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Lillehammer, Norway

Lee Y.H.,Korea University | Bae S.-C.,Hospital for Rheumatic Diseases | Song G.G.,Korea University
Modern Rheumatology | Year: 2013

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine whether the functional chemokine receptor 5 delta32 (CCR5-Δ32) polymorphism confers susceptibility to rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). Methods: Meta-analysis was conducted on associations between the CCR5-Δ32 polymorphism and RA and JIA using (1) allele contrast and (2) the recessive, (3) the dominant, and (4) the additive models. Results: Eleven population comparisons based on the data obtained from nine studies involving 13,412 subjects (RA 3,848, controls 4,095; JIA 1,599, controls 3,870) were considered. In all study subjects, meta-analysis showed a significant negative association between RA and the CCR5-Δ32 allele (OR = 0.771, 95 % CI = 0.694-0.866, p = 6.5 9 10-7). Stratification by ethnicity indicated a significant association between the CCR5-Δ32 allele and RA in Europeans (OR = 0.8001, 95 % CI = 0.709-0.904, p = 3.2 9 10-5). Meta-analysis showed associations between the CCR5-Δ32 allele and JIA in Europeans and oligoarticular type (OR = 0.797, 95 % CI = 0.690-0.921, p = 0.002; OR = 0.475, 95 % CI = 0.352-0.693, p = 9.5 × 10-8). Conclusions: This meta-analysis demonstrates that the CCR5-Δ32 polymorphism may confer susceptibility to RA and JIA in Europeans, and suggests that the CCR5-Δ32 allele protects against the development of RA and JIA. © Japan College of Rheumatology 2012. Source

Ndosi M.,University of Leeds | Bremander A.,Research and Development Center | Hamnes B.,Hospital for Rheumatic Diseases | Horton M.,University of Leeds | And 10 more authors.
Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases | Year: 2013

Objectives: To validate the educational needs assessment tool (ENAT) as a generic tool for assessing the educational needs of patients with rheumatic diseases in European Countries. Methods: A convenience sample of patients from seven European countries was included comprising the following diagnostic groups: ankylosing spondylitis, psoriatic arthritis, systemic sclerosis, systemic lupus erythematosus, osteoarthritis (OA) and fibromyalgia syndrome. Translated versions of the ENAT were completed through surveys in each country. Rasch analysis was used to assess the construct validity of the adapted ENATs including differential item functioning by culture (cross-cultural DIF). Initially, the data from each country and diagnostic group were fitted to the Rasch model separately, and then the pooled data from each diagnostic group. Results: The sample comprised 3015 patients; the majority, 1996 (66.2%), were women. Patient characteristics (stratified by diagnostic group) were comparable across countries except the educational background, which was variable. In most occasions, the 39-item ENAT deviated significantly from the Rasch model expectations (item-trait interaction X2 p<0.05). After correction for local dependency (grouping the items into seven domains and analysing them as 'testlets'), fit to the model was satisfied (item-trait interaction x2 p≥0.18) in all pooled disease group datasets except OA (x2=99.91; p=0.002). The internal consistency in each group was high (Person Separation Index above 0.90). There was no significant DIF by person characteristics. Cross-cultural DIF was found in some items, which required adjustments. Subsequently, interval-level scales were calibrated to enable transformation of ENAT scores when required. Conclusions: The adapted ENAT is a valid tool with high internal consistency providing accurate estimation of the educational needs of people with rheumatic diseases. Cross-cultural comparison of educational needs is now possible. © 2013 BMJ Publishing Group Ltd & European League Against Rheumatism. Source

Hollan I.,Feiring Heart Clinic | Bottazzi B.,Laboratory of Research in Immunology and Inflammation | Cuccovillo I.,Laboratory of Research in Immunology and Inflammation | Forre O.T.,University of Oslo | And 6 more authors.
Arthritis Care and Research | Year: 2010

