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Teixidor P.,Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i Pujol | Arraez M.A.,Hospital Carlos Haya | Villalba G.,Hospital Del Mar | Garcia R.,Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i Pujol | And 7 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2016

Background During the last decade, the use of 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) has been steadily increasing in neurosurgery. The study's main objectives were to prospectively evaluate the effectiveness and safety of 5-ALA when used in clinical practice setting on high-grade gliomas' patients. Methods National, multicenter and prospective observational study. Inclusion criteria: authorized conditions of use of 5-ALA. Exclusion criteria: contraindication to 5-ALA, inoperable or partial resected tumors, pregnancy and children. Epidemiological, clinical, laboratory, radiological, and safety data were collected. Effectiveness was assessed using complete resection of the tumor, and progression-free and overall survival probabilities. Results Between May 2010 and September 2014, 85 patients treated with 5-ALA were included, and 77 were suitable for the effectiveness analysis. Complete resection was achieved in 41 patients (54%). Surgeons considered suboptimal the fluorescence of 5-ALA in 40% of the patients assessed. The median duration of follow-up was 12.3 months. The progressionfree survival probability at 6 months was 58%. The median duration overall survival was 14.2 months. Progression tumor risk factors were grade of glioma, age and resection degree; and death risk factors were grade of glioma and gender. No severe adverse effects were reported. At one month after surgery, new or increased neurological morbidity was 6.5%. Hepatic enzymes were frequently increased within the first month after surgery; however, they subsequently normalized, and this was found to have no clinical significance. Conclusion In clinical practice, the 5-ALA showed a good safety profile, but the benefits related to 5-ALA have not been yet clearly shown. The improved differentiation expected by fluorescence between normal and tumor cerebral tissue was suboptimal in a relevant number of patients; in addition, the expected higher degree of resection was lower than in clinical trials as well as incomplete resection was not identified as a prognostic factor risk for death. Because optimal fluorescence was correlated to higher complete resection rate, further research is needed to identify patients (or tumors) with more surgery benefits when using the 5-ALA. © 2016 Teixidor et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Source

Hernandez M.,Hospital Universitari Arnau Of Vilanova | Hernandez M.,University of Lleida | Mollo A.,Institute Catala Of La Salut | Marsal J.R.,Institute Universitari dInvestigacio en Atencio Primaria Jordi Gol | And 11 more authors.
BMC Endocrine Disorders | Year: 2015

Background: The study of endogenous insulin secretion may provide relevant insight into the comparison of the natural history of adult onset latent autoimmune diabetes (LADA) with types 1 and 2 diabetes mellitus. The aim of this study was to compare the results of the C-peptide response to mixed-meal stimulation in LADA patients with different disease durations and subjects with type 2 and adult-onset type 1 diabetes. Methods: Stimulated C-peptide secretion was assessed using the mixed-meal tolerance test in patients with LADA (n=32), type 1 diabetes mellitus (n=33) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (n = 30). All patients were 30 to 70 years old at disease onset. The duration of diabetes in all groups ranged from 6 months to 10 years. The recruitment strategy was predefined to include at least 10 subjects in the following 3 disease onset categories for each group: 6 to 18 months, 19 months to 5 years and 5 to 10 years. Results: At all time-points of the mixed-meal tolerance test, patients with LADA had a lower stimulated C-peptide response than the type 2 diabetes group and a higher response than the type 1 diabetes group. The same results were found when the peak or area under the C-peptide curve was measured. When the results were stratified by time since disease onset, a similar pattern of residual insulin secretory capacity was observed. Conclusions: The present study shows that the magnitude of stimulated insulin secretion in LADA is intermediate between that of type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus. © 2015 Hernandez et al.; licensee BioMed Central. Source

Verdaguer H.,Hebron University | Tabernero J.,Hebron University | Macarulla T.,Hospital Universitari Vall Hebron
Therapeutic Advances in Medical Oncology | Year: 2016

Colorectal cancer is the third most frequent cancer worldwide. Overall survival rates have improved greatly over the last few years due, at least in part, to the addition of targeted therapies to standard of care chemotherapy. Angiogenesis plays an important role in colorectal cancer, and therapies directed against the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) axis have contributed significantly to improving the outcome of patients with metastatic colorectal cancer. Over the past few years, several new targeted antiangiogenic agents have been approved for this patient population, confirming the value of inhibiting tumour angiogenesis. The most recent among them is ramucirumab, a fully humanized monoclonal antibody that targets the extracellular domain of VEGF receptor 2. It has proven valuable in multiple tumour types including colorectal cancer. Several phase I and II clinical trials showed a favourable toxicity profile and promising clinical antitumour efficacy in colorectal cancer patients. In the phase III RAISE clinical trial, the addition of ramucirumab to FOLFIRI-based chemotherapy resulted in an improvement of overall survival in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer who had been previously treated with bevacizumab, oxaliplatin and a fluoropyrimidine. On the basis of these results, ramucirumab was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for this setting. We present an overview of the key preclinical and clinical studies in the development of ramucirumab in the context of metastatic colorectal cancer. © The Author(s), 2016. Source

