Cutillas-Marco E.,Hospital Of La Vega Lorenzo Guirao |
Fuertes-Prosper A.,Hospital Universitario Doctor Peset |
Grant W.B.,Nutrition and Health Research Center |
Morales-Suarez-Varela M.,University of Valencia |
Morales-Suarez-Varela M.,CIBER ISCIII
Photodermatology Photoimmunology and Photomedicine | Year: 2012
The main source of vitamin D is synthesis in the skin during exposure to ultraviolet radiation. The existence of photoaggravated diseases and the increasing incidence of skin cancer have prompted recommendations to avoid the sun. Here, we study the status of vitamin D in a healthy population and its relation to their habits of sun exposure. To do so, we designed a cross-sectional study that included 177 healthy people. We analyzed parameters about demographic data, sun exposure, and protection habits and estimated vitamin D dietary intake. We performed blood tests to measure serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D], calcium, phosphorus, and intact parathyroid hormone. Mean levels (±standard deviation) of 25(OH)D were 24.0 (±8.5) ng/ml. Seventy-six percent of the population did not reach recommended levels of vitamin D (30ng/ml), including 4.5% who were vitamin D deficient (<10ng/ml). Levels were higher in young people (P=0.04) and those with more sun exposure (P=0.04). Smoking was associated with an increased risk of hypovitaminosis D (odds ratio, 1.8; 95% confidence interval, 1.00-3.35). On the basis of our findings, we should consider the risk of hypovitaminosis when we recommend sun avoidance, especially in some risk groups, because the sun is the most important source of this vitamin. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S.
Climente-Marti M.,Hospital Universitario Doctor Peset |
Climente-Marti M.,University of Valencia |
Garcia-Manon E.R.,Pedro Henríquez Ureña National University |
Artero-Mora A.,Hospital Universitario Doctor Peset |
And 3 more authors.
Annals of Pharmacotherapy | Year: 2010
BACKGROUND: Medication discrepancies, defined as unexplained variations among drug regimens at care transitions, are common. Some are unintended and cause reconciliation errors that are potentially detrimental for patients. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of medication discrepancies and reconciliation errors at admission and discharge in hospitalized patients and explore risk factors for reconciliation errors and their potential clinical impact. METHODS: An observational prospective study was conducted at a general teaching hospital. Patients who were admitted to the internal medicine service and were receiving chronic preadmission treatment were included in the study. Preadmission treatment was compared with the treatment prescribed on admission (first 48 hours) and at hospital discharge, and discrepancies and reconciliation errors were identified. The primary endpoint was the presence of reconciliation errors at admission and/or discharge. Potential risk factors (patient-,medication-, and system-related) for reconciliation errors were analyzed using a multivariate logistic regression model. RESULTS: Of the 120 patients enrolled in the study between April and August 2009, 109 (90.8%) showed 513 discrepancies. The prevalence of patients with reconciliation errors was 20.8% (95% CI 13.6 to 28.1). Intended medication discrepancies were more frequent at admission (96.6%) than at discharge (75.5%), while reconciliation errors were more frequent at discharge (24.5%) than at admission (3.4%). The prevalence ratio (admission vs discharge) was 2.4 (95% CI 1.9 to 3.0) for discrepancies and 0.65 (95% CI 0.32 to1.32) for reconciliation errors. The logistic regression analysis revealed an association between the number of discrepancies at admission (OR 1.21; 95% CI 1.01 to 1.44) and age (OR 1.05; 95% CI 0.99 to 1.10) and an increased risk of reconciliation errors. CONCLUSIONS: Medication reconciliation strategies should focus primarily on avoiding errors at discharge. Since medication discrepancies at admission may predispose patients to reconciliation errors, early detection of such discrepancies would logically reduce the risk of reconciliation errors. Medication reconciliation programs must implement a process for gathering accurate preadmission drug histories and must submit this information to a critical assessment of patients' needs.
