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Hoftberger R.,University of Barcelona | Hoftberger R.,Medical University of Vienna | Sepulveda M.,University of Barcelona | Armangue T.,University of Barcelona | And 16 more authors.
Multiple Sclerosis

Objective: We aimed to report the frequency and implications of antibodies to myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG-ab) in adults with demyelinating syndromes suspicious for neuromyelitis optica (NMO). Methods: Samples from 174 patients (48 NMO, 84 longitudinally extensive myelitis (LETM), 39 optic neuritis (ON), and three acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) who presented initially with isolated LETM) were retrospectively examined for AQP4-ab and MOG-ab using cell-based assays. Results: MOG-ab were found in 17 (9.8%) patients, AQP4-ab in 59 (34%), and both antibodies in two (1.1%). Among the 17 patients with MOG-ab alone, seven (41%) had ON, five (29%) LETM, four (24%) NMO, and one (6%) ADEM. Compared with patients with AQP4-ab, those with MOG-ab were significantly younger (median: 27 vs. 40.5 years), without female predominance (53% vs. 90%), and the clinical course was more frequently monophasic (41% vs. 7%) with a benign outcome (median Expanded Disability Status Scale: 1.5 vs. 4.0). In eight patients with paired serum-cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples, five had MOG-ab in both samples and three only in serum. Antibody titres did not differ among clinical phenotypes or disease course. MOG-ab remained detectable in 12/14 patients (median follow-up: 23 months) without correlation between titres evolution and outcome. Conclusion: MOG-ab identify a subgroup of adult patients with NMO, LETM and ON that have better outcome than those associated with AQP4-ab. MOG-ab are more frequently detected in serum than CSF and the follow-up of titres does not correlate with outcome. © The Author(s), 2015. Source

Puig J.,Hospital Universitari Dr Josep Trueta | Blasco G.,Hospital Universitari Dr Josep Trueta | Daunis-I-Estadella J.,University of Girona | Thomalla G.,Universitatsklinikum Hamburg Eppendorf | And 7 more authors.

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE - : Nearly 50% of patients have residual motor deficits after stroke, and long-term motor outcome is difficult to predict. We assessed the predictive value of axonal damage to the corticospinal tract indexed by diffusion tensor imaging fractional anisotropy for long-term motor outcome. METHODS - : Consecutive patients with middle cerebral artery stroke underwent multimodal MRI, including diffusion tensor imaging ≤12 hours, 3 days, and 30 days after onset. Clinical severity, infarct volume, location of corticospinal tract damage on diffusion tensor tractography, and ratios of fractional anisotropy (rFA) between affected and unaffected sides of the corticospinal tract at the pons were evaluated. Severity of motor deficit at 2 years was categorized using the Motricity Index as no deficit (Motricity Index, 100), slight-moderate deficit (Motricity Index, 99-50), or severe deficit (Motricity Index, <50). RESULTS - : We evaluated 70 patients (28 women; 72±12 years). rFA values at day 30 correlated with the degree of motor deficit at 2 years (P<0.001). rFA at day 30 was the only independent predictor of long-term motor outcome (odds ratio, 1.60; 95% confidence interval, 1.26-2.03; P<0.001). The sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values of the cutoffs rFA<0.982 for predicting slight-moderate deficit and rFA<0.689 for severe deficit were 94.4%, 84.6%, 73.9%, and 97.1%, respectively, and 100%, 83.3%, 81.3%, and 100%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS - : rFA at day 30 is an independent predictor of long-term motor outcome after stroke. © 2013 American Heart Association, Inc. Source

Roquer J.,Hospital Universitari Del Mar | Segura T.,Hospital Universitario La Paz | Serena J.,Hospital Universitari Dr Josep Trueta | Cuadrado-Godia E.,Hospital Universitari Del Mar | And 3 more authors.

