Hospital General Universitario Of Albacete

Hospital de Órbigo, Spain

Hospital General Universitario Of Albacete

Hospital de Órbigo, Spain
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Sarabia-Ochoa R.,Hospital General Universitario Of Albacete | Barbella-Aponte R.,Hospital General Universitario Of Albacete | Canosa-Fernandez A.,Hospital General Universitario Of Albacete
Revista Espanola de Patologia | Year: 2017

The development of a squamous cell carcinoma from the epithelial lining of a keratotic odontogenic tumor (KOT) corresponds to a rare malignant neoplasm exclusive to the jawbone, also referred to as primary intraosseous squamous cell carcinoma (PIOC). It mainly affects middle-aged people, especially men (2: 1) and is usually located in the rear area of the jaw. The pathogenesis of PIOC is unknown and no predisposing factor for the development of squamous cell carcinoma of the oral mucosa has been identified. However, many authors support the hypothesis that a component of a chronic inflammatory process could prove to be the underlying factor of malignant change. We present a case of a 61-year-old male diagnosed with PIOC derived from a KOT associated with an extensive inflammatory process. © 2017 Sociedad Española de Anatomía Patológica.

PubMed | University of the Basque Country, Nanjing First Hospital, Hospital Universitari Germans Trias jol, Tan Tock Seng Hospital and 10 more.
Type: | Journal: Heart, lung & circulation | Year: 2016

Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is an emerging risk factor for acute coronary syndrome (ACS). We sought to determine the effects of ethnicity on the prevalence of OSA in patients presenting with ACS who participated in an overnight sleep study.A pooled analysis using patient-level data from the ISAACC Trial and Sleep and Stent Study was performed. Using the same portable diagnostic device, OSA was defined as an apnoea-hypopnoea index of 15 events per hour.A total of 1961 patients were analysed, including Spanish (53.6%, n=1050), Chinese (25.5%, n=500), Indian (12.0%, n=235), Malay (6.1%, n=119), Brazilian (1.7%, n=34) and Burmese (1.2%, n=23) populations. Significant differences in body mass index (BMI) were found among the various ethnic groups, averaging from 25.3kg/mThere was significant ethnic variation in the prevalence of OSA in patients with ACS. The magnitude of the effect of BMI on OSA was greater in the Chinese population than in the Spanish patients.

Lucendo A.J.,Hospital General Of Tomelloso | Arias A.,Complejo Hospitalario La Mancha Centro | Perez-Martinez I.,Hospital Central Of Asturias | Lopez-Vazquez A.,Hospital Central Of Asturias | And 4 more authors.
Digestive Diseases and Sciences | Year: 2011

Background: Recent articles have described patients that share eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) and celiac disease (CD) suggesting a true relationship between both diseases. Aims: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether HLA DQ2 and DQ8 predisposing to CD are increased in adult patients with EoE. Methods: HLA alleles conferring risk for CD was assessed in 75 adult EoE patients attended at two hospitals located in different Spanish regions over the past 2 years. We compared the frequencies to the registered data of 421 healthy kidney and bone marrow donors from our hospitals for the following alleles: (a) DR3-DQ2 haplotype; (b) the combination of DR3-DQ2 and DR4-DQ8; (c) DR4-DQ8 haplotype; (d) the simultaneous presence of the DR5-DQ7 and DR7-DQ2 haplotypes; and lastly (e) any combination of haplotypes not conferring risk for the development of CD. Results: The HLA DQ2 and DQ8 alleles were analyzed in 58 adult EoE patients from hospital #1 and in 20 patients from hospital #2, and they were compared to recorded HLA genotyping data from 298 and 123 healthy donors, respectively. No differences were found between the distribution of the HLA frequencies of the patients and controls at both hospitals and the data could be combined. EoE patients did not show increased frequencies of DQ2 and DQ8 alleles compared to controls. Conclusions: Our work does not allow us to establish a common genetic basis for EoE and CD because an increased frequency of the HLA DQ2 and DQ8 alleles predisposing to CD was not observed in adult EoE patients compared to controls. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.

PubMed | Quebec Heart and Lung Institute, Hospital Universitario Marques Of Valdecilla, Hospital Clinico Universitario, Hospital Clinico Universitario San Carlos and 3 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: JACC. Cardiovascular interventions | Year: 2016

