Quesada Gomez J.M.,Hospital Universitario Reina Sofia |
Blanch Rubio J.,Hospital Universitario Del Mar |
Diaz Curiel M.,Fundacion Jimenez Diaz |
Diaz Curiel M.,Autonomous University of Madrid |
Diez Perez A.,Autonomous University of Barcelona
Clinical Drug Investigation | Year: 2011
The combination of calcium with vitamin D (vitamin D3 colecalciferol) forms the basis of preventive and therapeutic regimens for osteoporosis. A number of studies have suggested that the combination of calcium and vitamin D is effective when administered at respective dosages of at least 1200mg and 800IU per day, although efficacy is, as expected, affected by patient compliance. Overall, treatment with this combination appears to be effective in reducing the incidence of non-vertebral and hip fractures. Also, in all drug studies (of antiresorptive and anabolic agents and strontium ranelate) that demonstrated a reduction in risk of osteoporotic fractures, patients also took calcium and vitamin D supplements. An important finding in this regard is that vitamin D levels have been demonstrated to be inadequate in more than half of women treated for osteoporosis in the US and Europe.The capacity of the small intestine to absorb calcium salts depends on the solubility and ionization of the salts. These properties vary for different salts, with fasting calcium citrate absorption being greater than that of calcium lactogluconate and calcium carbonate. Calcium citrate formulations taken between meals may help to prevent abdominal distension and flatulence, as well as minimize the risk of renal calculus formation, thus helping to optimize patient compliance. Therefore, calcium citrate combined with vitamin D is the combination of choice for the prevention or treatment of osteoporosis. © 2011 Adis Data Information BV. All rights reserved.
PubMed | University of Oregon, University of Houston, University of Cape Town, Shanghai Chest Hospital and 31 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Diseases of the esophagus : official journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus | Year: 2016
We report data-simple descriptions of patient characteristics, cancer categories, and non-risk-adjusted survival-for patients with pathologically staged cancer of the esophagus and esophagogastric junction after resection or ablation with no preoperative therapy from the Worldwide Esophageal Cancer Collaboration (WECC). Thirty-three institutions from six continents submitted de-identified data using standard definitions: demographics, comorbidities, clinical cancer categories, and all-cause mortality from first management decision. Of 13,300 patients, 5,631 had squamous cell carcinoma, 7,558 adenocarcinoma, 85 adenosquamous carcinoma, and 26 undifferentiated carcinoma. Patients were older (62 years) men (80%) with normal body mass index (51%), little weight loss (1.8 kg), 0-2 ECOG performance status (83%), and a history of smoking (70%). Cancers were pT1 (24%), pT2 (15%), pT3 (50%), pN0 (52%), pM0 (93%), and pG2-G3 (78%); most involved distal esophagus (71%). Non-risk-adjusted survival for both squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma was monotonic and distinctive across pTNM. Survival was more distinctive for adenocarcinoma than squamous cell carcinoma when pT was ordered by pN. Survival for pTis-1 adenocarcinoma was better than for squamous cell carcinoma, although monotonic and distinctive for both. WECC pathologic staging data is improved over that of the 7th edition, with more patients studied and patient and cancer variables collected. These data will be the basis for the 8th edition cancer staging manuals following risk adjustment for patient, cancer, and treatment characteristics, and should direct 9th edition data collection. However, the role of pure pathologic staging as the principal point of reference for esophageal cancer staging is waning.
Low D.E.,Virginia Mason Medical Center |
Alderson D.,University of Birmingham |
Cecconello I.,University of Sao Paulo |
Chang A.C.,University of Michigan |
And 17 more authors.
