La Manga del Mar Menor, Spain
La Manga del Mar Menor, Spain

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Serena J.,Hospital Universitario Dr Josep Trueta | Segura T.,Complejo Hospitalario Universitario Of Albacete | Roquer J.,Hospital Universitari del Mar | Garcia-Gil M.,Institute dInvestigacio en Atencio Primaria IDIAP Jordi Gol | Castillo J.,University of Santiago de Compostela
BMC Neurology | Year: 2015

About 20% of patients with a first ischaemic stroke will experience a new vascular event within the first year. The atherosclerotic burden, an indicator of the extension of atherosclerosis in a patient, has been associated with the risk of new cardiovascular events in the general population. However, no predictive models reliably identify groups at a high risk of recurrence. The ARTICO study prospectively analysed the predictive value for the risk of recurrence of specific atherosclerotic markers. Methods: The multicentre ARTICO study included 620 consecutive independent patients older than 60 years suffering from a first non-cardioembolic stroke. We analysed classical stroke risk factors; duplex study of supraaortic trunk including intima-media thickness (IMT) measurement; quantification of internal carotid (ICA) stenosis; number, morphology and surface characteristics of carotid plaques; ankle brachial index (ABI); and the presence of microalbuminuria. Patients were followed up at 6 and 12 months after inclusion. The primary end-point was death or major cardiovascular events. Results: Any vascular event or death at 12 months occurred in 78 (13.8%) patients. In 40 (7.1%) of these the vascular event was a stroke recurrence. Weight, history of diabetes mellitus, history of symptomatic PAD, ABI <0.9 and significant ICA stenosis (>50%) were associated with a higher risk of vascular events on follow-up in the bivariate analysis. Conclusions: Symptomatic PAD identifies a high risk group of vascular recurrence after a first non-cardioembolic stroke. The associated increased risk was particularly high in patients with both ICA stenosis and either symptomatic or asymptomatic PAD. Neither asymptomatic PAD alone nor isolated ICA stenosis >50% were associated with an increased risk of recurrence in this particularly high-risk group of non-cardioembolic stroke. © Serena et al.; licensee BioMed Central.


Sancho J.J.,Autonomous University of Barcelona | Sancho J.J.,Hospital Universitari del Mar | Lennard T.W.J.,Northumbria University | Paunovic I.,University of Belgrade | And 2 more authors.
Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery | Year: 2014

Background: There remains still no clear answer as to whether or not prophylactic central compartment neck dissection (pCCND) is indicated for the treatment of patients with papillary thyroid cancer. Methods: The published studies, including single cohort, comparative studies and meta-analysis, were critically appraised. Aspects beyond postoperative complications and loco-regional recurrence rates in the analysis, as the impact of pre- and post-ablation thyroglobuline levels, multifocality, bilaterality and additional risk factors for recurrence, were also considered. Results: Thirty studies and five meta-analyses were assessed. The lack of randomized clinical trials on the subject and the heterogeneity of study populations are the main limiting factors to draw clear conclusions, and a comprehensive list of bias sources has been identified. Recent comparative studies and systematic reviews all associate the pCCND with higher proportions of temporary postoperative hypocalcemia but not with significantly higher permanent hypoparathyroidism, recurrent laryngeal nerve injury or permanent vocal cord paralysis. The risk of recurrence appears to be reduced after pCCND, and the number of patients needed to treat to avoid a recurrence is between 20 and 31. Conclusions: It is suggested that routine level 6 prophylactic dissections should be risk-stratified. Larger tumours (T3, T4), patients aged 45 years and older or 15 years and younger, male patients, patients with bilateral or multifocal tumours, and patients with known involved lateral lymph nodes could all be candidates for routine unilateral level 6 dissection. The operation should be limited to surgeons who have the available expertise and experience © 2013 Springer-Verlag.


