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Vincenti F.,University of California at San Francisco | Charpentier B.,University Paris - Sud | Vanrenterghem Y.,University Hospital Leuven | Rostaing L.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | And 9 more authors.
American Journal of Transplantation | Year: 2010

Belatacept, a costimulation blocker, may preserve renal function and improve long-term outcomes versus calcineurin inhibitors in kidney transplantation. This Phase III study (Belatacept Evaluation of Nephroprotection and Efficacy as First-line Immunosuppression Trial) assessed a more intensive (MI) or less intensive (LI) regimen of belatacept versus cyclosporine in adults receiving a kidney transplant from living or standard criteria deceased donors. The coprimary endpoints at 12 months were patient/graft survival, a composite renal impairment endpoint (percent with a measured glomerular filtration rate (mGFR) <60 mL/min/1.73 m2 at Month 12 or a decrease in mGFR ≥10 mL/min/1.73 m2 Month 3-Month 12) and the incidence of acute rejection. At Month 12, both belatacept regimens had similar patient/graft survival versus cyclosporine (MI: 95%, LI: 97% and cyclosporine: 93%), and were associated with superior renal function as measured by the composite renal impairment endpoint (MI: 55%; LI: 54% and cyclosporine: 78%; p ≤ 0.001 MI or LI versus cyclosporine) and by the mGFR (65, 63 and 50 mL/min for MI, LI and cyclosporine; p ≤ 0.001 MI or LI versus cyclosporine). Belatacept patients experienced a higher incidence (MI: 22%, LI: 17% and cyclosporine: 7%) and grade of acute rejection episodes. Safety was generally similar between groups, but posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorder was more common in the belatacept groups. Belatacept was associated with superior renal function and similar patient/graft survival versus cyclosporine at 1 year posttransplant, despite a higher rate of early acute rejection. © 2010 The American Society of Transplantation and the American Society of Transplant Surgeons. Source

Burgueser M.V.,Hospital Privado Centro Medico Of Cordoba
Revista de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas (Córdoba, Argentina) | Year: 2011

Spontaneous mediastinal hematoma as initial presentation of cystic adenoma of ectopic parathyroid Atraumatic spontaneous mediastinal hematomas are uncommon. They are secondary to trauma, rupture of great vessels or heart and associated to iatrogenic events. We report a case of a 61 year-old woman who consults for mediastinal hematoma without previous trauma. Imaging studies ruled out cardiac or vascular lesions. At exploratory thoracotomy, a large mediastinal hematoma was evidenced without obvious mass or bleeding vessel. The material sent to the Pathology service was diagnosed as cystic adenoma of ectopic parathyroid gland. Mediastinal hematomas are related to traumatic causes, cardiac or great vessels rupture or iatrogenic proceedings. Once these causes are ruled out, an injury of ectopic parathyroid tissue must be considered in the differential diagnosis because mediastinum is the most frequent ectopic location. Histopathological and immunohistochemical studies are useful in determining the cause-related hematoma, as in this case determined the parathyroid origin of the lesion, and to rule out involvement by other tumors. Source

Egea A.L.,Hospital Privado Centro Medico Of Cordoba
Revista de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas (Córdoba, Argentina) | Year: 2012

No clinical events to differentiate bacteteremia from other pathologies in hemodialysis patients therefore the physicians makes diagnosis and treatment decisions based on clinical evidence an local epidemiology. the aim of this work was to study the frequency of microorganism isolated from blood culture of hemodialysis patients with suspected bacteraemia and evaluate Sensitivity (S) and Specificity (E) of medical diagnostic orientation in this cases of suspected Materials and methods: we performed an observational and prospective study for one year in hemodialysis patient with suspected bacteremia. We evaluated blood pressure, temperature (To), altered conscious state (AEC), respiratory frequency (FR), chills (ESC),diarrhea (DIARR), blood culture results and microbiological identification. We work with the mean ± standar desviation for continuous variables and frequencies for categorical variables We analyzed S, E, negative predictive value (VPN), positive predictive value (VPP) RESULTADOS: a total of 87 events with suspected bacteremia 34 (39%) were confirmed with positive blood culture the most common microorganisms were cocci Gram positive (CGP) 65%, Most relevant clinical variables were PCP ≥ 2 (VPN 81%), To ≥ 38 (VPN 76%) and AEC (E 98% y VPP 80%). CGP were the most prevalent microorganisms None of the clinical variables shows high S and E indicating low usefulness as a predictive tool of bacteremia Excepting AEC with E98% and VPP 80% but it would be necessary to evaluate this variable with a more number patient. Results justify to routine HC use like diagnostic tool. Source

The aim of this study was to evaluate the systolic function of the left atrial appendage (LAA) in a group with and without patent foramen ovale (PFO) who suffered ischemic cerebrovascular events. Between September 2010 and October 2011, 17 patients were referred for transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) after suffering a stroke. PFO was defined as the passage of at least one bubble through atrial septum with bubble test. We compared systolic velocity in the appendage between patients with and without PFO and a control group. Results: Were 8 women and 9 men, mean age 54.1 ± 19.5 years and 8 patients were under 55 years of age. All patients had suffered a ischemic cerebrovascular events, 41.2% had stroke, 52.9% transient ischemic attack and amaurosis fugax 5.9%. In the assessment of TEE, 11.8% had atrial septal aneurysm and 35.3% PFO. Mean LAA systolic velocity was 66.3 ± 20.3 cm / sec. There was no difference in systolic velocity of the LAA between patients with and without PFO (67.5 ± 11.8 cm / sec vs 65.7 ± 24.3 cm / sec respectively, p = 0.87). The control group of 8 patients, 5 women and 3 men, mean age 39.5 ± 18 years, had a LAA systolic velocity of 77.6 ± 28.9 cm / sec, no significant differences with ischemic patients. Conclusion: There were no differences in systolic function of the LAA between patients with and without PFO with ischemic cerebrovascular event. Source

Moreno L.B.,Hospital Privado Centro Medico Of Cordoba
Revista de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas (Córdoba, Argentina) | Year: 2010

The etiology of pneumonia is important to indicate antibiotics. A clinical prediction score (RP) has been designed, although the radiological interpretation is not easy. To design a simple prediction score (PRs) to identify etiology in children with pneumonia, including radiological patterns, clinical and laboratory features. Cross sectional study. We prospectively included children under 5 years hospitalized for pneumonia with microbiological evidence (2007-2008). According to the RP, were allocated 3 points when the temperature value was ≥ 39 o C, 2 when the patient age was ≥ 9 months, 2 when the number of neutrophils was 8000/mm3 and 1 when the immature neutrophils number was ≥ 5%. Radiography was evaluated as one point when consolidation was diagnosed and 0 point when pleural effusion or other infiltrations were present. RPS range was from 0 to 9 points. We determined the best cutoff for predicting bacterial pneumonia (ROC) and was calculated based on the same sensitivity (S), specificity (Sp), positive predictive value (PPV) and negative (NPV) and positive likelihood ratio ( RVP) and negative (NLR). 196 patients (viral: 82%, bacteria: 18%), 8.7 ± 10 months. We identified a score ≥ 3 (auROCc = 0.87 95% CI 0.81 to 0.94) as the best point to predict bacterial pneumonia (S: 88.6%, E: 68.9%, PPV: 38.3 %, NPV: 96.5% RVP: 2.85; RPN: 0.17). The PRs showed an acceptable performance, but less sensitive than the original score to predict bacterial pneumonia. Although this tool may be easily applied, it should be validated in future studies. Source

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