Annals of Surgery | Year: 2015
Introduction: Perioperative complications influence long- and short-term outcomes after esophagectomy. The absence of a standardized system for defining and recording complications and quality measures after esophageal resection has meant that there is wide variation in evaluating their impact on these outcomes. Methods: The Esophageal Complications Consensus Group comprised 21 high-volume esophageal surgeons from 14 countries, supported by all the major thoracic and upper gastrointestinal professional societies. Delphi surveys and group meetings were used to achieve a consensus on standardized methods for defining complications and quality measures that could be collected in institutional databases and national audits. Results: A standardized list of complications was created to provide a template for recording individual complications associated with esophagectomy. Where possible, these were linked to preexisting international definitions. A Delphi survey facilitated production of specific definitions for anastomotic leak, conduit necrosis, chyle leak, and recurrent nerve palsy. An additional Delphi survey documented consensus regarding critical quality parameters recommended for routine inclusion in databases. These quality parameters were documentation on mortality, comorbidities, completeness of data collection, blood transfusion, grading of complication severity, changes in level of care, discharge location, and readmission rates. Conclusions: The proposed system for defining and recording perioperative complications associated with esophagectomy provides an infrastructure to standardize international data collection and facilitate future comparative studies and quality improvement projects. © 2015 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.
Rodriguez Colomo O.,Hospital Clinico Universitario |
Rodriguez Colomo O.,Hospital Universitario Of Valencia |
Alvarez Lerma F.,Hospital Universitario del Mar |
Gonzalez Perez M.I.,Hospital Of Leon |
And 2 more authors.
European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases | Year: 2011
The aim of this study was to assess the impact of vancomycin (VAN) versus linezolid (LZD) on renal function in patients with renal failure (RF) admitted to intensive care units. This was a multicenter, retrospective, comparative cohort study. Renal failure patients were treated with VAN or LZD for proven or suspected infections by multiresistant Gram-positive cocci. Changes in plasma creatinine levels and creatinine clearance at the start and end of treatment were used as endpoints. A total of 147 patients were treated with VAN (group A, n=68) or LZD (group B, n=79). Group B included more patients with diabetes mellitus [9 (13.2%) vs. 25 (31.6%); p = 0.007], septic shock [39 (57.4%) vs. 60 (75.9%); p = 0.013] and greater RF (mean ClCr 42.24 ml/min vs. 37.57 ml/min; p = 0.04). Renal function improved in patients from both groups who did not require renal replacement therapy. A greater improvement was seen in group B [percent decrease in Cr (27.94 vs. 9.48; p = 0.02) and percent increase in ClCr (95.96 vs. 55.06; p = 0.05)]. In group A, nine patients (13.2%) experienced an antibiotic-related increase in RF, and antibiotic was discontinued in five patients due to adverse effects. It is reasonable to avoid use of VAN in critically ill patients with acute renal failure. © 2011 Springer-Verlag.
Alonso S.,Hospital Universitario del Mar |
Pera M.,Hospital Universitario del Mar |
Pares D.,Hospital Universitario del Mar |
Pascual M.,Hospital Universitario del Mar |
And 3 more authors.
Colorectal Disease | Year: 2010
Aim: Evidence supporting outpatient treatment with oral antibiotics in patients with uncomplicated diverticulitis is limited. Our aim was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of an ambulatory treatment protocol in patients with uncomplicated acute diverticulitis. Method: All patients diagnosed with uncomplicated diverticulitis based on abdominal computed tomography findings from June 2003 to December 2008 were considered for outpatient treatment. Admission was indicated in patients not able to tolerate oral intake and those with comorbidity or without adequate family support. Treatment consisted of oral antibiotics for 7 days (amoxicillin-clavulanic or ciprofloxacin plus metronidazole in patients with penicillin allergy). Patients were seen again at between 4 and 7 days after starting treatment to confirm symptom improvement. Results: Ninety-six patients were diagnosed with uncomplicated acute diverticulitis and 26 presented at least one criterion for admission. Ambulatory treatment was initiated in 70 (73%) patients. Only two (3%) required admission because of persisting abdominal pain and vomiting, respectively. Intravenous antibiotics resolved the inflammatory process in both cases. In the remaining 68 (97%), ambulatory treatment was completed without complication. Conclusion: Ambulatory treatment of uncomplicated acute diverticulitis is safe, effective and applicable to most patients with tolerance to oral intake and without severe comorbidity and having appropriate family support. © 2010 The Authors. Colorectal Disease © 2010 The Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland.
