PubMed | University of Santiago de Chile, e Hospital Bocalandro, j Clinica Santa Maria Santiago, g Hospital Sotero del Rio and 6 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of chemotherapy (Florence, Italy) | Year: 2016
Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is probably one of the infections affecting ambulatory patients for which the most diverse guidelines have been written worldwide. Most guidelines agree that antimicrobial therapy should be initially tailored according to either the severity of the infection or the presence of co-morbidity and epidemiology. Nevertheless, a great variability may be noted among different countries in the selection of first choice antimicrobial agents, even for cases considered as low-risk. This may be due to the many microbial causes of CAP and specialties involved, as well as different healthcare systems which affect the availability or cost of antibiotics. However, many countries or regions adopt some of the guidelines or design their own recommendations, regardless of the local data, probably because of the scarcity of such data. A committee composed of South American infectious diseases specialists and microbiologists, with strong interest and recognized experience in CAP, were convened to establish a working group (ConsenSur) for designing a local evidence-based practice guideline for the initial management of CAP. This supplement is intended to give a practice recommendation for the initial antimicrobial treatment of CAP upon the basis of local evidence, in the hope of procuring a suitable tool for use by the different health-care providers concerned with the management of this infection in South America or in other countries where the main considerations for CAP are comparable.