Oberpullendorf, Austria
Oberpullendorf, Austria

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Heitzer E.,Medical University of Graz | Artl M.,Medical University of Graz | Filipits M.,Medical University of Vienna | Resel M.,Medical University of Graz | And 14 more authors.
Modern Pathology | Year: 2014

Surgical excision of colorectal cancer at early clinical stages is highly effective, but 20-30% of patients relapse. Therefore, it is of clinical relevance to identify patients at high risk for recurrence, who would benefit from adjuvant chemotherapy. The objective of this study was to identify prognostic and/or predictive methylation markers in stage II colorectal cancer patients. Therefore, we selected six gene promoters (FZD9, PCDH10 (protocadherin 10), SFRP2, SPARC (secreted protein acidic and rich in cysteine), UCHL1 (ubiquitin carboxyl-terminal hydrolase 1), and WIF1) for methylation analysis in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded primary tumor samples of colorectal cancer patients (n=143) who were enrolled in a prospective randomized phase III trial of the Austrian Breast and Colorectal cancer Study Group. Patients were randomized to adjuvant chemotherapy with 5-fluorouracil and leucovorin or surveillance only. Survival analyses revealed that combined evaluation of three promoters (PCDH10, SPARC, and UCHL1) showed differential effects with regard to disease-free survival and overall survival in the two treatment groups (significance level 0.007). In the chemotherapy arm, a statistically insignificant trend for patients without methylation toward longer survival was observed (P=0.069 for disease-free survival and P=0.139 for overall survival). Contrary, patients in the surveillance arm without methylation in their gene promoters had shorter disease-free survival and overall survival (P=0.031 for disease-free survival and P=0.003 for overall survival), indicating a prognostic effect of methylation in this group (test for interaction, P=0.006 for disease-free survival and P=0.018 for overall survival). These results indicate that promoter methylation status of PCDH10, SPARC, and UCHL1 may be used both as prognostic and predictive molecular marker for colorectal cancer patients and, therefore, may facilitate treatment decisions for stage II colorectal cancer. © 2014 USCAP, Inc. All rights reserved.


Kandioler D.,Medical University of Vienna | Mittlbock M.,Medical University of Vienna | Kappel S.,Medical University of Vienna | Puhalla H.,Medical University of Vienna | And 11 more authors.
EBioMedicine | Year: 2015

We investigated the hypothesis that the varying treatment efficacy of adjuvant 5-fluorouracil (5FU) in stage III colon cancer is linked to the TP53 mutational status.ABCSG-90 was a prospective randomized trial in which effect of adjuvant 5FU was studied in stage III colon cancer patients. Tumor material of 70% of these patients (389/572) was available for analysis of the biomarker TP53 using a TP53-gene-specific Sanger sequencing protocol.Median follow-up was 88. months. TP53 mutation frequency was 33%. A significant interaction between TP53 status, outcomes and nodal category was found (P. = 0.0095). In the N1 category, TP53 wildtype patients had significantly better overall survival than TP53 mutated (81.0% vs. 62.0% overall survival at 5. years; HR. = 2.131; 95% CI: 1.344-3.378; P. = 0.0010). In the N2 category, the TP53 status did not affect survival (P. = 0.4992). In TP53 wildtype patients, the prognostic significance of N category was significantly enhanced (P. = 0.0002). In TP53 mutated patients, survival curves of N1 and N2 patients overlapped and nodal category was no longer prognostic.The biomarker TP53 independently predicted effect of adjuvant 5FU in N1 colon cancer patients. TP53 was not predictive in N2 patients, in whom 5FU is known to have no effect. © 2015 The Authors.


PubMed | Hospital Barmherzige Bruder, Medical University of Graz, Hospital Oberpullendorf, Albert Schweitzer Clinic and Medical University of Vienna
Type: Clinical Trial | Journal: EBioMedicine | Year: 2015

We investigated the hypothesis that the varying treatment efficacy of adjuvant 5-fluorouracil (5FU) in stage III colon cancer is linked to the TP53 mutational status. ABCSG-90 was a prospective randomized trial in which effect of adjuvant 5FU was studied in stage III colon cancer patients. Tumor material of 70% of these patients (389/572) was available for analysis of the biomarker TP53 using a TP53-gene-specific Sanger sequencing protocol. Median follow-up was 88months. TP53 mutation frequency was 33%. A significant interaction between TP53 status, outcomes and nodal category was found (P=0.0095). In the N1 category, TP53 wildtype patients had significantly better overall survival than TP53 mutated (81.0% vs. 62.0% overall survival at 5years; HR=2.131; 95% CI: 1.344-3.378; P=0.0010). In the N2 category, the TP53 status did not affect survival (P=0.4992). In TP53 wildtype patients, the prognostic significance of N category was significantly enhanced (P=0.0002). In TP53 mutated patients, survival curves of N1 and N2 patients overlapped and nodal category was no longer prognostic. The biomarker TP53 independently predicted effect of adjuvant 5FU in N1 colon cancer patients. TP53 was not predictive in N2 patients, in whom 5FU is known to have no effect.