Puente D.,Institute Universitari dInvestigacio en Atencio Primaria Jordi Gol | Puente D.,Autonomous University of Barcelona | Zabaleta-Del-Olmo E.,Institute Universitari dInvestigacio en Atencio Primaria Jordi Gol | Zabaleta-Del-Olmo E.,Autonomous University of Barcelona | And 7 more authors.
Atencion Primaria | Year: 2013

Objective: The aim of this study was to analyze those factors associated with cigarette smoking in adolescent school children, in order to plan future school interventions for promoting good health strategies developed by the schools and Primary Health Care professionals. Design: Cross-sectional study with a two-stage cluster sampling. Setting: The study included 97 schools, and was carried out in 2005-06 in Catalonia (Spain). Participants: 14-16 year-old secondary school children. Main measures: The survey was based on a self-administered paper-based questionnaire that collected sociodemographic variables, academic level, health status, family variables, sexual relations, addictive substances, mood state, and variables related to opinions on cigarette smoking The association between these variables and smoker/non-smoker variable was analyzed, as well as factors that could increase the probability of becoming a smoker using multilevel models. Results: A total of 9340 completed questionnaires, including 4653 from males, were received from the pupils, with a mean age of 15.2 years. The results showed that 71.1% of pupils were non-smokers, 75% of whom were males and 67.3% of females. The following factors increased the probability of becoming a smoker (OR and 95%CI): being a female 0.60 (0.53-0.68), being in the 4th year 1.27 (1.12-1.43), low academic performance 3.38 (2.74-4.17), self-reported regular/poor health status 2.81 (2.21-3.58), smoking parents 1.68 (1.45-1.95), alcohol consumption 5.05 (4.35-5.86), having 3 or more problems of mood state 1.22 (1.05-1.41), living without parents 1.59 (1.07-2.38), agreeing with tobacco industry advertising 1.64 (1.45-1.85) and believing that tobacco acts as a relaxant 3.57 (3.23-4.17). Conclusions: Although the majority of pupils were non-smokers, smoking was more prevalent among females. The factors associated with cigarette smoking in the adolescents included sociodemographic, sociocultural, and personal environmental factors, as well as their opinions on the habit. © 2012 Elsevier España, S.L. All rights reserved. Source

Diaz-Rubio E.,HC San Carlos | Diaz-Rubio E.,RDc17 06 0020 0021 Instituto Carlos III | Gomez-Espana A.,Hospital Reina Sofia | Massuti B.,Hospital General | And 22 more authors.
Onkologie | Year: 2012

Purpose: The aim of this phase III trial was to compare the efficacy and safety of bevacizumab alone with those of bevacizumab and capecitabine plus oxaliplatin (XELOX) as maintenance treatment following induction chemotherapy with XELOX plus bevacizumab in the first-line treatment of patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). Patients and Methods: Patients were randomly assigned to receive six cycles of bevacizumab, capecitabine, and oxaliplatin every 3 weeks followed by XELOX plus bevacizumab or bevacizumab alone until progression. The primary endpoint was the progression-free survival (PFS) interval; secondary endpoints were the overall survival (OS) time, objective response rate (RR), time to response, duration of response, and safety. Results: The intent-to-treat population comprised 480 patients (XELOX plus bevacizumab, n = 239; bevacizumab, n = 241); there were no significant differences in baseline characteristics. The median follow-up was 29.0 months (range, 0-53.2 months). There were no statistically significant differences in the median PFS or OS times or in the RR between the two arms. The most common grade 3 or 4 toxicities in the XELOX plus bevacizumab versus bevacizumab arms were diarrhea, hand-foot syndrome, and neuropathy. Conclusion: Although the noninferiority of bevacizumab versus XELOX plus bevacizumab cannot be confirmed, we can reliably exclude a median PFS detriment >3 weeks. This study suggests that maintenance therapy with singleagent bevacizumab may be an appropriate option following induction XELOX plus bevacizumab in mCRC patients. Source

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