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Zhao N.,Peoples Hospital of Liaocheng City | Liu X.-J.,Peoples Hospital of Linyi City | Li J.-T.,Shandong University | Zhang L.,Hospital for Maternity and Child Care of Jinan City | And 7 more authors.
Cryobiology | Year: 2015

The aim of this study is to determine the link between oocyte cryopreservation and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress; whether ER stress inhibition improves the efficiency of oocyte vitrification is also explored. Oocytes from mice were exposure to tauroursodeoxycholic acid (TUDCA, an ER stress inhibitor) or TM (tunicamycin, an ER stress inducer) with or without vitrification. The expressions of X-box binding protein-1 (XBP-1) protein and caspase-12 protein, viability of vitrified-warmed oocytes, and their subsequent embryo competence were measured. The levels of XBP-1 protein and caspase-12 protein expression in vitrified-warmed oocytes were significantly higher than those of fresh control oocytes. TUDCA improved the viability of vitrified-warmed oocytes and their subsequent embryo competence. Mouse oocyte cryopreservation is associated with ER stress, and ER stress inhibition improves the efficiency of oocyte vitrification. © 2014 Elsevier Inc.. Source


Zhang Q.,Shandong University | Wang S.-M.,Shandong University | Yao P.-B.,Shandong University | Zhang L.,Hospital for Maternity and Child Care of Jinan City | And 4 more authors.
Cryobiology | Year: 2015

The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of l-carnitine (LC) on follicular survival and ovarian function following cryopreservation-thawing and autotransplantation of ovarian tissues. ICR mice were divided into three groups: control; saline group (cryopreservation+autograft+saline); and LC group (cryopreservation+autograft+ l-carnitine). The ovarian tissues from control group, saline group, and LC group were histological assessed. There were no significant differences in the percentage of morphologically normal primordial follicles between the LC group and the saline group. After 28days of autotransplantation, apoptosis rates, plasma malondialdehyde (MDA), progesterone (P4) and estradiol (E2) concentrations, and follicular densities of grafts were evaluated. Apoptosis rate and the concentration of MDA in the LC group were significantly lower than those in the saline group. The concentration of E2 and follicular densities of grafts in LC group were significantly higher than that in saline group. LC inhibits follicle apoptosis and increases follicular survival and function of ovarian graft. © 2015 Elsevier Inc. Source

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