Bernat Garcia J.,Hospital Universitario Doctor Peset |
Morales Suarez-Varela M.,University of Valencia |
Vilata J.J.,Hospital General Universitario |
Marquina A.,Hospital Universitario Doctor Peset |
And 2 more authors.
Acta Dermato-Venereologica | Year: 2013
Non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) is the most frequent malignancy in organ transplant recipients. The aetiology of NMSC after transplant is multifactorial. The aim of this study was to determine the clinical and environmental factors involved in the development of NMSC in a Spanish kidney transplant population from the Mediterranean region. A total of 289 patients who had received a kidney transplant during the period January 1996 to December 2010 were included in the study. Both prospective and retrospective data were used. All patients underwent a structured interview and a complete examination of the skin. After a median follow-up of 72 months (range 12-180 months), 73 of the 289 patients (25.2%) developed 162 tumours. The ratio of basal cell carcinoma to squamous cell carcinoma was 2.21:1. The cumulative incidence of NMSC increased with the duration of immunosuppression, from 20.78% at 5 years, to 37.35% at 10 years to 53.08% at 15 years after transplantation. Age at the time of transplant, phototype and occupational sun exposure were associated with a higher risk of NMSC. NMSC is a significant clinical problem in kidney transplant recipients. This has implications for the development of prevention and surveillance strategies. Clinical and environmental factors may be used to identify those patients who are at risk for NMSC. © 2013 The Authors.
Detection of human papillomavirus in nonmelanoma skin cancer lesions and healthy perilesional skin in kidney transplant recipients and immunocompetent patients [Detección del virus del papiloma humano en muestras de cáncer cutáneo no melanoma y piel sana perilesional en pacientes trasplantados renales y pacientes inmunocompetentes]
Bernat-Garcia J.,Hospital Universitario Doctor Peset |
Morales Suarez-Varela M.,University of Valencia |
Vilata-Corell J.J.,Hospital General Universitario Of Valencia |
Marquina-Vila A.,Hospital Universitario Doctor Peset
Actas Dermo-Sifiliograficas | Year: 2014
Background The influence of human papillomavirus (HPV) on the development of nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC) is a topic of debate. HPV types from the beta genus (HPV-β) have been most frequently associated with the development of skin cancer. Objectives To analyze the prevalence and range of HPV types in NMSC lesions and healthy perilesional skin in immunodepressed and immunocompetent patients and to evaluate the influence of various clinical factors on the prevalence of HPV in skin cancer. Methods Nested polymerase chain reaction and sequencing were used to detect HPV in 120 NMSC samples obtained by biopsy from 30 kidney transplant recipients and 30 immunocompetent patients. In all cases, a sample was taken from the tumor site and the surrounding healthy skin. Potential confounders were assessed and the data analyzed by multivariate logistic regression. Results HPV DNA was detected in 44 (73.3%) of the 60 samples from immunodepressed patients and in 32 (53.3%) of the 60 samples from immunocompetent patients (adjusted odds ratio, 3.4; 95% CI, 1.2-9.6). In both groups of patients, HPV was more common in healthy perilesional skin than in lesional skin. HPV-β was the most common type isolated. Conclusion We found a wide range of HPV types (mostly HPV-β) in the skin of kidney transplant recipients and immunocompetent patients with skin cancer. © 2013 Elsevier España, S.L. y AEDV. Todos los derechos reservados.
Silvestre F.J.,University of Valencia |
Silvestre F.J.,Hospital Universitario Doctor Peset |
Silvestre-Rangil J.,University of Valencia |
Lopez-Jornet P.,University of Murcia
Revista de Neurologia | Year: 2015
Burning mouth syndrome (BMS) is mainly found in middle aged or elderly women and is characterized by intense burning or itching sensation of the tongue or other regions of the oral mucosa. It can be accompanied by xerostomia and dysgeusia. The syndrome generally manifests spontaneously, and the discomfort is typically of a continuous nature but increases in intensity during the evening and at night. Although BMS classically has been attributed to a range of factors, in recent years evidence has been obtained relating it peripheral (sensory C and/or trigeminal nerve fibers) or central neuropathic disturbances (involving the nigrostriatal dopaminergic system). The differential diagnosis requires the exclusion of oral mucosal lesions or blood test alterations that can produce burning mouth sensation. Patient management is based on the avoidance of causes of oral irritation and the provision of psychological support. Drug treatment for burning sensation in primary BMS of peripheral origin can consist of topical clonazepam, while central type BMS appears to improve with the use of antidepressants such as duloxetine, antiseizure drugs such as gabapentin, or amisulpride. © 2015 Revista de Neurología.
