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Bocksch W.,Universitaetsmedizin Berlin | Pomar F.,Hospital General de Valencia | Dziarmaga M.,Szpital Kliniczny Przemienienia Panskiego SPSK Poznan | Tresukosol D.,Siriraj Hospital | And 4 more authors.
Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions

Objectives: The aim of this registry was to evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of the Coroflex Blue cobalt-chromium stent in real-world practice. Background: The development of cobalt-chromium bare-metal stents (BMS) with thinner struts has lead to better deliverability and lower target-lesion revascularization rates compared with stainless steel BMS. Methods: The Coroflex Blue Registry was an international, prospective, multicenter registry enrolling patients with symptomatic ischemic heart disease attributable to single de novo or restenotic nonstented lesions of a single vessel amenable for percutaneous stenting. The primary end point was clinically driven target-lesion revascularisation (TLR) 6 months after enrolment, secondary endpoints were technical/procedural success, in-hospital outcome, definite stent thrombosis and major adverse cardiac events (death, myocardial infarction, or TLR) after 6 months. Results: The registry included 2,315 patients (mean age 64.3 ± 11.1 years, 19.8% diabetes, 37.3% acute myocardial infarction). Although a complex lesion cohort with 60.3% Typ B 2/C-lesions, the technical success rate was 99.1% and the procedural success rate 98.5%. The incidence of TLR after 6 months was 5.5% and the cumulative 6-month acute/subacute stent thrombosis rate was 1.6%. After 6 months cumulative event-free survival was 90.8% in all patients and 87% in patients with acute PCI for acute myocardial infarction. Conclusions: This registry demonstrates the safety and efficacy of the Coroflex Blue cobalt-chromium stent platform in real-world practice. In the era of drug-eluting stents (DES), these results raise the serious question if the use of DES for primary prevention of restenosis and TLR is really justified. © 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc. Source

Rojas A.,University of Seville | Del Campo J.A.,University of Seville | Maraver M.,University of Seville | Aparcero R.,University of Seville | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Viral Hepatitis

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) interacts with lipid receptors to enter the cell, circulates as lipoviroparticle and is secreted as VLDL. We aimed to investigate the role of the rs12979860 polymorphism in the IL28B gene in 143 with chronic hepatitis C genotype 1, 144 infected with genotype 3, 90 genotype 4 and 413 noninfected individuals on lipid profile and to test the impact of HCV infection in an in vitro model on VLDL biosynthesis-related gene expression rs12979860 polymorphism was analysed using real-time PCR coupled to Fluorescence Resonance Energy Transfer (FRET). Huh7.5 (rs12979860 CT) and Huh7 (genotype CC) cells were infected with JFH-1 particles and serum from patients infected with genotypes 1 and 3. Gene expression of apolipoprotein B (apoB), microsomal triglyceride transfer protein (MTP), acetyl CoA carboxylase (ACC), diacylglycerol acyltransferase 2 (DGAT2), diacylglycerol acyltransferase 1 (DGAT1) and low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLr) genes were determined by semiquantitative RT-PCR in vivo and in vitro. Genotype CC rs12979860 polymorphism was associated with significantly higher serum LDL and total cholesterol levels in patients with hepatitis C genotype 1 but not in patients with hepatitis C genotype 3, genotype 4 and control (noninfected) population. Genotype CC was more often seen in genotype 3 and healthy people in comparison with genotype 1; P = 0.001. In vitro results showed that HCV infection promotes lipid metabolism gene expression induction depending on viral genotype, but to a lesser extent in cells with CT genotype. These results demonstrate that IL28B genotype influences lipid metabolism in patients with hepatitis C but not in noninfected and it seems to be viral genotype-mediated. HCV infection modifies lipid-related genes expression (DGAT1 and DGAT2) in cultured cells based on viral genotype and IL28 polymorphism. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Source

Llombart-Cussac A.,Instituto Valenciano Of Oncologia | Guerrero A.,Instituto Valenciano Of Oncologia | Galan A.,Hospital de Sagunto | Caranana V.,Hospital Arnau de Vilanova | And 5 more authors.
Clinical and Translational Oncology

