The lincRNA HOTAIRM1, located in the HOXA genomic region, is expressed in acute myeloid leukemia, impacts prognosis in patients in the intermediate-risk cytogenetic category, and is associated with a distinctive microRNA signature
Diaz-Beya M.,Institute dInvestigacions Bomediques August Pi i Sunyer IDIBAPS |
Diaz-Beya M.,Josep Carreras Leukemia Research Institute IJC |
Brunet S.,Josep Carreras Leukemia Research Institute IJC |
Brunet S.,Biomedical Research Institute Sant Pau |
And 25 more authors.
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are deregulated in several tumors, although their role in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is mostly unknown. We have examined the expression of the lncRNA HOX antisense intergenic RNA myeloid 1 (HOTAIRM1) in 241 AML patients. We have correlated HOTAIRM1 expression with a miRNA expression profile. We have also analyzed the prognostic value of HOTAIRM1 expression in 215 intermediate-risk AML (IR-AML) patients. The lowest expression level was observed in acute promyelocytic leukemia (P < 0.001) and the highest in t(6;9) AML (P = 0.005). In 215 IR-AML patients, high HOTAIRM1 expression was independently associated with shorter overall survival (OR:2.04;P = 0.001), shorter leukemia-free survival (OR:2.56; P < 0.001) and a higher cumulative incidence of relapse (OR:1.67; P = 0.046). Moreover, HOTAIRM1 maintained its independent prognostic value within the favorable molecular subgroup (OR: 3.43; P = 0.009). Interestingly, HOTAIRM1 was overexpressed in NPM1- mutated AML (P < 0.001) and within this group retained its prognostic value (OR: 2.21; P = 0.01). Moreover, HOTAIRM1 expression was associated with a specific 33- microRNA signature that included miR-196b (P < 0.001). miR-196b is located in the HOX genomic region and has previously been reported to have an independent prognostic value in AML. miR-196b and HOTAIRM1 in combination as a prognostic factor can classify patients as high-, intermediate-, or low-risk (5-year OS: 24% vs 42% vs 70%; P = 0.004). Determination of HOTAIRM1 level at diagnosis provided relevant prognostic information in IR-AML and allowed refinement of risk stratification based on common molecular markers. The prognostic information provided by HOTAIRM1 was strengthened when combined with miR-196b expression. Furthermore, HOTAIRM1 correlated with a 33-miRNA signature. Source
Zaballos P.,Hospital Sant Pau i Santa Tecla |
Llambrich A.,Hospital de Son Llatzer |
Del Pozo L.J.,Hospital Universitari Son Espases |
Landi C.,Dermatology |
And 3 more authors.
Background: Targetoid hemosiderotic hemangioma is an uncommon, vascular, benign solitary lesion of lymphatic origin that can be misdiagnosed as other tumors including melanomas. Objectives: To evaluate the dermoscopic features of a large series of targetoid hemosiderotic hemangiomas. Methods: Digital dermoscopic images of 35 histopathologically confirmed cases of targetoid hemosiderotic hemangiomas collected from 7 hospitals in Spain and Italy were evaluated for the presence of dermoscopic structures and patterns. Results: The results of our study reveal that the presence of central red and dark lacunae and a peripheral circular reddish-violaceous homogeneous area is the most common dermoscopic pattern in targetoid hemosiderotic hemangioma (71.4%). The targetoid hemosiderotic hemangiomas of our study were correctly diagnosed in 77% of cases. Conclusion: Dermoscopy is helpful in improving the diagnosis of targetoid hemosiderotic hemangioma. However, attention must be paid to those cases that dermoscopically may show nontargetoid patterns, which often mimic other lesions, including melanoma. © 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel. Copyright: All rights reserved. Source
Zaballos P.,Hospital Sant Pau i Santa Tecla |
Carulla M.,Hospital Sant Pau i Santa Tecla |
Ozdemir F.,Ege University |
Zalaudek I.,Medical University of Graz |
And 5 more authors.
