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Tarragona, Spain

Freire M.,Hospital Juan Canalejo | Rodriguez J.,Hospital Universitari Of Bellvitge | Moller I.,Instituto POAL | Valcarcel A.,Hospital Nuestra Senora del Rossell | And 3 more authors.
Reumatologia Clinica | Year: 2011

Fundamento y objetivo: Las alteraciones psicológicas son frecuentes entre pacientes con enfermedades reumáticas. El objetivo del estudio fue conocer la prevalencia de los síntomas de ansiedad y depresión en pacientes con artritis psoriásica que acuden a consultas de reumatología. Pacientes y método: Estudio transversal multicéntrico en consultas de reumatología. Se seleccionaron pacientes con artritis psoriásica; se recogieron variables sociodemográficas, clínicas y centradas en el paciente (Escala Hospitalaria de Ansiedad y Depresión o HADs, cuestionario EQ-5D, etc.).Se calculó la prevalencia de síntomas de ansiedad y depresión en esta población según una puntuación ≥11 en HADs o estar recibiendo tratamiento farmacológico. Se utilizó un modelo de regresión logística para conocer las variables relacionadas con la presencia de síntomas de ansiedad o depresión. Resultados: Se incluyeron 495 pacientes, 42,8% mujeres y edad media (DE) de 50,4 (12,7) años.La prevalencia de síntomas de ansiedad fue 29,7% y 17,6% de depresión. Los pacientes con síntomas de ansiedad o depresión presentaron mayor afectación en todas las dimensiones del EQ-5D (p<0,01).La mayor prevalencia en la población de estudio de ansiedad se relacionó con ser mujeres, patrón de debut mixto respecto al periférico y en tratamiento con FAME en monoterapia respecto a FAME+AINES o biológico en monoterapia. La mayor prevalencia de depresión se relacionó con ser mujeres y patrón de debut mixto respecto al periférico. Conclusión: La prevalencia de síntomas de ansiedad y de depresión es elevada en pacientes con artritis psoriásica en la población de este estudio. Fundamental and Objective: Psychological impairment is frequent in patients with rheumatic diseases. The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of symptoms of anxiety and depression in patients with psoriatic arthritis attending rheumatology clinics. Patients and method: Multicentre cross-sectional study conducted in rheumatology clinics. Patients with psoriatic arthritis were recruited; variables retrieved were sociodemographic, clinical and patient centered (Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale o HADs, EQ-5D questionnaire, etc.).Prevalence in the study population was calculated as anxiety or depression symptoms by an HADs score ≥11 or those receiving pharmacological treatment. A logistics regression model was used to know which variables were related to symptoms of anxiety or depression. Results: A total of 495 patients were included, 42.8% were women and median (SD) age was 50.4 (12.7) years.Prevalence of symptoms of anxiety were 29.7% and prevalence of symptoms of depression was 17,6%. Patients with anxiety or depression symptoms had all EQ-5D dimensions affected (p<0.01).Higher prevalence of anxiety was related to being a woman, a mixed onset pattern with respect to peripheral joints and those treated with DMARD alone with respect to DMARD+NSAID or biologic alone. A higher depression prevalence was related to being a woman and a mixed onset pattern with respect to peripheral joints. Conclusion: The prevalence of anxiety symptoms and the prevalence of depression symptoms are high among patients suffering psoriatic arthritis in the studied population. © 2009 Elsevier España, S.L. Source

Aviles-Jurado F.X.,Rovira i Virgili University | Terra X.,Rovira i Virgili University | Gomez D.,Hospital Sant Joan de Reus | Flores J.C.,Rovira i Virgili University | And 8 more authors.
European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology | Year: 2015

Identifying serum pre-treatment molecular markers that can predict response to therapy is of great interest in head and neck oncology and is required to develop personalized treatments that maximize survival while minimizing morbidity. The main aim was to investigate the potential prognostic significance of tumor necrosis factor-like weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK), and its receptors, fibroblast growth factor-inducible 14 (Fn14) and CD163, in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). The study comprised 37 consecutive patients with pathologically confirmed, untreated HNSCC. Serum and tissue samples from these patients were available for study. We determined sTWEAK and sCD163 levels in serum from 37 HNSCC patients by ELISA. TWEAK, CD163, Fn14 and TNF-α gene expression were detected by real-time RT-PCR in 111 matched tissue samples (tumoral, adjacent and distal/normal mucosa). Our results showed a significant relationship between low sTWEAK levels and poor locoregional control of the disease. Kaplan–Meier curves indicated that the locoregional recurrence-free survival rate in patients with low sTWEAK circulating levels was significantly lower than in patients with high levels, and that high CD136/TWEAK expression ratio in tumors was also related to poor prognosis. sTWEAK pre-treatment serum levels might be used as prognostic non-invasive biomarkers for locoregional control in patients with HNSCC. Future investigations are warranted to determine the potential prognostic significance of this non-invasive biomarker in the rapid discrimination according to the locoregional control achieved in patients who received a non-surgical organ preservation treatment. © 2014, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Source

Maravi-Poma E.,Intensive Care Unit | Martin-Loeches I.,Rovira i Virgili University | Regidor E.,Intensive Care Unit | Laplaza C.,Intensive Care Unit | And 13 more authors.
Critical Care Medicine | Year: 2011

