Hospital Universitario Ramon jal Of Madrid

Madrid, Spain

Hospital Universitario Ramon jal Of Madrid

Madrid, Spain

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Lozano-Santos C.,Hospital Universitario Puerta Of Hierro Majadahonda | Martinez-Velasquez J.,Hospital Universitario Puerta Of Hierro Majadahonda | Fernandez-Cuevas B.,Hospital Universitario Puerta Of Hierro Majadahonda | Polo N.,Hospital Universitario Puerta Of Hierro Majadahonda | And 9 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2014

Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-mediated angiogenesis contributes to the pathogenesis of B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL). We investigated the impact of VEGFA gene diversity on the clinical outcome of patients with this disease. A VEGFA haplotype conformed by positions rs699947 (-1540C>A), rs833061 (-460T>C) and rs2010963 (405C>G) and two additional single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), rs3025039 (936C>T) and rs25648 (1032C>T), were analysed in 239 patients at the time of their CLL diagnosis. Here, we showed that homozygosity for rs699947/rs833061/rs2010963 ACG haplotype (ACG+/+ genotype) correlated with a reduced survival in CLL patients (ACG+/+ vs other genotypes: HR = 2.3, p = 0.002; recessive model). In multivariate analysis, the ACG+/+ genotype was identified as a novel independent prognostic factor (HR = 2.1, p = 0.005). Moreover, ACG homozygosity subdivided patients with CLL with otherwise indolent parameters into prognostic subgroups with different outcomes. Specifically, patients carrying the ACG+/+ genotype with mutated IgVH, very low and low-risk cytogenetics, initial clinical stage, CD38 negative status or early age at diagnosis showed a shorter survival (ACG+/+ vs other genotypes: HR = 3.5, p = 0.035; HR = 3.4, p = 0.001; HR = 2.2, p = 0.035; HR = 3.4, p = 0.0001 and HR = 3.1, p = 0.009, respectively). In conclusion, VEGFA ACG+/+ genotype confers an adverse effect in overall survival in CLL patients with an indolent course of the disease. These observations support the biological and prognostic implications of VEGFA genetics in CLL. © 2014 Lozano-Santos et al.


PubMed | Hospital Universitario Ramon jal Of Madrid, Consorcio Hospital General Universitario Of Valencia, Hospital Universitario Puerta Of Hierro Majadahonda & Institute Investigacion Puerta Of Hierro Majadahonda Idiphim and Hospital Severo Ochoa Of Madrid
Type: Journal Article | Journal: PloS one | Year: 2014

Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-mediated angiogenesis contributes to the pathogenesis of B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL). We investigated the impact of VEGFA gene diversity on the clinical outcome of patients with this disease. A VEGFA haplotype conformed by positions rs699947 (-1540C>A), rs833061 (-460T>C) and rs2010963 (405C>G) and two additional single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), rs3025039 (936C>T) and rs25648 (1032C>T), were analysed in 239 patients at the time of their CLL diagnosis. Here, we showed that homozygosity for rs699947/rs833061/rs2010963 ACG haplotype (ACG+/+ genotype) correlated with a reduced survival in CLL patients (ACG+/+ vs other genotypes: HR=2.3, p=0.002; recessive model). In multivariate analysis, the ACG+/+ genotype was identified as a novel independent prognostic factor (HR=2.1, p=0.005). Moreover, ACG homozygosity subdivided patients with CLL with otherwise indolent parameters into prognostic subgroups with different outcomes. Specifically, patients carrying the ACG+/+ genotype with mutated IgVH, very low and low-risk cytogenetics, initial clinical stage, CD38 negative status or early age at diagnosis showed a shorter survival (ACG+/+ vs other genotypes: HR=3.5, p=0.035; HR=3.4, p=0.001; HR=2.2, p=0.035; HR=3.4, p=0.0001 and HR=3.1, p=0.009, respectively). In conclusion, VEGFA ACG+/+ genotype confers an adverse effect in overall survival in CLL patients with an indolent course of the disease. These observations support the biological and prognostic implications of VEGFA genetics in CLL.


