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Rodriguez-Ramirez C.L.,Hospital Regional de Alta Especialidad del Bajio
Acta ortopédica mexicana | Year: 2011

Knowledge of the anatomy of the elbow joint has become intricate due to the advent of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques, as they are superior to represent the different soft tissues. This advantage allows evaluating in detail the increasingly frequent pathologic processes that occur in high performance athletes. The ideal MRI technique includes having the patient in a comfortable position, using an appropriate surface antenna and the right sequences in the appropriate planes depending on the entity. Being familiar with the normal elbow anatomy is crucial to properly identify the pathology and avoid potential diagnostic errors. Source


Martinez-Cordero E.,University of Guanajuato | Malacara-Hernandez J.M.,University of Guanajuato | Martinez-Cordero C.,Hospital Regional de Alta Especialidad del Bajio
Appetite | Year: 2015

The prevalence of obesity in Mexico is the highest in the world, with almost 70% of adults being classified as overweight or obese. The increased prevalence of obesity in Mexico, and globally, may be related to the changing food environment, providing increased access to highly palatable, but obesogenic, food products. One potential mechanism for this association is changing food perceptions, an area poorly studied in transitional countries. Thus, we conducted a study to determine the degree to which perception thresholds for four basic tastes are associated with anthropometric variables, hormone levels, and energy intake. Bitter and sweet taste had the lowest and highest thresholds, respectively, and women reported a greater sensitivity to these flavors compared to men. Overall, the perception thresholds to each flavor were not associated with energy intake or body mass index (BMI), while the perception threshold of aspartame was negatively associated with energy intake. Based on the results of our study, in a sample of Mexican adults, sensory taste response to basic flavors is not associated with energy intake or BMI. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. Source


Quezada A.D.,Instituto Nacional Of Salud Publica | Garcia-Guerra A.,Instituto Nacional Of Salud Publica | Escobar L.,Hospital Regional de Alta Especialidad del Bajio
Salud Publica de Mexico | Year: 2016

Objective: To assess the performance of a simple correction method for nutritional status estimates in children under five years of age when exact age is not available from the data. Materials and methods: The proposed method was based on the assumption of symmetry of age distributions within a given month of age and validated in a large population-based survey sample of Mexican preschool children. Results: The main distributional assumption was consistent with the data. All prevalence estimates derived from the correction method showed no statistically significant bias. In contrast, failing to correct attained age resulted in an underestimation of stunting in general and an overestimation of overweight or obesity among the youngest. Conclusions: The proposed method performed remarkably well in terms of bias correction of estimates and could be easily applied in situations in which either birth or interview dates are not available from the data. Source


Peralta-Rodriguez R.,Laboratorio Of Oncologia Genomica | Romero-Morelos P.,Laboratorio Of Oncologia Genomica | Villegas-Ruiz V.,Laboratorio Of Oncologia Genomica | Mendoza-Rodriguez M.,Laboratorio Of Oncologia Genomica | And 4 more authors.
Infectious Agents and Cancer | Year: 2012

Background: Human Papillomavirus (HPV) in cervical epithelium has been identified as the main etiological factor in the developing of Cervical Cancer (CC), which has recently become a public health problem in Mexico. This finding has allowed for the development of vaccines that help prevent this infection. In the present study, we aimed to determine the prevalence and HPV type-distribution in Mexican women with CC, high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL), low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL), and Normal cytology (N) to estimate the impact of the HPV vaccines. Methods. The PubMed database was used to identify and review all articles that reported data on HPV prevalence in CC, precursor lesions, and normal cytology of Mexican women. Results: A total of 8,706 samples of the tissues of Mexican women were stratified according to diagnosis as follows: 499 for CC; 364 for HSIL; 1,425 for LSIL, and 6,418 for N. According to the results, the most prevalent genotypes are the following: HPV16 (63.1%), -18 (8.6%), -58, and -31 (5%) for CC; HPV-16 (28.3%), 58 (12.6%), 18 (7.4%), and 33 (6.5%) for HSIL; HPV-16 (13.1%), 33 (7.4%), 18 (4.2%), and 58 (2.6%) for LSIL, and HPV-16 (3.4%), 33 (2.1%), 18, and 58 (1.2%) for N. Conclusions: Taken together, genotypes 58 and 31 (10%) are more common than type 18 (8.6%) in CC. Therefore, the inclusion of these two genotypes in a second-generation vaccine would provide optimal prevention of CC in Mexico. © 2012 Peralta-Rodríguez et al. Source


Guani-Guerra E.,Hospital Regional de Alta Especialidad del Bajio | Santos-Mendoza T.,National Institute of Respiratory Diseases INER | Lugo-Reyes S.O.,National Institute of Respiratory Diseases INER | Teran L.M.,National Institute of Respiratory Diseases INER
Clinical Immunology | Year: 2010

Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are evolutionarily conserved molecules involved in the defense mechanisms of a wide range of organisms. Produced in bacteria, insects, plants and vertebrates, AMPs protect against a broad array of infectious agents. In mammals these peptides protect against bacteria, viruses, fungi, and certain parasites. Recently, novel biologic effects of AMPs have been documented such as endotoxin neutralization, chemotactic and immunomodulating activities, induction of angiogenesis and wound repair. Thus these ancestral molecules are crucial components of the innate immune system and attractive candidates for novel therapeutic approaches. This review focuses on cathelicin and defensins, the most documented human AMPs, and discusses their antimicrobial activity and pleiotropic immunomodulating effects on inflammatory and infectious diseases. © 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Source

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