Roquer J.,Hospital Universitari Del Mar | Segura T.,Hospital Universitario La Paz | Serena J.,Hospital Universitari Dr Josep Trueta | Cuadrado-Godia E.,Hospital Universitari Del Mar | And 3 more authors.
Stroke | Year: 2011

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE-: Data on the predictive value of carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) for stroke recurrence are scarce. We sought to analyze outcome differences in stroke patients with high IMT values compared with patients with significant carotid stenosis (SCS). METHODS-: The multicenter observational ARTICO study included 620 independent patients older than 60 years with a first-ever noncardioembolic stroke. Patients were followed-up for 1 year. The primary end point was a composite of cardiovascular events and death. The IMT-ARTICO substudy analyzed ultrasonographic data from 599 patients. After Doppler carotid echography, patients were classified into the SCS group (carotid stenosis ≥50%; 117 cases), high IMT group (patients with the common carotid IMT in the highest quartile ≥1.11 mm and without SCS; 110 cases), and control group (stroke patients with an IMT <1.11 mm and without SCS; 372 cases). We analyzed the impact of both conditions on the primary end point. RESULTS-: During follow-up, 88 patients (14.7%) had an end point event. Univariate analysis showed that male gender, diabetes, symptomatic peripheral arterial disease, ankle brachial index ≤0.9, SCS, and high IMT were related to the primary end point. Cox regression showed that peripheral arterial disease (hazard ratio [HR], 2.06; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.18-3.59; P=0.011), SCS (HR, 3.02; 95% CI, 1.78-5.13; P=0.0001), and high IMT (HR, 1.86; 95% CI, 1.05-3.29; P=0.032) were related to the primary end point. If patients with scheduled revascularization procedures were excluded from the Cox regression, then ultrasonographic markers were SCS (HR, 1.84; 95% CI, 1.03-3.28; P<0.039) and high IMT (HR, 1.86; 95% CI, 1.06-3.27; P=0.030). CONCLUSIONS-: Both SCS and high IMT have an independent impact as markers of major cardiovascular events or death after a first-ever noncardioembolic stroke. © 2011 American Heart Association, Inc.


Electroencephalographic studies of subjects with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) provide evidences of brain functional aspects in this pathology. Mu rhythm can be reactive in normal population (mu suppression) to both self-movements and to movements performed by others. These reactivities are considered to be related to mirror neurons activity. Subjects with ASD show significant mu suppression to self-movements but they fail to react to the movements performed by others. These findings support the hypothesis of a dysfunctional mirror neurons system in individuals with ASD. Moreover, dysfunction of mirror neurons would be related to social and communicative impairments, cognitive deficits and impairment imitation skills associated with ASD.


Conde-Estevez D.,Hospital Universitari del Mar | Conde-Estevez D.,Hospital del Mar Medical Research Institute IMIM
Clinical and Translational Oncology | Year: 2016

Targeted therapy drugs, mainly those within the signal transduction inhibitors, are used more chronically than cytotoxic drugs and are metabolised by cytochrome P450 isozymes so patients are at high risk of having drug–drug interactions (DDI). Not only this, as the majority of them are given orally, new drug–drug interactions concerning gastrointestinal absorption can occur (e.g., with proton pump inhibitors). DDI can lead to changed systemic exposure, resulting in variations in drug response of the co-administered. In addition, concomitant ingestion of dietary supplements could also alter systemic exposure of drugs, thus leading to adverse drug reactions or loss of efficacy. In this review, we give an overview of the current existing data of known or suspected DDI between targeted therapy and other medicines. A review of package inserts was performed to identify drug–drug interactions for all targeted antineoplastic agents. Tertiary databases such as Lexicomp®, Drugs, Martindale, Facts and Comparisons®, and AHFS Drug Information were also referenced. This study covered 40 targeted antineoplastic agents (28 signal transduction inhibitors, 9 monoclonal antibodies and 3 other drugs, 2 monoclonal antibody conjugates and 1 fusion protein). Most of targeted therapy drugs are major CYP3A4 substrates with P-gp playing an important role in disposition too. Thus, there is a very common thread here that these agents will likely be sensitive victims to strong CYP3A4/P-gp inhibitors and inducers. It is essential that health care providers monitor patients for potential DDI to avoid a loss in efficacy or risk of greater toxicity from targeted therapy. © 2016 Federación de Sociedades Españolas de Oncología (FESEO)