Alvarez-Velasco R.,Hospital Universitario Ramon jal Of Madrid | Masjuan J.,Hospital Universitario Ramon jal Of Madrid | Masjuan J.,Instituto Ramon Y Cajal Of Investigacion Sanitaria | Masjuan J.,University of Alcalá | And 5 more authors.
Stroke | Year: 2016

Background and Purpose-Stroke on board aircraft has been reported in retrospective case series, mainly focusing on economy class stroke syndrome. Data on the actual incidence, pathogenesis, and prognosis of stroke in commercial flights are lacking. Methods-A prospective registry was designed to include all consecutive patients referred from an international airport (40 million passengers a year) to our hospital with a diagnosis of ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack and onset of symptoms during a flight or immediately after landing. Results-Forty-four patients (32 ischemic strokes and 12 transient ischemic attacks) were included over a 76-month period (January 2008 to April 2014). The estimated incidence of stroke was 1 stroke in 35 000 flights. Pathogeneses of stroke or transient ischemic attack were atherothrombotic in 16 (36%), economy class stroke syndrome in 8 (18%), cardioembolic in 7 (16%), arterial dissection in 4 (9%), lacunar stroke in 4 (9%), and undetermined in 5 (12%) patients. Carotid stenosis >70% was found in 12 (27%) of the patients. Overall prognosis was good, and thrombolysis was applied in 44% of the cases. The most common reason for not treating patients who had experienced stroke onset midflight was the delay in reaching the hospital. Only 1 patient with symptom onset during the flight prompted a flight diversion. Conclusions-We found a low incidence of stroke in the setting of air travel. Economy class stroke syndrome and arterial dissection were well represented in our sample. However, the main pathogenesis was atherothrombosis with a high proportion of patients with high carotid stenosis. © 2016 American Heart Association, Inc.


PubMed | Hospital Universitario Ramon jal Of Madrid, Hospital Lozano Blesa Of Zaragoza, Hospital Universitario Central Of Asturias, Hospital Universitario Dr Peset Of Valencia and 11 more.
Type: Comparative Study | Journal: Haematologica | Year: 2015

This study analyzed the anti-myeloma effect of zoledronic acid monotherapy by investigating patients at the time of asymptomatic biochemical relapse. One hundred patients were randomized to receive either zoledronic acid (4 mg iv/4 weeks, 12 doses) (n=51) or not (n=49). Experimental and control groups were well balanced for disease and prognostic features. Zoledronic acid did not show an antitumor effect according to changes in M-component. However, there were fewer symptomatic progressions in the experimental group than in the control group (34 versus 41, respectively; P=0.05) resulting in a median time to symptoms of 16 versus 10 months (P=0.161). The median time to next therapy was also slightly longer for the treated group than the untreated, control group (13.4 versus 10.1 months), although the difference was not statistically significant (P=0.360). The pattern of relapses was different for treated versus control patients: progressive bone disease (8 versus 20), anemia (24 versus 18), renal dysfunction (1 versus 2), and plasmacytomas (1 versus 1, respectively). This concurred with fewer skeletal-related events in the treated group than in the control group (2 versus 14), with a projected 4-year event proportion of 6% versus 40% (P<0.001). In summary, zoledronic acid monotherapy does not show an antitumor effect on biochemical relapses in multiple myeloma, but does reduce the risk of progression with symptomatic bone disease and skeletal complications. This trial was registered in the ClinicalTrials.gov database with code NCT01087008.


De Andres A.,Hospital Universitario Ramon jal Of Madrid | Camarero C.,Hospital Universitario Ramon y Cajal | Roy G.,Hospital Universitario Ramon jal Of Madrid
Digestive Diseases and Sciences | Year: 2015

Background and Aim: After clinical screening and the serological test, many patients still require a duodenal biopsy for celiac disease diagnosis. Mild histological lesions, unspecific findings and patchiness are frequent outcomes of this mandatory diagnostic tool, thus complicating clinical decisions. Methods: We analyzed the lymphoid components [number of total intraepithelial lymphocytes (IELs), TcR-γδ and CD3−IELs] of the duodenal epithelium by flow cytometry in samples obtained from bulb and distal duodenum during upper gastrointestinal endoscopies performed for diagnostic purposes. Results: IEL counts and IEL subset distribution (IEL lymphogram) remain invariant along duodenal mucosa revealing a specific profile (immunophenotype) that characterizes either a healthy mucosa or a celiac mucosa. The celiac immunophenotype persists regardless of the biopsy’s anatomical location or the corresponding histological findings. Conclusions: We propose the IEL lymphogram by flow cytometry as an immunological parameter to discern celiac condition from healthy mucosa. This obviates not only misinterpretation of minor histological changes, but also patchiness and the concerns about the location and number of biopsies. © 2014, Springer Science+Business Media New York.


