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Castelló de la Plana, Spain

Werfel T.,Leibniz University of Hanover | Asero R.,Ambulatorio di Allergologia | Ballmer-Weber B.K.,University of Zurich | Beyer K.,Charite University Hospital | And 10 more authors.
Allergy: European Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology | Year: 2015

In older children, adolescents, and adults, a substantial part of all IgE-mediated food allergies is caused by cross-reacting allergenic structures shared by inhalants and foods. IgE stimulated by a cross-reactive inhalant allergen can result in diverse patterns of allergic reactions to various foods. Local, mild, or severe systemic reactions may occur already after the first consumption of a food containing a cross-reactive allergen. In clinical practice, clinically relevant sensitizations are elucidated by skin prick testing or by the determination of specific IgE in vitro. Component-resolved diagnosis may help to reach a diagnosis and may predict the risk of a systemic reaction. Allergy needs to be confirmed in cases of unclear history by oral challenge tests. The therapeutic potential of allergen immunotherapy with inhalant allergens in pollen-related food allergy is not clear, and more placebo-controlled studies are needed. As we are facing an increasing incidence of pollen allergies, a shift in sensitization patterns and changes in nutritional habits, and the occurrence of new, so far unknown allergies due to cross-reactions are expected. © 2015 John Wiley and Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley and Sons Ltd. Source

Jimenez-Leon J.C.,University of Carabobo | Betancourt-Fursow Y.M.,Instituto Neurologico | Jimenez-Betancourt C.S.,Hospital General de Castellon
Revista de Neurologia | Year: 2013

Congenital malformations of the central nervous system are related to alterations in neural tube formation, including most of the neurosurgical management entities, dysraphism and craniosynostosis; alterations of neuronal proliferation; megalencefaly and microcephaly; abnormal neuronal migration, lissencephaly, pachygyria, schizencephaly, agenesis of the corpus callosum, heterotopia and cortical dysplasia, spinal malformations and spinal dysraphism. We expose the classification of different central nervous system malformations that can be corrected by surgery in the shortest possible time and involving genesis mechanisms of these injuries getting better studied from neurogenic and neuroembryological fields, this involves connecting innovative knowledge areas where alteration mechanisms in dorsal induction (neural tube) and ventral induction (telencephalization) with the current way of correction, as well as the anomalies of cell proliferation and differentiation of neuronal migration and finally the complex malformations affecting the posterior fossa and current possibilities of correcting them. © 2013 Revista de Neurología. Source

Gallego Vilar D.,Hospital General de Castellon
Archivos españoles de urología | Year: 2011

Urinary lithiasis is a very frequent urological disease but bladder lithiasis is very uncommon.Patients usually refer voiding symptoms and hematuria. The diagnosis is made after imaging tests. We report a clinical case describing a giant bladder stone and perform a bibliographic review. A 43 year old man with the diagnosis of giant bladder stone (more than 10 cm diameter). We searched Medline using the terms: giant bladder stone, giant bladder lithiasis, bladder lithiasis, giant bladder lithiasis. We made the diagnosis of giant bladder stone after a simple kidney, ureter and bladder (KUB) X Ray. The treatment for this patient was a cystolithotomy. We found more than 230 reports at Medline and chose the most referred ones and the last 10 years reports. Giant bladder lithiasis is a very rare pathology. The gold standard for diagnosis is cystoscopy but sometimes with a KUB Xray or an ultrasound is enough. Because of its size, cistolitotomy is the correct treatment for giant bladder stone. Source

Maravi-Poma E.,Intensive Care Unit | Martin-Loeches I.,Rovira i Virgili University | Regidor E.,Intensive Care Unit | Laplaza C.,Intensive Care Unit | And 13 more authors.
Critical Care Medicine | Year: 2011

OBJECTIVES: To describe the severity of the 2009 influenza A/H1N1v illness among pregnant women admitted to Spanish intensive care units. DESIGN AND PATIENTS: Prospective, observational, multicenter study conducted in 148 Spanish intensive care units. We reviewed demographic and clinical data from the Spanish Society of Intensive Care Medicine database reported from April 23, 2009, to February 15, 2010. We included women of reproductive age (15-44 yrs) with confirmed A/H1N1v infection admitted to intensive care units. MAIN RESULTS: Two hundred thirty-four women of reproductive age were admitted to intensive care units, 50 (21.4%) of them pregnant. Seven deaths were recorded in pregnant and 22 in nonpregnant women. Among intensive care unit admissions, there were no statistically significant differences between pregnant women and nonpregnant in Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II, Sequential Organ Failure Assessment scores, chest X-rays, inotrope requirement, or need for mechanical ventilation or steroid therapy. Mortality risk was significantly associated with Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II, Sequential Organ Failure Assessment, and obesity. Viral pneumonia was more frequent in pregnant women than in nonpregnant women, with an odds ratio (adjusted for asthma, time from onset influenza symptoms to hospital admission and obesity) of 4.9 (95% confidence interval: 1.4-17.2). The development of primary viral pneumonia in women of reproductive age appeared to be related to the time of commencement of antiviral treatment, the lowest rates being reported with initiation of antiviral therapy within 48 hrs of symptom onset (63.6% vs. 82.6%, p =.03). However, antiviral therapy was started within this time span in only 14% of pregnant women. CONCLUSIONS: More than 20% of women of reproductive age admitted to intensive care unit for pH1N1 infection were pregnant. Pregnancy was significantly associated with primary viral pneumonia. Pregnant women should receive prompt treatment with oseltamivir within 48 hrs of the onset of influenza symptoms. Copyright © 2011 by the Society of Critical Care Medicine and Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Source

Castrejon I.,Hospital Universitario Of La Princesa | Carmona L.,Camilo Jose Cela University | Ortiz A.M.,Hospital Universitario Of La Princesa | Belmonte M.A.,Hospital General de Castellon | And 2 more authors.
Arthritis Care and Research | Year: 2013

Objective To describe the development and validation of a disease activity index in early arthritis that can be easily applied in daily practice and clinical research. Methods The Hospital Universitario La Princesa Index (HUPI) was developed after analysis of data from an early arthritis cohort (202 patients with 756 visits). It is the sum of 4 variables (graded 0-3): tender joint count, swollen joint count, patient global assessment, and acute-phase reactants (erythrocyte sedimentation rate [ESR] and/or C-reactive protein [CRP] level, depending on availability at the moment of evaluation). The score for each variable was based on its quartile distribution in the cohort. The HUPI was validated using the following properties: feasibility, internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha), convergent validity (Pearson's r coefficients with other activity measures), criterion validity (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve [AUC ROC] to detect minimal disease activity [MDA]), and sensitivity to change (AUC ROC) to detect change with the physician's and patient's assessment of disease activity. Results Internal consistency is reasonable (α = 0.63). The HUPI correlates well with activity measures such as the Disease Activity Score in 28 joints (DAS28; r = 0.89) and the Simplified Disease Activity Index (SDAI; r = 0.70), and correlates slightly worse with the functional index of the Health Assessment Questionnaire (r = 0.69). It discriminates MDA correctly (AUC 0.95), and its sensitivity to change is slightly superior (AUC 0.902) to that of the DAS28-ESR (AUC 0.864), the DAS28-CRP (AUC 0.889), and the SDAI (AUC 0.791). Conclusion The HUPI has face validity, is easy to calculate, is sensitive, and is a valid composite index for the assessment of disease activity in patients with early arthritis, both in clinical research and in routine care. Copyright © 2013 by the American College of Rheumatology. Source

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