Da Silva-Diz V.,Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute IDIBELL |
Sole-Sanchez S.,Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute IDIBELL |
Valdes-Gutierrez A.,Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute IDIBELL |
Urpi M.,Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute IDIBELL |
And 10 more authors.
Oncogene | Year: 2013
Epidermal keratinocytes and hair follicle (HF) stem cells (SCs) expressing oncogenes are competent at developing squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) in epidermis and HFs, respectively. To determine whether bulge and hair germ (HG) SCs from HF contribute to SCC generation at distant epidermis, the most frequent epidermal region where these lesions arise in human skin, we used a skin cancer mouse model expressing E6 and E7 oncoproteins from Human papillomavirus (HPV) 16 in SCs and basal keratinocytes. This previously described mouse model recapitulates the human skin papillomavirus-induced SCC pathology. We show that E6 and E7 expression promote the expansion of keratin 15 (K15)-expressing cells. These K15 + aberrant cells exhibit some HGSC markers and diminished expression of Tcf3 and Sox9 hair SC specification genes, which are accumulated in HFs and mislocalized to interfollicular epidermis. Leucine-rich G-protein-coupled receptor 5 (Lgr5)-expressing SCs, localized in the bulge and HG, are the origin of the expanded K15 + cell population. A large subset of the Lgr5 + SC progeny, expressing K15 and P-cadherin, is aberrantly mobilized to the upper region of HFs and the epidermis, and accumulates at E6/E7-induced pre-neoplastic lesions and epidermal tumors. These findings indicate that aberrant accumulation of altered SCs in HFs and their subsequent migration to the epidermis contribute to HPV-induced tumor development. © 2013 Macmillan Publishers Limited. Source
Cordero E.,Hospital Universitario Virgen Del Rocio |
Perez-Romero P.,Hospital Universitario Virgen Del Rocio |
Moreno A.,Infectious Diseases Unit |
Len O.,Infectious Diseases Unit |
And 7 more authors.
Clinical Microbiology and Infection | Year: 2012
Solid organ transplant recipients (SOTR) are at risk of serious influenza-related complications. The impact of respiratory co-infection in SOTR with 2009 pandemic influenza A(H1N1) is unknown. A multicentre prospective study of consecutive cases of pandemic influenza A(H1N1) in SOTR was carried out to assess the clinical characteristics and outcome and the risk factors for co-infection. Overall, 51 patients were included. Median time from transplant was 3.7years, 5.9% of the cases occurred perioperatively and 7.8% were hospital-acquired. Pneumonia was diagnosed in 15 (29.4%) patients. Ten cases were severe (19.6%): 13.7% were admitted to intensive care units, 5.9% suffered septic shock, 5.9% developed acute graft rejection and 7.8% died. Co-infection was detected in 15 patients (29.4%): eight viral, six bacterial and one fungal. Viral co-infection did not affect the outcome. Patients with non-viral co-infection had a worse outcome: longer hospital stay (26.2±20.7 vs. 5.5±10.2) and higher rate of severe diseases (85.7% vs. 2.3%) and mortality (42.8% vs. 2.3%). Independent risk factors for non-viral co-infection were: diabetes mellitus and septic shock. Other factors associated with severe influenza were: delayed antiviral therapy, diabetes mellitus, time since transplantation <90days and pneumonia. In conclusion, pandemic influenza A can cause significant direct and indirect effects in SOTR, especially in the early post-transplant period, and should be treated early. Clinicians should be aware of the possibility of non-viral co-infection, mainly in diabetic patients and severe cases. An effort should be made to prevent influenza with immunization of the patient and the environment. © 2011 The Authors. Clinical Microbiology and Infection © 2011 European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases. Source
Cobo-Calvo A.,Hospital Universitario Of Bellvitge Idibell |
Bau L.,Hospital Universitario Of Bellvitge Idibell |
Matas E.,Hospital Universitario Of Bellvitge Idibell |
Romero-Pinel L.,Hospital Universitario Of Bellvitge Idibell |
And 3 more authors.