Grande E.,Hospital Universitario Ramon jal Of Madrid
Cancer metastasis reviews | Year: 2012

Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) comprise a broad range of neoplasms that share biological and embryological origin. A deeper knowledge in the underlying molecular biology that results in the development and spread of NETs has allowed the use of novel-targeted therapies against angiogenesis and intracellular pathways, key checkpoints that govern growth, and proliferation of these tumors. Unfortunately, the possibility of cure is still far for patients with advanced stages. Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are present in most solid tumors. Nevertheless, there is limited evidence for the presence of CSCs in NETs. In this review, we will discuss the embryonic origin and possible existence of a gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine cancer stem cell. Here, we summarize the body of evidence supporting the presence of active embryological pathways like Notch, Wnt-β-catenin, Hedgehog, or transforming growth factor-β in NETs. New therapeutic approaches in the field of CSCs seem to have a clear role in the treatment of medulloblastomas and basal cell carcinomas, but their future value in other solid tumor types including NETs remains unclear.


PubMed | Hospital Universitario La Paz, Hospital Universitario Ramon jal Of Madrid, University of Barcelona, Hospital Clinico Universitario Of Santiago Of Compostela and 5 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Europace : European pacing, arrhythmias, and cardiac electrophysiology : journal of the working groups on cardiac pacing, arrhythmias, and cardiac cellular electrophysiology of the European Society of Cardiology | Year: 2016

The aim of this study was to determine the acute and long-term outcome of radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) for cavotricuspid isthmus-dependent atrial flutter (CTI-AFL) in adults with and without previous cardiac surgery (PCS), and predictors of these outcomes. Structural alterations of the anatomical substrate of the CTI-AFL are observed in post-operative patients, and these may have an impact on the acute success of the ablation and in the long-term.Clinical records of consecutive adults undergoing RFCA of CTI-AFL were analysed. Two main groups were considered: No PCS and PCS patients, who were further subdivided into acquired heart disease (AHD: ischaemic heart disease and valvular/mixed heart disease) and congenital heart disease [CHD: ostium secundum atrial septal defect (OS-ASD) and complex CHD]. Multivariate analysis identified clinical and procedural factors that predicted acute and long-term outcomes. A total of 666 patients (73% men, age 65 12 years) were included: 307 of them with PCS. Ablation was successful in 647 patients (97%), 96% in the PCS group and 98% in the No PCS group (P = 0.13). Regression analysis showed that surgically corrected complex CHD was related to failure of the procedure [odds ratio 5.6; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.6-18, P = 0.008]. After a follow-up of 45 15 months, recurrences were observed in 90 patients (14%), more frequently in the PCS group: absolute risk of recurrence 18 vs. 10.5%, relative risk 1.71, 95% CI: 1.2-2.5, P = 0.006. Multivariate analysis indicated that the types of PCS [OS-ASD vs. No PCS: hazard ratio (HR) 2.57; 95% CI: 1.1-6.2, P = 0.03 and complex CHD vs. No PCS: HR 2.75; 95% CI: 1.41-5.48, P = 0.004], female gender (HR 1.55; 95% CI: 1.04-2.4, P = 0.048), and severe LV dysfunction (HR 1.36; 95% CI: 1.06-1.67, P = 0.04) were independent predictors of long-term recurrence.Radiofrequency catheter ablation of CTI-AFL after surgical correction of AHD and CHD is associated with high acute success rates. The severity of the structural alterations of the underlying heart disease and consequently the type of surgical correction correlates with higher risk for recurrence.


