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Buenos Aires, Argentina

Aranda F.,Laboratorio Of Hemostasia Y Trombosis | Wingeyer S.P.,Laboratorio Of Hemostasia Y Trombosis | Munoz S.A.,Hospital General de Agudos Dr. J. A. Fernandez | Allievi A.,Hospital General de Agudos Dr. J. A. Fernandez | And 8 more authors.
European Cytokine Network | Year: 2012

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a systemic, autoimmune disorder. Monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1), a chemokine involved in the recruitment and migration of monocytes/macrophages, has been shown to be increased in the plasma of SLE patients. The aim of our study was to evaluate the possible association of the polymorphism -2518 of the MCP-1 gene with the risk of developing SLE, manifesting lupus nephritis (LN) and with other clinical features of SLE in an Argentinean population. A group of 171 SLE patients and 120 control subjects were examined. Genotypic and allelic frequencies of theMCP-1-2518A/Gpolymorphism showed significant differences between the SLE and the control groups (p=0.001 and p=0.01, respectively). However, the polymorphism showed no association withLNor with the other clinical variables studied. Our results suggest that the presence of the MCP-1 -2518 A/G polymorphism might be a risk factor for developing SLE in genetically predisposed individuals, but it does not seem to have a role in the evolution of the disease in the Argentinean population. Source

Munoz S.A.,Hospital General de Agudos | Aranda F.,Hemostasis and Thrombosis Laboratory | Allievi A.,Hospital General de Agudos | Orden A.O.,Clinica San Camilo | And 11 more authors.
Clinical and Experimental Medicine | Year: 2014

We investigated the relationship between the 4G/5G plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI-1) and -308 A/G tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) polymorphisms and the clinical and biochemical features of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in an Argentinean patient cohort. A total of 402 patients were studied, including 179 SLE patients and 223 healthy individuals. PCR-RLFP was used to determine the genotypes of the 4G/5G PAI-1 and -308 A/G TNF-α polymorphisms. SLE patients with lupus nephritis (LN) (n = 86) were compared with patients without LN (n = 93). Additionally, LN patients were divided into proliferative LN and non-proliferative LN groups according to the results of the renal biopsies. No significant differences were noted in the genotype distributions or allele frequencies of these TNF-α and PAI-1 polymorphisms between SLE patients and controls. There were higher numbers of criteria for SLE, more lupus flares and higher damage scores in LN patients, but there were similar frequencies of anti-phospholipid antibody (APA) positivity and anti-phospholipid syndrome. No significant difference was noted for any studied variable between the proliferative LN and non-proliferative LN groups except for the presence of APA. We found no significant differences in the TNF-α and PAI-1 genotype distributions or allele frequencies between groups. We found that the -308 A/G TNF-α and 4G/5G PAI-1 polymorphisms are not associated with susceptibility to SLE in an Argentinean population. We also did not find any association between the presence of any specific allele or genotype and the development of LN in SLE patients. Finally, no association was noted between either of the two polymorphisms and the severity of renal disease. © 2012 Springer-Verlag Italia. Source

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