This study sought to analyze the clinical impact of the degree and improvement of mitral regurgitation in TAVR recipients, validate the main imaging determinants of this improvement, and assess the potential candidates for double valve repair with percutaneous techniques.Many patients with severe aortic stenosis present with concomitant mitral regurgitation (MR). Cardiac imaging plays a key role in identifying prognostic factors of MR persistence after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) and for planning its treatment.A total of 1,110 patients with severe aortic stenosis from 6 centers who underwent TAVR were included. In-hospital to 6-month follow-up clinical outcomes according to the degree of baseline MR were evaluated. Off-line analysis of echocardiographic and multidetector computed tomography images was performed to determine predictors of improvement, clinical outcomes, and potential percutaneous alternatives to treat persistent MR.Compared with patients without significant pre-TAVR MR, 177 patients (16%) presented with significant pre-TAVR MR, experiencing a 3-fold increase in 6-month mortality (35.0% vs. 10.2%; p< 0.001). After TAVR, the degree of MR improved in 60% of them. A mitral annular diameter of >35.5 mm (odds ratio: 9.0; 95% confidence interval: 3.2 to 25.3; p<0.001) and calcification of the mitral apparatus by multidetector computed tomography (odds ratio: 11.2; 95% confidence interval: 4.03 to 31.3; p< 0.001) were independent predictors of persistent MR. At least 14 patients (1.3% of the entire cohort, 13.1% of patients with persistent MR) met criteria for percutaneous mitral repair with either MitraClip (9.3%) or a balloon-expandable valve (3.8%).Significant MR is not uncommon in TAVR recipients and associates with greater mortality. In more than one-half of patients, the degree of MR improves after TAVR, which can be predicted by characterizing the mitral apparatus with multidetector computed tomography. According to standardized imaging criteria, at least 1 in 10 patients whose MR persists after TAVR could benefit from percutaneous mitral procedures, and even more could be treated with MitraClip after dedicated pre-imaging evaluation.

Segura T.,Hospital General Universitario Of Albacete | Ayo-Martin O.,Hospital General Universitario Of Albacete | Gomez-Fernandez I.,Hospital General Universitario Of Albacete | Andres C.,Hospital General Universitario Of Albacete | And 2 more authors.
BMC Neurology | Year: 2013

Background: Cerebral vasculopathy have been described in Fabry disease, in which altered cerebral blood flow, vascular remodelling or impairment of endothelial function could be involved. Our study aims to evaluate these three possibilities in a group of Fabry patients, and compare it to healthy controls.Methods: Cerebral hemodynamics, vascular remodelling and systemic endothelial function were investigated in 10 Fabry patients and compared to data from 17 healthy controls. Transcranial Doppler was used to study blood flow velocity of intracranial arteries and cerebral vasomotor reactivity. For the study of vascular remodelling and endothelial function, intima-media thickness of common carotid arteries, flow-mediated dilation in brachial artery and serum levels of soluble VCAM-1, TNF-α, high-sensitive CRP and IL-6 were measured. Differences between groups were evaluated using appropriate tests.Results: No relevant differences were observed in cerebral hemodynamic parameters, intima-media thickness or flow-mediated dilation. There was a trend for low serum levels of IL-6 and high serum levels of TNF-α and high-sensitive CRP in Fabry patients; plasma concentrations of soluble VCAM-1 were significantly higher in Fabry disease patients than in healthy volunteers (p = 0.02).Conclusions: In our sample, we did not find relevant alterations of cerebral hemodynamics in Fabry disease patients. Increased levels of plasmatic endothelial biomarkers seem to be the most important feature indicative of possible vascular dysfunction in Fabry disease patients. © 2013 Segura et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

PubMed | Hospital General Universitario Of Albacete and Hospital Clinico San Carlos
Type: | Journal: Clinical biochemistry | Year: 2016

Hemoglobin Le Lamentin (20(B1)HisGln) is a ubiquitous variant that has been previously described in a small number of isolated patients. We report the incidental observation of Hb Le Lamentin in a large population from the province of Albacete, in southeastern Spain. Our study investigates possible reasons for the elevated number of carriers of this variant and its implications for the management of diabetes in our region.The subjects are 32 diabetic patients whose hemoglobin displayed an unusual peak while they were being tested for glycated hemoglobin at the laboratory of the University General Hospital of Albacete over a 3-year period. Measurements were made by high performance liquid chromatography using a Variant II Turbo Kit-2.0, and subsequently the samples of the 32 patients with anomalous peaks were sent to the Hospital Clnico San Carlos (Madrid, Spain) for molecular characterization of any Hb variants.Molecular studies revealed 31 out of 32 patients heterozygous for Le Lamentin, and in one of them, Hb City of Hope was associated with Hb Le Lamentin. The remaining patient was homozygous for the Le Lamentin mutation. Additionally, most patients were native to the northeastern half of the province of Albacete and were unrelated.Our study describes the largest finding to date of hemoglobin Le Lamentin in a sample of patients. The fact that our region has been perpetually depopulated, with a population that has remained stable in small localities over the centuries, may have favored the survival of the mutation. Since the presence of this variant underestimates the true value of glycated hemoglobin measured by HPLC, it is necessary to systematically review chromatograms.

