Martinez Sabater A.,University of Valencia |
Marza Gascon A.,Hospital Francesc de Borja Gandia |
Martinez Puig C.,Hospital Francesc de Borja Gandia |
Escriva Aznar G.,Hospital Francesc de Borja Gandia |
Blasco Roque M.,Hospital Francesc de Borja Gandia
Enfermeria Global | Year: 2013
Introduction: In the first years of life assimilation occurs and the understanding of health habits that will shape adult life, and these socio-environmental characteristics are fundamental for the acquisition of health habits. Objectives. This study is aimed at ascertaining the health habits of schoolchildren from two opposing geographical areas (urban and rural). Methodology: We performed a descriptive study of students aged 10/11 years old from urban and rural areas, performing a comparison test of two proportions from independent samples. Results: 104 surveys were obtained (21.2% from rural areas). There is a significant percentage which refers to a lack of hand washing and dental hygiene habits. With regard to food there is a small percentage of children who come to school without breakfast, among those who did, it was found that a significant percentage have pastries and packaged juices showing a lack in consumption of vegetables and fish. Although largely physically inactive, 10% never take exercise. There is high television consumption and other habits are that, 30% live with smokers and 6% have tried snuff. A significant percentage (4.8% -19.5%) have tried alcohol, mostly in the family: Conclusions. The study should serve as a starting point for planning future actions, and indicates the existence of risk: changes in oral health due to a lack of care and hygiene, bad eating habits, sedentary habits and the early onset of contact with consumption, or with toxic substances. © Servicio de Publicaciones - Universidad de Murcia.