Parraga-Martinez I.,La Roda Health Center |
Rabanales-Sotos J.,University of Castilla - La Mancha |
Lago-Deibe F.,Sardoma Health Center |
Tellez-Lapeira J.M.,Albacete Area Vb Health Center |
And 8 more authors.
BMC Cardiovascular Disorders | Year: 2015
Background: In subjects with hypercholesterolaemia, cholesterol values remain above guideline levels. One of the limiting factors to the achievement of goals in such patients is therapeutic non-adherence. The aim of this study is to assess the effectiveness of an intervention designed to improve control of hypercholesterolaemic patients, consisting of a combined strategy that would include the delivery of printed information, treatment-compliance check cards and the dispatch of text messages as complementary measures in support of the intervention at the general practitioner's practice. Methods/Design: A randomised, parallel-group clinical trial will be conducted at the family medicine outpatient facilities of eight health centres in three of Spain's Autonomous Regions (Comunidades Autónomas), covering a total of 358 subjects aged 18years or over with diagnosis of hypercholesterolaemia. Patients in the intervention group will be supplied with printed material with information on the disease and its management, mobile-telephone text messages with guideline summaries, reminders of forthcoming appointments and/or arrangements for making new appointments in the event of non-attendance, and self-report cards to check compliance with recommendations. Both groups -intervention and control- will receive routine recommendations from their physicians in accordance with current European clinical practice guidelines for hypercholesterolaemia and cardiovascular risk management. As regards the measurements to be made, the main variable is the proportion of subjects who attain the low density lipoprotein cholesterol levels set as a target across a follow-up period of 24months. The secondary variables are as follows: adherence to recommendations on lifestyle and adherence to drug treatment; variation in lipid profiles and cardiovascular risk levels; appearance of cardiovascular events; physical activity; food consumption; smoking habit; anthropometric measures; blood pressure; health problems; use of hypolipidaemic agents; socio-demographic data; beliefs and expectations about preventive recommendations; and degree of satisfaction with the combined strategy. Discussion: Should this intervention prove effective, a recommendation could be issued on the application of this combined strategy to subjects with hypercholesterolaemia. It is a simple, relatively inexpensive intervention. Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT02314663. © Párraga-Martínez et al. Source
Andrade-Campos M.M.,University of Zaragoza |
Andrade-Campos M.M.,CIBER ISCIII |
Montes-Limon A.E.,University of Zaragoza |
Soro-Alcubierre G.,University of Zaragoza |
And 5 more authors.
Annals of Hematology | Year: 2014
The aim of this study was to analyze the outcomes of 37 follicular lymphoma (FL) patients treated with 90ytrium ibritumomab tiuxetan (90Y-IT), outside of clinical trial, according to protocol ISCRTN36210045, after ≥5 years follow-up to February 2014. Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) was evaluated with the SF-36, Spanish version, and compared with the general population of Spain. Patients had a mean age of 61.9 (range, 30–85) years and included 18 males. FLIPI, low: 25 (67.6 %), intermedium 9 (24.3 %), and low 3 (8.1 %). Previous therapy schedules >2: 48.6 % The median follow-up was 66 months, mean Time to Relapse (TTR) 71.3 months (58.8–83.8) median not reached. Thirty-four patients achieved complete response (91.8 %), and three no response. Mean overall survival: 82.3 months (71.6–92.9). Four patients presented with concomitant tumors (colon, breast, prostate, lung) after radioimmunotherapy, and three developed second primary neoplasms (esophagus, renal, and myelodysplastic syndrome in a relapsed patient who received fludarabine). Four of 10 deaths were related to lymphoma progression. Hematological toxicities were mild and easily managed. No patients required hospitalization. Negative scores were obtained in the physical and emotional roles items; however, the perception of general health and vitality were better than in the general population, with the best outcomes in non-relapsed patients. Radioimmunotherapy with 90Y-IT was safe and effective as long-term therapy in patients with FL. Early use of radioimmunotherapy could offer good, sustained responses with low toxicity over the long term and acceptable HRQoL. © 2014, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Source
Gimenez-Munoz A.,Royo Villanova Hospital |
Campello I.,Royo Villanova Hospital |
Trullen J.M.P.,Royo Villanova Hospital |
Alfaro J.,Royo Villanova Hospital |
And 2 more authors.