PubMed | Paracelsus Medical University, Medical University of Graz, Comprehensive Cancer Center, Hospital Oberpullendorf and 3 more.
Type: Clinical Trial, Phase III | Journal: Modern pathology : an official journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc | Year: 2014

Surgical excision of colorectal cancer at early clinical stages is highly effective, but 20-30% of patients relapse. Therefore, it is of clinical relevance to identify patients at high risk for recurrence, who would benefit from adjuvant chemotherapy. The objective of this study was to identify prognostic and/or predictive methylation markers in stage II colorectal cancer patients. Therefore, we selected six gene promoters (FZD9, PCDH10 (protocadherin 10), SFRP2, SPARC (secreted protein acidic and rich in cysteine), UCHL1 (ubiquitin carboxyl-terminal hydrolase 1), and WIF1) for methylation analysis in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded primary tumor samples of colorectal cancer patients (n=143) who were enrolled in a prospective randomized phase III trial of the Austrian Breast and Colorectal cancer Study Group. Patients were randomized to adjuvant chemotherapy with 5-fluorouracil and leucovorin or surveillance only. Survival analyses revealed that combined evaluation of three promoters (PCDH10, SPARC, and UCHL1) showed differential effects with regard to disease-free survival and overall survival in the two treatment groups (significance level 0.007). In the chemotherapy arm, a statistically insignificant trend for patients without methylation toward longer survival was observed (P=0.069 for disease-free survival and P=0.139 for overall survival). Contrary, patients in the surveillance arm without methylation in their gene promoters had shorter disease-free survival and overall survival (P=0.031 for disease-free survival and P=0.003 for overall survival), indicating a prognostic effect of methylation in this group (test for interaction, P=0.006 for disease-free survival and P=0.018 for overall survival). These results indicate that promoter methylation status of PCDH10, SPARC, and UCHL1 may be used both as prognostic and predictive molecular marker for colorectal cancer patients and, therefore, may facilitate treatment decisions for stage II colorectal cancer.


Hofer P.,Medical University of Vienna | Baierl A.,University of Vienna | Bernhart K.,Medical University of Vienna | Leeb G.,Hospital Oberpullendorf | And 3 more authors.
Molecular Carcinogenesis | Year: 2012

Human telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) gene encodes the catalytic subunit of telomerase and is located on chromosome 5p15, a genomic region which was found to be associated with multiple cancer types. But no associations with colorectal cancer (CRC) have been reported until recently. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of seven single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of TERT on susceptibility to colorectal polyps and CRC. The study population of our ongoing colorectal cancer study of Austria (CORSA) comprised 3,842 Caucasian participants. A total of 3,264 participants was genotyped including 142 CRC cases, 492 high-risk polyps, 837 low-risk polyps, and 1,793 polyp-free controls verified by colonoscopy. Genotyping was performed by TaqMan assay using genomic DNA. The impact of each SNP was estimated by multiple logistic regression analyses performed with R Version 2.11.1. None of the investigated TERT SNPs (rs2736122, rs2853676, rs2735940, rs2736098, rs2075786, rs2736100, rs4975605) were found to be associated with risk of CRC nor colonic polyps. However, the haplotype CGTATGG was associated with a significantly increased risk of high-risk polyps (OR=1.48, 95% CI 1.01-2.17, P=0.043). In accordance with other studies our results suggest no major influence of the investigated TERT SNPs on CRC and colorectal polyp risk. However, relevance of telomerase in tumorigenesis of multiple malignancies demands further investigations of the 5p15 locus concerning CRC susceptibility. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Feik E.,Medical University of Vienna | Baierl A.,University of Vienna | Hieger B.,Medical University of Vienna | Fuhrlinger G.,Medical University of Vienna | And 8 more authors.
Cancer Causes and Control | Year: 2010