Supervia A.,Hospital Universitario del Mar
Revista española de quimioterapia : publicación oficial de la Sociedad Española de Quimioterapia | Year: 2011
Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) testing is one of the better techniques for viral detection in nasopharyngeal swabs. The objective of this study was to assess the percentage of positive swabs and to determine whether there were differences according to PCR positivity. A retrospective study of 362 patients with flu syndrome attended at the Emergency Department between July 15 and December 15, 2009, in whom PCR of nasopharyngeal swabs for the detection of H1N1 2009 influenza virus was performed. Those cases in which swab testing was adequately requested were identified, and patients were divided into two groups according to positive or negative results for H1N1 2009 influenza virus. Nasopharyngeal swab was inadequately ordered in 87. In the remaining 275 patients, PCR was positive in 141. Patients with positive nasopharyngeal swabs were younger (mean [SD] age 36.1  vs 42.3  years, P= 0.002), had lower white blood cell, neutrophil and lymphocyte counts, lower serum concentrations of C-reactive protein (5.15  vs 10.5 mg/dL, P= 0.036) and lower incidence of radiological infiltrates (20.5% vs 33%, P= 0.036). In the logistic regression analysis, age, serum C-reactive protein levels, and lymphocyte count were independently associated with a positive nasopharyngeal swab. About 50% of patients with flu syndrome had positive nasopharyngeal swabs for H1N1 2009 influenza virus. Age, C-reactive protein, and lymphocyte count were independent predictors of positivity.
Vial M.,University of the Frontier |
Pares D.,Hospital Universitario del Mar |
Pera M.,Hospital Universitario del Mar |
Grande L.,Hospital Universitario del Mar
Colorectal Disease | Year: 2010
Objective: The challenge of surgery for anal fistula is to eradicate the fistula track while maintaining anal continence. Seton placement is recommended to reduce postoperative faecal incontinence but interestingly a great range of functional impairment after surgery has been published. The aim of this study was to analyse the influence of intra-operative internal anal sphincter division during tight or cutting seton technique for cryptogenic anal fistula, on the results of recurrence and postoperative faecal incontinence. Method: A systematic literature review was performed to identify published series from 1966 to May 2007 of patients with anal fistula treated by a tight or cutting seton technique. The published series has been divided in to those where preservation of internal anal sphincter was performed (PIAS group) or where intra-operative surgical division was undertaken in the time of seton placement (SIAS group) .The main endpoints of the review were to study anal fistula recurrence rate and postoperative faecal incontinence. Results: Eighteen studies including 19 series and 448 patients were analysed in detail. Recurrence rate was 5.0% and 3.0% in PIAS and SIAS group respectively. Overall faecal incontinence rate was 5.6% in PIAS group and 25.2% in SIAS group. Conclusion: Although based on low-evidence studies, intra-operative preservation of internal anal sphincter at the time of seton insertion for anal fistula seems to reduce the postoperative faecal incontinence without a substantial increase in recurrence rates. © 2010 The Authors. Journal Compilation © 2010 The Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland.
Horcajada J.P.,Hospital Universitario Del Mar |
Canton R.,Hospital Universitario Ramon y Cajal
Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiologia Clinica | Year: 2014
Antimicrobial resistance has increased during the last few years, representing a public health concern. Among Gram-positive organisms, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and Streptococcus pneumoniae are paradigms of resistance and of the dispersion of multiresistant clones. Ceftaroline, a broadspectrum cephalosporin that includes MRSA and penicillin-resistant S. pneumoniae, is the first β-lactam antibiotic useful in infections due to MRSA. Phase-III clinical trials have demonstrated its efficacy in the treatment of community-acquired pneumonia and in skin and soft tissue infections, which are the current indications for ceftaroline. Due to its microbiological and pharmacological (PK/PD) profiles, these indications could be expanded to include bacteremia, endocarditis, and even osteoarticular infections. Another notable feature is the activity of this drug against Gram-negative bacilli susceptible to thirdgeneration cephalosporins, indicating that ceftaroline could be useful when these organisms are suspected or demonstrated in polymicrobial infections. Clinical follow-up of ceftaroline use will more clearly define future ceftaroline indications. © 2014 Elsevier España, S.L. All rights reserved.