European Neurology | Year: 2015
Introduction: We evaluated the effectiveness of natalizumab in patients with highly active, relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (HA-RRMS) to identify baseline predictors associated with freedom from disease activity. Methods: We analyzed 70 patients treated with natalizumab and followed for at least 1 year with progression of disability of ≥1 point on the EDSS before starting therapy. We recorded freedom from clinical activity, radiological activity, and disease activity (clinical and radiological). Results: The median (IQR) follow-up was 2.3 (2.0-3.8) years. Of the 52 patients who completed 2 years of treatment, 25 were free of disease activity (48.1%). The ARR decreased from a mean ± SD of 2.49 ± 0.86 at baseline to 0.47 ± 0.83 at the end of the first year (p < 0.001) and 0.34 ± 0.69 at the end of the second year (p < 0.001). The percentage of patients with gadolinium-enhanced lesions decreased from 21 at baseline to 5.7 at the end of the first year (p < 0.001) and to 5.8 during the second year (p < 0.005). Baseline EDSS ≤3.0 was significantly associated with freedom from disease activity (OR, 2.49; 95% CI, 1.24-4.99; p = 0.010). Conclusions: Natalizumab is effective in patients with HA-RRMS. Baseline EDSS ≤3.0 increases the probability of remaining disease-free in HA-RRMS treated with natalizumab. © 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel. Source
Pena C.,Hospital Universitario Of Bellvitge Idibell |
Suarez C.,Hospital Universitario Of Bellvitge Idibell |
Gozalo M.,Hospital Universitario Marques Of Valdecilla Ifimav |
Murillas J.,Hospital Universitario Of Son Espases |
And 9 more authors.
Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy | Year: 2012
The impact of antimicrobial resistance on clinical outcomes is the subject of ongoing investigations, although uncertainty remains about its contribution to mortality. We investigated the impact of carbapenem resistance on mortality in Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteremia in a prospective multicenter (10 teaching hospitals) observational study of patients with monomicrobial bacteremia followed up for 30 days after the onset of bacteremia. The adjusted influence of carbapenem resistance on mortality was studied by using Cox regression analysis. Of 632 episodes, 487 (77%) were caused by carbapenem-susceptible P. aeruginosa (CSPA) isolates, and 145 (23%) were caused by carbapenem-resistant P. aeruginosa (CRPA) isolates. The median incidence density of nosocomial CRPA bacteremia was 2.3 episodes per 100,000 patient-days (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.9 to 2.8). The regression demonstrated a time-dependent effect of carbapenem resistance on mortality as well as a significant interaction with the Charlson index: the deleterious effect of carbapenem resistance on mortality decreased with higher Charlson index scores. The impact of resistance on mortality was statistically significant only from the fifth day after the onset of the bacteremia, reaching its peak values at day 30 (adjusted hazard ratio for a Charlson score of 0 at day 30, 9.9 [95% CI, 3.3 to 29.4]; adjusted hazard ratio for a Charlson score of 5 at day 30, 2.6 [95% CI, 0.8 to 8]). This study clarifies the relationship between carbapenem resistance and mortality in patients with P. aeruginosa bacteremia. Although resistance was associated with a higher risk of mortality, the study suggested that this deleterious effect may not be as great during the first days of the bacteremia or in the presence of comorbidities. Copyright © 2012, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved. Source
Romero-Castro R.,University of Seville |
Ellrichmann M.,University of Kiel |
Ortiz-Moyano C.,University of Seville |
Subtil-Inigo J.C.,University of Navarra |
And 13 more authors.
Gastrointestinal Endoscopy | Year: 2013
Background: Therapy of gastric varices (GV) is still challenging. Cyanoacrylate (CYA) injection is the recommended treatment for bleeding GV, but has a known adverse event rate, which could be reduced if EUS is used for guidance. Otherwise, EUS-guided coil application (ECA) may be an alternative. Objectives: To compare CYA and ECA embolization of feeding GV for feasibility, safety, and applicability. Design: Retrospective analysis of a prospectively maintained database. Setting: Multicenter study, tertiary referral centers. Patients and Interventions: Thirty consecutive patients with localized GV who received either CYA injection or ECA were included with follow-up for 6 months after treatment. Results: There were 11 patients in the coil group and 19 patients in the CYA group. The GV obliteration rate was 94.7% CYA versus 90.9% ECA; mean number of endoscopy sessions was 1.4 ± 0.1 (range 1-3). Adverse events occurred in 12 of 30 patients (40%) (CYA, 11/19 [57.9%]; ECA, 1/11 [9.1%]; P <.01); only 3 were symptomatic, and an additional 9 (CYA group) had glue embolism on a CT scan but was asymptomatic. No further adverse events occurred during follow-up. Six patients (20%) died unrelated to the procedures or bleeding. Limitations: Nonrandomized; EUS expertise necessary. Conclusions: EUS-guided therapy for GV by using CYA or ECA is effective in localized GV. ECA required fewer endoscopies and tended to have fewer adverse events compared with CYA injection. Larger comparative studies are needed to prove these data. © 2013 by the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. Source