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE-: Data on the predictive value of carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) for stroke recurrence are scarce. We sought to analyze outcome differences in stroke patients with high IMT values compared with patients with significant carotid stenosis (SCS). METHODS-: The multicenter observational ARTICO study included 620 independent patients older than 60 years with a first-ever noncardioembolic stroke. Patients were followed-up for 1 year. The primary end point was a composite of cardiovascular events and death. The IMT-ARTICO substudy analyzed ultrasonographic data from 599 patients. After Doppler carotid echography, patients were classified into the SCS group (carotid stenosis ≥50%; 117 cases), high IMT group (patients with the common carotid IMT in the highest quartile ≥1.11 mm and without SCS; 110 cases), and control group (stroke patients with an IMT <1.11 mm and without SCS; 372 cases). We analyzed the impact of both conditions on the primary end point. RESULTS-: During follow-up, 88 patients (14.7%) had an end point event. Univariate analysis showed that male gender, diabetes, symptomatic peripheral arterial disease, ankle brachial index ≤0.9, SCS, and high IMT were related to the primary end point. Cox regression showed that peripheral arterial disease (hazard ratio [HR], 2.06; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.18-3.59; P=0.011), SCS (HR, 3.02; 95% CI, 1.78-5.13; P=0.0001), and high IMT (HR, 1.86; 95% CI, 1.05-3.29; P=0.032) were related to the primary end point. If patients with scheduled revascularization procedures were excluded from the Cox regression, then ultrasonographic markers were SCS (HR, 1.84; 95% CI, 1.03-3.28; P<0.039) and high IMT (HR, 1.86; 95% CI, 1.06-3.27; P=0.030). CONCLUSIONS-: Both SCS and high IMT have an independent impact as markers of major cardiovascular events or death after a first-ever noncardioembolic stroke. © 2011 American Heart Association, Inc. Source

Sarrats A.,University of Girona | Saldova R.,University College Dublin | Comet J.,Hospital Universitari Dr Josep Trueta | O'Donoghue N.,University College Dublin | And 3 more authors.
OMICS A Journal of Integrative Biology

Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) subforms (F1-F5) have been described to be altered in prostate cancer (PCa) compared to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). To understand their molecular differences, characterization of these subforms from PCa serum and seminal plasma, namely, at the glycan level, was performed. PSA 2-DE subforms from two serum PCa samples and seminal plasma were analyzed by N-glycan sequencing using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) combined with exoglycosidase array digestions and by mass spectrometry. F1, F2, and F3 subforms showed the same N-glycan pattern, which contained higher levels of sialic acid than the F4 subform, whereas the F5 subform was unglycosylated. When comparing PSA subforms from PCa with seminal plasma, a decrease in sialylation was observed. Furthermore, the analysis of F3, the more abundant PSA subform, showed a higher proportion of alpha 2-3 sialic acid and a decrease in core fucosylated glycans in the PCa sample. These N-glycan changes in PCa PSA subforms highlight the importance of glycosylation as an indicator of PCa disease. © 2010, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. Source

Vegue L.B.,Hospital Lluis Alcanyis | Rojo F.,Autonomous University of Madrid | Hardisson D.,Hospital Universitario La Paz | Iturriagagoitia A.C.,Hospital de Navarra | And 5 more authors.
Diagnostic Molecular Pathology

In breast cancer, the number of lymph node metastases is the strongest predictor of outcome. However, histopathology may underestimate the frequency of metastasis. Here we compare automated molecular detection of cytokeratin 19 mRNA by one-step nucleic acid amplification (OSNA) with histopathology of single tissue sections for the staging of axillary lymph nodes in patients with breast cancer. Axillary lymph nodes were collected from 55 patients with primary breast cancer and sentinel lymph node (SLN) metastases. The central 1-mm portion of each node was processed for hematoxylin-eosin staining, and the remaining tissue was analyzed by OSNA. According to OSNA, histopathology misclassified 41.8% of patients as negative for axillary node metastasis (P=0.007). Of the individual nodes considered negative by histopathology, 4.5% contained micrometastases and 2.5% contained macrometastases according to OSNA. Furthermore, 80% of micrometastases identified by histopathology were reclassified as macrometastases by OSNA. Histopathology failed to identify 81.1% of nodes shown to contain metastasis by OSNA. However, OSNA yielded no false-negative results. On the basis of OSNA results, 3 patients were reclassified to a higher pathologic stage. The number of SLN and non-SLN metastases was unrelated according to OSNA (P=0.891). These results show that, compared with molecular detection, histopathology of single tissue sections significantly underestimates the frequency of axillary node metastases. We discuss the implications of these findings in light of current recommendations on the staging of breast cancer. Source

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