Vidal P.,Autonomous University of Barcelona |
Ramon J.M.,Autonomous University of Barcelona |
Goday A.,Autonomous University of Barcelona |
Benaiges D.,Autonomous University of Barcelona |
And 5 more authors.
Obesity Surgery | Year: 2013
Background: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has been gaining acceptance because it has shown good short- and mid-term results as a single procedure for morbid obesity. The aim of this study was to compare short- and mid-term results between laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) and LSG. Methods: Observational retrospective study from a prospective database of patients undergoing LRYGB and LSG between 2004 and 2011, where 249 patients (mean age 44.7 years) were included. Patients were followed at 1, 3, 6, 12, and 18 months, and annually thereafter. Short- and mid-term weight loss, comorbidity improvement or resolution, postoperative complications, re-interventions, and mortality were evaluated. Results: One hundred thirty-five LRYGB and 114 LSG were included. Significant statistical differences between LRYGB and LSG were found in operative time (153 vs. 93 min. p < 0.001), minor postoperative complications (21.5 % vs. 4.4 %, p = 0.005), blood transfusions (8.8 % vs. 1.7 %, p = 0.015), and length of hospital stay (4 vs. 3 days, p < 0.001). There were no differences regarding major complications and re-interventions. There was no surgery-related mortality. The percentage of excess weight loss up to 4 years was similar in both groups (66 ± 13.7 vs. 65 ± 14.9 %). Both techniques showed similar results in comorbidities improvement or resolution at 1 year. Conclusions: There is a similar short- and mid-term weight loss and 1-year comorbidity improvement or resolution between LRYGB and LSG, although minor complication rate is higher for LRYGB. Results of LSG as a single procedure need to be confirmed after a long-term follow-up. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media New York.
Pera M.,Autonomous University of Barcelona |
Gallego R.,University of Barcelona |
Montagut C.,Hospital Universitario del Mar |
Martin-richard M.,Hospital Of Sant Pau |
And 7 more authors.
Annals of Oncology | Year: 2012
Background: Based on a phase I study showing the feasibility of combining of oxaliplatin, cisplatin, and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) (OCF) with radiation therapy (RT) in esophageal cancer, the efficacy of this regimen in esophageal, gastroesophageal (GE), and gastric (G) cancer was assessed in this phase II multicenter study. Patients and methods: Patients with resectable tumors were eligible. Treatment included two cycles of oxaliplatin 85 mg/m. 2, cisplatin 55 mg/m. 2, and continuously infused 5-FU 3 g/m. 2 in 96 h and concurrent RT (45 Gy), followed by surgery after 6-8 weeks. Primary end point was complete pathologic response (pCR). Results: Forty-one patients were enrolled. Tumor location was esophagus 39% (squamous 10/adenocarcinoma 6), GE junction 32%, and stomach 29%. G3-G4 adverse events included asthenia (27%) and neutropenia (14%). One toxic death occurred. Thirty-one patients (75.6%) underwent surgery (R0 in 94%). Pathologic response was achieved in 58% of patients, with pCR in 50% and 16% of esophageal and GE/G cancer, respectively. pCR was achieved in 67% of squamous cell carcinoma. Survival: median follow-up, 50.4 months; median progression-free survival and overall survival were 23.2 and 28.4 months, respectively. Conclusion: Preoperative OCF plus RT showed an acceptable toxicity and promising activity especially in squamous cell esophageal cancer. © The Author 2011. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Society for Medical Oncology. All rights reserved.