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Itzehoe, Germany

Grob T.J.,University of Hamburg | Heilenkotter U.,Hospital Itzehoe | Geist S.,Hospital Pinneberg | Paluchowski P.,Hospital Pinneberg | And 7 more authors.
Breast Cancer Research and Treatment | Year: 2012

Women with triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) do not benefit from endocrine therapy or trastuzumab. Chemotherapy is the only systemic therapy currently available. To reduce the elevated risk of disease progression in these patients, better treatment options are needed, which are less toxic and more targeted to this patient population. We performed a comprehensive analysis of potential targetable genetic aberrations affecting the receptor tyrosine kinase/RAS/MAPK pathway, which are observed at higher frequencies in adenocarcinomas of other organs. Sixty-five individual TNBCs were studied by sequence analysis for HER2 (exon 18-23), EGFR (exon 18-21), KRAS (exon 2), and BRAF (exon 15) mutations. In addition, a tissue microarray was constructed to screen for EGFR gene copy gain and EML4-ALK fusion by FISH. Triple-negative status was confirmed by immunohistochemistry and FISH on tissue microarray sections. EGFR and CK5/6 immunohistochemical analyses were performed for identification of the basal-like phenotype. In addition, mutation analysis of TP53 (exon 5-8) was included. Sequence analysis revealed HER2 gene mutation in only one patient (heterozygous missense mutation in exon 19: p.L755S). No mutations were found in EGFR, KRAS, and BRAF. High polysomy of EGFR was detected in 5 of the 62 informative cases by FISH. True EGFR gene amplification accompanied by strong membranous EGFR protein expression was observed in only one case. No rearrangement of the ALK gene was detected. Basal-like phenotype was identified in 38 of the 65 TNBCs (58.5 %). TP53 gene mutation was found in 36/63 (57.1 %) tumors. We conclude that targetable genetic aberrations in the receptor tyrosine kinase/RAS/MAPK pathway occur rarely in TNBC. © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. 2012. Source

Choschzick M.,University of Hamburg | Lebeau A.,University of Hamburg | Marx A.H.,University of Hamburg | Tharun L.,University of Hamburg | And 7 more authors.
Human Pathology | Year: 2010

Cell division cycle 7 is a widely expressed protein kinase implicated in cell division, cell cycle checkpoint mechanisms, and cancer progression. To determine the relationship of cell division cycle 7 protein expression with tumor phenotype, molecular features and prognosis, 2197 highly characterized breast carcinomas were analyzed on a tissue microarray. Detectable cell division cycle 7 expression was found in 1088 (57%) of breast cancer specimens and 228 (11.9%) exhibited a moderate or strong expression. High levels of cell division cycle 7 expression were significantly related to medullary histotype (P < .0001); high tumor grade (P < .0001); negative estrogen receptor status (P < .0001); high Ki67 expression level (P < .0001); p53 and p16 overexpression (P < .0001); and amplification of HER2 (P < .0001), c-myc (P < .0001), MDM2 (P = .043), CCND1 (P = .0084), and ESR1 (P = .0012) as well as with the number of amplified genes (P < .0001). There was also a tendency towards worse prognosis in cell division cycle 7 positive as compared to negative breast cancers. The relationship between cell division cycle 7 and number of amplifications was independent from tumor proliferation raising the possibility of a direct influence of cell division cycle 7 expression for amplification development. In conclusion, cell division cycle 7 is a replication associated protein with relationships to gene amplification and genomic instability in breast carcinomas. These data support the potential utility of newly developed small molecule cell division cycle 7 inhibitors as a therapeutic alternative in at least a subset of breast carcinomas. © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Source

Lebok P.,University of Hamburg | Huber J.,University of Hamburg | Burandt E.-C.,University of Hamburg | Lebeau A.,University of Hamburg | And 11 more authors.
Molecular Medicine Reports | Year: 2016

