PubMed | Penang Hospital, Sultanah Aminah Hospital, Serdang Hospital, Kuala Lumpur Hospital and HOSPITAL TUANKU JAAFAR SEREMBAN
Type: | Journal: Peritoneal dialysis international : journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis | Year: 2016
Background: Peritonitis is one of the most common complications of peritoneal dialysis (PD). Understanding the risk factors of peritonitis in a multi-racial Asian population may help to improve outcomes on PD. Methods: We conducted a prospective observational study to identify risk factors for PD-related peritonitis over a 1-year period in 15 adult PD centers. All peritonitis episodes were independently adjudicated. Results: A total of 1,603 participants with a mean age of 51.6 years comprising 52.7% females, 62.6% ethnic Malays, 27.0% Chinese, and 8.1% Indians were recruited. The overall peritonitis rate was 1 episode per 44.0 patient-months with 354 episodes recorded in 282 (17.6%) patients over 15,588 patient-months. Significant risk factors of peritonitis were severe obesity (incidence-rate ratio [IRR] 3.32, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.30, 8.45), hypoalbuminemia (IRR 1.61, 95% CI: 1.06, 2.46), Staphylococcus aureus nasal carriage (IRR 2.26, 95% CI: 1.46, 3.50), and use of Fresenius system (Fresenius Medical Care North America, Waltham, MA, USA) (IRR 2.49, 95% CI: 1.27, 4.89). The risk of peritonitis was lower in those on automated PD compared with standard PD (IRR 0.43, 95% CI: 0.25, 0.74), and in centers with a patient-staff ratio of 15 to 29.9 (IRR 0.67, 95% CI: 0.49, 0.90) and 30 (IRR 0.52, 95% CI: 0.34, 0.80). Prevalent patients and exit-site care with topical antibiotics were also protective against peritonitis. Peritonitis rates varied between racial groups. The IRRs of overall peritonitis and gram-positive peritonitis in Chinese versus other racial groups were 0.65 (95% CI: 0.46, 0.90) and 0.47 (95% CI: 0.24, 0.91), respectively. Conclusions: Multiple patient, center, and PD-system factors influence the risk of peritonitis. In the Asian population, there are racial differences in the risk of peritonitis.
Bae S.-C.,Hanyang University |
Gun S.C.,Hospital Tuanku jaAfar Seremban |
Mok C.C.,Tuen Mun Hospital |
Khandker R.,Pfizer |
And 5 more authors.
BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders | Year: 2013
Background: Patient reported outcomes (PROs) are especially useful in assessing treatments for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) since they measure dimensions of health-related quality of life that cannot be captured using strictly objective physiological measures. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of combination etanercept and methotrexate (ETN + MTX) versus combination synthetic disease modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) and methotrexate (DMARD + MTX) on PRO measures among RA patients from the Asia-Pacific region, a population not widely studied to date. Patients with established moderate to severe rheumatoid arthritis who had an inadequate response to methotrexate were studied. Methods. Patients were randomized to either ETN + MTX (N = 197) or DMARD + MTX (N = 103) in an open-label, active-comparator, multicenter study, with PRO measures designed as prospective secondary endpoints. The Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ), Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy Fatigue Scale (FACIT-Fatigue), Medical Outcomes Short Form-36 Health Survey (SF-36), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and the Work Productivity and Activity Impairment Questionnaire: General Health (WPAI:GH) were used. Results: Significantly greater improvements were noted for the ETN + MTX group at week16 for HAQ mean scores and for proportion of patients achieving HAQ score ≤ 0.5, compared to patients in the DMARD + MTX group. SF-36 Summary Scores for physical and mental components and for 6 of 8 health domains showed significantly greater improvements at week16 for the ETN + MTX group; only scores for physical functioning and role-emotional domains did not differ significantly between the two treatment arms. Greater improvements at week16 were noted for the ETN + MTX group for FACIT-Fatigue, HADS, and WPAI:GH mean scores. Conclusion: Combination therapy using ETN + MTX demonstrated superior improvements using a comprehensive set of PRO measures, compared to combination therapy with usual standard of care DMARDs plus MTX in patients with established rheumatoid arthritis from the Asia-Pacific region. Trial registration. clintrials.gov # NCT00422227. © 2013 Bae et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
Koh K.C.,International Medical University |
Yong L.S.,Hospital Tuanku jaAfar Seremban
Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Infectious Diseases | Year: 2014
We describe the HIV risk perception, sexual behavior, and HIV prevalence among 423 men-who-have-sex-with-men (MSM) clients who received voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) services at a community-based center in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The mean age was 29 years old. One hundred one (23.9%) clients rated themselves as low risk, 118 (27.9%) as medium risk, 36 (8.5%) as high risk, and 168 (39.7%) were unsure of their risk. Twenty-four (9.4%) clients tested HIV positive (4 (4%) low risk, 9 (7.6%) medium risk, 11 (30.6%) high risk, and 13 (7.7%) unsure risk). We found a positive correlation between risk perception and HIV infection in this study. Clients with high HIV risk perception have 17x the odds of testing HIV positive compared to low risk clients. High HIV risk perception was significantly associated with multiple sex partners, multiple types of sex partners, alcohol use before intercourse, unprotected sex beyond 6 months, and inconsistent condom use during anal sex compared to low risk clients. There were no statistically significant differences between medium risk and unsure risk clients compared to low risk clients. Strategies should be targeted towards change in sexual practices among those who are perceived to be at high risk. © 2014 Kwee Choy Koh and Lit Sin Yong.