[Parental presence in the operating room: effect on the quality of anesthetic induction and postoperative agitation in children]. [Efectos de la presencia paterna en quirófano sobre la calidad de la inducción anestésica y agitación postoperatoria en niños.]
Soliveres J.,Hospital Universitario Doctor Peset
Revista española de anestesiología y reanimación | Year: 2011
Various nonpharmacologic strategies for reducing anxiety in children and improving cooperation during induction of anesthesia have been investigated. Parental presence during anesthetic induction has been the alternative studied most often, especially in English-speaking populations. Mixed results have been reported, however. The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality of anesthetic induction and the development of postoperative agitation in Spanish children undergoing ear, nose, or throat surgery with or without parental presence in the operating room. Children in American Society of Anesthesiologists class 1 or 2 who were scheduled for ear, nose or throat surgery under inhalation anesthesia were randomized to 2 groups for presence or absence of a parent in the operating room. The induction experience was classified as easy, carried out with moderate resistance, or traumatic. The postoperative period was assessed as easy or traumatic. Forty children were randomized. Time to onset of anesthesia was similar in the 2 groups. Induction was easy for 65% of the children with parental presence and for 25% of the children without a parent present (P < .05). Induction was traumatic for 25% in the parental presence group and for 35% in the parental absence group (P < .05). The incidence of moderate resistance during induction was similar in the 2 groups; the quality of the postoperative experience was also similar. Parental presence during induction of inhalation anesthesia improves the induction experience of nonpremeditated Spanish children, increasing the incidence of easy induction and decreasing the presence of traumatic induction. The quality of the postoperative experience is similar.
Cordellat I.M.,Hospital Universitario Doctor Peset
Reumatologia Clinica | Year: 2012
Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is characterized by the autonomous production of parathyroid hormone (PTH), in which there is hypercalcemia or normal-high serum calcium levels in the presence of elevated or inappropriately normal serum PTH concentrations. Exceptionally in symptomatic patients, a diagnostic can be established on the basis of clinical data. PHPT must always be evaluated in patients with clinical histories of nephrolithiasis, nephrocalcinosis, osseous pain, subperiosteal resorption, and pathologic fractures, as well as in those with osteoporosis-osteopenia, a personal history of neck irradiation, or a family history of multiple endocrine neoplasia syndrome (types 1 or 2). Diagnosis of PHPT is biochemical. Asymptomatic hypercalcemia without guiding signs or symptoms is the most frequent manifestation of the disease. For differential diagnosis, PTH must be measured, as well as phosphate, chloride, 25-hydroxyvitamin D, 1,25 dyhidroxyvitamin D and calcium-to-creatinine clearance.The diagnosis and differential diagnosis of primary hyperparathyroidism will be discussed here. © 2011 Elsevier España, S.L..
Fernandez C.P.,Hospital Universitario Doctor Peset |
Ripolles T.,Hospital Universitario Doctor Peset |
Martinez M.J.,Hospital Universitario Doctor Peset |
Blay J.,Hospital Universitario Doctor Peset |
And 2 more authors.
