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Le Touquet – Paris-Plage, France

Bouchghoul H.,Hospital Group Pitie Salpetriere | Hornez E.,6th Forward Surgical Team | Duval-Arnould X.,University of Nantes | Philippe H.-J.,University of Nantes | And 2 more authors.
Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica | Year: 2015

Objective To report the first 6 months of experience of a nongovernmental-organization-managed obstetric care unit in a war refugee camp, with problems encountered and solutions implemented. Design Prospective observational study of the maternity activity of Gynécologie Sans Frontières (GSF). Setting GSF's maternity unit, in Zaatari camp (Jordan). Population All pregnant women among Syrian refugees who came to the unit for delivery. Methods The GSF's maternity unit is a light structure built with three tents, permitting low-risk pregnancy care and childbirth. Emergency cesarean deliveries were performed in the Moroccan army field hospital. High-risk pregnancies were transferred to Al Mafraq or Amman Hospital (Jordan) after assessment. Main outcome measures Delivery characteristics, indications for referral. Results From September 2012 to February 2013, 371 women attended the unit and 299 delivered in it. Delivery rates increased from 5/month to 112/month over the period. Mean gestational age at birth was 39+3 gestational weeks (SD = 1.9). Median birthweight was 3100 g (25-75% interquartile range 2840-3430 g). Spontaneous vaginal deliveries were dominant and the major maternal complication was postpartum hemorrhage (n = 13). Eighty-two women were referred to Al Mafraq or Amman hospitals, mainly for preterm labor (32%) and congenital malformations (11%). We managed one case of stillbirth. Maternal mortality did not occur. Conclusions Despite the difficulties of war, high-risk pregnant women were properly identified, permitting referrals when required. Cooperation with other nongovernmental organizations, including the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, was essential for the management of situations at risk of complications and to contain perinatal and maternal mortality. © 2015 Nordic Federation of Societies of Obstetrics and Gynecology.

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