Sfax, Tunisia
Sfax, Tunisia

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Mahfoudh N.,Hospital Hedi | Ayadi I.,Molecular and Cellular Screening Processes Research Group | Kamoun A.,Hospital Hedi | Ammar R.,Hospital Hedi | And 6 more authors.
Annals of Human Biology | Year: 2013

Background: The Human Leucocyte Antigen (HLA) system is often used as a genetic marker for analysing populations. HLA antigen distribution among the Tunisian population is not well defined because of the lack of a general population study. Aim: The aim of the present study was to investigate the polymorphism of HLA-A, -B, -C, -DR and -DQ loci in the South Tunisian population. Subjects and methods: This study has investigated HLA-A, -B, -C, -DR and -DQ polymorphisms in 123 unrelated healthy individuals originating from the south of Tunisia. HLA class I was studied by serology and completed by polymerase chain reaction-sequence specific primer (PCR-SSP). HLA class II was performed using PCR-SSP. Results: The most common alleles were A-2 (0.2154), B-44 (0.1179), C7 (0.2114), DR4 (0.1626) and DQ2 (0.313). A1-B-8-C7-DR3-DQ2 (2.84%) was the predominant haplotype in this population. Comparisons with data of other worldwide populations based on phylogenetic tree and multidimensional scaling analysis were done. This study suggests that both HLA class I and class II polymorphism specificities demonstrate a high diversity in this South Tunisian population, which reflects ancient and recent admixture with neighbouring populations. Conclusion: The results provide useful information for further studies of Tunisian population evolution, anthropology and for resolving HLA frequencies when searching for HLA-compatible donors in transplantation and for the analysis of disease associations. © Informa UK, Ltd.


PubMed | Hospital Hedi
Type: Comparative Study | Journal: Annals of human biology | Year: 2013

The Human Leucocyte Antigen (HLA) system is often used as a genetic marker for analysing populations. HLA antigen distribution among the Tunisian population is not well defined because of the lack of a general population study.The aim of the present study was to investigate the polymorphism of HLA-A, -B, -C, -DR and -DQ loci in the South Tunisian population.This study has investigated HLA-A, -B, -C, -DR and -DQ polymorphisms in 123 unrelated healthy individuals originating from the south of Tunisia. HLA class I was studied by serology and completed by polymerase chain reaction-sequence specific primer (PCR-SSP). HLA class II was performed using PCR-SSP.The most common alleles were A-2 (0.2154), B-44 (0.1179), C7 (0.2114), DR4 (0.1626) and DQ2 (0.313). A1-B-8-C7-DR3-DQ2 (2.84%) was the predominant haplotype in this population. Comparisons with data of other worldwide populations based on phylogenetic tree and multidimensional scaling analysis were done. This study suggests that both HLA class I and class II polymorphism specificities demonstrate a high diversity in this South Tunisian population, which reflects ancient and recent admixture with neighbouring populations.The results provide useful information for further studies of Tunisian population evolution, anthropology and for resolving HLA frequencies when searching for HLA-compatible donors in transplantation and for the analysis of disease associations.

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