Saint-André-lez-Lille, France
Saint-André-lez-Lille, France

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Guerreschi P.,Hospital Roger Salengro
Facial Plastic Surgery | Year: 2015

Lengthening temporalis myoplasty (LTM), first described by Labbé in 1997, ensures the transfers of the entire temporal muscle from the coronoid process to the upper half of the lip without interposition of aponeurotic tissue. The temporal muscle changes function because it is entirely mobilized toward another effector: the labial commissure. Thanks to brain plasticity, the muscle loses its chewing function, and after 6 months of speech rehabilitation it acquires its new smiling function. We describe technical points especially the coronoid process approaches both through an upper temporal fossa approach and a lower nasolabial fold approach. Rehabilitation starts 3 weeks after the surgery following a standardized protocol to move from a mandibular smile to a voluntary, then spontaneous, smile in three steps. The LTM is the main part of a one-stage global treatment of the paralyzed face. It constitutes a dynamic palliative treatment usually started at the sequelae stage, 18 month after the outcome of a peripheral facial paralysis. This one-stage procedure is a reproducible and relevant surgical technique in the difficult treatment of peripheral facial paralysis. It allows implementing an active muscle transfer to reanimate the labial commissure and re-create a mobile nasolabial fold. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart New York.

Dellaretti M.,Hospital Roger Salengro | Dellaretti M.,Federal University of Minas Gerais | Touzet G.,Hospital Roger Salengro | Reyns N.,Hospital Roger Salengro | And 4 more authors.
Neuro-Oncology | Year: 2012

Management of brainstem mass lesions remains a controversial issue, especially when the lesion cannot be excised and when infiltration occurs; moreover, the benefits of a stereotactic procedure are still under debate. In most studies, treatment decisions are based solely on MRI features and do not include a histopathological diagnosis. In the current study, we compared MRI characteristics with histopathological findings of intrinsic brainstem lesions and identified the characteristics associated with the diagnosis of pathologies other than diffuse glioma. From February 1988 through August 2007, 96 brainstem biopsies were performed at the Roger Salengro Hospital in Lille, France, on adult patients with intrinsic brainstem lesions not amenable to excision. Of the 96 patients, 42 were women and 54 were men, with a mean age of 41 years (range, 1875 years). Data analysis of the MRI findings revealed focal (P <. 05) and contrast enhancing lesions (P <. 05), and these lesions were significant factors associated with the diagnosis of pathologies other than diffuse glioma. Focal lesions were a significant factor associated with a diagnosis of nontumor lesions (P <. 05). In conclusion, the diagnostic effect of stereotactic biopsy on intrinsic brainstem lesions was greater in patients with focal or enhancing lesions shown by MRI, in whom the diagnosis of diffuse glioma was less frequent. © 2012 The Author(s).

Dellaretti M.,Hospital Roger Salengro | Reyns N.,Hospital Roger Salengro | Touzet G.,Hospital Roger Salengro | Dubois F.,Hospital Roger Salengro | And 3 more authors.
Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery | Year: 2012

Background: An important aspect of evaluating patients submitted to stereotactic biopsy of the brainstem is the trajectory used. The literature describes two principal approaches: the suboccipital transcerebellar and the transfrontal; however, no studies exist comparing these two techniques. Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare diagnosis success rates and complications between the suboccipital transcerebellar and transfrontal trajectories. Methods: The study evaluated 142 patients submitted to stereotactic biopsy. The patients presented brainstem tumors in the following areas: pons (n = 31), midbrain (n = 36), medulla (n = 2), pons-medulla (n = 30), pons-midbrain (n = 33), and midbrain-pons-medulla (n = 10). On 123 patients, the transfrontal approach was used, and on 19 the suboccipital transcerebellar approach. Results: Comparing success rates between the two approaches, it was observed that in the group of patients submitted to the transfrontal approach, 95.1% (117 cases) were successful, while in those submitted to the suboccipital transcerebellar approach, 84.2% (16 cases) were successful. Despite a higher success rate among patients in the first group, the difference was not statistically significant. Regarding complications, in patients who were biopsied via the transfrontal trajectory, the morbidity rate was 9.8% (12 cases), while in patients submitted to the suboccipital transcerebellar approach, the morbidity rate was 5.3% (1 case) and the mortality rate 5.3% (1 case). Conclusions: This study verified a higher diagnosis rate in patients submitted to the transfrontal approach than in those submitted to the suboccipital transcerebellar approach (95.1 vs. 84.2%); however, the difference was not statistically significant. Regarding complications, the rate was similar in both groups of patients. © 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel.

Peltier J.,University of Amiens | Baroncini M.,Hospital Roger Salengro | Thines L.,Hospital Roger Salengro | Lacour A.,Hospital Roger Salengro | And 2 more authors.
Neurology India | Year: 2011

A 58-year-old woman with cervicomedullary dural arteriovenous fistula (AVF) presenting with myelopathy, ipsilateral occipital neuralgia, and signs of involvement of the brainstem is reported and the previously published cases have been reviewed. The dural AVF was successfully treated surgically after an attempt of embolization.

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