Hospital Nacional Cayetano Heredia

Lima, Peru

Hospital Nacional Cayetano Heredia

Lima, Peru

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Murguia-Peniche T.,National Center for Child and Adolescent Health | Mihatsch W.A.,Munich Municipal Hospitals | Zegarra J.,Hospital Nacional Cayetano Heredia | Supapannachart S.,Mahidol University | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Pediatrics | Year: 2013

The interplay between microorganisms and the intestine of newborn infants is associated with diverse functional and clinical outcomes that result from the specific interactions among microbial communities, their products, and the unique characteristics of the gastrointestinal tract. Multiple mechanisms of action for infant formula ingredients with probiotic activity appear to exist. These mechanisms are thought to protect the host not only from intestinal diseases but also from systemic infection. However, questions about the safety of probiotics for preterm infants remain unanswered, particularly with regard to sepsis, immunomodulatory effects, and microbial resistance. Few well-designed studies have been conducted to evaluate the effects of probiotic, prebiotic, and synbiotic ingredients on relevant clinical outcomes in preterm infants. Although existing data are encouraging, there is insufficient evidence to recommend the routine use of these ingredients in all preterm infants.


Neu J.,University of Florida | Mihatsch W.A.,Munich Municipal Hospitals | Zegarra J.,Hospital Nacional Cayetano Heredia | Supapannachart S.,Mahidol University | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Pediatrics | Year: 2013

When microbial communities colonize in the developing intestinal tract after birth, microrganisms interact with specific apical surface receptors on the enterocytes. This interaction triggers a response that prevents overexpression of inflammatory cytokines, thus providing protection from pathogen-induced mucosal damage. Multiple immune modulatory factors in human milk and innate humoral factors also control inflammatory responses, providing additional protective effects. Our understanding of the role of the luminal microbial communities or microbiota is growing rapidly as novel technologies provide new insights into their taxonomy, function during early development, and impact on life-long health. Multiple studies have evaluated the effects of the specific nutrients, glutamine, arginine, nucleotides, polyunsaturated fatty acids, and lactoferrin, on disease outcomes in premature infants. These studies support a role for nutrients to modulate host defense mechanisms in premature infants, to develop normal digestive function, to protect from bacterial translocation, and to preserve mucosal barrier integrity. These effects are clearly important. However, not enough is yet known to design specific clinical care practices that support a healthy microbiota.


Garcia H.H.,Instituto Nacional Of Ciencias Neurologicas | Garcia H.H.,Cayetano Heredia Peruvian University | Gonzales I.,Instituto Nacional Of Ciencias Neurologicas | Lescano A.G.,Cayetano Heredia Peruvian University | And 10 more authors.
The Lancet Infectious Diseases | Year: 2014

Background: Neurocysticercosis causes a substantial burden of seizure disorders worldwide. Treatment with either praziquantel or albendazole has suboptimum efficacy. We aimed to establish whether combination of these drugs would increase cysticidal efficacy and whether complete cyst resolution results in fewer seizures. We added an increased dose albendazole group to establish a potential effect of increased albendazole concentrations. Methods: In this double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 3 trial, patients with viable intraparenchymal neurocysticercosis were randomly assigned to receive 10 days of combined albendazole (15 mg/kg per day) plus praziquantel (50 mg/kg per day), standard albendazole (15 mg/kg per day), or increased dose albendazole (22·5 mg/kg per day). Randomisation was done with a computer generated schedule balanced within four strata based on number of cysts and concomitant antiepileptic drug. Patients and investigators were masked to group assignment. The primary outcome was complete cyst resolution on 6-month MRI. Enrolment was stopped after interim analysis because of parasiticidal superiority of one treatment group. Analysis excluded patients lost to follow-up before the 6-month MRI. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT00441285. Findings: Between March 3, 2010 and Nov 14, 2011, 124 patients were randomly assigned to study groups (41 to receive combined albendazole plus praziquantel [39 analysed], 43 standard albendazole [41 analysed], and 40 increased albendazole [38 analysed]). 25 (64%) of 39 patients in the combined treatment group had complete resolution of brain cysts compared with 15 (37%) of 41 patients in the standard albendazole group (rate ratio [RR] 1·75, 95% CI 1·10-2·79, p=0·014). 20 (53%) of 38 patients in the increased albendazole group had complete cyst resolution at 6-month MRI compared with 15 (37%) of 41 patients in the standard albendazole group (RR 1·44, 95% CI 0·87-2·38, p=0·151). No significant differences in adverse events were reported between treatment groups (18 in combined treatment group, 11 in standard albendazole group, and 19 in increased albendazole group). Interpretation: Combination of albendazole plus praziquantel increases the parasiticidal effect in patients with multiple brain cysticercosis cysts without increased side-effects. A more efficacious parasiticidal regime without increased treatment-associated side-effects should improve the treatment and long term prognosis of patients with neurocysticercosis. Funding: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS), National Institutes of Health. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.


