Stomatology Hospital of Jinan

Jinan, China

Stomatology Hospital of Jinan

Jinan, China
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Sun L.,Shandong University | Sun L.,Stomatology Hospital of Jinan | Sun L.,University of Twente | Pereira D.,University of Twente | And 10 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2016

Surface topography is increasingly being recognized as an important factor to control the response of cells and tissues to biomaterials. In the current study, the aim was to obtain deeper understanding of the effect of microgrooves on shape and orientation of osteoblast-like cells and to relate this effect to their proliferation and osteogenic differentiation. To this end, two microgrooved polystyrene (PS) substrates, differing in the width of the grooves (about 2 μm and 4 μm) and distance between individual grooves (about 6 μm and 11 μm, respectively) were fabricated using a combination of photolithography and hot embossing. MG-63 human osteosarcoma cells were cultured on these microgrooved surfaces, with unpatterned hot-embossed PS substrate as a control. Scanning electron- and fluorescence microscopy analyses showed that on patterned surfaces, the cells aligned along the microgrooves. The cells cultured on 4 μm-grooves / 11 μm-ridges surface showed a more pronounced alignment and a somewhat smaller cell area and cell perimeter as compared to cells cultured on surface with 2 μm-grooves / 6 μm-ridges or unpatterned PS. PrestoBlue analysis and quantification of DNA amounts suggested that microgrooves used in this experiment did not have a strong effect on cell metabolic activity or proliferation. However, cell differentiation towards the osteogenic lineage was significantly enhanced when MG-63 cells were cultured on the 2/6 substrate, as compared to the 4/11 substrate or unpatterned PS. This effect on osteogenic differentiation may be related to differences in cell spreading between the substrates. © 2016 Sun et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Sun L.,Shandong University | Sun L.,Stomatology Hospital of Jinan | Liang J.,Shandong University | Wang Q.,Stomatology Hospital of Jinan | And 3 more authors.
Cell Proliferation | Year: 2016

Objectives: Tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC) is the most frequent type of oral malignancy. Increasing evidence has shown that miRNAs play key roles in many biological processes such as cell development, invasion, proliferation, differentiation, metabolism, apoptosis and migration. Materials and methods: qRT-PCR analysis was performed to measure miR-137 expression. CCK-8 analysis, cell colony formation, wound-healing analysis and invasion were performed to detect resultant cell functions. The direct target of miR-137 was labelled and measured by luciferase assay and Western blotting. Results: We demonstrated that expression of miR-137 was downregulated in TSCC tissues compared to matched normal ones. miR-137 expression was downregulated in TSCC lines (SCC4, SCC1, UM1 and Cal27) compared to the immortalized NOK16B cell line and normal oral keratinocytes in culture (NHOK). In addition, we have shown that miR-137 expression was epigenetically regulated in TSCCs. Overexpression of miR-137 suppressed TSCC proliferation and colony formation. Ectopic expression of miR-137 promoted expression of the epithelial biomarker, E-cadherin, and inhibited the mesenchymal biomarker, N-cadherin, as well as vimentin and Snail expression, indicating that miR-137 suppressed TSCC epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). We also showed that ectopic expression of miR-137 inhibited TSCC invasion and migration. In addition, we identified SP1 as a direct target gene of miR-137 in SCC1 cells. SP1 overexpression rescued inhibitory effects exerted by miR-137 on cell proliferation and EMT. Conclusions: These results indicate that miR-137 acted as a tumour suppressor in TSCC by targeting SP1. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd


Du C.-H.,Qingdao University | Li N.-Y.,Qingdao University | Gao N.,University of Sichuan | Yao C.,Stomatology Hospital of Jinan | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery | Year: 2013

Purpose: The aim of this study was to construct functional tissue-engineered bone in dogs using cell sheet engineering, a new technique to gain and transfer seed cells. Materials and Methods: Demineralized bone matrixes, prepared from homologous bone, were coated with recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2. Bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) were isolated and subcultured. Osteogenic-induced BMSCs were incubated in a temperature-responsive culture dish to form the BMSC sheet. The complex of demineralized bone matrix, recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2, and BMSCs wrapped with BMSC sheets was implanted around the blood vessels of the latissimus dorsi muscle in the experimental side, and the same complex without BMSC sheets was implanted around the blood vessels of the latissimus dorsi muscle on the other side as a control. At 4, 8, 12, and 16 weeks after implantation, the implants were removed for radiographic evaluation, descriptive histologic observation, and histologic quantitative analysis. Results: Radiographic analysis showed that the optical density of the tissue-engineered bone on the 2 sides increased with time. However, the optical density of the experimental side was significantly greater than that of the control side at the same points. Sixteen weeks after implantation, mature lamellar bone was formed in the experimental side, with red bone marrow in the bone marrow cavity. In contrast, the control side exhibited significantly less lamellar bone. Histologic quantitative analysis showed that the experimental side exhibited significantly more bone per area compared with the control side. Conclusion: BMSC sheet engineering may be useful to construct functional tissue-engineered bone. © 2013 American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons.


PubMed | Stomatology Hospital of Jinan and Shandong University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Cell proliferation | Year: 2016

Tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC) is the most frequent type of oral malignancy. Increasing evidence has shown that miRNAs play key roles in many biological processes such as cell development, invasion, proliferation, differentiation, metabolism, apoptosis and migration.qRT-PCR analysis was performed to measure miR-137 expression. CCK-8 analysis, cell colony formation, wound-healing analysis and invasion were performed to detect resultant cell functions. The direct target of miR-137 was labelled and measured by luciferase assay and Western blotting.We demonstrated that expression of miR-137 was downregulated in TSCC tissues compared to matched normal ones. miR-137 expression was downregulated in TSCC lines (SCC4, SCC1, UM1 and Cal27) compared to the immortalized NOK16B cell line and normal oral keratinocytes in culture (NHOK). In addition, we have shown that miR-137 expression was epigenetically regulated in TSCCs. Overexpression of miR-137 suppressed TSCC proliferation and colony formation. Ectopic expression of miR-137 promoted expression of the epithelial biomarker, E-cadherin, and inhibited the mesenchymal biomarker, N-cadherin, as well as vimentin and Snail expression, indicating that miR-137 suppressed TSCC epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). We also showed that ectopic expression of miR-137 inhibited TSCC invasion and migration. In addition, we identified SP1 as a direct target gene of miR-137 in SCC1 cells. SP1 overexpression rescued inhibitory effects exerted by miR-137 on cell proliferation and EMT.These results indicate that miR-137 acted as a tumour suppressor in TSCC by targeting SP1.

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