Espinosa De Rueda M.,Hospital Clinico Universitario Virgen Of La Arrixaca | Parrilla G.,Hospital Clinico Universitario Virgen Of La Arrixaca | Manzano-Fernandez S.,Hospital Clinico Universitario Virgen Of La Arrixaca | Garcia-Villalba B.,Hospital Clinico Universitario Virgen Of La Arrixaca | And 6 more authors.
Stroke | Year: 2015

Background and Purpose - Futile recanalization after acute ischemic stroke occurs in almost half of the patients despite optimal angiographic results. Multimodal neuroimaging may help to improve patient's selection but is still dismissed by many interventionalists. Our aim was to evaluate the accuracy of each parameter of multimodal computed tomography (CT) and their combination for predicting futile recanalization after successful thrombectomy. Methods - We retrospectively reviewed a cohort of consecutive patients with anterior circulation stroke, fully assessable multimodal CT, and successful recanalization. Nonenhanced CT, CT angiography source images, cerebral blood volume (CBV), cerebral blood flow (CBF), and mismatch CBV-CBF maps were studied by Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score (ASPECTS); collaterals on CT angiography were graded as poor or good (≤50% or >50% of the middle cerebral artery territory). Futile recanalization was defined as modified Rankin Scale score >2 at 3 months despite successful recanalization. Results - One hundred fifty patients were included and 57% of them had futile recanalization. They had lower ASPECTS on nonenhanced CT, CT angiography source images, CBV, CBF, and mismatch CBV-CBF and presented more frequently poor collaterals (all P<0.001). Among them, CBV showed the highest area under the curve (0.83; 95% confidence interval, 0.76-0.88). In multivariate analyses, CT angiography source images ≤5 (odds ratio, 5.1; 95% confidence interval, 1.2-21.9), CBV≤6 (odds ratio, 3.5; 95% confidence interval, 1.2-9.7), and poor collaterals (odds ratio, 8.6; 95% confidence interval, 1.8-41.7) were independent predictors of futile recanalization. A combined score of these 3 parameters added complementary information: 57% of the patients with score-1, 89% with score-2, and 100% with score-3 had futile recanalization. Reclassification analyses indicated that this score improved prediction of futile recanalization. Conclusions - In this population, a combined multimodal CT score predicted futile recanalization. © 2015 American Heart Association, Inc.

Pardal-Fernandez J.M.,Hospital General Universitario Of Albacete | Rodriguez-Vazquez M.,Hospital General Universitario Of Albacete
Revista de Neurologia | Year: 2011

Introduction. Metatarsalgia is the main symptom of a group of frequent ailments characterised by pain in the balls of the feet. Clinical knowledge and the availability of efficient complementary examinations are useful tools for the neurologist. Aim. To describe the range of processes related with metatarsalgia and a basic diagnostic schema that allows the aetiology to be differentiated. Development. We perform an elementary review of the neurological anatomy of the foot and outline the different neuropathies affecting the region, as well as the extra neurological processes that could call for a differential diagnosis. Conclusions. Familiarity with the pathologies responsible for metatarsalgias, whether they are neurological or not, is an enriching element for the diagnosis and management of these patients, as well as for greater efficiency in the referral among the medical professionals involved. © 2011 Revista de Neurología.

Objective: To evaluate the influence of the treatment with continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion on the quality of life of type 1 diabetics. Method: An analytical study of cohorts was conducted on 80 patients diagnosed with type 1 diabetes mellitus, with more than five years of evolution and without evidence of micro-macro vascular complications, on treatment with CSII or multiple daily insulin injections (MDII). The quality of life of both groups was evaluated by means of a validated modification of the survey "Diabetes Quality of Life Measure" (DQLM). The SPSS 11.0 softwarewas used to determine Chi2 and establish statistically significant values for a P<0.05. Results: In 86% (31/36) of the questions, the patients on treatment with insulin infusion systems showed higher satisfaction with their quality of life than the patients with multiple daily insulin injections, although only in 16% (6/36) of the questions, were the scores significantly better in the first group. Conclusions: There were no significant differences in the dimensions studied between both groups, but the patients with CSII obtain better results in many variables of the fe DQLM, and they were more satisfied with the flexibility that their treatment offers them in daily life activities. © 2009 Elsevier España, S.L.

PubMed | Hospital General Universitario Of Albacete
Type: | Journal: Revista espanola de geriatria y gerontologia | Year: 2016

Wild-type transthyretin-related cardiac amyloidosis (ATTRwt) and degenerative aortic stenosis share a common demographic and clinical profile. It was recently suggested that some of the complications arising during and after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) could be due to a co-existing cardiac amyloidosis. In a series of autopsies of patients who had undergone TAVR, researchers found ATTR amyloidosis in one third of the cases. A report is presented on two patients with aortic stenosis who were diagnosed with ATTRwt when they were about to undergo a TAVI. ATTRwt is a slowly progressing disease so we need to review the decisions on the therapeutic approach in these patients.

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