Bravo F.G.,Cayetano Heredia Peruvian University | Bravo F.G.,Hospital Nacional Cayetano Heredia | Alvarez P.J.,Cayetano Heredia Peruvian University | Gotuzzo E.,Cayetano Heredia Peruvian University | Gotuzzo E.,Hospital Nacional Cayetano Heredia
Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases | Year: 2011

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Balamuthia mandrillaris infection of the skin and central nervous system has been increasingly reported in the last decade, making this entity a genuine emerging disease. The ability of the clinician in recognizing the skin lesion early in the course of the disease may lead to a successful therapeutic intervention in an otherwise fatal disease. RECENT FINDINGS: In the past years, advances have been made regarding knowledge about the ubiquity of the ameba in the environment, its worldwide distribution (with higher prevalence in South America), the patients at risk (particularly those of Hispanic origin), the diagnostic methods (including those based on molecular biology) and the different therapeutic strategies that have resulted in survival of patients. A recent report dealing with organ transplant transmission of this infection has made it a subject of interest in transplant medicine. SUMMARY: The present review will allow readers from different fields (clinician, dermatologist, neurologist, infectious disease and transplant specialist) to become familiar with the clinical aspect of the disease, including diagnosis and therapy. © 2011 International Society of Nephrology.


Valencia B.M.,Cayetano Heredia Peruvian University | Miller D.,University of California at Los Angeles | Witzig R.S.,Tulane University | Boggild A.K.,University of Toronto | And 2 more authors.
PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases | Year: 2013

Thermotherapy is an accepted alternative therapy for new-world cutaneous leishmaniasis, but current heat-delivery modalities are too costly to be made widely available to endemic populations. We adapted a low-cost heat pack named the HECT-CL device that delivers safe, reliable, and renewable conduction heat. 25 patients with cutaneous leishmaniasis completed treatment with the device at an initial temperature of 52°C±2°C for 3 minutes to each lesion, repeated daily for 7 days, and were followed up for 6 months by direct observation. The overall definitive clinical cure rate was 60%. Concurrently, 13 patients meeting minimally significant exclusion criteria received identical compassionate use treatment with a cumulative definitive cure rate of 68.4%, 75% for those who had experienced CL relapse after prior antimonial treatment. Therapy was well tolerated. Reversible second-degree burns occurred in two patients and no bacterial super-infections were observed. HECT-CL is a promising treatment and deserves further study to verify its safety and efficacy as adjuvant and mono- therapy. © 2013 Valencia et al.


Bustamante B.,Hospital Nacional Cayetano Heredia | Bustamante B.,Cayetano Heredia Peruvian University | Seas C.,Hospital Nacional Cayetano Heredia | Seas C.,Cayetano Heredia Peruvian University | And 2 more authors.
American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene | Year: 2013

Lobomycosis is a chronic subcutaneous mycosis for which no standard treatment is available to date. We describe a patient in Peru with lobomycosis on the left earlobe that was successfully treated with posaconazole for 27 months. No evidence of recurrence was observed after five years of follow-up. Copyright © 2013 by The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.


