needs of the population. © 2014, Federación de Sociedades Españolas de Oncología (FESEO). Source

Anguera I.,Bellvitge University Hospital | Dallaglio P.,Bellvitge University Hospital | Macias R.,Hospital Universitario Virgen Of Las Nieves Of Granada | Jimenez-Candil J.,Hospital Universitario Of Salamanca | And 11 more authors.
American Journal of Cardiology | Year: 2015

Atrial myopathy, atriotomies, and fibrotic scars are the pathophysiological substrate of lines of conduction block, promoting atrial macroreentry. The aim of this study was to determine the acute and long-term outcome of radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) for right atrial tachyarrhythmia (AT) in adults after cardiac surgery for congenital heart disease (CHD) and acquired heart disease (AHD) and predictors of these outcomes. Clinical records of adults after surgery for heart disease undergoing RFCA of right-sided AT were analyzed retrospectively. Multivariate analyses identified clinical and procedural factors predicting acute and long-term outcomes. A total of 372 patients (69% men; age 61 ± 15 years) after surgical repair of CHD (n = 111) or AHD (n = 261) were studied. Cavotricuspid isthmus-dependent atrial flutter (CTI-AFL) was observed in 300 patients and non-CTI-AFL in 72 patients. Ablation was successful in 349 cases (94%). During a mean follow-up of 51 ± 30 months, recurrences were observed in 24.5% of patients. Multivariate analysis showed that non-CTI-AFL (hazard ratio [HR] 1.78, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.1 to 2.9) and CHD (HR 1.75, 95% CI 1.07 to 2.9) were independent predictors of long-term recurrences. Multivariate analysis showed that female gender (HR 2.29, 95% CI 1.6 to 3.3), surgery for AHD (HR 95% 2.31, 95% CI 1.5 to 3.7), and left atrial dilatation (HR 2.1, 95% CI 1.3 to 3.2) were independent predictors of long-term atrial fibrillation. In conclusion, RFCA of right-sided AT after cardiac surgery is associated with high acute success rates and significant long-term recurrences. Non-CTI-dependent AFL and surgery for CHD are at higher risk of recurrence. Atrial fibrillation is common during follow-up, particularly in patients with AHD and enlarged left atrium. © 2015 Elsevier Inc. Source

Alvarez-Velasco R.,Hospital Universitario Ramon jal Of Madrid | Masjuan J.,Hospital Universitario Ramon jal Of Madrid | Masjuan J.,Instituto Ramon Y Cajal Of Investigacion Sanitaria | Masjuan J.,University of Alcala | And 5 more authors.
Stroke | Year: 2016

Background and Purpose-Stroke on board aircraft has been reported in retrospective case series, mainly focusing on economy class stroke syndrome. Data on the actual incidence, pathogenesis, and prognosis of stroke in commercial flights are lacking. Methods-A prospective registry was designed to include all consecutive patients referred from an international airport (40 million passengers a year) to our hospital with a diagnosis of ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack and onset of symptoms during a flight or immediately after landing. Results-Forty-four patients (32 ischemic strokes and 12 transient ischemic attacks) were included over a 76-month period (January 2008 to April 2014). The estimated incidence of stroke was 1 stroke in 35 000 flights. Pathogeneses of stroke or transient ischemic attack were atherothrombotic in 16 (36%), economy class stroke syndrome in 8 (18%), cardioembolic in 7 (16%), arterial dissection in 4 (9%), lacunar stroke in 4 (9%), and undetermined in 5 (12%) patients. Carotid stenosis >70% was found in 12 (27%) of the patients. Overall prognosis was good, and thrombolysis was applied in 44% of the cases. The most common reason for not treating patients who had experienced stroke onset midflight was the delay in reaching the hospital. Only 1 patient with symptom onset during the flight prompted a flight diversion. Conclusions-We found a low incidence of stroke in the setting of air travel. Economy class stroke syndrome and arterial dissection were well represented in our sample. However, the main pathogenesis was atherothrombosis with a high proportion of patients with high carotid stenosis. © 2016 American Heart Association, Inc. Source

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