Purpose Letrozole is superior to tamoxifen in terms of response and breast preservation rates as primary systemic therapy (PST) in postmenopausal women with ER-positive early breast cancer. However, the optimum duration of endocrine PST remains uncertain. Methods A phase 2 multicentre, open-label trial was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of letrozole over a preoperative period of 4 months to 1 year. Seventy postmenopausal patients (over 65 years) were recruited in four centers. The primary endpoint was to establish the optimal duration of treatment defined as the time required to attain the maximum response by clinical palpation. Results The median age of the group was 79 years (66-91) and the median tumour size 35 mm (range 25-100 mm). No severe adverse events were reported. Fifty-six patients were evaluable for the primary objective. A total of 43 patients (76.8%) achieved an objective response; 29 (51.8%) being partial and 14 (25.0%) complete. The median time to objective response was 3.9 months (95% CI, 3.3-4.5) and the median time to maximum response was 4.2 months (95% CI, 4.0-4.5), although 20 (37.1%) patients achieved the maximal response within 6-12 months. Conclusions Letrozole shows a high activity and excellent tolerability as neoadjuvant therapy in elderly patients with endocrine-dependent breast cancer. Four to six months of letrozole as PST is an optimum duration with modest benefits thereafter. Source

Fabregat-Andres O.,Hospital General de Valencia | Arduini A.,University of Valencia | Monsalve M.,Institute Investigaciones Biologicas Alberto Sols CSIC
Antioxidants and Redox Signaling

Translocated in liposarcoma (TLS) is a poorly characterized multifunctional protein involved in the genotoxic response. TLS regulates gene expression at several steps, including splicing and mRNA transport, possibly connecting transcriptional and posttranscriptional events. Aims: In this study we aimed to idenfity molecular targets and regulatory partners of TLS. Results and Innovation: Here we report that TLS transcriptionally regulates the expression of oxidative stress protection genes. This regulation requires interaction with the transcriptional coactivator peroxisome proliferator activated receptor γ-coactivator 1α (PGC-1α), a master regulator of mitochondrial function that coordinately induces the expression of genes involved in detoxification of mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS). Microarray gene expression analysis showed that TLS transcriptional activity is impaired in the absence of PGC-1α, and is thus largely dependent on PGC-1α. Conclusion: These results suggest the existence of a regulatory circuit linking the control of ROS detoxification to the coordinated cross-talk between oxidative metabolism and the cellular response to genomic DNA damage. © Copyright 2011, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. Source

Dauden E.,Hospital Universitario Of La Princesa | Herrera E.,Hospital Universitario Virgen Of La Victoria | Puig L.,Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau | Sanchez-Carazo J.L.,Hospital General de Valencia | And 5 more authors.
Health and Quality of Life Outcomes

Background: Several questionnaires have been used to measure health related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with psoriasis, few have been adapted for use in Spain; none of them was developed specifically for the Spanish population. The purpose of the study was to validate and assess the sensitivity to change of a new questionnaire to measure HRQOL in patients with psoriasis (PSO-LIFE).Methods: Observational, prospective, multicenter study performed in centers around Spain. Patients with active or inactive psoriasis completed the PSO-LIFE together with other Dermatology Quality of Life Index (DLQI) and Psoriasis Disability Index (PDI). A control group of patients with urticaria or atopic dermatitis was also included. Internal consistency and test-retest reliability of the PSO-LIFE were assessed by calculating Cronbach's alpha and Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC). Validity was assessed by examining factorial structure, the capacity to discriminate between groups, and correlations with other measures. Sensitivity to change was measured using effect sizes.Results: The final sample included for analysis consisted of 304 patients and 56 controls. Mean (SD) age of psoriasis patients was 45.3 (14.5) years compared to 38.8 (14) years for controls (p < 0.01). Cronbach's alpha for the PSO-LIFE was 0.95 and test-retest reliability using the ICC was 0.98. Factor analysis showed the questionnaire to be unidimensional. Mean (SD) PSO-LIFE scores differed between patients with psoriasis and controls (64.9 [22.5] vs 69.4 [17.3]; p < 0.05), between those with active and inactive disease (57.4 [20.4] vs 76.4 [20.6]; p < 0.01), and between those with visible and non-visible lesions (63.0 [21.9] vs. 74.8 [23.9]; p < 0.01). The correlation between PSO-LIFE and PASI scores was moderate (r = -0.43) while correlations with DLQI and PDI dimensions ranged from moderate to high (between 0.4 and 0.8). Effect size on the PSO-LIFE in patients reporting 'much improved' health status at study completion was 1.01 (large effect size).Conclusions: The present results provide substantial support for the reliability, validity, and responsiveness of the PSO-LIFE questionnaire in the population for which it was designed. © 2012 Dauden et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

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