Bravo F.G.,Cayetano Heredia Peruvian University | Bravo F.G.,Hospital Nacional Cayetano Heredia | Seas C.,Cayetano Heredia Peruvian University | Seas C.,Hospital Nacional Cayetano Heredia
Current Infectious Disease Reports | Year: 2012

Balamuthia mandrillaris is a free living amoeba that can be isolated from soil. It is an emerging pathogen causing skin lesions as well as CNS involvement with a fatal outcome if untreated. The infection has been described more commonly in inmunocompetent individuals, mostly males, many children, and with a predilection for population with Hispanic background in cases occurring in the United States. Except for Africa, all continents have reported the disease, although a majority of cases are seen in North and South America. In published reported cases from North America, most patients will debut with neurological symptoms, where as in countries like Peru, a skin lesion will precede other symptoms. The classical skin lesion is a plaque, mostly located on face or knee. Diagnosis requires a high level of suspicion. Therapeutic strategies require a multidrug approach, than includes at least one amebicidal drug, and prolonged periods of treatment. © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012.


Legua P.,Cayetano Heredia Peruvian University | Legua P.,Hospital Nacional Cayetano Heredia | Seas C.,Cayetano Heredia Peruvian University | Seas C.,Hospital Nacional Cayetano Heredia
Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases | Year: 2013

Purpose of Review: The present review focuses on recent epidemiological and diagnostic advances in cystoisosporiasis and cyclosporiasis. Recent Findings: Continuous outbreaks of these parasites occur worldwide. Sporadic cases in the United States are travel acquired, but also domestically acquired. New molecular diagnostic methods allow for accurate early diagnosis in humans, and might potentially decrease the burden of disease by detecting these parasites in vehicles of transmission. Summary: Better understanding of the epidemiology of Cyclospora cayetanensis and to a less extent to Cystoisospora belli has been gained recently. However, several gaps still remain in knowledge on the transmission and on mechanisms of persistent infection in immunosuppressed patients and prevention. New molecular methods might help in filling these gaps and in controlling transmission. © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.


Surco Y.,Hospital Nacional Cayetano Heredia
Revista de gastroenterología del Perú : órgano oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú | Year: 2012

To identify the score that best predicts early severity in patients with acute pancreatitis. A prospective cohort study was performed from December 2009 to December 2011. Cases of pancreatitis were classified as mild or severe based on the organ failure criteria and/or local complications according to the Atlanta Symposium. APACHE-II, BISAP and urea were calculated using data from the first 24 hours. Ranson was calculated using data from the first 48 hours. Hemoconcentratión was assessed 24 hours from admission, after adequate hydration. To assess the predictive value of the different scores the area under the curve ROC was used. 329 patients with acute pancreatitis were included: 214 women (65%) and 115 males (35%). The most common etiology was biliary 245 (74.3%). Two hundred and forty were mild cases of pancreatitis (73%) and 89 were severe (27%). The areas under the curve ROC were: APACHE-II: 0.74; BISAP: 0.78; Ranson: 0.48; urea: 0.70; hemoconcentratión: 0.73. There were 10 deaths (mortality: 3%). There were no significant differences between BISAP and APACHE-II, urea or hemoconcentration, but a significant difference existed with Ranson score. BISAP is a simple score that applied early in the emergency room identifies patients with severe pancreatitis with an efficacy similar to APACHE-II, urea and hemoconcentration, and acute pancreatitis, BISAP, severity, prognostic scoring.


Bravo E.,Hospital Nacional Cayetano Heredia
Revista de gastroenterología del Perú : órgano oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú | Year: 2011

Gastrointestinal stromal cell tumors (GIST) are rare neoplasms of the gastrointestinal tract, although they are the most common mesenchymal neoplasms. The stomach and small intestine are the most frequent site of involvement accounting for approximately 85% of cases. However, esophagus involvement is exceptional (<5%); indeed some large series fail to report it. Surgery resection is the cornerstone of treatment; currently imatinib has demonstrated its utility to reduce local recurrences and tumor mass. We report a 75 years-old male with a medical history of dysphagia who presented upper gastrointestinal bleeding caused by an esophageal GIST. The patient did not undergo surgery because of severe chronic heart failure.

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