Resende G.G.,Federal University of Minas Gerais |
Lanna C.C.D.,Federal University of Minas Gerais |
Bortoluzzo A.B.,Instituto Insper Of Educacao E Pesquisa |
Goncalves C.R.,University of Sao Paulo |
And 26 more authors.
Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia | Year: 2013
Inflammatory bowel diseases (Crohn's disease and ulcerative rectocolitis) have extraintestinal manifestations 25% of the patients, with the most common one being the enteropathic arthritis. Methods: Prospective, observational, multicenter study with patients from 29 reference centers participating in the Brazilian Registry of Spondyloarthritis (RBE), which incorporates the RESPONDIA (Ibero-American Registry of Spondyloarthritis) group. Demographic and clinical data were collected from 1472 patients and standardized questionnaires for the assessment of axial mobility, quality of life, enthesitic involvement, disease activity and functional capacity were applied. Laboratory and radiographic examinations were performed. The aim of this study is to compare the clinical, epidemiological, genetic, imaging, treatment and prognosis characteristics of patients with enteropathic arthritis with other types of spondyloarthritis in a large Brazilian cohort. Results: A total of 3.2% of patients were classified as having enteroarthritis, 2.5% had spondylitis and 0.7%, arthritis (peripheral predominance). The subgroup of individuals with enteroarthritis had a higher prevalence in women (P < 0.001), lower incidence of infl ammatory axial pain (P < 0.001) and enthesitis (P = 0.004). HLA-B27 was less frequent in the group with enteroarthritis (P = 0.001), even when considering only those with the pure axial form. There was a lower prevalence of radiographic sacroiliitis (P = 0.009) and lower radiographic score (BASRI) (P = 0.006) when compared to patients with other types of spondyloarthritis. They also used more corticosteroids (P < 0.001) and sulfasalazine (P < 0.001) and less noni steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (P < 0.001) and methotrexate (P = 0.001). Conclusion: There were differences between patients with enteroarthritis and other types of spondyloarthritis, especially higher prevalence of females, lower frequency of HLA-B27, associated with less severe axial involvement. © 2013 Elsevier Editora Ltda. Source
De Carvalho H.M.S.,Hospital de Base do Distrito Federal |
Bortoluzzo A.B.,Insper Institute of Education and Research |
Goncalves C.R.,University of Sao Paulo |
Da Silva J.A.B.,University of Brasilia |
And 25 more authors.
Clinical Rheumatology | Year: 2012
An increasing number of women have been diagnosed with spondyloarthritis (SpA) in recent decades. While a few studies have analyzed gender as a prognostic factor of the disease, no studies have addressed this matter with a large number of patients in South America, which is a peculiar region due to its genetic heterogeneity. The aim of the present study was to analyze the influence of gender on disease patterns in a large cohort of Brazilian patients with SpA. A prospective study was carried out involving 1,505 patients [1,090 males (72.4%) and 415 females (27.6%)] classified as SpA according to the European Spondyloarthropaties Study Group criteria who attended at 29 reference centers for rheumatology in Brazil. Clinical and demographic variables were recorded and the following disease indices were administered: Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI), Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index (BASFI), Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Radiologic Index (BASRI), Maastricht Ankylosing Spondylitis Enthesitis Score (MASES), and Ankylosing Spondylitis Quality of Life (ASQoL). Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) was the most frequent disease in the group (65.4%), followed by psoriatic arthritis (18.4%), undifferentiated SpA (6.7%), reactive arthritis (3.3%), arthritis associated to inflammatory bowel disease (3.2%), and juvenile SpA (2.9%). The male-to-female ratio was 2.6:1 for the whole group and 3.6:1 for AS. The females were older (p < 0.001) and reported shorter disease duration (p = 0.002) than the male patients. The female gender was positively associated to peripheral SpA (p < 0.001), upper limb arthritis (p < 0.001), dactylitis (p = 0.011), psoriasis (p < 0.001), nail involvement (p < 0.001), and family history of SpA (p = 0.045) and negatively associated to pure axial involvement (p < 0.001), lumbar inflammatory pain (p = 0.042), radiographic sacroiliitis (p < 0.001), and positive HLA-B27 (p = 0.001). The number of painful (p < 0.001) and swollen (p = 0.006) joints was significantly higher in the female gender, who also achieved higher BASDAI (p < 0.001), BASFI (p = 0.073, trend), MASES (p = 0.019), ASQoL (p = 0.014), and patient's global assessment (p = 0.003) scores, whereas the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (p < 0.001) and biological agents (p = 0.003) was less frequent in the female gender. Moreover, BASRI values were significantly lower in females (p < 0.001). The female gender comprised one third of SpA patients in this large cohort and exhibited more significant peripheral involvement and less functional disability, despite higher values in disease indices. © 2011 Clinical Rheumatology. Source
Brazilian guidelines for the application of transcranial ultrasound as a diagnostic test for the confirmation of brain death [Diretrizes brasileiras para o uso do ultrassom transcraniano como teste diagnóstico de confirmação de morte cerebral]
Lange M.C.,Federal University of Parana |
Zetola V.H.F.,Federal University of Parana |
Miranda-Alves M.,Federal University of Sao Paulo |
Moro C.H.C.,University of the Region of Joinville |
And 9 more authors.
Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria | Year: 2012
Neurosonological studies, specifically transcranial Doppler (TCD) and transcranial color-coded duplex (TCCD), have high level of specificity and sensitivity and they are used as complementary tests for the diagnosis of brain death (BD). A group of experts, from the Neurosonology Department of the Brazilian Academy of Neurology, created a task force to determine the criteria for the following aspects of diagnosing BD in Brazil: the reliability of TCD methodology; the reliability of TCCD methodology; neurosonology training and skills; the diagnosis of encephalic circulatory arrest; and exam documentation for BD. The results of this meeting are presented in the current paper. Source
Bathon J.,Columbia University |
Ximenes A.C.,Hospital Geral de Goiania |
Nayiager S.,St Augustines Hospital |
Wollenhaupt J.,Klinikum Eilbek |
And 13 more authors.
Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases | Year: 2011
Objective: To assess the efficacy and safety of abatacept plus methotrexate versus methotrexate alone in early erosive rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Methods: The AGREE was a 2-year phase IIIb multinational study in early (≤2 years) RA. During the double-blind period (year 1), patients were randomly assigned 1:1 to receive abatacept+methotrexate or methotrexate alone; all patients received open-label abatacept + methotrexate during year 2. Clinical outcomes assessed included 28-joint disease activity score (DAS28) defined remission, low disease activity score (LDAS), American College of Rheumatology (ACR) responses and physical function. Radiographic outcomes were assessed using the Genant-modified Sharp total score (TS). Safety was monitored throughout. Results: Of the 459 patients completing year 1, 433 patients (94.3%) completed year 2. DAS28-defined remission, LDAS, ACR and physical function were sustained through year 2 in the original abatacept+methotrexate group, with 55.2% in remission at 2 years. Upon introduction of abatacept in the methotrexate-alone group, additional patients achieved DAS28-defined remission (44.5% vs 26.9%), LDAS (60.4% vs 43.2%) and improved ACR 70 (49.8% vs 31.7%) for year 2 versus year 1. Less radiographic progression was observed at 2 years in the original abatacept+methotrexate group than the methotrexatealone group (change in TS 0.84 vs 1.75, p<0.001). No new safety issues were seen. Similar rates of serious adverse events, serious infections and autoimmune events were observed in years 1 and 2. Conclusions: The AGREE trial was the first to examine the impact of T-cell co-stimulation modulation with abatacept in patients with early erosive RA. Early treatment with abatacept+methotrexate resulted in greater sustainable clinical, functional and radiographic benefits than methotrexate alone, with acceptable safety and tolerability. Trial Registration: NCT00122382. Source
Westhovens R.,University Hospitals Leuven |
Westhovens R.,Catholic University of Leuven |
Ximenes A.C.,Hospital Geral de Goiania |
Wollenhaupt J.,Schoen Klinik |
And 10 more authors.
Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases | Year: 2015
Objectives: To evaluate maintenance of response while reducing intravenous abatacept dose from ∼10 mg/kg to ∼5 mg/kg in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis (RA) who achieved disease activity score (DAS)28 (erythrocyte sedimentation rate, ESR) <2.6. Methods: This 1-year, multinational, randomised, double-blind substudy evaluated the efficacy and safety of ∼10 mg/kg and ∼5 mg/kg abatacept in patients with early RA with poor prognosis who had reached DAS28 (ESR) <2.6 at year 2 of the AGREE study. The primary outcome was time to disease relapse (defined as additional disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs, ≥2 courses high-dose steroids, return to open-label abatacept ∼10 mg/kg, or DAS28 (C reactive protein) ≥3.2 at two consecutive visits). Results: 108 patients were randomised (∼10 mg/kg, n=58; ∼5 mg/kg, n=50). Three and five patients, respectively, discontinued, and four per group returned to open-label abatacept. Relapse over time and the proportion of patients relapsing were similar in both groups (31% (∼10 mg/kg) vs 34% (∼5 mg/kg); HR: 0.87 (95% CI 0.45 to 1.69)). Mean steady-state trough serum concentration for the ∼10 mg/kg group was 20.3-24.1 mg/mL, compared with 8.8-12.0 mg/mL for the ∼5 mg/kg group. Conclusions: This exploratory study suggests that abatacept dose reduction may be an option in patients with poor prognosis early RA who achieve DAS28 (ESR) <2.6 after ≥1 year on abatacept (∼10 mg/kg). Source