Ultraschall in der Medizin | Year: 2013
Purpose: To evaluate the use of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) for diagnosis of cortical necrosis in renal allografts. Materials and Methods: We reviewed the medical records and imaging studies of five patients who underwent emergency transplantectomy and a histological diagnosis of cortical necrosis in the period between May 2009 and May 2011. US examinations included initially B-mode and color Doppler and then contrast-enhanced ultrasound with low mechanical index after injection of 2.4 ml of a second generation echo-signal enhancer. Renal transplant vascularization was evaluated during a period of 4 minutes including arterial, corticomedullary and nephrographic phases. Radiologic-pathologic correlation was obtained after transplantectomy in all cases. Results: Five patients with an age range between 30 and 48 years. Post-transplant color Doppler ultrasound showed decreased renal parenchymal vascularization and difficulty to find the spectral waveforms with resistive indexes greater than 0.7 in 4 of 5 patients. CEUS showed enhancement of the main arteries, followed by the enhancement of medullary pyramids, but with an unenhanced peripheral cortical continuous band viewed in all phases, a similar finding to the peripheral rim sign, pathognomonic of cortical necrosis on CT or MRI. The pathologic assessment showed violet kidneys macroscopically with hemorrhagic foci in the outer cortical that drew a well-defined band, findings agreed with CEUS findings. Conclusion: CEUS can show the typical peripheral rim sign in cases of cortical necrosis allowing a reliable and fast diagnosis of this condition and it could obviate further imaging studies or biopsy, allowing an earlier decision of nephrectomy. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart, New York.
Flors Blasco L.,Hospital Universitario Doctor Peset |
Domingo M.L.,Hospital Universitario Doctor Peset |
Leiva-Salinas C.,Hospital Universitario Doctor Peset |
Mazon M.,Hospital Universitario Doctor Peset |
And 2 more authors.
American Journal of Roentgenology | Year: 2010
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this article is to describe the high-resolution CT (HRCT) features of uncommon occupational lung diseases. CONCLUSION. HRCT plays an increasing role in the evaluation of occupational lung diseases. We present several cases of unusual occupational lung diseases and their HRCT findings. The diseases studied were siderosis, talcosis, berylliosis, calcicosis, hypersensitivity pneumonitis (due to wheat flour and isocyanates), and Ardystil syndrome. The characteristic HRCT findings together with clinical features and related occupational history improve the diagnostic accuracy of these diseases. © American Roentgen Ray Society.
The computerised prescription in primary care and its impact on drug spending using time series analysis [Impacto de la informatización de la prescripción en atención primaria sobre los costes de medicamentos mediante análisis de series temporales]
Catalan-Arlandis J.L.,Servicio de Farmacia |
Catalan-Arlandis J.L.,Hospital Universitario Doctor Peset
Revista de Calidad Asistencial | Year: 2011
Objectives: To describe the monthly costs of drugs per standardized patient in the Doctor Peset health department in Valencia, Spain and to correlate them with the computerization of prescription in primary care clinics using time series analysis. Other objectives were to identify internal causes that could explain the variations observed, and to evaluate the drug costs associated with these variations. Material and methods: Observational and retrospective study to analyse the variables: a) monthly costs of drugs by standardized patient and b) number of defined daily doses (DDD) per 1000 inhabitants and per day of drugs used to prevent cardiovascular risk prescribed by the Primary Care doctors of the Doctor Peset health department in Valencia, between January 2001 and August 2009. Time series were adjusted using ARIMA models. The impact of computerization was assessed using an intervention analysis on time series. Results: ARIMA models for the monthly costs of drugs by standardized patient shows that this indicator was increased by 4.9% in August 2007. The modelling of daily DDD per 1000 inhabitants showed an increase of 8.5% on the same date. Both increases occurred together with the introduction of the computerized prescription in Primary Care clinics. The pharmacoeconomic study estimated that drug costs associated with the trend changes increased by 11,365,409 euros within the period September 2007 to August 2009. Conclusions: The computerization of prescription in Primary Care clinics can be correlated with an increase in the monthly costs of drugs per standardized patient and with the number of daily DDD per 1000 inhabitants of drugs to reduce the cardiovascular risk by 4.5% and 8.5%, respectively. © 2009 SECA. Published by Elsevier España, S.L. All rights reserved.