Pereira J.A.,Hospital Universitari del Mar | Pereira J.A.,University Pompeu Fabra | Pera M.,Hospital Universitari del Mar | Grande L.,Hospital Universitari del Mar
Cirugia Espanola | Year: 2013

Objectives: To determine the incidence of incisional hernia in patients subjected to colorectal cancer surgery. To analyse the individual risk factors and to determine which patients would benefit more from the use of prophylactic measures. Patients and methods: A retrospective study was performed on the demographic and surgical data, as well as the complications, risk factors and outcomes of all patients subjected to colorectal cancer surgery in the period between January 2006 and September 2008. The diagnosis of incisional hernia was made by means of physical examination or by a review of the follow up CT scan. Results: A total of 338 patients were reviewed (249 laparotomy and 89 laparoscopy). After a median follow-up of 19.7 months, 87 patients (25.7%) were diagnosed with incisional hernia by a physical examination. The CT scan enabled 48 hernias (14.2%) not detected clinically. The incisional hernia rate was 39.9% (135 patients). There were no significant differences between patients subjected to laparotomy (40.9%) or laparoscopy (37.1%). The incisional hernia rate in overweight patients (BMI ≥ 25 Kg/m2), was 51.3% compared to 31.1% in patients with normal weight (P=02). Post-surgical complications (P=007), surgical wound infections (P=04), and further surgery during the post-operative period (P<.0001), was also associated with a higher incidence of incisional hernia. Conclusion: The prevalence of incisional hernia after colorectal cancer resection is higher than expected (39,9%). Patients with a BMI greater than 25 kg/m2, and those who require further surgery are candidates to receive a prophylactic mesh. © 2011 AEC.


Oliveras A.,Hospital Universitari Del Mar | Schmieder R.E.,University Hospital
Journal of Hypertension | Year: 2013

There is no doubt that patients with high blood pressure (BP) are at higher cardiovascular and death risk than those subjects whose BP levels are below the admitted normal threshold. However, most of the epidemiological surveys show that BP is uncontrolled in more than fifty percent of hypertensive subjects. There are several reasons that can justify this lack of hypertension control, some of them depending on the patient, such as therapeutic adherence, or some related to the doctor, due to therapeutic inertia or reluctance to increment the number and doses of antihypertensive drugs. Sometimes the efficacy or adverse effects related to the antihypertensive drugs underlie the uncontrolled hypertension. And, finally, there are some clinical conditions that are associated with difficult-to-control hypertension. Among them, comorbidities such as diabetes, obesity, obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome or chronic kidney disease, but also drug-related hypertension or resistant hypertension. In this article we review the epidemiology and the conditions which are related to poorly controlled hypertension and that can explain why hypertension may become difficult-to-treat. © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.


Oliveras A.,Hospital Universitari Del Mar | Oliveras A.,Hospital Del Mar | Armario P.,Hospital Of Lhospitalet | Martell-Claros N.,Hospital Clinico San Carlos | And 2 more authors.
Hypertension | Year: 2011

Microalbuminuria is a known marker of subclinical organ damage. Its prevalence is higher in patients with resistant hypertension than in subjects with blood pressure at goal. On the other hand, some patients with apparently well-controlled hypertension still have microalbuminuria. The current study aimed to determine the relationship between microalbuminuria and both office and 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure. A cohort of 356 patients (mean age 64±11 years; 40.2% females) with resistant hypertension (blood pressure 140 and/or 90 mm Hg despite treatment with 3 drugs, diuretic included) were selected from Spanish hypertension units. Patients with estimated glomerular filtration rate <30 mL/min/1.73 m were excluded. All patients underwent clinical and demographic evaluation, complete laboratory analyses, and good technical-quality 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring. Urinary albumin/creatinine ratio was averaged from 3 first-morning void urine samples. Microalbuminuria (urinary albumin/creatinine ratio 2.5 mg/mmol in males or 3.5 mg/mmol in females) was detected in 46.6%, and impaired renal function (estimated glomerular filtration rate <60 mL/min/1.73 m) was detected in 26.8%. Bivariate analyses showed significant associations of microalbuminuria with older age, reduced estimated glomerular filtration rate, increased nighttime systolic blood pressure, and elevated daytime, nighttime, and 24-hour diastolic blood pressure. In a logistic regression analysis, after age and sex adjustment, elevated nighttime systolic blood pressure (multivariate odds ratio, 1.014 [95% CI, 1.001 to 1.026]; P=0.029) and reduced estimated glomerular filtration rate (multivariate odds ratio, 2.79 [95% CI, 1.57 to 4.96]; P=0.0005) were independently associated with the presence of microalbuminuria. We conclude that microalbuminuria is better associated with increased nighttime systolic blood pressure than with any other office and 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring parameters. © 2011 American Heart Association, Inc.


