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Martinez-Rodriguez J.E.,IMIM Hospital del Mar Research Institute | Lopez-Botet M.,Hospital Del Mar Research Institute | Lopez-Botet M.,University Pompeu Fabra | Munteis E.,IMIM Hospital del Mar Research Institute | And 4 more authors.
Clinical Immunology | Year: 2011

CD56 bright NK cells, which may play a role in immunoregulation, are expanded in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients treated with immunomodulatory therapies such as daclizumab and interferon-beta (IFNβ). Yet, whether this NK cell subset is directly involved in the therapeutic effect is unknown. As NK receptor (NKR) expression by subsets of NK cells and CD8+ T lymphocytes is related to MS clinical course, we addressed whether CD56 bright NK cells and NKR in IFNβ-treated MS patients differ according to the clinical response. IFNβ was associated to lower LILRB1+ and KIR+NK cells, and higher NKG2A+NK cell proportions, an immunophenotypic pattern mainly found in responders. After IFNβ treatment, a CD56 bright NK cell expansion was significantly related to a positive clinical response. Our results reveal that IFNβ may promote in responders changes in the NK cell immunophenotype, corresponding to the profile found at early maturation stages of this lymphocyte lineage. © 2011 Elsevier Inc.

Such E.,Hospital Universitario La Paz | Germing U.,Heinrich Heine University Dusseldorf | Malcovati L.,University of Pavia | Cervera J.,Hospital Universitario La Paz | And 17 more authors.
Blood | Year: 2013

The natural course of chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML) is highly variable but a widely accepted prognostic scoring system for patients with CMML is not available. The main aim of this study was to develop a new CMML-specific prognostic scoring system (CPSS) in a large series of 558 patients with CMML (training cohort, Spanish Group of Myelodysplastic Syndromes) and to validate it in an independent series of 274 patients (validation cohort, Heinrich Heine University Hospital, Düsseldorf, Germany, and San Matteo Hospital, Pavia, Italy). The most relevant variables for overall survival (OS) and evolution to acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML) were FAB and WHO CMML subtypes, CMML-specific cytogenetic risk classification, and red blood cell (RBC) transfusion dependency. CPSS was able to segregate patients into 4 clearly different risk groups for OS (P < .001) and risk of AML evolution (P < .001) and its predictive capability was confirmed in the validation cohort. An alternative CPSS with hemoglobin instead of RBC transfusion dependency offered almost identical prognostic capability. This study confirms the prognostic impact of FAB and WHO subtypes, recognizes the importance of RBC transfusion dependency and cytogenetics, and offers a simple and powerful CPSS for accurately assessing prognosis and planning therapy in patients with CMML. © 2013 by The American Society of Hematology.

Jones P.W.,St Georges, University of London | Brusselle G.,Ghent University | Dal Negro R.W.,Orlandi General Hospital | Ferrer M.,Hospital Del Mar Research Institute | And 7 more authors.
Respiratory Medicine | Year: 2011

Pan-European data on health-related quality of life (HRQL) in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are lacking. This cross-sectional epidemiological study evaluated health status in 1817 COPD patients from an 'all-comers' primary care population in seven European countries (87% stable disease; 13% with current exacerbation) using: St George's Respiratory Questionnaire-COPD specific (SGRQ-C), the short form health survey (SF-12) and the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy (FACIT) Fatigue scale. Mean total score for SGRQ was 44.7 ± 19.4 showing marked impairment of HRQL. Scores differed little between countries (range 39.2-50.1). Impairment was associated with the severity of airway obstruction, but within each GOLD stage the variation (SD) was wide [Stage I: 38.5 ± 19.3 (n = 223); Stage II: 40.4 ± 18.1 (n = 868); Stage III: 50.2 ± 18.6 (n = 551); Stage IV: 58.6 ± 17.7 (n = 144)]. Patients suffering an exacerbation had a worse SGRQ score (54.9 ± 19.3) than those with stable disease (43.3 ± 19.0). The presence of ≥3 co-morbidities (CM) was also associated with a significantly worse score (49.9 ± 19.1) vs. 1-2 CM (42.1 ± 19.1) or no CM (42.3 ± 18.6). Findings with the SF-12 and FACIT-F results were consistent with those from the SGRQ-C. This large observational primary care study shows that health status is significantly impaired in COPD patients of all severities, even in those with mild airway obstruction. Within each GOLD stage of severity there is considerable heterogeneity in HRQL impairment among patients. (Study number: 111749). © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Lopez-Sola M.,University of the Sea | Lopez-Sola M.,University of Colorado at Boulder | Pujol J.,Research Center Biomedica En Red Of Salud Mental | Wager T.D.,University of Colorado at Boulder | And 9 more authors.
Arthritis and Rheumatology | Year: 2014

