Garcia-Alvarez F.,University of Zaragoza |
Al-Ghanem R.,University of Zaragoza |
Garcia-Alvarez I.,Hospital Royo Villanova Zaragoza |
Lopez-Baisson A.,University of Zaragoza |
Bernal M.,University of Zaragoza
Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics | Year: 2010
Specific conditions associated with surgery may predispose elderly people to septic complications after hip fracture surgery. This study investigated the risk factors predisposing infection in aged patients with subcapital hip fracture. We performed a prospective study of 290 patients with displaced subcapital hip fracture, operated by means of Thompson hip hemi-arthroplasty (83.5% fractures in women). The mean age was 85.42 ± 6.06 years (ranging from 69 to 104). Follow-up was realized until death or at least for 2 years. The χ2 test, analysis of variance, Kruskal-Wallis test, correlation analysis and the Spearman test were applied. Odds ratios (OR) were calculated. During the hospital stay, there were diagnosed 94 urinary tract infections, 25 pneumonias, 50 superficial wound infections, 11 deep wound infections. Transfusions were made in 120 patients (in average: 2.54 ± 1.45 units of red cell concentrate/transfused patient). Transfusion appeared to be correlated with superficial wound infection (OR = 1.96), urinary infection (OR = 1.76) and pneumonia (OR = 2.85). Higher number of days waiting for surgery were related significantly with pneumonia (9.8 ± 7.44 days vs. 6.39 ± 3.75), or urinary tract infection (7.76 ± 4.39 days vs. 6.17 ± 4.14). We concluded that the transfusion and longer waiting time for surgery have been associated with the septic complications in elderly patients treated surgically for hip fracture. © 2009 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.