Neurologist | Year: 2015
Introduction: Central nervous system infections caused by Listeria monocytogenes usually manifest in the form of meningitis or meningoencephalitis, and are more common among immunosuppressed patients. Brainstem encephalitis (rhombencephalitis) is less common and fatal if not recognized and treated early. Case Report: We describe the case of a 40-year-old, immunocompetent male patient, who presented with initial symptoms of high fever and productive cough. Signs of brainstem involvement appeared later. A magnetic resonance imaging of the brain revealed a lesion of inflammatory appearance in the right medulla oblongata, and the cerebrospinal fluid test showed mononuclear pleocytosis. Blood and cerebrospinal fluid cultures were negative. He presented with a significant improvement with the start of ceftriaxone and subsequent association of corticosteroids, until he developed respiratory failure and died. The third blood cultures grew after his death and they were positive for L. monocytogenes. An autopsy was carried out, which showed necrotizing inflammation, with gram-positive bacilli in the brainstem and the cerebellum. Conclusions: A fatal delay in the diagnosis occurred, mainly because of the favorable clinical response to ceftriaxone and corticosteroids. This case reminds us that a febrile clinical presentation with brainstem involvement must generate the suspicion of a Listeria infection, and therefore ampicillin must be a part of the empirical treatment. © Copyright 2015 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved. Source
Gudmundsson J.,DeCODE Genetics Inc. |
Besenbacher S.,DeCODE Genetics Inc. |
Sulem P.,DeCODE Genetics Inc. |
Gudbjartsson D.F.,DeCODE Genetics Inc. |
And 52 more authors.
Science Translational Medicine | Year: 2010
Measuring serum levels of the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is the most common screening method for prostate cancer. However, PSA levels are affected by a number of factors apart from neoplasia. Notably, around 40% of the variability of PSA levels in the general population is accounted for by inherited factors, suggesting that it may be possible to improve both sensitivity and specificity by adjusting test results for genetic effects. To search for sequence variants that associate with PSA levels, we performed a genome-wide association study and follow-up analysis using PSA information from 15,757 Icelandic and 454 British men not diagnosed with prostate cancer. Overall, we detected a genome-wide significant association between PSA levels and single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) at six loci: 5p15.33 (rs2736098), 10q11 (rs10993994), 10q26 (rs10788160), 12q24 (rs11067228), 17q12 (rs4430796), and 19q13.33 [rs17632542 (KLK3: I179T)], each with Pcombined <3 × 10-10. Among 3834 men who underwent a biopsy of the prostate, the 10q26, 12q24, and 19q13.33 alleles that associate with high PSA levels are associated with higher probability of a negative biopsy (odds ratio between 1.15 and 1.27). Assessment of association between the six loci and prostate cancer risk in 5325 cases and 41,417 controls from Iceland, the Netherlands, Spain, Romania, and the United States showed that the SNPs at 10q26 and 12q24 were exclusively associated with PSA levels, whereas the other four loci also were associated with prostate cancer risk. We propose that a personalized PSA cutoff value, based on genotype, should be used when deciding to perform a prostate biopsy. Source
Tricas Moreno J.M.,University of Zaragoza |
Salavera Bordas C.,University of Zaragoza |
Lucha Lopez M.O.,University of Zaragoza |
Vidal Peracho C.,Royo Villanova Hospital |
And 3 more authors.
International Journal of Mental Health Systems | Year: 2010
Background: The notion of stress in connection with the work environment became an important topic during the 1970's, when the first studies on the subject were published and the term of work stress was first coined. In 1974, Freudenberger proposed the term burnout to refer to the condition of physical and emotional exhaustion, as well as the associated negative attitudes, resulting from the intense interaction in working with people. The aim of our study is to examine burnout and job satisfaction in Saragossa University Services and Administration Staff (SAS) and detect the main factors which could contribute to too much stress, because job stress has emerged as a major psychosocial influence on mental health, associated with burnout.Methods: 24 people from the Services and Administration Staff in the University of Saragossa participated in the study. The research was carried out during the implementation of a module on Stress Management organised by the University of Saragossa and commissioned to the Unit for Research in Physical Therapy (University School of Health Sciences) from that University. This research is an exploratory research to improve the stress management program. A personal interview was carried out and additionally, participants were given the Maslach Burnout Inventory and the Scale of Satisfaction at Work of Warr, Cook & Wall.Results: However using small sample this is worth to state that participants present most of them low burnout levels in the burnout scale. Only in one person high exhaustion level was reflected, even though other seven showed mean levels; in the professional self-esteem section, most of them showed high self-esteem, with two cases of low self-esteem and five with mean level.With regard to satisfaction people participating in the study show mean levels in intrinsic as much as in extrinsic factors and general satisfaction.Conclusions: Services and Administration Staff from the University of Saragossa shows low burnout levels linked with high professional self-esteem and low emotional exhaustion and depersonalization.It has been found also medium levels in work satisfaction probably related with the continuous quality improvement efforts in the academics environment to create protective factors in decreasing levels of job stress.These results show that not only personality or temperament have an influence on burnout and stress, also the job conditions are related with these diseases. These aspects should be taken into account in the design of stress prevention programme at work. © 2010 Moreno et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source