Liu T.,Shenyang University |
Ren X.,Shanghai JiaoTong University |
Li L.,Guangdong General Hospital |
Yin L.,Shenyang University |
And 6 more authors.
Frontiers in Bioscience - Landmark | Year: 2015
Prostate cancer is the most common malignancy in men and is the second leading cause of cancer-related mortality in developed countries. Recent work has revealed the significance of CIP-interacting zinc finger protein 1 (CIZ1) in cancer cell biology, but its roles in prostatic carcinoma are unknown. Our study compared CIZ1 gene expression in banked prostatic carcinomas versus matched paraneoplastic tissues and in tumor cell lines of varying origin. This study revealed that the expression of CIZ1 was higher in high-grade prostate cancer than in low-grade prostate cancer and normal tissues. Among the tumor cell lines, PC-3 exhibited the highest levels of CIZ1 expression. CIZ1 gene silencing in PC-3 cells reduced cell proliferation and colony formation, induced cell cycle arrest in G1, inhibited tumor formation in nude mice, and suppressed the expression of genes related to prostate carcinoma. These results suggest that CIZ1 may play an important role in the progression of human prostate carcinoma and us which may be used as a therapeutic target in prostate cancer. © 2014, Frontiers in Bioscience. All rights reserved.
Song J.,Xi'an Jiaotong University |
Song J.,Harbin Medical University |
Li Y.,Hospital of Heilongjiang Province |
An R.F.,Xi'an Jiaotong University
Reproductive Sciences | Year: 2015
Background: Early-onset preeclampsia (EOPET), resulting in intrauterine growth restriction, has serious impact on maternal, perinatal, and neonatal livability worldwide. The current study conducted bioinformatics analyses to screen key genes and microRNAs (miRNAs) involved in EOPET and thus to explore the molecular mechanisms of EOPET. Methods: The microarray data set GSE44711 containing 8 EOPET placentas and 8 gestational age-matched controls was obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus database. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were screened and subjected to gene ontology functional enrichment analysis. Then, Human Protein Reference Database was used to construct protein-protein interaction (PPI) network of DEGs. Besides, we predicted EOPET-associated miRNAs and built the miRNA regulatory network. Results: A total of 150 DEGs including 26 upregulated and 124 downregulated genes were obtained. Corticotropin releasing hormone (CRH) and vitronectin (VTN) was the most significantly upregulated and downregulated genes, respectively. The DEGs were mainly related to the biological process (BP) of pregnancy, hormone-involved process, and formation of extracellular region. Analysis of PPI network revealed that fibronectin 1(FN1), FBJ murine osteosarcoma viral oncogene homolog (FOS), CD247 molecule (CD247), VTN, and interleukin 2 receptor, beta (IL2RB) were the top 5 DEGs with highest node degree. Furthermore, many EOPETassociated miRNAs were identified and miR-142-3p was the most significant one. Additionally, multiple miRNAs, such as miR- 200b/c and miR-27a/b, were predicted to regulate the expression of several key DEGs. Conclusion: The current study identified several regulators in EOPET, which may contribute to interpret the molecular mechanism of EOPET and develop novel biomarkers and therapeutic targets for EOPET. © The Author(s) 2015.
Li Q.,Northeast Agricultural University |
Ren G.,Northeast Agricultural University |
Ren G.,Key Laboratory of Agricultural Biological Function Gene |
Xu L.,Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences |
And 12 more authors.
International Immunopharmacology | Year: 2014
Interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and interleukin-17A (IL-17A) are inducible factors and important cytokines in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). In the present study, three bispecific and neutralizing antibodies (BsAB-1, BsAB-2 and BsAB-3) against both hIL-1β and hIL-17A were constructed, their therapeutic efficacy was compared on collagen induced arthritis (CIA) model mice. In vitro assays demonstrated that the three antibodies could simultaneously bind to target both hIL-1β and hIL-17A. Mice with CIA were subcutaneously administered with one of three antibodies every two days for 29 days, we noticed that, compared with the BsAB-2 and BsAB-3, BsAB-1 antibody therapy resulted in more significant effect on alleviating the severity of arthritis by preventing bone damage and cartilage destruction and substantially decreasing production of CII-specific antibodies. In addition, BsAB-1 antibody was more potent in the inhibition of mRNA expression of IL-2, IL-1β, IL-17A, TNF-α and MMP-3 in the spleen of CIA mice compared to the other two. In summary, BsAB-1 is superior over BsAB-2 and BsAB-3 for the treatment of RA model mice, and may be chosen as an ideal candidate for further development of therapeutic drugs for treatment of RA. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Liu Y.,Jilin University |
Liu Y.,Hospital of Heilongjiang Province |
Zhu M.,Harbin Institute of Technology |
Lin L.,Hebei Medical University |
And 3 more authors.