PubMed | Hospital Universitario Ramon jal Of Madrid
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Cancer metastasis reviews | Year: 2012

Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) comprise a broad range of neoplasms that share biological and embryological origin. A deeper knowledge in the underlying molecular biology that results in the development and spread of NETs has allowed the use of novel-targeted therapies against angiogenesis and intracellular pathways, key checkpoints that govern growth, and proliferation of these tumors. Unfortunately, the possibility of cure is still far for patients with advanced stages. Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are present in most solid tumors. Nevertheless, there is limited evidence for the presence of CSCs in NETs. In this review, we will discuss the embryonic origin and possible existence of a gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine cancer stem cell. Here, we summarize the body of evidence supporting the presence of active embryological pathways like Notch, Wnt--catenin, Hedgehog, or transforming growth factor- in NETs. New therapeutic approaches in the field of CSCs seem to have a clear role in the treatment of medulloblastomas and basal cell carcinomas, but their future value in other solid tumor types including NETs remains unclear.


PubMed | Hospital Universitario La Paz, Hospital Universitario Ramon jal Of Madrid, Hospital Universitario Rio Hortega Of Valladolid, Hospital Clinico Universitario Of Santiago Of Compostela and 5 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: The American journal of cardiology | Year: 2015

Atrial myopathy, atriotomies, and fibrotic scars are the pathophysiological substrate of lines of conduction block, promoting atrial macroreentry. The aim of this study was to determine the acute and long-term outcome of radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) for right atrial tachyarrhythmia (AT) in adults after cardiac surgery for congenital heart disease (CHD) and acquired heart disease (AHD) and predictors of these outcomes. Clinical records of adults after surgery for heart disease undergoing RFCA of right-sided AT were analyzed retrospectively. Multivariate analyses identified clinical and procedural factors predicting acute and long-term outcomes. A total of 372 patients (69% men; age 61 15years) after surgical repair of CHD (n= 111) or AHD (n= 261) were studied. Cavotricuspid isthmus-dependent atrial flutter (CTI-AFL) was observed in 300 patients and non-CTI-AFL in 72 patients. Ablation was successful in 349 cases (94%). During a mean follow-up of 51 30months, recurrences were observed in 24.5% of patients. Multivariate analysis showed that non-CTI-AFL (hazard ratio [HR] 1.78, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.1 to 2.9) and CHD (HR 1.75, 95% CI 1.07 to 2.9) were independent predictors of long-term recurrences. Multivariate analysis showed that female gender (HR 2.29, 95% CI 1.6 to 3.3), surgery for AHD (HR 95% 2.31, 95% CI 1.5 to 3.7), and left atrial dilatation (HR 2.1, 95% CI 1.3 to 3.2) were independent predictors of long-term atrial fibrillation. In conclusion, RFCA of right-sided AT after cardiac surgery is associated with high acute success rates and significant long-term recurrences. Non-CTI-dependent AFL and surgery for CHD are at higher risk of recurrence. Atrial fibrillation is common during follow-up, particularly in patients with AHD and enlarged left atrium.


PubMed | Hospital Universitario Ramon jal Of Madrid
Type: Comparative Study | Journal: Digestive diseases and sciences | Year: 2015

After clinical screening and the serological test, many patients still require a duodenal biopsy for celiac disease diagnosis. Mild histological lesions, unspecific findings and patchiness are frequent outcomes of this mandatory diagnostic tool, thus complicating clinical decisions.We analyzed the lymphoid components [number of total intraepithelial lymphocytes (IELs), TcR- and CD3(-)IELs] of the duodenal epithelium by flow cytometry in samples obtained from bulb and distal duodenum during upper gastrointestinal endoscopies performed for diagnostic purposes.IEL counts and IEL subset distribution (IEL lymphogram) remain invariant along duodenal mucosa revealing a specific profile (immunophenotype) that characterizes either a healthy mucosa or a celiac mucosa. The celiac immunophenotype persists regardless of the biopsys anatomical location or the corresponding histological findings.We propose the IEL lymphogram by flow cytometry as an immunological parameter to discern celiac condition from healthy mucosa. This obviates not only misinterpretation of minor histological changes, but also patchiness and the concerns about the location and number of biopsies.

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