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Lujan P.R.,Hospital Privado Centro Medico Of Cordoba | Chiurchiu C.,Catholic University of Córdoba | Douthat W.,Catholic University of Córdoba | De Arteaga J.,Catholic University of Córdoba | And 3 more authors.
Transplantation | Year: 2012

BACKGROUND: The determination of the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is critical for the selection of a potential kidney donor. The complex and impractical techniques for the measurement of GFR have led to the development of equations to estimate GFR. Modification of diet in renal disease (MDRD) formula is the most widely used but its performance is poor because it systematically underestimates GFR above 60 mL/min. A new formula called the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) seems to overcome this limitation but needs to be tested in healthy potential kidney donors. METHODS: From 2007 to 2011, a cross-sectional study was performed on 85 adults who were candidates for living-related kidney donation. GFR was measured by nonradiolabeled iothalamate clearance determined by high-performance liquid chromatography, and renal function was estimated by using CKD-EPI and MDRD equations. The overall performance of the equations was analyzed, and the estimation for GFR above 90 mL/min was studied by means of receiver operating characteristic curves. RESULTS: The mean (SD) (range) of the measured GFR was 116 (24) (64-160) mL/min per 1.73 m2, estimated GFR with CKD-EPI was 108 (22) (64-153) mL/min per 1.73 m2, and MDRD was 99 (28) (46-157) mL/min per 1.73 m 2. CKD-EPI presented lower bias (3.3 vs. 10.2 mL/min/1.73 m 2), higher precision [interquartile range (minimum value-maximum value), 25 (53-140) vs. 32 (43-161) ml/min] and higher accuracy (100% vs. 89%) compared with MDRD. CONCLUSION: The CKD-EPI equation showed a higher performance than the MDRD equation in the GFR estimation of healthy population. CKD-EPI is applicable instead of MDRD, to subjects or candidates for kidney donation to avoid wrong GFR underestimates, which may lead to an inappropriate exclusion of candidates. Copyright © 2012 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.


Ménétrier's disease is a childhood protein-losing gastroenteropathy characterized by hypertrophy of the gastric mucosa, of unknown etiology, although most of reported cases have been associated with viral infections. Clinical manifestation is edema and biochemically there are hypoproteinemia and hypoalbuminemia. This disease is very rare in children and they have a benign and self-limiting course in contrast to adults where tend to be chronic and occasionally to become malignant. We present a child with Ménétrier disease with edema and ascites possibly associated with a cytomegalovirus infection.


Burgueser M.V.,Hospital Privado Centro Medico Of Cordoba
Revista de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas (Córdoba, Argentina) | Year: 2011

Spontaneous mediastinal hematoma as initial presentation of cystic adenoma of ectopic parathyroid Atraumatic spontaneous mediastinal hematomas are uncommon. They are secondary to trauma, rupture of great vessels or heart and associated to iatrogenic events. We report a case of a 61 year-old woman who consults for mediastinal hematoma without previous trauma. Imaging studies ruled out cardiac or vascular lesions. At exploratory thoracotomy, a large mediastinal hematoma was evidenced without obvious mass or bleeding vessel. The material sent to the Pathology service was diagnosed as cystic adenoma of ectopic parathyroid gland. Mediastinal hematomas are related to traumatic causes, cardiac or great vessels rupture or iatrogenic proceedings. Once these causes are ruled out, an injury of ectopic parathyroid tissue must be considered in the differential diagnosis because mediastinum is the most frequent ectopic location. Histopathological and immunohistochemical studies are useful in determining the cause-related hematoma, as in this case determined the parathyroid origin of the lesion, and to rule out involvement by other tumors.


Egea A.L.,Hospital Privado Centro Medico Of Cordoba
Revista de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas (Córdoba, Argentina) | Year: 2012

No clinical events to differentiate bacteteremia from other pathologies in hemodialysis patients therefore the physicians makes diagnosis and treatment decisions based on clinical evidence an local epidemiology. the aim of this work was to study the frequency of microorganism isolated from blood culture of hemodialysis patients with suspected bacteraemia and evaluate Sensitivity (S) and Specificity (E) of medical diagnostic orientation in this cases of suspected Materials and methods: we performed an observational and prospective study for one year in hemodialysis patient with suspected bacteremia. We evaluated blood pressure, temperature (To), altered conscious state (AEC), respiratory frequency (FR), chills (ESC),diarrhea (DIARR), blood culture results and microbiological identification. We work with the mean ± standar desviation for continuous variables and frequencies for categorical variables We analyzed S, E, negative predictive value (VPN), positive predictive value (VPP) RESULTADOS: a total of 87 events with suspected bacteremia 34 (39%) were confirmed with positive blood culture the most common microorganisms were cocci Gram positive (CGP) 65%, Most relevant clinical variables were PCP ≥ 2 (VPN 81%), To ≥ 38 (VPN 76%) and AEC (E 98% y VPP 80%). CGP were the most prevalent microorganisms None of the clinical variables shows high S and E indicating low usefulness as a predictive tool of bacteremia Excepting AEC with E98% and VPP 80% but it would be necessary to evaluate this variable with a more number patient. Results justify to routine HC use like diagnostic tool.