Idris N.,International Medical University |
Arsyad A.H.,Hospital Tuanku Jaafar Seremban
Malaysian Family Physician | Year: 2012
Vitamin B12 deficiency is a well-known cause of megaloblastic anaemia and pancytopenia. However, the incidence in pregnancy is rarely reported. We present a case of a 32-year old multigravid woman who was diagnosed with megaloblastic anaemia since 22 weeks gestation and progressed to develop severe pancytopenia at 30 weeks gestation. She was also diagnosed with vitamin B12 deficiency related to dietary and sociocultural habits. Folate and iron levels were normal throughout pregnancy. Treatment with parenteral cyano-cobalamin resulted in sustained improvement of haematological parameters. The pregnancy was carried to term and the baby was born weighing 2,050gm but otherwise well at birth and had normal developmental milestones thereafter. This case illustrates the clinical presentation of maternal vitamin B12 deficiency and demonstrates the importance of detecting and treating maternal vitamin B12 deficiency during pregnancy in at-risk patients. Failure to diagnose and institute treatment carries significant risks to both mother and child. Oral vitamin B12 supplementation should be considered for patients who are strict vegetarians or consume very little animal products.
Aina Mariana A.M.,Hospital Tuanku Jaafar Seremban |
Wong S.L.,Hospital Tuanku Jaafar Seremban
Medical Journal of Malaysia | Year: 2011
The aim of the study was to document the prevalence of learning disability among the children attending the Paediatric Clinic in Hospital Tuanku Ja'afar Seremban. The demographic distribution of these patients; the age of detection of the problem; the associated medical conditions and types of intervention received by these patients were documented. Patients who were between the ages of five to twelve years were included in the study. Learning disability was divided into three categories: speech and articulation problems, academic skills disorder and other categories which included developmental delay. Children with cerebral palsy were excluded from the study. Out of 1320 patients screened, 355 were found to have learning disorders. Majority were Malays, with the male to female ratio of 1.9:1. Most of the patients stayed in Seremban. The learning problem was most commonly detected at the age of 4 years and below. The commonest type of learning disorder was developmental delay, followed by academic skills disorder, speech and academic skills problems and speech disorders. Problems that were detected early were speech problems and developmental delay. Majority of the children had associated medical conditions. Most of the patients received some form of intervention but 11.3% did not attend any intervention program at all. A strategy should be formulated and implemented to help this group of children.
Shamsudin N.S.,Hospital Tuanku Jaafar Seremban |
Ambu V.K.,Hospital Tuanku Jaafar Seremban |
Kumarasamy S.,Hospital Tuanku Jaafar Seremban |
Ramasundram S.,Hospital Tuanku Jaafar Seremban
Rawal Medical Journal | Year: 2015
Mastoid osteoma is a rare benign bone forming describe our experience in surgical management tumor, which is usually asymptomatic and poses a of a simple osteoma and another mastoid problem cosmetically although a few have osteoma complicated with cholesteatoma. © 2015, Pakistan Medical Association. All right received.
Fox L.M.,Royal Melbourne Hospital |
Fox L.M.,University of Melbourne |
Choo P.,Royal Melbourne Hospital |
Choo P.,Hospital Tuanku jaafar Seremban |
And 12 more authors.