Purpose: Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) is a peptide growth factor that promotes cell proliferation and inhibits apoptosis. The bioavailability of IGF1 is regulated by the insulin-like growth factor binding protein 3 (IGFBP3). The purpose of this study was to examine the association of genetic variants in IGF1 (rs6214, rs6220, and rs35767) and IGFBP3 (rs2854744 and rs2854746) with risk of colorectal polyps and colorectal cancer. Methods: In this ongoing colorectal cancer study of Austria (CORSA), a total of 3,360 Caucasian participants, consisting of 178 colorectal cancer patients, 328 patients with high risk polyps, 1,059 patients with low risk colorectal polyps, and 1,795 colonoscopy-negative controls, were recruited within a large colorectal screening project in the province Burgenland and from three hospitals in Vienna. Multiple logistic regression was applied to compare individuals of the control group against three different risk groups, namely, colorectal cancer group, high risk polyp group, and low risk polyp group. Results: Carriers of the homozygous polymorphic genotype of the SNP rs6214 were associated with an increased colorectal risk (OR = 1.79, 95% CI 1.04-1.90) compared to the colonoscopy-negative controls; this was also found when combining colorectal cancer cases and high risk polyp group (OR = 1.39, 95% CI 1.01-1.90). Conclusion: Our results suggest that the SNP rs6214 of IGF1 could have an impact on developing colorectal cancer and colorectal polyps with villous elements. © 2009 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.


Hofer P.,Medical University of Vienna | Baierl A.,University of Vienna | Feik E.,Medical University of Vienna | Fuhrlinger G.,Medical University of Vienna | And 5 more authors.
Carcinogenesis | Year: 2011

Telomerase reactivation and expression of human telomerase gene [human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT)] are hallmarks of unlimited proliferation potential of cancer cells. A polymorphic tandem repeats minisatellite of hTERT gene, termed MNS16A was reported to influence hTERT expression. To assess the role of MNS16A as potential biomarker for colorectal cancer (CRC), we investigated for the first time the association of MNS16A genotypes with risk of colorectal polyps and CRC. In the ongoing colorectal cancer study of Austria (CORSA), 3842 Caucasian participants were recruited within a large screening project in the province Burgenland including 90 CRC cases, 308 high-risk polyps, 1022 low-risk polyps and 1822 polyp free controls verified by colonoscopy. MNS16A genotypes were determined by polymerase chain reaction from genomic DNA. Associations of MNS16A genotypes with CRC risk were estimated by logistic regression analysis computing odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). We identified five different variable number of tandem repeats (VNTRs) of MNS16A including VNTR-364, a newly discovered rare variant. VNTR-274 allele was associated with a 2.7-fold significantly increased risk of CRC compared with the VNTR-302 wild-type (OR = 2.69; 95% CI = 1.11-6.50; P = 0.028). In our CORSA study, the medium length VNTR-274 was identified as risk factor for CRC. Although, this population-based study herewith reports the largest cohort size concerning MNS16A thus far, further large-scale studies in diverse populations are warranted to confirm hTERT MNS16A genotype as potential biomarker for assessment of CRC risk. © The Author 2011. Published by Oxford University Press.


Gsur A.,Medical University of Vienna | Bernhart K.,Medical University of Vienna | Baierl A.,University of Vienna | Feik E.,Medical University of Vienna | And 5 more authors.
Cancer Epidemiology | Year: 2011

Background: X-ray repair cross complementation group 1 (XRCC1) plays a key role in base excision repair. The purpose of this study was to examine the association of two genetic polymorphisms in XRCC1 (rs1799782 and rs25487) with risk of colorectal polyps and colorectal cancer (CRC). Methods: In the ongoing colorectal cancer study of Austria (CORSA), a total of 3091 Caucasian participants was genotyped using 5'-nuclease TaqMan assays. Multiple logistic regression was applied to compare individuals of the control group against three different case groups namely CRC cases, high-risk and low-risk polyps. Results: The two investigated SNPs in XRCC1 were not found to be associated with neither CRC risk nor polyp risk. Comparing the CRC cases versus the controls the OR was 0.60 (95%CI 0.27-1.31) for the heterozygous polymorphic genotype of SNP rs1799782 and 1.47 (95%CI 0.81-2.65) for the homozygous polymorphic genotype of SNP rs25487. Comparing the high-risk polyp group versus the controls the OR was 2.64 (95%CI 0.61-11.42) for the homozygous polymorphic genotype of SNP rs1799782 and 0.89 (95%CI 0.60-1.33) for SNP rs25487, respectively. In an haplotype analysis also no statistically significant association was found. Conclusion: Our finding that none of the two investigated SNPs of XRCC1 were significantly associated with risk of CRC or polyps is consistent with the results of a recently published meta-analysis. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.

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