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Trivino M.,Hospital Universitario San Rafael | Correa A.,University of Granada | Arnedo M.,University of Granada | Lupianez J.,University of Granada
Brain | Year: 2010

The aim of this study was to explore, for the first time in patients, the neural bases of temporal orienting of attention as well as the interrelations with two other effects of temporal preparation: the foreperiod effect and sequential effects. We administered an experimental task to a group of 14 patients with prefrontal lesion, a group of 15 control subjects and a group of 7 patients with a basal ganglia lesion. In the task, a cue was presented (a short versus long line) to inform participants about the time of appearance (early versus late) of a target stimulus, and the duration of the cue-target time intervals (400 versus 1400 ms) was manipulated. In contrast to the control group, patients with right prefrontal lesion showed a clear deficit in the temporal orienting effect. The foreperiod effect was also affected in the group of patients with prefrontal lesion (without lateralization of the deficit), whereas sequential effects were preserved. The group of basal ganglia patients did not show deficits in any of the effects. These findings support the voluntary and strategic nature of the temporal orienting and foreperiod effects, which depend on the prefrontal cortex, as well as the more automatic nature of sequential effects, which do not depend on either prefrontal cortex or frontobasal circuits. Source

Objectives: The objectives of this study were to analyze the prevalence of obesity and overweight in the population of students assessed and verified the existence of a significant correlation between certain anthropometricindicators and levels of systolic blood pressure. Material: valued population consisted of 976 schoolchildren between 9 and 17 years old, belonging to 13 government schools in the city of Granada and its province. Methodology: experimental study based on the assessment of nutritional status using anthropometric techniques, weight, height and body mass index, six skinfold and waist and hip circumferences and blood pressure on three occasions. Results: We found a higher prevalence of obesity in girls between 12 and 13 years (15.1%). In boys, the prevalence of obesity waslower until the age of 13 years, after which the boys showed a recent increase in prevalence of obesity (12.6%). There was a significant correlation between systolic blood pressure levels and anthropometric variables as weight and thigh circumference, body mass index and hip circumference, but with a higher level of significance for boys. Conclusions: The results show an alarming increase in the prevalence of overweight and obesity among the population assessed, surpassing the data reported in its day by study enKid. The body mass index and waist circumference are the most accurate indicators for predicting cardiovascular risk situations during childhood and adolescence, including high blood pressure. Source

Hernandez Zambrano S.M.,Observatorio de Enfermeria Basada en la Evidencia | Amezcua M.,Hospital Universitario San Rafael | Amezcua M.,University of Granada | Gomez Urquiza J.L.,Observatorio de Enfermeria Basada en la Evidencia | And 3 more authors.
Index de Enfermeria | Year: 2015

Aim: Obtain a standarize structure to elaborate and plublish Self-care Recommenation Guides for patients and caregivers following a Participatory Action Research methodology. Methodology: The guide is made from three phases: Emergency, Interaction and Modeling. In the Emergency phase is identified and analyzes the main problem which affect to the target population, the development team is formed and a search of scientific literature in order to respond to this problem is done. In the Interaction phase, a dialogue of knowledge between professionals and citizens is set to analyze and select those recommendations that are considered a priority for the target population; they adapt the recommendations to the level of understanding and cultural environment of patients or caregivers and those recommendations are implemented in order to evaluate their effectiveness. Finally, in the Modeling phase, the final document is prepared, considering three elements: design guide, subject-matters and structure. Structure of the Guideline: The format set consists of 7 sections: presentation of the document, an overview of the problem approached in the guide, recommendations by themes, web resources for patients and caregivers, authors and institutions that participated in and bibliography. Expected utility: The information contained in these guides are adjusted to the language of citizens, it is rigorous but easy to understand and facilitates making decisions based on the best available evidence. For clinical nurses it becomes a new instrument aimed to design educational materials based on scientific evidence. © 2016 Fundación Index. Source

Jimenez E.G.,University of Granada | Ferre J.A.,Hospital Universitario San Rafael | Cordero M.J.A.,University of Granada
International Journal of Morphology | Year: 2011

The use of bisphosphonates is now particularly important in the therapeutic management of various pathologies, as an integral part of standard therapy. However, in an almost parallel form, a large number of cases have been documented in which the patient following treatment with bisphosphonates, developed a vascular necrosis event in the maxillary and/or mandibular region. This is an event of complex approach which tends to compromise and undermine the quality of life for our patients. However the possible occurrence of this complication should not on the other hand, imply misgivings about their use in therapy, but rather constitute an event to be monitored during the time of therapy. The aim of this paper is to advise about possible complications in patients receiving bisphosphonate therapy through literature review and the presentation of these three new clinical cases. Source

Aguilar Cordero M.J.,University of Granada | Gonzalez Jimenez E.,University of Granada | Garcia Garcia C.J.,University of Granada | Garcia Lopez P.A.,University of Granada | And 4 more authors.
Nutricion Hospitalaria | Year: 2011

Objectives: The objective of this research was to study the prevalence of obesity and excess weight in a population of school children and adolescents, and to verify the effectiveness of an educational intervention, as reflected in the variation of their body mass index values. Materials: The population sample was composed of 977 school children and adolescents from 9 to 17 years of age, belonging to 13 public elementary schools and high schools in the city and province of Granada (Spain). Methodology: This longitudinal cohort study was analytical, muticentric, and observational. It was carried out in three phases. The first phase involved the evaluation of the nutritional state of the sample population by means of anthropometric measurements (weight, height, body mass index, six skin folds and four body perimeters) as well as arterial blood pressure. The second phase entailed an educational intervention focusing on good nutritional habits and physical exercise. The third and final phase evaluated the effectiveness of the intervention. Results: A higher obesity prevalence (15.1%) was found in school girls between 12 and 13. In the case of boys, obesity prevalence was lower up to age 13 though afterwards, it progressively increased (12.6%). The educational intervention produced an important reduction in body mass index values in both sexes though this reduction was more significant in young females. Conclusions: There is a currently an alarming increase in obesity and overweight prevalence among the population evaluated in this study. The significant reduction in body mass index values resulting from this research confirmed the effectiveness of the educational intervention to reduce excess weight. Source

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