Brain Research | Year: 2014
Parkinsons disease (PD) is an age-related neurodegenerative movement disorder, characterized by loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNpc). The MPTP/MPP+ model is often used to investigate the signaling mechanisms of dopamine (DA) degeneration, both in vivo and in vitro. The identification of specific genetic and environmental factors responsible for PD has bolstered evidence for a shared pathway of neuronal death - apoptosis. Trim27 is reported to promote apoptosis. However, little evidence exists to indicate a linkage between Trim27 and PD. In this study, we found that compared to healthy individuals, Trim27 was significantly upregulated in patients with PD. We further showed that Trim27 expression was dramatically induced in PC12 cells and in the SNpc of the PD mouse model. RNAi-mediated knockdown of Trim27 in PC12 cells showed obvious suppression of apoptosis. There are reduced dopaminergic neuron loss and lower apoptotic protein expression levels in MPTP-treated Trim27-/- mice, compared with MPTP-treated WT mice. These data demonstrated that Trim27 deficiency decreases apoptosis and protects dopaminergic neurons in the neurotoxin model of PD, suggesting that Trim27 may be an effective potential target during the treatment of PD. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.
Fan X.,Jilin University |
Jiang Y.,Jilin University |
Jiang Y.,Jiangsu Electric Power Company |
Han J.,Jilin University |
And 4 more authors.
Mediators of Inflammation | Year: 2016
Objective. This study aimed to examine the potential role of memory T follicular helper (Tfh) cells in patients with neuromyelitis optica/neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMO/NMOSD). Methods. The percentages of different subsets of circulating memory Tfh cells in 25 NMO/NMOSD patients before and after treatment as well as in 17 healthy controls were examined by flow cytometry. The levels of IL-21 and AQP4 Ab in plasma and CSF were measured by ELISA. Results. The percentages and numbers of circulating memory Tfh cells, ICOS+, CCR7-, CCR7-ICOS+, CCR7+, CCR7+ICOS+ memory Tfh cells, and the levels of IL-21 in plasma and CSF were significantly increased in NMO/NMOSD patients. The percentages of CCR7- and CCR7-ICOS+ memory Tfh cells were positively correlated with ARR, plasma IL-21, and AQP4 Ab levels. The percentages of CCR7+ and CCR7+ICOS+ memory Tfh cells were positively correlated with CSF white blood cell counts, proteins, and IL-21 levels. Treatment with corticosteroids significantly reduced the numbers of CCR7-ICOS+ and CCR7+ICOS+ memory Tfh cells as well as plasma IL-21 levels in patients with partial remission. Conclusions. Our findings indicate that circulating memory Tfh cells may participate in the relapse and development of NMO/NMOSD and may serve as a new therapeutic target. © 2016 Xueli Fan et al.
PubMed | Xi'an Jiaotong University and Hospital of Heilongjiang Province
Type: Journal Article | Journal: The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research | Year: 2016
Deficiency of vitamin D is correlated with pre-eclampsia (PE), a hypertensive disorder of pregnancy, and is characterized by angiogenic imbalance and inflammation. The aim of this study was to investigate whether vitamin D supplementation can restore the angiogenic balance and ameliorate inflammation in a rat model of PE.PE was induced using l-nitroarginine methylester. Normal pregnant and PE-induced rats were supplemented with vitamin D on gestation days 14-19.Blood pressure was significantly increased in PE-induced rats compared with normal pregnant rats (P < 0.05), and vitamin D supplementation ameliorated this difference. In addition, rats from the PE group had lower vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF; P < 0.01), and higher plasma-soluble FMS-like tyrosine kinase-1 (sFlt-1) and tumor necrosis factor- (TNF-; P < 0.01 for both) compared with the normal pregnant group. The vitamin D treatment group had significantly increased VEGF, and reduced sFlt-1 and TNF- compared with the untreated PE group. Moreover, vitamin D supplementation was able to reduce the oxidative stress by lowering the plasma oxidative stress marker malondialdehyde.Vitamin D supplementation plays an important role in restoring angiogenic balance and reducing inflammation in pregnancy-induced hypertension.
