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Ruibal A.,University of Santiago de Compostela | Aguiar P.,University of Santiago de Compostela | Del Rio M.C.,General Laboratory | Menendez P.,Hospital Monte del Naranco | And 2 more authors.
Medical Oncology | Year: 2014

To study the immunohistochemical expression of bcl-2 in patients with hormone-independent breast infiltrating ductal carcinomas (IDC) and its possible association with other clinico-biological parameters and outcome. Our study group included 72 females with hormone-independent (ER and PgR negative) infiltrating ductal breast carcinomas. Age, tumor size, axillary lymph node involvement (N), distant metastasis and histological grade, as well as the immunohistochemical expression of Ki67, p53 and androgen receptor (AR), were analyzed. We follow up 57 patients during a period of time ranged between 20 and 193 months (80.2 ± 58.3; median 78 months). Of all IDCs included in our study, 18 were ER-/PgR-/bcl-2+ and 54 ER-/PgR-/bcl-2-. The percentages of slightly bcl-2-positive (+) and bcl-2-strong positive (++) cases were 25 and 19%, respectively, values lower than those observed in ER+/PgR+ tumors (79.3 and 86.8%, respectively). Breast IDC with positivity (+) for bcl-2 showed, exclusively, greater lymph node involvement higher than 3 nodes (N+ >3) (p 0.021) and a great number of deaths due to the tumor (p 0.011). Same results were obtained when we compared bcl-2-negative and bcl-2- strong positive (++) subgroups. Our results led us to consider that the positive (+ or ++) immunohistochemical expression of bcl-2 in hormone-independent (ER and PgR negative) breast carcinomas is associated with greater axillary lymph node involvement and a greater number of deaths in the follow-up, being these data opposite to that observed in hormone-dependent tumors. © Springer Science+Business Media 2014.

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