British Journal of Dermatology
Summary Background Pyogenic granuloma is a common, benign, vascular lesion of the skin and mucous membranes which is a simulator of amelanotic/ hypomelanotic melanoma and other tumours. Objectives To determine the diagnostic significance of dermoscopic structures and patterns associated with pyogenic granulomas in a large series of cases. Methods Digital dermoscopic images of histopathologically proven cases of 122 pyogenic granulomas and 140 other tumours (28 amelanotic melanomas, seven melanoma metastases, 22 basal cell carcinomas and 83 other tumours) were collected from university hospitals in Spain, Italy, Austria and Turkey. The frequency, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, intraobserver agreement and interobserver agreement of the dermoscopic structures and patterns associated with pyogenic granulomas were calculated. Results Vascular structures were observed in 45% of pyogenic granulomas (sensitivity of 45·1% and specificity of 17·9%; both P < 0·001). Seven exclusive patterns were made up from the combination of the structures 'reddish homogeneous area' (RHA), 'white collarette' (WC), 'white rail lines' (WRL) and 'vascular structures' (VS). The pattern composed of RHA, WC and WRL showed the highest sensitivity (22·1%; P < 0·001) and a specificity of 100% (P < 0·001) for pyogenic granulomas. Two other patterns (RHA + WC and RHA + WC + WRL + VS) showed 100% specificity when compared with melanoma (P < 0·001 and P < 0·05, respectively). Conclusions Even though some dermoscopic patterns are useful in the recognition of pyogenic granulomas, dermoscopy is not a substitute for histology, mostly when vessels are present, as melanoma cannot be ruled out. © 2010 British Association of Dermatologists. Source
Lecube A.,University of Lleida |
Lecube A.,Hospital Universitari Vall dHebron |
de Hollanda A.,University of Lleida |
Calanas A.,Hospital Universitario Reina Sofia |
And 19 more authors.
Background: Specific data is needed to safely expand bariatric surgery and to preserve good surgical outcomes in response to the non-stop increase in obesity prevalence worldwide. Objective: The aims of this study are to provide an overview of the baseline characteristics, type of surgery, and 30-day postoperative morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing bariatric surgery in Spanish public hospitals, and evaluate changes throughout the 2000–2014 period. Material and Methods: This is a descriptive study using data from the RICIBA, a computerized multicenter and multidisciplinary registry created by the Obesity Group of the Endocrinology and Nutrition Spanish Society. Three periods according to the date of surgery were created: January 2000 to December 2004 (G1), January 2005 to December 2009 (G2), and January 2010 to December 2014 (G3). Results: Data from 3843 patients were available (44.8 ± 10.5 years, a 3:1 female-to-male ratio, 46.9 ± 8.2 kg/m2). Throughout the 15-year period assessed, candidate patients for bariatric surgery were progressively older and less obese, with an increase in associated comorbidities and in the prevalence of men. The global trend also showed a progressive decrease in Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, the most performed bariatric procedure (75.1 % in G1, 69.3 % in G2, and 42.6 % in G3; p < 0.001), associated with a parallel increase in sleeve gastrectomy (0.8 % in G1, 18.1 % in G2, and 39.6 % in G3; p < 0.001). An overall mortality rate of 0.3 % was reported. Conclusions: Data from Spain is similar to data observed worldwide. Information recorded in the National Registries like RICIBA is necessary in order to safely expand bariatric surgery in response to increasing demand. © 2015, Springer Science+Business Media New York. Source
Zaballos P.,Hospital Sant Pau i Santa Tecla |
Serrano P.,Hospital Sant Pau i Santa Tecla |
Flores G.,Institute Universitari dInvestigacio en Atencio Primaria Jordi Gol |
Banuls J.,Hospital Universitario Of Alicante |
And 9 more authors.
Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology
Background Naevus sebaceous is a congenital hamartoma commonly associated with the development of secondary neoplasms. There are sparse data relating to the dermoscopy of tumours arising in naevus sebaceous. Objectives To evaluate the dermoscopic features of a large series of neoplasms arising in naevus sebaceous. Methods Digital dermoscopic images of 58 histopathologically confirmed cases of secondary neoplasms arising in naevus sebaceous collected from 11 hospitals in Spain, France, Italy and Austria were evaluated for the presence of dermoscopic structures and patterns. Results The most frequent tumours collected were: trichoblastoma (39.6%), basal cell carcinoma (20.7%) and syringocystadenoma papilliferum (15.6%). The most remarkable findings were: (i) the pattern composed of asymmetrical large blue-grey ovoid nests was more common in basal cell carcinomas than in trichoblastoma (58.3% vs. 4.3%; P < 0.001) and the pattern composed of a symmetrical total large blue-grey ovoid nest (a blue-grey homogeneous area which occupies the whole lesion) was more common in trichoblastoma (82.6% vs. 16.6%; P < 0.001); (ii) the most frequent pattern associated with syringocystadenoma papilliferum was a symmetric, erythematous lesion with exophytic papillary structures, ulceration and vessels (55.5%); (iii) the most common pattern associated with apocrine hidrocystomas was a total symmetric homogeneous area and arborizing telangiectasias (60%). Conclusions Benign adnexal tumours associated with naevus sebaceous are dermoscopic mimickers of basal cell carcinomas. A pigmented nodule arising in a naevus sebaceous with a total blue large ovoid nest on dermoscopy could be a trichoblastoma, basal cell carcinoma, hidrocystoma or hidradenoma. Dermoscopy can be a useful diagnostic tool which generates a more accurate preoperative diagnosis. © 2015 European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology. Source