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Reyes-Leon A.,Laboratorio Of Cultivo Of Tejidos | Juarez-Velazquez R.,Laboratorio Of Cultivo Of Tejidos | Medrano-Hernandez A.,Laboratorio Of Cultivo Of Tejidos | Cuenca-Roldan T.,Laboratorio Of Cultivo Of Tejidos | And 6 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2015

Expression of the 6 and 8 dominant-negative Ikaros isoforms in pediatric patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia has been associated with a high risk of relapse and death; due to these isoforms disrupting the differentiation and proliferation of lymphoid cells. The aim of this study was to know the frequency of Ik6 and Ik8 in 113 Mexican ALL-children treated within the National Popular Medical Insurance Program to determine whether there was an association with relapse-free survival, event-free survival and overall survival, and to assess its usefulness in the initial stratification of patients. The expression of these isoforms was analyzed using specific primer sets and nested RT-PCR. The detected transcripts were classified according to the isoforms's sizes reported. A non-expected band of 300 bp from one patient was analyzed by sequencing. Twenty-six patients expressed Ik6 and/or Ik8 and one of them expressed a variant of Ik8 denominated Ik8-deleted. Although the presence of them was not statistically associated with lower relapse free survival (p = 0.432), event free survival (p = 0.667) or overall survival (p = 0.531), inferior overall survival was observed in patients that expressed these isoforms and showed high or standard risk by age and white blood-cell count at diagnosis. Of the 26 patients Ik6+ and/or Ik8+, 14 did not present adverse events; from them 6 were exclusively Ik6+ and/or Ik8+, and 8 were positive for the other Ikaros isoforms (Ik1, Ik2, Ik5, Ik3A, Ik4, Ik4A, Ik7). In the patients studied, the expression of Ik6 and Ik8 did not constitute an independent prognostic factor for relapse or death related to disease; therefore, they could not be used in the initial risk stratification. © 2015 Reyes-León et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Source

Juarez-Velazquez R.,Instituto Nacional Of Pediatria | Juarez-Velazquez R.,National Autonomous University of Mexico | Reyes-Leon A.,Instituto Nacional Of Pediatria | Salas-Labadia C.,Instituto Nacional Of Pediatria | And 8 more authors.
Leukemia and Lymphoma | Year: 2014

Novel biomarkers for risk refinement and stratification in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) are needed to optimize treatment results. We studied the expression of CASP8AP2 and H2AFZ associated with relapse and survival in bone marrow samples from newly diagnosed children with ALL. We found: (a) an increased risk for early relapse in those patients with low expression of CASP8AP2 (odds ratio [OR] 3.93, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.40-11.02, p < 0.05) confirming its usefulness as a predictive risk marker, although H2AFZ did not present the same effect; (b) patients with low expressions of CASP8AP2 and H2AFZ had inferior survival rates (p < 0.001); (c) the predictive values regarding low expressions of H2AFZ and CASP8AP2 and high white blood cell count suggest that these features could help to identify more accurately patients at greater risk of relapse. © 2014 Informa UK, Ltd. Source

Rodgers G.L.,Pfizer | Esposito S.,University of Milan | Principi N.,University of Milan | Gutierrez-Brito M.,Hospital para el Nino Poblano | And 10 more authors.
Vaccine | Year: 2013

