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Kusk M.W.,Hospital of South West Jutland | Karstoft J.,University of Southern Denmark | Mussmann B.R.,University of Southern Denmark
Acta Radiologica | Year: 2015

Background Generation of multiplanar reformation (MPR) images has become automatic on most modern computed tomography (CT) scanners, potentially increasing the workload of the reporting radiologists. It is not always clear if this increases diagnostic performance in all clinical tasks. Purpose To assess detection performance using only coronal multiplanar reformations (MPR) when triaging patients for lung malignancies with CT compared to images in three orthogonal planes, and to evaluate performance comparison of novice and experienced readers. Material and Methods Retrospective study of 63 patients with suspicion of lung cancer, scanned on 64-slice multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) with images reconstructed in three planes. Coronal images were presented to four readers, two novice and two experienced. Readers decided whether the patients were suspicious for malignant disease, and indicated their confidence on a five-point scale. Sensitivity and specificity on per-patient basis was calculated with regards to a reference standard of histological diagnosis, and compared with the original report using McNemar's test. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were plotted to compare the performance of the four readers, using the area under the curve (AUC) as figure of merit. Results No statistically significant difference of sensitivity and specificity was found for any of the readers when compared to the original reports. ROC analysis yielded AUCs in the range of 0.92-0.93 for all readers with no significant difference. Inter-rater agreement was substantial (kappa = 0.72). Conclusion Sensitivity and specificity were comparable to diagnosis using images in three planes. No significant difference was found between experienced and novice readers. © The Foundation Acta Radiologica 2014.

Steffensen S.M.,Hospital of South West Jutland | Korsgaard N.,Clinical Diagnostics
BMJ Case Reports | Year: 2014

An 82-year-old woman presented with an asymptomatic mass, rapidly growing on her left cheek for the previous 3 months. Punch biopsy of the tumour was performed, and the pathology was compatible with Merkel cell carcinoma. A resection margin of more than 1 cm would involve left oral commissura, potentially damaging speech, eating and drinking ability. The patient had a strong wish of keeping surgery simple in order to maintain quality of life. Tumour excision was performed with 1 cm resection margin, and postoperatively the patient was referred to adjuvant radiation therapy. Sensibility of upper and lower lip remained unaffected, while motor innervation of left upper lip was impaired. Despite this, the patient's ability to talk and eat was unaffected. Surgery, with adjunctive radiation therapy, is the first-line of treatment for the primary tumour. The option for a more conservative treatment is not first choice, but can be considered upon individual assessment. Copyright 2014 BMJ Publishing Group. All rights reserved.

Lauridsen M.M.,Hospital of South West Jutland | Thiele M.,Copenhagen University | Kimer N.,Copenhagen University | Vilstrup H.,Aarhus University Hospital
Metabolic Brain Disease | Year: 2013

Existing tests for minimal/covert hepatic encephalopathy (m/cHE) are time- and expertise consuming and primarily useable for research purposes. An easy-to-use, fast and reliable diagnostic and grading tool is needed. We here report on the background, experience, and ongoing research regarding the continuous reaction times (CRT) method. The method has been in clinical use for decades in Denmark for the stated purpose. The method is a 10-minutes, computerised registration of a series of motor reaction times to an auditory stimulus, with results reported as the CRTindex (50 percentile/(90-10) percentile) as a parameter of reaction time variability. The index is a measure of alertness stability and is used to assess attention and cognition deficits. The CRTindex identifies half of patients in a Danish cohort with chronic liver disease, as having m/cHE, a normal value safely precludes HE, it has a broad outcome span reflecting the degree of brain impairment, it shows no learning effect, and it is independent on age and gender. The CRTindex is, therefore, a candidate tool for routine screening, detecting, grading, and monitoring m/cHE. Still, however, further methodological and clinical validation trials are required and are currently being conducted. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York.

Ornbjerg L.M.,Copenhagen University | Ostergaard M.,Copenhagen University | Boyesen P.,Diakonhjemmet Hospital | Krogh N.S.,Zitelab Aps | And 16 more authors.
Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases | Year: 2013

Objectives: To compare radiographic progression during treatment with disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARD) and subsequent treatment with tumour necrosis factor α inhibitors (TNF-I) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients in clinical practice. Methods: Conventional radiographs (x-rays) of hands and wrists were obtained ∼2 years before start (prebaseline), at baseline and ∼2 years after start (follow-up) of TNF-I. Clinical data were obtained from the DANBIO registry and the patient files. x-Rays were scored blinded to chronology according to the Sharp/van der Heijde method. Annual radiographic progression rates during the DMARD (prebaseline to baseline x-ray) and TNF-I (baseline to follow-up x-ray) periods were calculated. Results: 517 RA patients (76% women, 80% IgM rheumatoid factor positive, 65% anticyclic citrullinated peptide positive, 40% current smokers, age 54 years (range 21-86), median disease duration 5 years (range 0-57)) were included. Patients were treated with infliximab (61%), etanercept (15%) or adalimumab (24%). During the DMARD period 85% of patients received methotrexate, 51% sulphasalazine and 78% prednisolone. The median DMARD period was 733 days (IQR 484-1002) and the median TNF-I period was 562 days (IQR 405-766). The median radiographic progression rate decreased from 0.7 (IQR 0-2.9) total Sharp score units/year (dTSS) in the DMARD period to 0 (0-0.9) units/year in the TNF-I period (p<0.0001, Wilcoxon). Corresponding mean dTSS values were 2.1 (SD 3.7) versus 0.7 (SD 2.3) units/year (p<0.0001, paired t test). 305 patients progressed (dTSS >0) in the DMARD period compared with 158 patients in the TNF-I period (p<0.0001, χ2). Conclusion: This nationwide observational study of RA patients documented significantly reduced radiographic progression during TNF-I treatment compared with the previous period of DMARD treatment.

Haidl F.,Lillebaelt Hospital | Brabrand M.,Hospital of South West Jutland | Henriksen D.P.,University of Southern Denmark | Lassen A.T.,University of Southern Denmark
European Journal of Emergency Medicine | Year: 2015

An increased lactate level is related to increased mortality in subpopulations of critically ill patients. The aim of this study was to investigate whether lactate was related to mortality in an emergency department (ED) setting of undifferentiated medical patients. All adult patients admitted from March 2009 to August 2011 to a medical ED with lactate measured within 6 h after arrival were studied. Lactate was stratified into 1-mmol/l intervals and analysed in a multivariate logistic regression analysis. A total of 5317 patients were included, 46.9% men, median age 71 years (5-95% percentiles 25-90 years). The median lactate level was 1.2 mmol/l (5-95% percentiles 0.6-3.8 mmol/l, range 0.2-22 mmol/l). Lactate was associated with 10-day mortality independent of age, comorbidity and presence of hypotension, with an odds ratio of 1.54 (95% confidence interval 1.44-1.63) per 1 mmol/l increase. Lactate is an independent predictor of 10-day mortality among patients admitted to a medical ED. © 2015 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.

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