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Romero-Nava R.,National Polytechnic Institute of Mexico | Rodriguez J.E.,National Polytechnic Institute of Mexico | Resendiz-Albor A.A.,National Polytechnic Institute of Mexico | Ruiz-Hernandez A.,National Polytechnic Institute of Mexico | And 3 more authors.
Clinical and Experimental Hypertension | Year: 2016

Diabetes and hypertension have been associated with cardiovascular diseases and stroke. Some reports have related the coexistence of hypertension and diabetes with increase in the risk of developing vascular complications. Recently some studies have shown results suggesting that in the early stages of diabetes and hypertension exist a reduced functional response to vasopressor agents like angiotensin II (Ang II), which plays an important role in blood pressure regulation mechanism through the activation of its AT1 and AT2 receptors. For that reason, the aim of this work was to study the gene and protein expression of AT1 and AT2 receptors in aorta of diabetic SHR and WKY rats. Diabetes was induced by the administration of streptozotocin (60 mg/kg i.p.). After 4 weeks of the onset of diabetes, the protein expression was obtained by western blot and the mRNA expression by RT-PCR. Our results showed that the hypertensive rats have a higher mRNA and protein expression of AT1 receptors than normotensive rats while the AT2 expression remained unchanged. On the other hand, the combination of diabetes and hypertension increased the mRNA and protein expression of AT1 and AT2 receptors significantly. In conclusion, our results suggest that diabetes with hypertension modifies the mRNA and protein expression of AT1 and AT2 receptors. However, the overexpression of AT2 could be associated with the reduction in the response to Ang II in the early stage of diabetes. © 2016 Taylor and Francis Group, LLC. Source

Ruiz-Hernandez A.,National Polytechnic Institute of Mexico | Rodriguez J.,National Polytechnic Institute of Mexico | Calderon-Zamora L.,National Polytechnic Institute of Mexico | Romero-Nava R.,National Polytechnic Institute of Mexico | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Receptors and Signal Transduction | Year: 2015

Aims/Introduction: Diabetes mellitus is a chronic degenerative disease characterized by high blood glucose levels as a result of problems in the action or insulin secretion. Although there are many treatments for this pathology, it has been associated with a high mortality rate. For this reason, it is important to try to identify new pathways that could be involved in diabetic complications. Recently, a new class of receptors has been reported, called orphan receptors because the associated ligand and signaling pathways are unknown, these receptors have been associated with certain pathologies. Therefore, the aim of this work was to study the expression of the orphan receptors GPR22 and GPR162 in heart, aorta, brain and kidney of diabetic rats. Materials and methods: We used Wistar male rats with 10-12 weeks of age. Diabetes was induced by a single dose of streptozotocin (60 mg/kg i.p.). After four weeks, the tissue was obtained and the expression of the mRNA was measured by RT-PCR. Results: Our results showed that the orphan receptors are expressed in a different way in heart, kidney, brain and aorta of diabetic and non-diabetic rats. Conclusions: We conclude that orphan receptors could be involved in the development of diabetes complications. © 2014 Informa Healthcare USA, Inc. All rights reserved. Source

Balderrabano-Saucedo N.A.,Hospital Infantil de Mexico Federico Gomez HIMFG | Sanchez-Urbina R.,Laboratorio Of Investigacion En Biologia Del Desarrollo Y Teratogenesis Experimental | Sierra-Ramirez J.A.,National Polytechnic Institute of Mexico | Sierra-Ramirez J.A.,Instituto Nacional Of Perinatologia | And 7 more authors.
Pediatric Cardiology | Year: 2013

Congenital heart defects (CHD) are the third leading cause of death in children <1 year of age in Mexico where there is a high prevalence of the 677C→T polymorphism of the MTHFR gene. This is important because the homozygous 677T/T MTHFR gene and deficiency of folic acid (FA) intake have been associated with CHD. Our objective was to analyze the possible association between the genotype 677T/T of the MTHFR gene and supplementation of FA in Mexican women with the presence of complex CHD in their children. We analyzed genotypes of 31 mothers of children with complex CHD (group I) and 62 mothers of healthy children (group II) and investigated FA supplementation during pregnancy in both study groups. Allele frequencies in group I were 41.9 % for C and 58.1 % for T and 22.6 % for genotype frequencies CC, 38.7 % for CT, and 38.7 % for TT. Allele frequencies in group II were 63.7 % for C and 36.3 % for T and 38.7 % for genotype frequencies CC, 50 % for CT and 11.3 % for TT. Both populations are in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. Odds ratio for having a child with a complex CHD was 5.9, p = 0.008 (95 % CI 1.67; 20.63) for the TT genotype. FA supplementation at any time during pregnancy was 90.3 and 87.9 % in groups II and I respectively (p > 0.05). Association was found between the maternal genotype (677/TT MTHFR) with the presence of complex CHD in their offspring. No differences in FA supplementation during any stage were found between groups. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. Source