Ferrer D.G.,National University of Cordoba | Jaldin-Fincati J.R.,National University of Cordoba | Amigone J.L.,Hospital Privado Centro Medico Of Cordoba | Capra R.H.,Hospital Privado Centro Medico Of Cordoba | And 3 more authors.
Cytometry Part A | Year: 2014

In this article, we present a flow cytometry assay by which human blood monocyte subpopulations-classical (CD14++CD16-), intermediate (CD14++CD16+), and nonclassical (CD14+CD16++) monocytes-can be determined. Monocytic cells were selected from CD45+ leukocyte subsets by differential staining of the low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1 (LRP1), which allows reducing the spill-over of natural killer cells and granulocytes into the CD16+ monocyte gate. Percentages of monocyte subpopulations established by this procedure were significantly comparable with those obtained by a well-standardized flow cytometry assay based on the HLA-DR monocyte-gating strategy. We also demonstrated that LRP1 is differentially expressed at cell surface of monocyte subpopulations, being significantly lower in nonclassical monocytes than in classical and intermediate monocytes. Cell surface expression of LRP1 accounts for only 20% of the total cellular content in each monocyte subpopulation. Finally, we established the within-individual biological variation (bCV%) of circulating monocyte subpopulations in healthy donors, obtaining values of 21%, 20%, and 17% for nonclassical, intermediate, and classical monocytes, respectively. Similar values of bCV% for LRP1 measured in each monocyte subpopulation were also obtained, suggesting that its variability is mainly influenced by the intrinsic biological variation of circulating monocytes. Thus, we conclude that LRP1 can be used as a third pan-monocytic marker together with CD14 and CD16 to properly identify monocyte subpopulations. The combined determination of monocyte subpopulations and LRP1 monocytic expression may be relevant for clinical studies of inflammatory processes, with special interest in atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease. © 2014 International Society for Advancement of Cytometry.


For patients with chronic renal failure (CRF), kidney transplant (KT) is a better alternative to dialysis in terms of survival, life quality and costs. We studied the general characteristics, causes and survival rate of the dialysis population in 2010. We evaluated broader criteria for acceptance of transplants has affected the results of the procedure in that period. A total of 118 dialysis patients were included; mean age 56.9 ± 18.4 years, dialysis duration 45.5 ± 59.6 months, main cause of CRF was diabetes in 35 (30%), and 58 (49%) were included in waiting list for KT. Of the 34 patients who finished dialysis in 2010, 18 (53%) were KT, while 12 (35%) died (cardiovascular 50%, infectious 17%). Survival at 12 months was 85% for the total group, 98% on waiting list and 72% those who were not enrolled. During 2010 there were 88 KT, 62 with cadaveric donors (CD), 18 with living donors and 8 with double pancreas-kidney transplants. Recipients of CD were 50.7 years old, with 67 months on dialysis, 8 (13%) diabetics, and 12 (20%) with previous KT. Donors had a mean age of 45 years, 28 (45%) expanded criteria, and 27.7 hours of cold ischemia time. During an approximate follow-up of 11.4 months, 13 (21%) suffered acute graft rejection, survival was 88% for graft and 93% for patients. We emphasize KT as the main cause of success as regards dialysis. No differences in risk factors were found to significantly affect graft or patient survival.


Vincenti F.,University of California at San Francisco | Charpentier B.,University Paris - Sud | Vanrenterghem Y.,University Hospital Leuven | Rostaing L.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | And 9 more authors.
American Journal of Transplantation | Year: 2010

Belatacept, a costimulation blocker, may preserve renal function and improve long-term outcomes versus calcineurin inhibitors in kidney transplantation. This Phase III study (Belatacept Evaluation of Nephroprotection and Efficacy as First-line Immunosuppression Trial) assessed a more intensive (MI) or less intensive (LI) regimen of belatacept versus cyclosporine in adults receiving a kidney transplant from living or standard criteria deceased donors. The coprimary endpoints at 12 months were patient/graft survival, a composite renal impairment endpoint (percent with a measured glomerular filtration rate (mGFR) <60 mL/min/1.73 m2 at Month 12 or a decrease in mGFR ≥10 mL/min/1.73 m2 Month 3-Month 12) and the incidence of acute rejection. At Month 12, both belatacept regimens had similar patient/graft survival versus cyclosporine (MI: 95%, LI: 97% and cyclosporine: 93%), and were associated with superior renal function as measured by the composite renal impairment endpoint (MI: 55%; LI: 54% and cyclosporine: 78%; p ≤ 0.001 MI or LI versus cyclosporine) and by the mGFR (65, 63 and 50 mL/min for MI, LI and cyclosporine; p ≤ 0.001 MI or LI versus cyclosporine). Belatacept patients experienced a higher incidence (MI: 22%, LI: 17% and cyclosporine: 7%) and grade of acute rejection episodes. Safety was generally similar between groups, but posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorder was more common in the belatacept groups. Belatacept was associated with superior renal function and similar patient/graft survival versus cyclosporine at 1 year posttransplant, despite a higher rate of early acute rejection. © 2010 The American Society of Transplantation and the American Society of Transplant Surgeons.


