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Zaballos P.,Hospital Sant Pau i Santa Tecla | Carulla M.,Hospital Sant Pau i Santa Tecla | Ozdemir F.,Ege University | Zalaudek I.,Medical University of Graz | And 5 more authors.
British Journal of Dermatology | Year: 2010

Summary Background Pyogenic granuloma is a common, benign, vascular lesion of the skin and mucous membranes which is a simulator of amelanotic/ hypomelanotic melanoma and other tumours. Objectives To determine the diagnostic significance of dermoscopic structures and patterns associated with pyogenic granulomas in a large series of cases. Methods Digital dermoscopic images of histopathologically proven cases of 122 pyogenic granulomas and 140 other tumours (28 amelanotic melanomas, seven melanoma metastases, 22 basal cell carcinomas and 83 other tumours) were collected from university hospitals in Spain, Italy, Austria and Turkey. The frequency, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, intraobserver agreement and interobserver agreement of the dermoscopic structures and patterns associated with pyogenic granulomas were calculated. Results Vascular structures were observed in 45% of pyogenic granulomas (sensitivity of 45·1% and specificity of 17·9%; both P < 0·001). Seven exclusive patterns were made up from the combination of the structures 'reddish homogeneous area' (RHA), 'white collarette' (WC), 'white rail lines' (WRL) and 'vascular structures' (VS). The pattern composed of RHA, WC and WRL showed the highest sensitivity (22·1%; P < 0·001) and a specificity of 100% (P < 0·001) for pyogenic granulomas. Two other patterns (RHA + WC and RHA + WC + WRL + VS) showed 100% specificity when compared with melanoma (P < 0·001 and P < 0·05, respectively). Conclusions Even though some dermoscopic patterns are useful in the recognition of pyogenic granulomas, dermoscopy is not a substitute for histology, mostly when vessels are present, as melanoma cannot be ruled out. © 2010 British Association of Dermatologists. Source

Zaballos P.,Hospital de Sant Pau i Santa Tecla | Banuls J.,Hospital Universitario Of Alicante | Medina C.,Hospital Universitario Of Gran Canaria Doctor Negrin | Salsench E.,Hospital de Sant Pau i Santa Tecla | And 2 more authors.
Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology | Year: 2014

Background The dermoscopic morphology of apocrine hidrocystomas remains to be elucidated. Objective To evaluate the morphological findings of apocrine hidrocystomas under dermoscopic observation. Methods Dermoscopic examination of 22 cases of apocrine hidrocystomas was performed to evaluate specific dermoscopic criteria and patterns. Results The most frequently occurring dermoscopic features were found to be: (i) A translucent to opaque, homogeneous area which occupies the whole lesion in all apocrine hidrocystomas (100%). The colour of this homogeneous area was skin-colored in 31.8% of our cases; yellow, in 31.8% and blue, in 22.7% of apocrine hidrocystomas. (ii) Vascular structures were identified in 81.8% of our cases; arborizing vessels, in 68.2% and linear-irregular vessels in 9.1% of our cases; and (iii) Whitish structures were identified in 22.7% of the lesions. The results of our study reveal that the presence of a homogeneous area that occupies the whole lesion and arborizing vessels is the most common dermoscopic pattern in apocrine hidrocystomas (68.2%). Conclusion Apocrine hidrocystomas, above all in its pigmented variant, may represent a dermoscopic pitfall, being difficult to differentiate clinically and dermoscopically from basal cell carcinomas. © 2012 European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology. Source

Munoz-Torrero J.F.S.,Servicio de Medicina Interna | Bounameaux H.,University of Geneva | Pedrajas J.M.,Servicio de Medicina Interna | Lorenzo A.,Hospital Universitario La Paz | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Vascular Surgery | Year: 2011

Background: The risk of patients dying of pulmonary embolism (PE) or bleeding during the treatment of deep vein thrombosis (DVT), and whether these risks are influenced by patient age, has not been thoroughly studied. Methods: We used data from the Registro Informatizado de la Enfermedad TromboEmbólica (RIETE) to assess the risk of fatal PE and fatal bleeding in 16,199 patients with lower limb DVT (without symptomatic PE at the time of inclusion) during the 3 months after diagnosis, with patients categorized according to age. Results: During the 3 months of anticoagulant treatment, there were 31 fatal PEs (0.19%) and 83 fatal hemorrhages (0.51%). During the first 7 days of therapy, the frequency of fatal PEs was similar to that of fatal bleeding (12 vs 14 deaths, respectively; odds ratio [OR], 0.86; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.39-1.87). However, from days 8 to 90, the frequency of fatal bleeding was greater than that of fatal PE (69 vs 19 deaths; OR, 3.64; 95% CI, 2.22-6.20). The higher frequency of fatal bleeding compared with fatal PE from days 8 to 90 appeared to be confined to patients who were aged ≥60 years. Multivariate analysis showed that patient age was independently associated with an increased risk of death from bleeding during the first 3 months: every 10 years the OR increased by 1.37 (95% CI, 1.12-1.67). Conclusions: During the first week of treatment, the risk of fatal bleeding and fatal PE were similar. Then, particularly in patients who were aged ≥60 years, the risk of dying from bleeding exceeded the risk of dying from PE. © 2011 Society for Vascular Surgery. Source