OBJECTIVES: To describe the severity of the 2009 influenza A/H1N1v illness among pregnant women admitted to Spanish intensive care units. DESIGN AND PATIENTS: Prospective, observational, multicenter study conducted in 148 Spanish intensive care units. We reviewed demographic and clinical data from the Spanish Society of Intensive Care Medicine database reported from April 23, 2009, to February 15, 2010. We included women of reproductive age (15-44 yrs) with confirmed A/H1N1v infection admitted to intensive care units. MAIN RESULTS: Two hundred thirty-four women of reproductive age were admitted to intensive care units, 50 (21.4%) of them pregnant. Seven deaths were recorded in pregnant and 22 in nonpregnant women. Among intensive care unit admissions, there were no statistically significant differences between pregnant women and nonpregnant in Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II, Sequential Organ Failure Assessment scores, chest X-rays, inotrope requirement, or need for mechanical ventilation or steroid therapy. Mortality risk was significantly associated with Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II, Sequential Organ Failure Assessment, and obesity. Viral pneumonia was more frequent in pregnant women than in nonpregnant women, with an odds ratio (adjusted for asthma, time from onset influenza symptoms to hospital admission and obesity) of 4.9 (95% confidence interval: 1.4-17.2). The development of primary viral pneumonia in women of reproductive age appeared to be related to the time of commencement of antiviral treatment, the lowest rates being reported with initiation of antiviral therapy within 48 hrs of symptom onset (63.6% vs. 82.6%, p =.03). However, antiviral therapy was started within this time span in only 14% of pregnant women. CONCLUSIONS: More than 20% of women of reproductive age admitted to intensive care unit for pH1N1 infection were pregnant. Pregnancy was significantly associated with primary viral pneumonia. Pregnant women should receive prompt treatment with oseltamivir within 48 hrs of the onset of influenza symptoms. Copyright © 2011 by the Society of Critical Care Medicine and Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Source

Goya M.,Autonomous University of Barcelona | De La Calle M.,Hospital Materno Infantil la Paz | Pratcorona L.,Autonomous University of Barcelona | Merced C.,Autonomous University of Barcelona | And 8 more authors.
American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology | Year: 2016

Background Spontaneous preterm birth (SPB) is the leading cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality. In twins, the rate of preterm birth is higher than in singletons; interventions to prevent preterm birth are needed in this high-risk population. Objective We sought to test whether a cervical pessary reduces the preterm birth rate in twin pregnancies with sonographic short cervix. Study Design A prospective, open-label, multicenter, randomized clinical trial was conducted in 5 hospitals in Spain. The ethics committees of all participating hospitals approved the protocol. The trial was registered as ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT01242410. Eligible women were scanned in Spain. The primary outcome was SPB <34 weeks of gestation. Neonatal morbidity and mortality were also evaluated. Results Cervical length was measured in 2287 women; 137 pregnant women with a sonographic cervical length ≤25 mm (of 154 detected with a short cervix) were randomly assigned to receive a cervical pessary or expectant management (1:1 ratio). SPB <34 weeks of gestation was significantly less frequent in the pessary group than in the expectant management group (11/68 [16.2%] vs 26/66 [39.4%]; relative risk, 0.41; 95% confidence interval, 0.22-0.76). Pessary use was associated with a significant reduction in the rate of birthweight <2500 g (P =.01). No significant differences were observed in composite neonatal morbidity outcome (8/136 [5.9%] vs 12/130 [9.1%]; relative risk, 0.64; 95% confidence interval, 0.27-1.50) or neonatal mortality (none) between the groups. No serious adverse effects associated with the use of a cervical pessary were observed. Conclusion The insertion of a cervical pessary was associated with a significant reduction in the SPB rate. We propose the use of a cervical pessary for preventing preterm birth in twin pregnancies of mothers with a short cervix. © 2016 Elsevier Inc. Source

Fonollosa A.,Hospital Valle Hebron de Barcelona | Garcia-Arumi J.,Hospital Valle Hebron de Barcelona | Garcia-Arumi J.,Institute Microcirugia Ocular | Santos E.,Hospital Sant Joan de Reus | And 7 more authors.
Eye | Year: 2010

Purpose To investigate whether interleukine-8 (IL-8) and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) are related with macular oedema in patients with branch retinal vein occlusions (BRVOs). Design Retrospective case-control study. Participants Nineteen patients who had macular oedema due to BRVO and nine patients with non-ischaemic ocular diseases (control group). Methods Macular oedema was examined by optical coherence tomography. Both venous blood and vitreous samples were obtained at the time of vitreoretinal surgery. IL-8 and MCP-1 levels in vitreous fluid and plasma were determined with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kits. Variables were compared with the Mann-Whitney U-test, Wilcoxon's signed-ranked test, and the Ξ2-test, when appropriate. To examine correlations, Spearman's rank-order correlation coefficients were calculated. Statistical significance was set at P<0.05. Results The vitreous fluid levels of IL-8 (median: 63.5 pg/ml) and MCP-1 (median: 1522.4 pg/ml) were significantly higher in the patients with BRVO than in the control group (median: 5.1 and 746.5 pg/ml respectively; P<0.001 and <0.001 respectively). Vitreous IL-8 and MCP-1 were significantly correlated in patients with BRVO (P=0.009). Conclusions Both IL-8 and MCP-1 were elevated in the vitreous fluid of patients with BRVO and macular oedema. Both chemokines may contribute to the pathogenesis of macular oedema in patients with BRVO. Source

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