Hospital de Órbigo, Spain
Hospital de Órbigo, Spain

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Alvarez L.R.,Hospital Of Terrassa | Alvarez L.R.,Autonomous University of Barcelona | Balibrea J.M.,Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i Pujol | Surinach J.M.,Hospital Universitari Vall dHebron | And 5 more authors.
European Journal of Preventive Cardiology | Year: 2013

Background: The influence of smoking cessation on outcome in patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) has not been thoroughly studied. Methods: FRENA is an ongoing registry of stable outpatients with symptomatic coronary artery disease (CAD), cerebrovascular disease (CVD), or PAD. We compared the mortality rate of those who quit vs. those who continued smoking. Results: As of December 2010, 3523 patients were recruited, of whom 1182 (34%) were current smokers. Of these, 475 patients (40%) had CAD, 240 (20%) had CVD, and 467 (40%) had PAD. In all, 512 patients (43%) quit smoking. Over a mean follow-up of 14 months, 32 patients (2.7%) died and 95 (8.0%) had subsequent ischaemic events (myocardial infarction 32, ischaemic stroke 20, critical limb ischaemia/disabling claudication 53). In patients with CAD, the mortality rate was significantly lower in recent quitters (0.77 vs. 3.73 deaths per 100 patient-years; p=0.013) than in persistent smokers. No quitter with CVD died (0.0 vs. 2.18 deaths; p=0.092); but in patients with PAD there was a trend towards a higher mortality in quitters than in those who continued smoking (4.29 vs. 2.27 deaths; p=0.357). On multivariate analysis, the relative risk for death in quitters was 0.20 (95% CI 0.05-0.75) in patients with CAD, 0.0 in those with CVD, and 1.83 (95% CI 0.65-5.15) in those with PAD. Conclusions: Smoking cessation was associated with a significant decrease in mortality in patients with CAD, a nonsignificant decrease in those with CVD, and a non-significant increase in those with PAD. © The European Society of Cardiology 2012.

PubMed | CHU Saint Etienne, Hospital Of Galdakao, Complejo Hospitalario Universitario Of Cartagena, Hospital del Mar and 5 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: PloS one | Year: 2015

Current guidelines of antithrombotic therapy suggest early initiation of vitamin K antagonists (VKA) in non-cancer patients with venous thromboembolism (VTE), and long-term therapy with low-molecular weight heparin (LMWH) for those with cancer. We used data from RIETE (international registry of patients with VTE) to report the use of long-term anticoagulant therapy over time and to identify predictors of anticoagulant choice (regarding international guidelines) in patients with- and without cancer. Among 35,280 patients without cancer, 82% received long-term VKA (but 17% started after the first week). Among 4,378 patients with cancer, 66% received long term LMWH as monotherapy. In patients without cancer, recent bleeding (odds ratio [OR] 2.70, 95% CI 2.26-3.23), age >70 years (OR 1.15, 95% CI 1.06-1.24), immobility (OR 2.06, 95% CI 1.93-2.19), renal insufficiency (OR 2.42, 95% CI 2.15-2.71) and anemia (OR 1.75, 95% CI 1.65-1.87) predicted poor adherence to guidelines. In those with cancer, anemia (OR 1.83, 95% CI 1.64-2.06), immobility (OR 1.51, 95% CI 1.30-1.76) and metastases (OR 3.22, 95% CI 2.87-3.61) predicted long-term LMWH therapy. In conclusion, we report practices of VTE therapy in real life and found that a significant proportion of patients did not receive the recommended treatment. The perceived increased risk for bleeding has an impact on anticoagulant treatment decision.

Trujillo-Santos J.,Hospital General Universitario Santa Lucia | Gussoni G.,FADOI Foundation | Gadelha T.,Hospital Universitario Clementino Fraga Filho | Munoz-Torrero J.F.S.,Hospital San Pedro Of Alcantara | And 6 more authors.
Thrombosis Research | Year: 2014

Background: The influence of recent immobilization or surgery on mortality in cancer patients with venous thromboembolism (VTE) has not been thoroughly studied. Methods: We used the RIETE Registry data to compare the 3-month mortality rate in cancer patients with VTE, with patients categorized according to the presence of recent immobilization, surgery or neither. The major outcomes were fatal pulmonary embolism (PE) and fatal bleeding within the first 3 months. Results: Of 6,746 patients with active cancer and acute VTE, 1,224 (18%) had recent immobilization, 1,055 (16%) recent surgery, and 4,467 (66%) had neither. The all-cause mortality was 23.4% (95% CI: 22.4-24.5), and the PE-related mortality: 2.5% (95% CI: 2.1-2.9). Four in every ten patients dying of PE had recent immobilization (37%) or surgery (5.4%). Only 28% of patients with immobilization had received prophylaxis, as compared with 67% of the surgical. Fatal PE was more common in patients with recent immobilization (5.0%; 95% CI: 3.9-6.3) than in those with surgery (0.8%; 95% CI: 0.4-1.6) or neither (2.2%; 95% CI: 1.8-2.6). On multivariate analysis, patients with immobilization were at an increased risk for fatal PE (odds ratio: 1.8; 95% CI: 1.2-2.5). Conclusions: One in every three cancer patients dying of PE had recent immobilization for > 4 days. Many of these deaths could have been prevented with adequate thromboprophylaxis. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.

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