Angiogenesis is a key process in tumor growth and progression, which is controlled by vascular endothelial growth factors (VEGFs) and their receptors (VEGFRs). In order to better understand the prevalence and prognostic value of VEGFR1 expression in breast cancer, a tissue microarray containing >2,100 breast cancer specimens, with clinical follow-up data, was analyzed by immunohistochemistry using an antibody directed against the membrane-bound full-length receptor protein. The results demonstrated that membranous VEGFR1 staining was detected in all (5 of 5) normal breast specimens. In carcinoma specimens, membranous staining was negative in 3.1%, weak in 6.3%, moderate in 10.9%, and strong in 79.7% of the 1,630 interpretable tissues. Strong staining was significantly associated with estrogen receptor and progesterone receptor expression, but was inversely associated with advanced tumor stage (P=0.0431), high Bloom-Richardson-Ellis Score for Breast Cancer grade and low Ki67 labeling index (both P<0.0001). Cancers with moderate to strong (high) VEGFR1 expression were associated with significantly improved overall survival, as compared with tumors exhibiting negative or weak (low) expression (P=0.0015). This association was also detected in the subset of nodal-positive cancers (P=0.0018), and in the subset of 185 patients who had received tamoxifen as the sole therapy (P=0.001). In conclusion, these data indicated that membrane-bound VEGFR1 is frequently expressed in normal and cancerous breast epithelium. In addition, reduced or lost VEGFR1 expression may serve as a marker for poor prognosis in patients with breast cancer, who might not optimally benefit from endocrine therapy. Source

Nguyen R.,University of Hamburg | Nguyen R.,University of Maryland, Baltimore | Kluwe L.,University of Hamburg | Jett K.,University of British Columbia | And 4 more authors.
Clinical Genetics | Year: 2013

The aim of this study was to characterize cardiac features of patients with neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1) and large deletions of the NF1 gene region. The study participants were 16 patients with large NF1 deletions and 16 age- and sex-matched NF1 patients without such deletions. All the patients were comprehensively characterized clinically and by echocardiography. Six of 16 NF1 deletion patients but none of 16 non-deletion NF1 patients have major cardiac abnormalities (p=0.041). Congenital heart defects (CHDs) include mitral insufficiency in two patients and ventricular septal defect, aortic stenosis, and aortic insufficiency in one patient each. Three deletion patients have hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Two patients have intracardiac tumors. NF1 patients without large deletions have increased left ventricular (LV) diastolic posterior wall thickness (p<0.001) and increased intraventricular diastolic septal thickness (p=0.001) compared with a healthy reference population without NF1, suggestive of eccentric LV hypertrophy. CHDs and other cardiovascular anomalies are more frequent among patients with large NF1 deletion and may cause serious clinical complications. Eccentric LV hypertrophy may occur in NF1 patients without whole gene deletions, but the clinical significance of this finding is uncertain. All patients with clinical suspicion for NF1 should be referred to a cardiologist for evaluation and surveillance. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Source

Laack E.,Ambulantes Krebszentrum Hamburg | Regier M.,Diagnostic Center | Andritzky B.,University of Hamburg | Habermann C.,Diagnostic Center | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Thoracic Oncology | Year: 2011

Miliary pattern of pulmonary metastases is a rarity in patients with lung cancer. We report five cases of patients with a never-smoking adenocarcinoma of the lung with such a pattern of metastases. In the tumor cells of all five patients, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation gene sequencing identified a deletion in exon 19 of the EGFR gene, and all five patients had a dramatic response to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors. No echinoderm microtubule-associated protein-like 4 (EML4)-anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) translocation was detected. We believe that the miliary never-soking adenocarcinoma of the lung is a distinct clinically relevant subgroup of the never-smoking non-small cell lung cancer. Physician should recognize this subgroup of patients with lung cancer when facing a picture of miliary pulmonary metastases in chest x-ray or computed tomography scan in patients with a history of never smoking and consider upfront therapy with EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors. Copyright © 2010 by the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer. Source

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