Perez-Medina T.,Autonomous University of Madrid |
Sancho-Sauco J.,Autonomous University of Madrid |
Rios M.,Autonomous University of Madrid |
Pereira A.,Autonomous University of Madrid |
And 3 more authors.
Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Study Objective: To describe the feasibility of office hysteroscopy in patients with pregnancy-related problems such as retained trophoblastic tissue, persistent molar tissue, pregnancy with in situ intrauterine device (IUD), isthmocele, embryoscopy, and osseous metaplasia. Design: Retrospective cohort chart review of use of hysteroscopy in 273 patients with pregnancy-related conditions (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). Setting: University tertiary-care hospital. Patients: Office hysteroscopy with the indication of pregnancy-related conditions such as retained trophoblastic tissue, pregnancy with IUD, molar pregnancy, cesarean scar defects, and fetal death were studied. The study included 273 patients: 185 with retained trophoblastic tissue, 14 with persistent molar tissue, 7 with an in situ IUD, 22 with symptomatic isthmocele, 41 with embryoscopy, and 4 with osseous metaplasia. Intervention: Diagnostic and operative office hysteroscopy. Measurements and Main Results: Variables studied included resolution of abnormal uterine bleeding in patients with persistent trophoblastic tissue, normalization of β-human chorionic gonadotropin levels in patients with persistent molar tissue, continuation of pregnancy after retrieval of lost IUDs, resolution of postmenstrual bleeding in patients with symptomatic isthmocele, rate of uncontaminated embryonic tissue after embryoscopic biopsy, and successful extraction of bony tissue in patients with osseous metaplasia. Office hysteroscopy enabled resolution of most cases of retained trophoblastic tissue (91.8%) and all 14 cases of persistent molar tissue. 7 IUDs were extracted from pregnant patients. Fifteen isthmoceles resolved with office hysteroscopy, and 7 were resected in the operating room. A normal karyotype was obtained in 37 embryoscopies (90.2%). Four osseous metaplasia cases resolved with either office hysteroscopy (75%) or resectoscopy in the operating room (25%). Conclusion: Office hysteroscopy is a safe and minimally invasive treatment for pregnancy-related conditions, with good clinical and functional results. © 2014 AAGL. Source
Primdahl J.,University of Southern Denmark |
Ferreira R.J.O.,Centro Hospitalar iversitario Of Coimbra Epe Coimbra Portugal |
Garcia-Diaz S.,Moises Broggi Hospital |
Ndosi M.,University of Leeds |
And 2 more authors.
Introduction: Cardiovascular risk (CVR) assessment and management in patients with inflammatory arthritis (IA) is recommended but European nurses' involvement in this role has not been well studied. Aim: The aim of the present study was to explore European nurses' role in assessing and managing CVR, in order to suggest topics for practice development and research in this area regarding persons with IA. Methods: We searched Embase, Cinahl, Cochrane, PsycInfo and PubMed databases and included European articles from the past ten years if they described how nurses assess and/or manage CVR. In addition to the systematic review, we provided case studies from five different countries to illustrate national guidelines and nurses' role regarding CVR assessment and management in patients with IA. Results: Thirty-three articles were included. We found that trained nurses were undertaking CVR assessment and management in different settings and groups of patients. The assessments include blood pressure, body mass index, waist circumference, glucose and lipid-profile, adherence to medication and behavioural risk factors (unhealthy diet, physical inactivity, alcohol and smoking). Different tools were used to calculate patients' risk. Risk management differed from brief advice to long-term follow-up. Nurses tended to take a holistic and individually tailored approach. Clinical examples of inclusion of rheumatology nurses in these tasks were scarce. Conclusion: Nurses undertake CVR assessment, communication and management in different types of patients. This is considered to be a highly relevant task for rheumatology nursing, especially in patients with IA. Further studies are needed to assess patients' perspective, effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of nurse-led CVR. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Source
Garcia-Arumi J.,Institute of Ocular Microsurgery |
Amselem L.,Moises Broggi Hospital |
Gunduz K.,Ankara University |
Badal J.,Moises Broggi Hospital |
And 5 more authors.
PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to evaluate the role of photodynamic therapy (PDT) for symptomatic choroidal nevus with subretinal fluid (SRF) extending to the fovea. METHODS: Retrospective review of the medical records of all patients who underwent PDT for a symptomatic choroidal nevus with SRF. RESULTS: Seventeen patients were included in the study. The mean initial visual acuity was 20/80 (range, counting fingers to 20/20). The mean initial tumor thickness was 1.23 mm (range, 0.66-1.93 mm). All tumors presented at least 2 risk factors for growing (including orange pigment, symptoms, peripapillary location, SRF, and thickness >2 mm). The mean number of PDT sessions was 1.41 (range, 1-3). The mean final visual acuity improved to 20/60 (range, counting fingers to 20/20). Subretinal fluid was reduced in all eyes (100%) and had completely disappeared in 9 eyes (53%) after PDT. Of 9 cases with complete resolution of the SRF, 2 patients (22%) presented recurrence. The mean final tumor thickness increased to 1.24 mm (range, 0.66-2.01 mm) at a mean follow-up of 22.47 months (range, 6-60 months). Tumor thickness increased in 3 eyes (18%) and remained unchanged in 13 eyes (76%), and 1 lesion (6%) shrank down to a flat chorioretinal scar. CONCLUSION: Photodynamic therapy is a good treatment option to reduce SRF in symptomatic choroidal nevus with serous macular detachment. Further growth into melanoma was observed in 18% of cases. Thus, PDT may not allow a good local tumor control. Longer follow-up is required to determine its value in these patients. Copyright © by Ophthalmic Communications Society, Inc. Source