Objective. Pentraxin 3 (PTX3), a key component of innate immunity, is a strong marker of disease severity in coronary artery disease (CAD). The aim of this study was to compare levels of serum PTX3 in CAD patients with and without inflammatory rheumatic disease (IRD) and in healthy controls. Methods. We examined 69 patients with IRD (CAD/IRD group) and 53 patients without IRD (CAD/non-IRD) referred to coronary artery bypass grafting, and 30 healthy controls. Results. The mean ± SD serum PTX3 level in the CAD/IRD group was 1.96 ± 0.98 ng/ml; this was statistically significantly higher than that of the CAD/non-IRD (1.41 ± 0.74 ng/ml) and healthy control (1.21 ± 0.59 ng/ml) groups. In contrast to most other IRDs, serum PTX3 levels were relatively low in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and other systemic connective tissue diseases. In sex- and age-adjusted analysis, IRD, acute coronary syndromes, and low alcohol intake were associated with higher serum PTX3 levels. Conclusion. CAD patients with IRD had higher mean serum PTX3 levels than patients without IRD and healthy controls. In addition, acute coronary syndromes and low alcohol intake independently predicted higher serum PTX3 levels. Higher serum PTX3 levels in IRD may be related to the higher cardiovascular risk of IRD patients. Circulating PTX3 could likely be used as a biomarker for severity of cardiovascular disease in IRDs; its importance, however, might be limited in SLE and related disorders. © 2010, American College of Rheumatology. Source

Hamnes B.,Hospital for Rheumatic Diseases | Mowinckel P.,National Resource Center for Rehabilitation in Rheumatology | Kjeken I.,National Resource Center for Rehabilitation in Rheumatology | Hagen K.B.,National Resource Center for Rehabilitation in Rheumatology | Hagen K.B.,University of Oslo
BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders | Year: 2012

Background: Self-management programmes (SMP) are recommended for patients with fibromyalgia. The purpose of this study was to evaluate effects of a one week multidisciplinary inpatient self-management programme on psychological distress, skills as a consumer of health services, self-efficacy, and functional and symptomatic consequences of fibromyalgia (FM). Methods. A randomised controlled two-armed, assessor-blinded trial with three-week follow-up to evaluate SMP. Primary outcomes were the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-20) and the Effective Musculoskeletal Consumer Scale (EC-17), while secondary outcomes included the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ) and Self-efficacy scales for pain, function and symptoms (ASES). Results: 150 patients with FM were randomised to one week one SMP (n = 75) or to a waiting list control group (n = 75). Of these, 58 participants in the treatment group and 60 in the control group completed the study. At three weeks' follow up there was a significant difference in EC-17 (0-100) in favour of the treatment group (mean difference 4.26, 95 CI 0.8 to 7.7, p = 0.02). There were no differences between the groups for any of the other outcomes. Conclusion: This study shows that in patients with FM the SMP had no effect on psychological distress, functional and symptomatic consequences and self-efficacy, except for a small short-term effect on skills and behaviour that are important for managing and participating in health care (EC-17). Clinical Trials.gov Id: NCT01035125. Trial registration. Clinical Trials.gov Id: NCT01035125. © 2012 Hamnes et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

Hamnes B.,Hospital for Rheumatic Diseases | Garratt A.,National Resource Center for Rehabilitation in Rheumatology | Kjeken I.,National Resource Center for Rehabilitation in Rheumatology | Kristjansson E.,University of Ottawa | Hagen K.B.,National Resource Center for Rehabilitation in Rheumatology
BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders | Year: 2010

Background. The Effective Musculoskeletal Consumer Scale (EC-17) is a self-administered questionnaire for evaluating self-management interventions that empower and educate people with rheumatic conditions. The aim of the study was to translate and evaluate the Norwegian version of EC-17 against the necessary criteria for a patient-reported outcome measure, including responsiveness to change. Methods. Data quality, reliability, validity and responsiveness were assessed in two groups. One group comprising 103 patients received a questionnaire before and at the end of a self-management programme. The second group comprising 96 patients' received the questionnaire two weeks before and on arrival of the program. Internal consistency and test-retest reliability were assessed. Construct validity was assessed through comparisons with the Brief Approach/Avoidance Coping Questionnaire, (BACQ), the Emotional Approach Coping Scale (EAC) and the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-20). Responsiveness was assessed with the Standardised Response Mean (SRM). Results. Respondents included 66 (64%) and 52 (54%) patients from the first and second groups respectively. Levels of missing data were low for all items. There was good evidence for unidimensionality, item-total correlations ranged from 0.59 to 0.82 and Cronbach's Alpha and test-retest correlations were over 0.90. As hypothesised EC-17 scores had statistically significant low to moderate correlations with the BACQ, EAC and GHQ-20 in the range 0.26 to 0.42. Following the self-management program, EC-17 scores showed a significant improvement with an SRM of 0.48. Conclusion. The Norwegian version of the EC-17 has evidence for data quality, internal consistency and test-retest reliability, construct validity and responsiveness to change. The EC-17 seems promising as an outcome measure for evaluating self-management interventions for people with rheumatic conditions, but further studies are needed. © 2010 Hamnes et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

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