Balaguer F.,Baylor Research Institute | Balaguer F.,University of Barcelona | Moreira L.,University of Barcelona | Lozano J.J.,CIBER ISCIII | And 16 more authors.
Clinical Cancer Research | Year: 2011

Purpose: microRNAs (miRNA) are small noncoding transcripts that play an important role in carcinogenesis. miRNA expression profiles have been shown to discriminate between different types of cancers. The aim of this study was to analyze global miRNA signatures in various groups of colorectal cancers (CRC) based on the presence of microsatellite instability (MSI). Experimental Design: We analyzed genome-wide miRNA expression profiles in 54 CRC tissues [22 with Lynch syndrome, 13 with sporadic MSI due to MLH1 methylation, 19 without MSI (or microsatellite stable, MSS)] and 20 normal colonic tissues by miRNA microarrays. Using an independent set of MSI-positive samples (13 with Lynch syndrome and 20 with sporadic MSI), we developed a miRNA-based predictor to differentiate both types of MSI by quantitative reverse transcriptase PCR. Results: We found that the expression of a subset of nine miRNAs significantly discriminated between tumor and normal colonic mucosa tissues (overall error rate = 0.04). More importantly, Lynch syndrome tumors displayed a unique miRNA profile compared with sporadic MSI tumors; miR-622, miR-1238, and miR-192 were the most differentially expressed miRNAs between these two groups. We developed a miRNA-based predictor capable of differentiating between types of MSI in an independent sample set. Conclusions: CRC tissues show distinct miRNA expression profiles compared with normal colonic mucosa. The discovery of unique miRNA expression profiles that can successfully discriminate between Lynch syndrome, sporadic MSI, and sporadic MSS colorectal cancers provides novel insights into the role of miRNAs in colorectal carcinogenesis, which may contribute to the diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment of this disease. ©2011 AACR. Source

Alfonso F.,Hospital Universitario Of La Princesa | Perez-Vizcayno M.J.,Hospital Universitario Clinico San Carlos | Cardenas A.,Hospital Universitario Clinico San Carlos | Garcia Del Blanco B.,Hospital Universitario Vall dHebron | And 17 more authors.
Journal of the American College of Cardiology | Year: 2015

Background Treatment of patients with drug-eluting stent (DES) in-stent restenosis (ISR) remains a major challenge. Objectives This study evaluated the comparative efficacy of drug-eluting balloons (DEB) and everolimus-eluting stents (EES) in patients presenting with DES-ISR. Methods The study design of this multicenter randomized clinical trial assumed superiority of EES for the primary endpoint, in-segment minimal lumen diameter at the 6- to 9-month angiographic follow-up. Results A total of 309 patients with DES-ISR from 23 Spanish university hospitals were randomly allocated to DEB (n = 154) or EES (n = 155). At late angiography (median 247 days; 90% of eligible patients), patients in the EES arm had a significantly larger minimal lumen diameter (2.03 ± 0.7 mm vs. 1.80 ± 0.6 mm; p < 0.01) (absolute mean difference: 0.23 mm; 95% CI: 00.7 to 0.38), net lumen gain (1.28 ± 0.7 mm vs. 1.01 ± 0.7 mm; p < 0.01), and lower percent diameter stenosis (23 ± 22% vs. 30 ± 22%; p < 0.01) and binary restenosis rate (11% vs. 19%; p = 0.06), compared with patients in the DEB arm. Consistent results were observed in the in-lesion analysis. At the 1-year clinical follow-up (100% of patients), the main clinical outcome measure (composite of cardiac death, myocardial infarction, and target vessel revascularization) was significantly reduced in the EES arm (10% vs. 18%; p = 0.04; hazard ratio: 0.58; 95% CI: 0.35 to 0.98), mainly driven by a lower need for target vessel revascularization (8% vs. 16%; p = 0.035). Conclusions In patients with DES-ISR, EES provided superior long-term clinical and angiographic results compared with DEB. (Restenosis Intra-Stent of Drug-Eluting Stents: Drug-Eluting Balloon vs Everolimus-Eluting Stent [RIBS IV]; NCT01239940) © 2015 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Source

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