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Iwasaki M.,Research Center for Cancer Prevention and Screening | Shimada N.,University of Tokyo | Kasuga Y.,Nagano Matsushiro General Hospital | Yokoyama S.,Red Cross | And 10 more authors.
Breast Cancer Research and Treatment | Year: 2011

Previous studies showing the presence of antibodies against tumor-associated antigens in healthy individuals suggest that antibody-dependent cell cytotoxicity (ADCC) might play a role in the development of breast cancer. We hypothesized that functional polymorphisms in fragment c gamma receptor (FcgR) genes were associated with breast cancer risk. We conducted hospital-based case-control studies of patients aged 20-74 years with invasive breast cancer, and matched controls from medical checkup examinees in Nagano, Japan and from cancer-free patients in São Paulo, Brazil. A total of 869 pairs (403 Japanese, 80 Japanese Brazilians and 386 non-Japanese Brazilians) were genotyped for two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs): a histidine (H)/arginine (R) polymorphism at position 131 of FcgRIIa (FcgRIIa H131R) and a valine (V)/phenylalanine (F) polymorphism at position 158 of FcgRIIIa (FcgRIIIa F158V). We found no statistically significant association between either of the two SNPs and breast cancer risk regardless of population. In analyses of the three populations combined, adjusted odds ratio (OR) was 0.93 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.66-1.32] for women with the R/R versus H/H genotype of the FcgRIIa H131R polymorphism and 1.04 (95% CI 0.69-1.57) for the V/V versus F/F genotype of the FcgRIIIa F158V polymorphism. On combination of the two SNPs, compared to women with both the R/R genotype of the FcgRIIa H131R polymorphism and F/F genotype of the FcgRIIIa F158V polymorphism, the adjusted OR for women with both the H/H and V/V genotype was 0.68 (95% CI 0.37-1.27). In conclusion, our findings suggest that ADCC might not play a major role in the etiology of breast cancer. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. Source

Iwasaki M.,Research Center for Cancer Prevention and Screening | Hamada G.S.,Nikkei Disease Prevention Center | Nishimoto I.N.,Hospital AC Camargo | Netto M.M.,Hospital AC Camargo | And 12 more authors.
Nutrition and Cancer | Year: 2010

We tested the hypothesis that polymorphisms in cytochrome P450c17α (CYP17), aromatase (CYP19), 17β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type I (17β-HSD1) and sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) genes may modify the association between isoflavone intake and breast cancer risk. We conducted hospital-based, case-control studies in Nagano, Japan and São Paulo, Brazil. A total of 846 pairs (388 Japanese, 79 Japanese Brazilians, and 379 non-Japanese Brazilians) completed validated food frequency questionnaires. Four single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in CYP17 (rs743572), CYP19 (rs10046), 17β-HSD1 (rs605059), and SHBG (rs6259) genes were genotyped. We found no association between the 4 SNPs and breast cancer risk. In combination analyses of isoflavone intake and SNPs, an inverse association between intake and risk was limited to women with at least one A allele of the rs605059 polymorphism for all 3 populations, albeit without statistical significance. For the rs6259 polymorphism, the inverse association was limited to postmenopausal Japanese with the GG genotype (odds ratio [OR] for highest vs. lowest tertile = 0.50, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.29-0.87; P for trend <0.01), and to non-Japanese Brazilians with at least one A allele (OR for consumers vs. nonconsumer = 0.21, 95% CI = 0.06-0.77). We found no remarkable difference for the rs743572 and rs10046 polymorphisms. Our findings suggest that polymorphisms in the 17β-HSD1 and SHBG genes may modify the association between isoflavone intake and breast cancer risk. © 2010, Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. Source

Iwasaki M.,Research Center for Cancer Prevention and Screening | Kasuga Y.,Nagano Matsushiro General Hospital | Yokoyama S.,Red Cross | Onuma H.,Red Cross | And 9 more authors.
BMC Medicine | Year: 2011