Huang F.,Hospital Infantil de Mexico Federico Gomez HIMFG | Del-Rio-Navarro B.E.,HIMFG | de Castro G.T.M.,HIMFG | Alcantara S.T.,HIMFG | And 6 more authors.
Child: Care, Health and Development | Year: 2011

Background Adolescent obesity is associated with an increased risk of adult obesity and subsequent cardiovascular diseases. The present study aimed to assess the effect of weight loss after 6-month lifestyle intervention in obese adolescents on biomarkers of endothelial activation and fibrinolytic system. Methods Eighty-five obese adolescents aged 10 to 16 years were assigned to a 6-month lifestyle intervention and 61 completed the programme. We examined the effect of the intervention on adhesion molecules (selectin E, soluble intercellular adhesion molecule 1 and soluble vascular adhesion molecule 1) and fibrinolytic parameters [plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) and fibrinogen]. Thirty-six lean adolescents were studied only at baseline as a comparison group. Results Compared with lean participants, obese adolescents at baseline demonstrated significantly higher levels of triglycerides, glucose, insulin, homeostasis model assessment, soluble intercellular adhesion molecule 1, PAI-1 and fibrinogen. After 6-month lifestyle intervention, those obese adolescents with decreased standard deviation score-body mass index (SDS-BMI) displayed significant decreases in insulin (19.2 ± 11.2 vs. 26.8 ± 13.2mU/L, P≤ 0.01), homeostasis model assessment (4.24 ± 3.19 vs. 6.58 ± 4.08, P≤ 0.01), selectin E (100.2 ± 60.9 vs. 116.0 ± 69.0ng/mL, P≤ 0.01) and PAI-1 (39.6 ± 38.0 vs. 51.8 ± 25.6ng/mL, P≤ 0.05) with respect to the baseline levels. No changes in these parameters were observed in the obese adolescents with stable or increased SDS-BMI. The changes of triglycerides after intervention in subgroup with decreased SDS-BMI were significantly greater than those in subgroup with stable SDS-BMI. Conclusions The present study demonstrated increased endothelial activation and impairment of the fibrinolytic system in early life, which is in part reversible by a 6-month lifestyle intervention. © 2010 Blackwell Publishing Ltd. Source

Sanchez-Boiso A.,Hospital Infantil de Mexico Federico Gomez | Castro-Sierra E.,Laboratorio Of Psicoacustica Y Fisiologia Auditiva | Cerda-Flores R.M.,Autonomous University of Nuevo Leon | Buentello-Malo L.,National Autonomous University of Mexico | And 9 more authors.
Revista de Investigacion Clinica | Year: 2011

Objective. The goals of this population genetics study were to describe mtDNA haplogroups and ABO and Rh blood group systems of 3 Native Mexican populations, to determine their genetic variability, and to compare their haplogroups with those of 13 Native Mexican populations previously reported. Material and methods. The three communities under analysis were a Tepehua-speaking community from Huehuetla (Hidalgo state), an Otomi-speaking community from San Antonio el Grande (Hidalgo state), and a Zapotec-speaking community from Juchitán (Oaxaca state). Every subject studied in each community had four grandparents who were born in the same community and spoke the same language. The four Amerindian mtDNA haplogroups (A, B, C and D) were studied by restriction analysis and gel electrophoresis. Results. Regarding the blood groups, the O group was the most frequent in the three populations (97.2, 94.7, and 86.2%, respectively), as well as the Rh+ group (100, 100, 84%). The three populations analyzed were in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. In respect to the mtDNA haplogroups, A, B, C and D, their percentage was 33.3, 36.1, 13.9 and 5.6% in Huehuetla; 39.5, 13.2, 39.5 and 2.6% in San Antonio el Grande, and 55.3, 21.0, 7.9 and 5.2% in Juchitán. Between 5 and 11% of the haplogroups were of non-Amerindian origin, probably due to admixture with Caucasian and African populations, as has been reported in the past. No statistically- significant differences were found among the three populations studied or between them and 13 previously reported Native Mexican populations. Source

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