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Cardenas M.L.,University of Valle | Diaz C.J.,University of Valle | Rueda P.R.,Hospital Universitario del Valle
Colombia Medica

The eccrine poroma or Hidracanthoma Simplex is a rare benign adnexal tumor of ephitelial cells, with an incidence of 0.001 to 0.008%1. In two thirds of the patients it appears on the soles and lateral borders of the feet. We report the case of a patient with pigmented eccrine poroma in abdominal skin, of a rare entity presentation with a single report in the literature in that location. Source

Castro L.A.,University of Valle | Alvarez M.I.,University of Valle | Martinez E.,University of Valle | Martinez E.,Hospital Universitario del Valle
Colombia Medica

Schizophyllum commune is a basidiomycete fungus with broad distribution in nature; however, it is a rare cause of infectious disease. We report the isolation of this mould in a 46 year-old immunocompetent patient with chronic sinusitis previously treated with multiple antibiotics and topical nasal steroids. Material obtained via a left maxillary sinus antrostomy showed septate hyaline hyphae with clamp connections on direct examination with KOH and histopathological studies. Further growth on Sabouraud agar produced a white mould that, based on its microscopic and macroscopic characteristics, was identified as S. commune. Despite its low frequency, this fungus should be considered a possible pathogen, particularly in samples obtained from paranasal sinuses. © 2010 Universidad del Valle, Facultad de Salud. Source

Pachajoa H.,ICESI University | Quintero J.C.,Hospital Universitario del Valle
Gaceta Medica de Mexico

The complex agnatia holoprosencephaly (CAH) is characterized by absence or severe hypoplasia of the mandible, abnormal position of the ears, microstomia and holoprosencephaly. A case of mother son aged 34, gravida 3, part 2, with multiplanar three-dimensional ultrasound diagnosis of holoprosencephaly and anatomical detail otocefalia, so diagnosis of CAH was made. A review of the literature and discuss the differential diagnosis. Source

Valencia C.P.,University of Valle | Canaval G.E.,University of Valle | Marin D.,Hospital Universitario del Valle | Portillo C.J.,University of California | Portillo C.J.,International Nursing and HIV AIDS Research Network
Colombia Medica

Antecedents: The Human Immunodeficiency Virus is currently considered a chronic disease; hence, quality of life is an important goal for those suffering the disease or living with someone afflicted by the virus. Objectives: We sought to measure the quality of life in individuals living with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome virus and establish its relationship with socio-demographic and clinical variables. Methods: This is a cross-sectional, descriptive study with a sample of 137 HIV-infected individuals attending three healthcare institutions in the city of Cali, Colombia. Quality of life was measured via the HIV/AIDS-Targeted Quality of Life (HAT-QoL) instrument. The descriptive analyses included mean and standard deviation calculations. To determine the candidate variables, we used the student t test and the Pearson correlation. The response variable in the multiple linear regression was the score for quality of life. Results: Some 27% of the sample were women and 3% were transgender; the mean age of the sample was 35 ± 10.2 years; 88% had some type of health insurance; 27% had been diagnosed with AIDS, and 64% were taking antiretroviral medications at the time of the study. Quality of life was measured through a standard scale with scores from 0 to 100. Participants' global quality of life mean was 59 ± 17.8. The quality-of-life dimensions with the highest scores were sexual function, satisfaction with the healthcare provider, and satisfaction with life. The highest quality-of-life scores were obtained by participants who received antiretroviral therapy, had health insurance, lower symptoms of depression, low frequency and intensity of symptoms, and no prior reports of sexual abuse. Eight variables explained 53% of the variability of the global quality of life. Conclusions: Those receiving antiretroviral therapy and who report fewer symptoms best perceived their quality of life. Implications for practice: Healthcare providers, especially nursing professional face a challenge in caring to alleviate symptoms and contribute to improving the quality of life of their patients. © 2010 Universidad del Valle, Facultad de Salud. Source

Introduction: Radial artery line placement is a common intervention in anesthesia. There is a sensation of false safety generated by the relatively low complication incidence. Identification of the primary association factors and controversies on the matter are key for prevention of complications. Methods: We present the case of a female patient who suffered permanent ischemia in her hand after inserting a catheter in the radial artery. A reflexive review of the literature on risk factors and controversies on interventions that have been implemented is included. Results: Placing a line in the radial artery may cause permanent ischemic injuries in as much as 0.09% of cases. 38% of cases develop thrombosis with the procedure, the risk of thrombosis increases over time and remains even after removing the cannula. The Allen test has shown to be a poor predictor of ischemic lesions. Age, use of tobacco, diabetes, renal failure and arterial hypertension are all risk factors for radial artery atheromatosis. Other elements such as the size and the material the catheter is made of, have also been related to the risk of complications. Infusions through the catheter remain a controversy. Ultrasound guides for catheterism eases the procedure. Conclusions: This procedure is definitely not without risks. Even though many factors have been carefully documented they cannot be fully controlled and interventions aimed at prevention have not been proven to be effective. © 2012 Published by Elsevier España. Source

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