Archives of Disease in Childhood: Fetal and Neonatal Edition | Year: 2014
Background: Cranial ultrasound cerebral biometric measurements have been used in preterm neonates, particularly in cases of ventriculomegaly. While cerebral biometric measures using MRI have been found to correlate with long-term outcome, the relationship between cranial ultrasound biometric measures and neurodevelopmental outcome has not been established. Objective: To assess the relationship between ventricular size at 1 month of age using cranial ultrasound and neurodevelopmental outcome at 2 years in very preterm infants. Method: Digital cranial ultrasound images taken between 25 and 35 days of age of 44 infants born at less than 30 weeks' gestation were analysed independently by two observers. Infants with significant ultrasound abnormalities were excluded. A range of ultrasound linear measures were correlated with Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, Third Edition (Bayley-III) motor, language and cognitive composite scores at 2 years using linear regression. Results Larger lateral ventricular sizes (anterior horn width, ventricular height, midbody ventricular height) and larger ventricular-brain biparietal ratios were related to poorer motor composite score at 2 years. A ventricular-brain ratio of less than 0.3 was reassuring with regard to motor outcome. Poorer language composite scores at 2 years were associated with larger midbody ventricular heights. There was little evidence of a relationship with the cognitive composite score. Conclusions: Larger lateral ventricles in the parietal region at a month of age were related to poorer motor development at 2 years. Larger ventricular measurements were also related to slower early language development. The role of cranial ultrasound biometric measures as biomarkers of later outcome in very preterm infants warrants further investigation.
PubMed | Hospital Tuanku Jaafar Seremban
Type: Case Reports | Journal: Lupus | Year: 2016
Pseudo-pseudo Meigs syndrome (PPMS) has been reported to be a rare presentation of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). However, such a presentation is not common in other forms of connective tissue disease. We presented a case of gross ascites, pleural effusion, and marked elevation of CA-125 level (PPMS-like features) that led to a diagnosis of MCTD. The patient responded to systemic steroid therapy.
PubMed | Hospital Tuanku Jaafar Seremban
Type: | Journal: International journal of retina and vitreous | Year: 2016
Dengue virus infection is on the rise and there is increasing number of ocular complications that are being reported. Most common ocular complications are macular edema, macular hemorrhages, and foveolitis. There are case reports on branch retinal vessel occlusions. Most of the ocular complications are attributed to the bleeding tendency and transudative process in dengue viral infection. This is a case report of ischemic central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) concomitant with dengue fever.A 41year old Malay female was admitted to medical ward and diagnosed to have dengue fever with warning signs. On the day of admission she noted sudden onset of right eye blurring of vision. She presented to our clinic 1week later. Ocular examination revealed right eye visual acuity of <20/1000 and ischaemic CRVO with macular edema. She had no other risk factors to develop retinal vein occlusion. She progressively developed proliferative retinopathy and received multiple laser therapy. There was no anterior segment neovascularization. However, her vision improved to only 20/400 despite of resolution of macular edema and new vessels elsewhere.Dengue virus infection is known to cause thrombocytopenia which can result in hemorrhagic events. It can also cause procoagulant state which can result in thrombotic events secondary to immune reaction. Awareness among treating physicians of such ocular complication which can result in significant morbidity for patient is necessary.
PubMed | Hospital Tuanku Jaafar Seremban
Type: Journal Article | Journal: The Medical journal of Malaysia | Year: 2012
The aim of the study was to document the prevalence of learning disability among the children attending the Paediatric Clinic in Hospital Tuanku Jaafar Seremban. The demographic distribution of these patients; the age of detection of the problem; the associated medical conditions and types of intervention received by these patients were documented. Patients who were between the ages of five to twelve years were included in the study. Learning disability was divided into three categories: speech and articulation problems, academic skills disorder and other categories which included developmental delay. Children with cerebral palsy were excluded from the study. Out of 1320 patients screened, 355 were found to have learning disorders. Majority were Malays, with the male to female ratio of 1.9:1. Most of the patients stayed in Seremban. The learning problem was most commonly detected at the age of 4 years and below. The commonest type of learning disorder was developmental delay, followed by academic skills disorder, speech and academic skills problems and speech disorders. Problems that were detected early were speech problems and developmental delay. Majority of the children had associated medical conditions. Most of the patients received some form of intervention but 11.3% did not attend any intervention program at all. A strategy should be formulated and implemented to help this group of children.