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Munoz E.A.,Hospital Militar Central Dr. Carlos J. Finlay
Revista Cubana de Cirugia | Year: 2011

Introduction: nowadays, the electro-nystagmography is used for diagnosis; it is the process by which it is possible to register the position and movement of ocular eyeball to identify the changes in the electric field around the eye in modifying its position. Objective: to assess the usefulness of the electro-nystagmography in comparison with the traditional vestibular test for topographic diagnosis of auditory sequelae present in the patients presenting with cranial base fracture. Methods: a cross-sectional, analytical and observational study was conducted in the "Dr. Carlos J. Finlay" Military Hospital from January, 2006 to January, 2008. Universe included 210 patients divided into two groups: a study group with vestibular auditory sequealae after a fracture of cranial base and a control group consisting of healthy subjects. Results: dizziness was the symptom present in the 100% of patients. From the total of 118 cases with positive electro-nystagmography, 47 (39.8%) had negative results in the vestibular test. Conclusions: the electro-nystagmography was positive en most of study cases with a high sensitivity demonstrating that cases presenting with labyrinth weakness and directional predominance were not diagnosed by means of traditional vestibular test. Source

Novo J.M.C.,Hospital Militar Central Dr. Carlos J. Finlay
Revista Cubana de Medicina Militar | Year: 2011

Three combined surgical maneuvers to create vascular approach for hemodialysis (n = 270) and renal transplantation (n = 54) from September, 2000 to December, 2008 including the use of a goniometer compass to optimize the facing of vessel to be sutured, practice of anchorage point for eversion of posterior wall in the vascular suture and replacement of clips for gum ligatures in vascular surgery. The systemic practice of these maneuvers allowed to increase the effectiveness of the vascular approaches in a 20 % and to decrease the vascular complications and the renal transplantation to the half of those previously reported for the good of the survival and the quality of life of the patients. Source

Objectives: Characterize the association between atherosclerotic lesions of the coronary arteries and osteoporosis of the lumbar spine and the proximal femur in men and women. Methods: A study was conducted of 79 necropsies by postmortem densitometry of the lumbar spine and proximal femur. Bone mineral density (BMD) levels were classified according to T score into normal, osteopenia and osteoporosis; followed by pathomorphological and morphometric examination of the three major epicardial coronary arteries, applying the atherometric system and classifying the atherosclerotic lesions into adipose stria, fibrous plate and grave plate. Results: The association between atherosclerosis and osteoporosis exhibited specific features for each sex, with a significant predominance of osteoporosis in men and osteopenia in women. After removing the effect of cigarette smoking, there was a change in the differences between the sexes, with smokers of both sexes presenting a similar BMD and a similar association between atherosclerosis and osteoporosis. Conclusions: The influence of sex upon the association between atherosclerosis and osteoporosis was negligible. Source

Puentes Y.Z.H.,Hospital Militar Central Dr. Carlos J. Finlay | Rodriguez C.J.E.F.-B.,Research Center ferencia Of Aterosclerosis Of La Habana
Revista Cubana de Medicina Militar | Year: 2015

Introduction: the high morbidity and mortality of atherosclerotic causes has motivated multiple investigations and in Cuba, the atherometric system to characterize atherosclerotic lesions in any vascular sector. Objective: Study atherosclerosis of the three main coronary vessels in violent deaths from clinical death and comparatively analyzing the injury, considering sex and level of atherosclerosis. Methods: Atherometric system was used to comparatively study right and left coronary artery in their anterior descending coronary artery branches and circumflex, in a population of 108 violently dead subjects and 472 clinical dead subjects, also grouped according to atherosclerotic level and sex. Results: The main difference was found in fibrous plaques of the atherosclerotic high level group for the right coronary, which reached 22.3% higher in clinical, and only 17.5% for the descending left anterior and 20.3% in the circumflex. In this same group, fibrous plaques were 2.59 times more frequent in the anterior descending coronary right. Fibrous plaques according to genders had little difference in both groups, only about 1% for the three coronary vessels. Conclusions: the atherosclerosis is higher clinical dead subjects than violently dead subjects, as much in the overall population, as subdivided in the groups of high and low atherosclerotic level, as in men and women, proving to be the very useful Atherometric System for assessing the atherosclerotic process in violently dead subjects. © 2015, Editorial Ciencias Medicas. All rights reserved. Source

Rodriguez Collar T.L.,Hospital Militar Central Dr. Carlos J. Finlay
Revista Cubana de Medicina Militar | Year: 2014

Epididymus tumors are rare and the majority of them are benign, so there is not much information about them in the medical literature. Reaching the final histological diagnosis implies multiple testing and represents a challenge for the physician's performance. The present paper made an anatomical and physiological review of the epididymus as well as provided updating on the tumors affecting this organ in terms of diagnosis and treatment. Literature search was made in databases Hinari, PubMed, Medline and in Goggle from 2009 to 2013. The MeSH terms were paratesticular tumors, intrascrotal tumors and epididymal tumors in Spanish and English. Reference books and specialized journals were also reviewed. This paper confirmed the value of questioning and of the detailed physical exam in order to set the topographic and differential diagnosis of these tumors. Although ultrasound is the imaging study of choice for initial assessment, it is often inconclusive; therefore, it is necessary to obtain nuclear magnetic resonance images so as to have additional information. When the clinical picture and the findings from images may indicate a benign tumor, then fine needle aspiration cytology is a reliable option to make the final classification. Nevertheless, if this technique is not conclusive, then there is the biopsy through transoperative freezing, which is taken with inguinotomy, thus avoiding unnecessary radical orchiectomies. The adjuvant treatments for malignant tumors are very customized since they depend on the patient's age, the histological type and the tumor staging. © 2014, Editorial Ciencias Medicas. All Rights reserved. Source

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