Background: The 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7) has demonstrated effectiveness against pneumococcal illnesses when administered as 3 infant doses plus a toddler dose (3+1 schedule) or as an abbreviated schedule of 2 infant doses plus a toddler dose (2+1 schedule). The 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) is approved and World Health Organization-prequalified for administration in a 2+1 schedule when used as part of routine immunization programs. Objective: To summarize immunologic responses elicited by PCV13 administered in a 2+1 schedule and following 2 doses in a 3+1 schedule. Methods: Studies were double-blind, randomized, active-controlled, multicenter studies except the Mexico study (open-label, single-arm). In 2+1 studies, PCV13 was administered at 2, 4, and 12 (UK) or 3, 5, and 11 (Italy) months. In 3+1 studies (Spain and Mexico), assessment was made postdose 2 of the primary series (2, 4, and 6 months). The primary immunogenicity endpoint was the proportion of participants achieving serotype-specific antipolysaccharide immunoglobulin (Ig)G concentrations ≥0.35 μg/mL (i.e., responders) 1 month postdose 2. Pneumococcal IgG geometric mean concentrations (GMCs), opsonophagocytic activity (OPA), and concomitant vaccine responses were assessed. Results: PCV13 and PCV7 elicited comparable immune responses for the 7 common serotypes after 2 infant doses. The proportion of PCV13 responders postdose 2 was >85% for most of the 7 common and 6 additional serotypes, except common serotypes 6B (27.9-81.4%) and 23F (55.8-77.5%) and additional serotypes 3 (73.8-96.9%) and 6A (79.2-94.4%). Serotypes 6B and 23F elicited lower IgG GMCs postdose 2 compared with other serotypes; all serotypes demonstrated boosting posttoddler dose. All serotypes demonstrated functional activity; >95% of participants achieved OPA levels ≥1:8 postdose 2. Concomitant vaccine responses were similar between PCV13 and PCV7 groups. Conclusion: Immune responses elicited by PCV13 following 2 infant doses support transition from PCV7 to PCV13 in countries using a 2+1 schedule.Clinical trial registration numbers: UK (Study 007) NCT00384059; Italy (Study 500) NCT00366899; Spain (Study 501) NCT00368966; Spain (Study 3007) NCT00474539; and Mexico (Study 3009) NCT00708682. © 2013. Source

Lum L.C.S.,University of Malaya | Borja-Tabora C.F.,Manila Doctors Hospital | Breiman R.F.,International Center for Diarrhoeal Disease Research | Vesikari T.,University of Tampere | And 22 more authors.
Vaccine | Year: 2010

Children aged 11 to <24 months received 2 intranasal doses of live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV) or placebo, 35 ± 7 days apart. Dose 1 was administered concomitantly with a combined measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine (Priorix). Seroresponses to measles and mumps were similar between groups. Compared with placebo, response rates to rubella in LAIV + Priorix recipients were statistically lower at a 15 IU/mL threshold (83.9% vs 78.0%) and the prespecified noninferiority criteria were not met. In a post hoc analysis using an alternate widely accepted threshold of 10 IU/mL, the noninferiority criteria were met (93.4% vs 89.8%). Concomitant administration with Priorix did not affect the overall influenza protection rate of LAIV (78.4% and 63.8% against antigenically similar influenza strains and any strain, respectively). © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

Santos-Jasso K.A.,Instituto Nacional Of Pediatria | De Giorgis-Stuven M.A.,Residente de Cirugia Pediatrica Colorrectal | Ruiz-Montanez A.,Residente de Cirugia Pediatrica | Banuelos-Castaneda C.J.,National Autonomous University of Mexico | Torre-Mondragon L.D.L.,Hospital para el Nino Poblano
Acta Pediatrica de Mexico | Year: 2014

Introduction: One thousand children with anorectal malformation (ARM) are born in Mexico every year. In spite of surgical correction, these children continue to present functional fecal problems (constipation and fecal incontinence). We conducted an Intestinal Rehabilitation Program (IRP) which consists of an initial rectal disimpaction followed by administration of stimulant-type laxative (senna), with favorable results. The objective of this paper is to describe the effectiveness of the Intestinal Rehabilitation Program/bowel management program (IRP/BMP) in children with constipation secondary to surgically corrected ARM. Materials and methods: A descriptive, retrospective, cross-sectional study, describing which was the IRP effectiveness in children with constipation secondary to ARM. The effectiveness was measured by means of a construct of three variables (presence of daily bowel movements, absence of fecal staining, and having a plain abdominal radiograph without fecal residue in left colon and rectum after passing stool). All children who had surgically corrected ARM and constipation in two referral centers were included. Results. One hundred and fifty one children with ARM were included: 21.85% had fecal incontinence, and 67.33% had constipation. Of this group 88.1% showed good response to the BMP. The mean dose of sennoside was 8.45 mg/kg, 95% CI: 5.94-11.12 mg/kg (199.5 mg total dose, 95% CI: 139.50-259.50 mg). Colicky abdominal pain occurred in 5.8% of the patients. Discussion. The use of sennoside has had a positive impact on our patients by means of colonic and rectal emptying without fecal soiling. Source

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