PubMed | Harbin Medical University, Hospital of Heilongjiang Province and Childrens Hospital of HEBEI Province
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Biotechnic & histochemistry : official publication of the Biological Stain Commission | Year: 2015
We investigated dexamethasone therapy for preventing delayed encephalopathy after carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning. Eighty healthy male rats were exposed to CO and randomly divided into four groups: hyperbaric oxygen treatment (H), treatment (D), combined hyperbaric and dexamethasone treatment (C), and a control (M) group in which the rats inhaled CO to coma in the hyperbaric oxygen chamber, then were removed without further treatment. Twelve rats were put into the hyperbaric oxygen chamber and treated with air for 60 min (N) group. An eight arm maze was used to evaluate cognitive and memory abilities of these mice. Serum myelin basic protein (MBP) levels were evaluated using ELISA, and magnetic resonance imaging was used to observe brain demyelination and morbidity associated with delayed encephalopathy. A sample of the hippocampus from each group was examined by light microscopy. Cognitive and memory functions decreased in the control group M. Three days after CO poisoning, the serum MBP level of each group increased significantly. On Day 10 after CO poisoning, the MBP levels in groups C and D decreased significantly, but returned to normal on Day 18. MBP levels in the M and H groups were elevated at all time points. Brain MRIs showed significant differences among C, D, H and control M groups. Hematoxylin & eosin staining of the hippocampus showed greater damage in the control M and H groups. Early dexamethasone treatment may be useful for preventing delayed encephalopathy after CO poisoning and may reduce serum MBP levels.
PubMed | Hospital of Heilongjiang Province and Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Experimental and therapeutic medicine | Year: 2014
PubMed | Harbin Medical University, Hospital of Heilongjiang Province and Jiamusi University
Type: | Journal: BioMed research international | Year: 2015
Candida albicans (C.a) and Candida tropicalis (C.t) were treated with Streptococcus sanguinis bacteriocin (S.s bacteriocin), respectively; the bacteriostatic dynamics of S.s bacteriocin, their effects on cell surface hydrophobicity, leakage of inorganic phosphorus and macromolecular substance, cytosolic calcium concentration, and ultrastructure changes of Candida thallus were detected and analyzed. The results showed that inhibitory effect of S.s bacteriocin on C.a and C.t reached peak level at 24h, the cell-surface hydrophobicity decreased significantly (P < 0.05) after S.s bacteriocin treatment, and there was leakage of cytoplasmic inorganic phosphorus and macromolecular substance from C.a and C.t; cytosolic calcium concentration decreased greatly. After 24h treatment by S.s bacteriocin, depressive deformity and defect could be found in the cell surface of C.a and C.t; the thallus displayed irregular forms: C.a was shrunken, there was unclear margins abutting upon cell wall and cell membrane, nucleus disappeared, and cytoplasm was inhomogeneous; likewise, C.t was first plasmolysis, and then the cytoplasm was shrunk, the ultrastructure of cell wall and cell membrane was continuously damaged, and the nucleus was karyolysis. It was illustrated that S.s bacteriocin had similar antifungal effect on C.a and C.t; their cell surface hydrophobicity, membrane permeability, and ultrastructure were changed significantly on exposure to S.s bacteriocin.
PubMed | Hospital of Heilongjiang Province and Shenyang University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Biotechnology and applied biochemistry | Year: 2015
Krppel-like factor 8 (KLF8) belongs to the Sp/KLF family of transcription factors. Recently, it is affirmed that KLF8 plays an important role in the regulation of epithelial-mesenchymal transition, which is a key process that occurs during cancer metastasis. Although the overexpression of KLF8 has been observed in several types of human cancers, the functional role of KLF8 in human bladder cancer remains unknown. Here, we investigated the effects of KLF8 knockdown on bladder cancer cell proliferation and migration in vitro. Lentivirus-mediated small interfering RNA (siRNA) targeting KLF8 specifically downregulated its expression in T24 and BT5637 bladder cancer cells. Knockdown of KLF8 significantly inhibit cell proliferation and colony formation. Cell cycle analysis showed that knockdown of KLF8 arrested T24 cells in the G0/G1 phase. Moreover, cell migration was attenuated in T24 cells after KLF8 knockdown. Furthermore, knockdown of KLF8 resulted in a reduction in vimentin and N-cadherin expression and an increase in -catenin expression. These results indicate that KLF8 plays a crucial role in proliferation and migration of bladder cancer cells, and inhibition of KLF8 by siRNA may provide a potential therapeutic approach for gene therapy in bladder cancer.