The aim of this study was to evaluate the systolic function of the left atrial appendage (LAA) in a group with and without patent foramen ovale (PFO) who suffered ischemic cerebrovascular events. Between September 2010 and October 2011, 17 patients were referred for transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) after suffering a stroke. PFO was defined as the passage of at least one bubble through atrial septum with bubble test. We compared systolic velocity in the appendage between patients with and without PFO and a control group. Results: Were 8 women and 9 men, mean age 54.1 ± 19.5 years and 8 patients were under 55 years of age. All patients had suffered a ischemic cerebrovascular events, 41.2% had stroke, 52.9% transient ischemic attack and amaurosis fugax 5.9%. In the assessment of TEE, 11.8% had atrial septal aneurysm and 35.3% PFO. Mean LAA systolic velocity was 66.3 ± 20.3 cm / sec. There was no difference in systolic velocity of the LAA between patients with and without PFO (67.5 ± 11.8 cm / sec vs 65.7 ± 24.3 cm / sec respectively, p = 0.87). The control group of 8 patients, 5 women and 3 men, mean age 39.5 ± 18 years, had a LAA systolic velocity of 77.6 ± 28.9 cm / sec, no significant differences with ischemic patients. Conclusion: There were no differences in systolic function of the LAA between patients with and without PFO with ischemic cerebrovascular event.


Moreno L.B.,Hospital Privado Centro Medico Of Cordoba
Revista de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas (Córdoba, Argentina) | Year: 2010

The etiology of pneumonia is important to indicate antibiotics. A clinical prediction score (RP) has been designed, although the radiological interpretation is not easy. To design a simple prediction score (PRs) to identify etiology in children with pneumonia, including radiological patterns, clinical and laboratory features. Cross sectional study. We prospectively included children under 5 years hospitalized for pneumonia with microbiological evidence (2007-2008). According to the RP, were allocated 3 points when the temperature value was ≥ 39 o C, 2 when the patient age was ≥ 9 months, 2 when the number of neutrophils was 8000/mm3 and 1 when the immature neutrophils number was ≥ 5%. Radiography was evaluated as one point when consolidation was diagnosed and 0 point when pleural effusion or other infiltrations were present. RPS range was from 0 to 9 points. We determined the best cutoff for predicting bacterial pneumonia (ROC) and was calculated based on the same sensitivity (S), specificity (Sp), positive predictive value (PPV) and negative (NPV) and positive likelihood ratio ( RVP) and negative (NLR). 196 patients (viral: 82%, bacteria: 18%), 8.7 ± 10 months. We identified a score ≥ 3 (auROCc = 0.87 95% CI 0.81 to 0.94) as the best point to predict bacterial pneumonia (S: 88.6%, E: 68.9%, PPV: 38.3 %, NPV: 96.5% RVP: 2.85; RPN: 0.17). The PRs showed an acceptable performance, but less sensitive than the original score to predict bacterial pneumonia. Although this tool may be easily applied, it should be validated in future studies.


Rostaing L.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Massari P.,Hospital Privado Centro Medico Of Cordoba | Garcia V.D.,Hospital Dom Vicente Scherer | Mancilla-Urrea E.,Instituto Nacional Of Cardiologia Ignacio | And 8 more authors.
Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology | Year: 2011

Background and objectives: Prolonged use of calcineurin inhibitors (CNIs) in kidney transplant recipients is associated with renal and nonrenal toxicity and an increase in cardiovascular risk factors. Belatacept-based regimens may provide a treatment option for patients who switch from CNI-based maintenance immunosuppression. Design, setting, participants, & measurements: This is a randomized, open-label Phase II trial in renal transplant patients with stable graft function and receiving a CNI-based regimen. Patients who were ≥6 months but ≤36 months after transplantation were randomized to either switch to belatacept or continue CNI treatment. All patients received background maintenance immunosuppression. The primary end point was the change in calculated GFR (cGFR) from baseline to month 12. Results: Patients were randomized either to switch to belatacept (n = 84) or to remain on a CNI-based regimen (n = 89). At month 12, the mean (SD) change from baseline in cGFR was higher in the belatacept group versus the CNI group. Six patients in the belatacept group had acute rejection episodes, all within the first 6 months; all resolved with no allograft loss. By month 12, one patient in the CNI group died with a functioning graft, whereas no patients in the belatacept group had graft loss. The overall safety profile was similar between groups. Conclusions: The study identifies a potentially safe and feasible method for switching stable renal transplant patients from a cyclosporine- or tacrolimus-based regimen to a belatacept-based regimen, which may allow improved renal function in patients currently treated with CNIs. Copyright © 2011 by the American Society of Nephrology.

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