Background: Differences in sex hormone levels among populations might contribute to the variation in breast cancer incidence across countries. Previous studies have shown higher breast cancer incidence and mortality among Japanese Brazilians than among Japanese. To clarify the difference in hormone levels among populations, we compared postmenopausal endogenous sex hormone levels among Japanese living in Japan, Japanese Brazilians living in the state of São Paulo, and non-Japanese Brazilians living in the state of São Paulo.Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted using a control group of case-control studies in Nagano, Japan, and São Paulo, Brazil. Participants were postmenopausal women older than 55 years of age who provided blood samples. We measured estradiol, estrone, androstenedione, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS), testosterone and free testosterone by radioimmunoassay; bioavailable estradiol by the ammonium sulfate precipitation method; and sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) by immunoradiometric assay. A total of 363 women were included for the present analyses, comprising 185 Japanese, 44 Japanese Brazilians and 134 non-Japanese Brazilians.Results: Japanese Brazilians had significantly higher levels of estradiol, bioavailable estradiol, estrone, testosterone and free testosterone levels, and lower SHBG levels, than Japanese. Japanese Brazilians also had significantly higher levels of bioavailable estradiol, estrone and DHEAS and lower levels of SHBG and androstenedione than non-Japanese Brazilians. Levels of estradiol, testosterone and free testosterone, however, did not differ between Japanese Brazilians and non-Japanese Brazilians. These differences were observed even after adjustment for known breast cancer risk factors. We also found an increase in estrogen and androgen levels with increasing body mass index, but no association for most of the other known risk factors.Conclusions: We found higher levels of estrogens and androgens in Japanese Brazilians than in Japanese and levels similar to or higher than in non-Japanese Brazilians. Our findings may help explain the increase in the incidence and mortality rate of breast cancer among Japanese Brazilians. © 2011 Iwasaki et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

Hanna S.A.,Hospital Sirio Libanes | De Barros A.C.S.D.,Hospital Sirio Libanes | De Andrade F.E.M.,Hospital Sirio Libanes | Bevilacqua J.L.B.,Hospital Sirio Libanes | And 7 more authors.
International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics | Year: 2014

Purpose To present local control, complications, and cosmetic outcomes of intraoperative radiation therapy (IORT) for early breast cancer, as well as technical aspects related to the use of a nondedicated linear accelerator. Methods and Materials This prospective trial began in May of 2004. Eligibility criteria were biopsy-proven breast-infiltrating ductal carcinoma, age >40 years, tumor <3 cm, and cN0. Exclusion criteria were in situ or lobular types, multicentricity, skin invasion, any contraindication for surgery and/or radiation therapy, sentinel lymph node involvement, metastasis, or another malignancy. Patients underwent classic quadrantectomy with intraoperative sentinel lymph node and margins evaluation. If both free, the patient was transferred from operative suite to linear accelerator room, and IORT was delivered (21 Gy). Primary endpoint: local recurrence (LR); secondary endpoints: toxicities and aesthetics. Quality assurance involved using a customized shield for chest wall protection, applying procedures to minimize infection caused by patient transportation, and using portal films to check collimator-shield alignment. Results A total of 152 patients were included, with at least 1 year follow-up. Median age (range) was 58.3 (40-85.4) years, and median follow-up time was 50.7 (12-110.5) months. The likelihood of 5-year local recurrence was 3.7%. There were 3 deaths, 2 of which were cancer related. The Kaplan-Meier 5-year actuarial estimates of overall, disease-free, and local recurrence-free survivals were 97.8%, 92.5%, and 96.3%, respectively. The overall incidences of acute and late toxicities were 12.5% and 29.6%, respectively. Excellent, good, fair, and bad cosmetic results were observed in 76.9%, 15.8%, 4.3%, and 2.8% of patients, respectively. Most treatments were performed with a 5-cm collimator, and in 39.8% of the patients the electron-beam energy used was ≥12 MeV. All patients underwent portal film evaluation, and the shielding was repositioned in 39.9% of cases. No infection or anesthesia complications were observed. Conclusions Local control with IORT was adequate, with low complication rates and good cosmetic outcomes. More than one-third of patients benefited from the "image-guidance" approach, and almost 40% benefited from the option of higher electron beam energies. © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Source

Cavagna M.,Servico de Infertilidade Conjugal | Dzik A.,Servico de Infertilidade Conjugal | Donadio N.,Servico de Infertilidade Conjugal | Tourinho Da Silva P.,Servico de Infertilidade Conjugal | And 2 more authors.
Reproducao e Climaterio | Year: 2013

The authors present the ovarian stimulation protocols employed at the Women's Health Reference Center in order to retrieve oocytes for vitrification in breast cancer patients wishing fertility preservation prior to chemotherapy. © 2013 Sociedade Brasileira de Reprodução Humana. Published by Elsevier Editora Ltda. All rights reserved. Source

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