Aguilar-Duran S.,Hospital Universitari del Mar | Horcajada J.P.,Hospital Universitari del Mar | Sorli L.,Hospital Universitari del Mar | Montero M.,Hospital Universitari del Mar | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Infection | Year: 2012

Objectives: To analyze the characteristics of infection, adequacy of empirical treatment and outcome of patients with community-onset healthcare-associated (HCA) urinary tract infections (UTI) and compare them with hospital (HA) and community-acquired (CA) UTI. Methods: Prospective observational cohort study performed at a university 600-bed hospital between July 2009 and February 2010. Patients with UTI requiring hospital admission were included. Epidemiological, clinical and outcome data were recorded. Results: 251 patients were included. Patients with community-onset HCA UTI were older, had more co-morbidities and had received previous antimicrobial treatment more frequently than CA UTI (. p = 0.02, p = 0.01 and p < 0.01). ESBL-. Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa infections were more frequent in HCA than in CA UTI (. p = 0.03 and p < 0.01). Inadequate empirical treatment was not significantly different between community-onset HCA and CA. Factors related to mortality were P. aeruginosa infection (OR 6.51; 95%CI: 1.01-41.73), diabetes mellitus (OR 22.66; 95%CI: 3.61-142.21), solid neoplasia (OR 22.48; 95%CI: 3.38-149.49) and age (OR 1.15; 95%CI 1.03-1.28). Conclusions: Epidemiological, clinical and microbiological features suggest that community-onset HCA UTI is different from CA and similar to HA UTI. However, in our series inadequate empirical antimicrobial therapy and mortality were not significantly higher in community-onset HCA than in CA UTI. © 2012 The British Infection Association.


Sitges-Serra A.,Hospital Universitari del Mar | Ruiz S.,University Pompeu Fabra | Girvent M.,University Pompeu Fabra | Manjon H.,Hospital Universitari del Mar | And 2 more authors.
British Journal of Surgery | Year: 2010

Background: Although the variables that influence the development of post-thyroidectomy hypocalcaemia are now better understood, the risk factors and long-term outcome of persistent hypoparathyroidism (HPP) are poorly defined. A retrospective review of a prospective protocol for the management of post-thyroidectomy hypocalcaemia was performed. Methods: Patients with a serum calcium level below 8 mg/dl (2 mmol/l) 24 h after total thyroidectomy were prescribed oral calcium with or without calcitriol and followed for at least 1 year. Protracted HPP was defined as an intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) level below 13 pg/ml and need for calcium medication at 1 month after thyroidectomy. Results: Of 442 patients (343 with goitre, 99 with carcinoma) undergoing total thyroidectomy, 222 (50.2 per cent) developed postoperative hypocalcaemia. Eleven patients were lost to follow-up. Parathyroid function recovered in 131 patients within 1 month and 80 developed protracted HPP, which was associated with lymphadenectomy, fewer than three glands left in situ and incidental parathyroidectomy. Parathyroid function recovered within 1 year in 78 per cent of patients with protracted HPP. Factors associated with late recovery of parathyroid function were higher serum calcium and low but detectable iPTH levels 1 month after surgery. These factors were associated with higher calcitriol and calcium dosages at hospital discharge. Parathyroid autotransplantation did not protect against permanent HPP. Conclusion: Higher serum calcium levels at 1 month after total thyroidectomy are associated with recovery of parathyroid function. It is hypothesized that intensive medical treatment of hypocalcaemia - 'parathyroid splinting' - may improve the outcome of patients with protracted HPP. © 2010 British Journal of Surgery Society Ltd.

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