Objective Fibromyalgia (FM) is a disorder characterized by chronic pain and enhanced responses to acute noxious events. However, the sensory systems affected in FM may extend beyond pain itself, as FM patients show reduced tolerance to non-nociceptive sensory stimulation. Characterizing the neural substrates of multisensory hypersensitivity in FM may thus provide important clues about the underlying pathophysiology of the disorder. The aim of this study was to characterize brain responses to non-nociceptive sensory stimulation in FM patients and their relationship to subjective sensory sensitivity and clinical pain severity. Methods Functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was used to assess brain response to auditory, visual, and tactile motor stimulation in 35 women with FM and 25 matched controls. Correlation and mediation analyses were performed to establish the relationship between brain responses and 3 types of outcomes: subjective hypersensitivity to daily sensory stimulation, spontaneous pain, and functional disability. Results Patients reported increased subjective sensitivity (increased unpleasantness) in response to multisensory stimulation in daily life. Functional MRI revealed that patients showed reduced task-evoked activation in primary/secondary visual and auditory areas and augmented responses in the insula and anterior lingual gyrus. Reduced responses in visual and auditory areas were correlated with subjective sensory hypersensitivity and clinical severity measures. Conclusion FM patients showed strong attenuation of brain responses to nonpainful events in early sensory cortices, accompanied by an amplified response at later stages of sensory integration in the insula. These abnormalities are associated with core FM symptoms, suggesting that they may be part of the pathophysiology of the disease. Copyright © 2014 by the American College of Rheumatology.

Karakosta P.,University of Crete | Georgiou V.,University of Crete | Fthenou E.,University of Crete | Papadopoulou E.,Center for Research in Environmental Epidemiology | And 9 more authors.
Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology | Year: 2013

Background Leptin is an adipocyte-secreted hormone that regulates energy homeostasis, while its role in fetal programming remains poorly understood. We aimed to evaluate the effect of maternal weight status on cord blood leptin levels and their combined effect on fetal growth. Methods We included 638 mother-child pairs from the prospective mother-child cohort 'Rhea' study in Crete, Greece with singleton pregnancies, providing cord blood serum samples for leptin analysis and complete data on birth outcomes. Multivariable logistic and linear regression models were used adjusting for confounders. Generalised additive models were used to explore the form of the relationship between cord leptin and continuous birth outcomes. Results Log cord leptin was positively associated with birthweight {β-coef: 176.5 [95% confidence interval (CI): 133.0, 220.0] }, ponderal index (β-coef: 1.0 [95% CI: 0.6, 1.4]) and gestational age (β-coef: 0.7 [95% CI: 0.5, 0.8]). Excessive weight gain during pregnancy was associated with a threefold increased risk for cord hyperleptinaemia {relative risk (RR): 3.0, [95% CI: 1.5, 6.3] }. Maternal pre-pregnancy overweight/obesity [body mass index (BMI) ≥25 kg/m2] increased the risk of giving birth to a hyperleptinaemic neonate (RR: 2.1 [95% CI: 1.4, 3.2] and the effect of log leptin on birthweight (β-coef: 219.1 [95% CI: 152.3, 285.9] compared with women with a BMI <25 kg/m2 (β-coef: 150.5 [95% CI: 93.1, 207.9]. Conclusions Higher cord blood leptin levels are associated with increased size at birth and gestational age, while maternal pre-pregnancy BMI and weight gain during pregnancy represent significant indicators of cord blood leptin. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

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