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Sun H.-Y.,National Taiwan University Hospital | Munoz P.,Complutense University of Madrid | Torre-Cisneros J.,University of Cordoba, Spain | Aguado J.M.,Hospital 12 de Octubre | And 9 more authors.
Transplantation | Year: 2013

BACKGROUND: Incidence, characteristics, and risk factors for tuberculosis (TB)-associated immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRS) in solid-organ transplant (SOT) recipients are not known. METHODS: Patients are composed of 64 consecutive SOT recipients with TB followed for 12 months. IRS was defined based on previously proposed criteria. RESULTS: IRS developed in 14% (9/64) of the patients, a median of 47 days after the use of anti-TB therapy. Liver versus other types of organ transplant recipients (adjusted odds ratio [OR], 6.11; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.08-34.86), prior cytomegalovirus infection (adjusted OR, 5.65; 95% CI, 0.93-34.47), and rifampin use (adjusted OR, 4.56; 95% CI, 0.74-27) were associated with a higher risk of IRS. The presence of more than one factor (liver transplantation, cytomegalovirus infection, and rifampin use) when compared with none of these factors conferred a 19-fold increase in the risk of IRS (P=0.01). Mortality at 1 year after diagnosis was 33.3% in patients with IRS and 17.2% in those without IRS (P=0.31). CONCLUSIONS: IRS was documented in 14% of the SOT recipients with TB. We determined clinically identifiable factors that may be useful in assessing the risk of tuberculosis-associated posttransplantation IRS. Copyright © 2013 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Cura C.I.,CONICET | Lattes R.,Institute Nefrologia | Nagel C.,Hospital Universitario Fundacion Favaloro | Gimenez M.J.,Polytechnic University of Valencia | And 6 more authors.
American Journal of Transplantation | Year: 2013

Organ transplantation (TX) is a novel transmission modality of Chagas disease. The results of molecular diagnosis and characterization of Trypanosoma cruzi acute infection in naïve TX recipients transplanted with organs from infected deceased donors are reported. Peripheral blood and cerebrospinal fluid samples from the TX recipients of organs from infected donors were prospectively and sequentially studied for detection of T. cruzi by means of kinetoplastid DNA polymerase chain reaction (kDNA-PCR). In positive blood samples, a PCR algorithm for identification of T. cruzi Discrete Typing Units (DTUs) and quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) to quantify parasitic loads were performed. Minicircle signatures of T. cruzi infecting populations were also analyzed using restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP)-PCR. Eight seronegative TX recipients from four infected donors were studied. In five, the infection was detected at 68.4 days post-TX (36-98 days). In one case, it was transmitted to two of three TX recipients. The comparison of the minicircle signatures revealed nearly identical RFLP-PCR profiles, confirming a common source of infection. The five cases were infected by DTU TcV. This report reveals the relevance of systematic monitoring of TX recipients using PCR strategies in order to provide an early diagnosis allowing timely anti-trypanosomal treatment. Polymerase chain reaction strategies allow for the early diagnosis of acute Chagas disease in naïve recipients transplanted with organs from Trypanosoma cruzi-infected donors. See editorial by Machado on page 3065. © Copyright 2013 The American Society of Transplantation and the American Society of Transplant Surgeons.

Gondolesi G.E.,Hospital Universitario Fundacion Favaloro | Mazariegos G.,Thomas E Starzl Transplantation Institute | Starzl T.E.,University of Pittsburgh
Transplantation Proceedings | Year: 2016

At the 14th International Small Bowel Transplant Symposium, (ISBTS2015) held in Buenos Aires, a session to recognize the pioneers that have dedicated their lives to make our current field possible was organized. Dr Thomas Starzl received the first Living Legend Award. A video interview was obtained at his office, edited, and later presented during the scientific meeting. More than 600 people saw Dr Starzl's interview, which captivated the audience for 40 minutes, before smiles, tears and the final applause erupted at the conclusion. We would like to share this video with all of you to inspire the current generations and the generations to come. The manuscript has the main parts of the interview, which can also be accessed at http://isbts2015.tts.org/starzl.mp4. © 2016 Elsevier Inc.

Garg A.X.,University of Western Ontario | Garg A.X.,McMaster University | Devereaux P.J.,McMaster University | Devereaux P.J.,Population Health Research Institute | And 24 more authors.
JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association | Year: 2014

IMPORTANCE: Most acute kidney injury observed in the hospital is defined by sudden mild or moderate increases in the serum creatinine concentration, which may persist for several days. Such acute kidney injury is associated with lower long-term kidney function. However, it has not been demonstrated that an intervention that reduces the risk of such acute kidney injury better preserves long-term kidney function. OBJECTIVES: To characterize the risk of acute kidney injury with an intervention in a randomized clinical trial and to determine if there is a difference between the 2 treatment groups in kidney function 1 year later. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: The Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Surgery Off- or On-pump Revascularisation Study (CORONARY) enrolled 4752 patients undergoing first isolated coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery at 79 sites in 19 countries. Patients were randomized to receive CABG surgery either with a beating-heart technique (off-pump) or with cardiopulmonary bypass (on-pump). From January 2010 to November 2011, 2932 patients (from 63 sites in 16 countries) from CORONARY were enrolled into a kidney function substudy to record serum creatinine concentrations during the postoperative period and at 1 year. The last 1-year serum creatinine concentration was recorded on January 18, 2013. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES: Acute kidney injury within 30 days of surgery (≥50% increase in serum creatinine concentration from prerandomization concentration) and loss of kidney function at 1 year (≥20% loss in estimated glomerular filtration rate from prerandomization level). RESULTS Off-pump (n = 1472) vs on-pump (n = 1460) CABG surgery reduced the risk of acute kidney injury (17.5%vs 20.8%, respectively; relative risk, 0.83 [95%CI, 0.72-0.97], P = .01); however, there was no significant difference between the 2 groups in the loss of kidney function at 1 year (17.1%vs 15.3%, respectively; relative risk, 1.10 [95%CI, 0.95-1.29], P = .23). Results were consistent with multiple alternate continuous and categorical definitions of acute kidney injury or kidney function loss, and in the subgroup with baseline chronic kidney disease. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: Use of off-pump compared with on-pump CABG surgery reduced the risk of postoperative acute kidney injury, without evidence of better preserved kidney function with off-pump CABG surgery at 1 year. In this setting, an intervention that reduced the risk of mild to moderate acute kidney injury did not alter longer-term kidney function. TRIAL REGISTRATION: clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT00463294 Copyright 2014 American Medical Association. All rights reserved.

Vilacoba E.,University of Buenos Aires | Almuzara M.,Laboratorio Of Bacteriologia | Gulone L.,University of Buenos Aires | Traglia G.M.,University of Buenos Aires | And 5 more authors.
Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy | Year: 2013

Resistance to minocycline has emerged in multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii isolates from Buenos Aires hospitals. Few reports about the description and dispersion of tet genes in this species have been published. We observed the presence of tet(B) in all minocycline-resistant isolates. This gene was found to be associated with the ISCR2 mobile element, which may, in part, explain its dispersion. Copyright © 2013, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.

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